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Tondikandia

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Tondikandia

Wuri
Map
 13°53′56″N 3°04′25″E / 13.8989°N 3.0736°E / 13.8989; 3.0736
JamhuriyaNijar
Yankin NijarTillabéri
Department of Niger (en) FassaraFilingué (sashe)

Babban birni Damana (en) Fassara
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 108,991 (2012)
Labarin ƙasa
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Dallol Bosso (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 217 m
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci

Tondikandia yankunan karkara ne, na ƙungiya a Filingue Department, Tillabéri Region, Nijar . Babban wurinsa da cibiyar gudanarwa shine garin Damana. [1]

Geography[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tondikania, wasu 120 kilomita arewa maso gabas da Yamai babban birnin kasar. Tana tsakiyar tsakiyar babban kwarin kogin Dallol Bosso, wanda ke tafiya kudu daga Saharan Mali, yana shiga kwarin Kogin Neja kudu da Yamai. Tondikania tana da iyaka da Dingazi da Filingué zuwa arewa maso yamma, Cibiyar Imanan da Kourfeye zuwa arewa maso gabas, Loga da Tagazar a kudu, da Simiri a gabas.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sunan Tondikania ya fito ne daga tsohuwar jihar Zarma mai mulkin wannan sunan, wanda aka kafa a farkon karni na 19. Al'adar baka daga ƙauyen Shat, zuwa arewa maso gabas na Tondikania, ya bayyana mutanen Zarma da ke ƙaura zuwa yankin daga kudu maso yamma a farkon kwanan wata, sannan kuma suna ƙaura da ƙaramin yawan jama'ar Sudye, haɗe -haɗen al'ummomin da suka gabata wanda yanzu suna yaren Zarma. Prefix "Tondi-", "Mountain" a Zarma, an raba shi da yankuna da yawa a yankin. [2] Nomadic Fula ( Fula: Fulɓe  ; French: Peul ) ya koma cikin Dallol Bosso a karni na 18, inda ya kafa kananan jihohi da cibiyoyin koyar da Musulmai tare da kwarin Kogin Neja zuwa kudu da yamma. Wani lokaci a kusa da 1830 Kel Gres Tuareg ya ƙaura zuwa arewacin Tondikania, wanda ya haifar da jerin rikice -rikice da maƙwabtansa na Zarma da Fula, amma kuma ya daidaita yawan al'ummomin da ke dogaro da zama ("Bellah") a yankin. [3] Kafin faɗuwar Frech zuwa cikin kwarin Niger a ƙarshen 1890, Tondikania ta haɗu a ƙarƙashin mulkin jagoran yaƙi Karanta. [4] A cikin 1901, Faransanci ya sanya sarautar sarauta ta "Canton na Tondikania", wanda shugabansa ya amsa ga mulkin Faransa na Tarayyar Nijar . An haifi Janar kuma Shugaban Nijar, Seyni Kountché (1931–1987) a ƙauyen Fandou Béri, Tondikania. Iyalin Kountché har yanzu suna da tasiri a yankin, yayin da ɗan'uwan marigayi shugaban ya kasance a cikin 2009 wanda ya daɗe yana aiki kuma ana girmama shugaban gwamnatin farar hula ta Tondikania. [5]

Yawan jama'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Duk da cewa Tondikania tana da alaƙa a tarihi da mutanen Zarma, ƙungiyar kuma ta haɗa da al'ummomin Tuareg, Fulbe, da Hausa . A cikin 2010, gwamnatin Nijar ta ba da rahoton cewa Commune na Tondikandia tana da mazauna mutane 111,459. An ba da rahoton yawan mutane 84,223 a 2001.

Gudanarwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tondikania Ƙungiya ce ta Karkara, wanda ya haɗa da ƙananan hukumomi, waɗanda zaɓaɓɓun jami'ai ke jagoranta a matakin Commune, waɗanda suka samo asali daga Damana. Ita kuma Hukumar Filingué ce, ƙarƙashin wani yanki na Yankin Tillabéri ke mulkin ta. A cikin shekara ta 2010 Kwamitin ya mallaki "Ƙananan Hukumomi" 210, wanda ya haɗa da ƙauyuka guda 118, garuruwa guda 89 da sarakunan gargajiya 3. [6] Gari mafi girma da kujerar gudanarwa na gari ( chef-lieu ) shine garin Damana, wanda ke da yawan jama'a da aka ruwaito a shekara ta 2010 na 3500. [7]

Agazol Fandou, Agazol Gorou, Alfa Kouara, Alfagaye, Alfari Kouara, Allabo (Allabo Koira Tegui), Alphagaye, Asko, Atchom, Atta Loga, Balle Kouara, Bambaka, Ban Kouara, Bangali, Bangou Banda Babitouri, Bangou Banda Gachi Kou Banda, Bangou Bi, Bangou Foumbo I, Bangou Foumbo (II), Bani Fandou, Banizoumbou (II), Banizoumbou (II), Banizoumbou, Banizounbou, Bardji Kouara, Birgui Kouara, Birki Kaina, Bomberi, Bongou Kouarey Bougara, Boukar Hima, Boukay Gorou, Bouki Bari, Boukou Zaweini Foulan, Boukou Zaweini, Boulkass, Bourgari, Bourtossi, Cahibou Kouara, Ciminti, Dagueye Deye, Damana Garia (I, II), Damana, Dani Fandou, Dankoukou, Darey Dey Tegui Fondabon, Dey Tegui Kouara, Deye Gorou, Deye Tegui, Deyguine, Dineyane, Dioula Kouara, Djiogo Kouara, Djole, Dolewa, El Kouara, Elh Fandobon Kouara, Elhadji Kouara, Fadi Foga, Fandoga, Fandoga, Fandoga, Fandoga, Fantou Yan, Fare, Faria Beri, Faria Goubey (Faria Maourey), Farmas Beri, Farmas Keina, Fazi Hinka, Fin a Kouara, Folo, Foney Ganda, Foye Fandou, Gabda Fandou, Gabda Ganda, Gamsa Gorou, Ganda Bangou Alfaga Kouara, Ganda Bangou Simintodo, Gangamyan, Gani Damana, Garbey Taweye, Gatta Garbey Kouara Zeno, Gatta Gardey Kouara Tegui, Gatta Sogua, Gawaye, Gille Kouara (Hameau),Gonga, Gorma Fando Bon, Gorma Moussa, Gorou Banda, Gorou, Goumbi Banda, Gounize, Guile Koira Tegui, Haini Si Morou Belle (I), Haini Si Morou Belle (II), Haini Si Morou Goubeye, Haini Si Morou Maourey, Hari Gana, Hassoumi Kouara, Kabey Kougou, Kandabata, Kandirkoye, Kandoum Ganda, Kandoum, Karaga Moumssou, Karim Bawa, Katamba Kaina, Kirip Beri, Kirip Kaina, Kobe, Koberi, Kobi, Kofandou (Sixieme), Kofandou Talladje, Kofandou, Kogo, Kogorou Santche, Kokaina Kouara Tegui, Kokaina Kouara Zeno, Korgoni Zarma, Korombol, Kossey, Kouboutche, Koura, Kourega, Kourega, Kourega,, Ladan Kouara, Lassour, Loguery, Loki Damana, Malam Oumarou Kouara, Manzaka, Maourey, Maridoumbo, Matchi Zaley (Sindbey), Mobangou, Moribene, Moufa Tombo, Naguiz Kouara Zeno, Naguize Dabaga, Naguize Tondi Sanda, Namari Bello, Namarou Bangou, Sabarey Kaina, Sabarey, Sakdamna, Samari Kouara, Sansami, Sofani Djerma, Sofani Peul Korgom Foulan), Soley Damana, Soley Deye Djinde, Soley Deye Tegui, Soley Ganotondi, Soley Tanka, Soudje Mani Kouara, Soudjere, Soukoutou, Sourgo Kouara, Tadene Gao Beri, Tadene Kaina, Talibi Dey, Talifanta Beri, Talifanta Fando Goubey, Tamagueye, Tamara, Tanka Lamine, Tanka Lokoto, Tarifo, Tassi Kaina, Tchimori, Tebewa II, Tibawa I, Tiguiri Bellah (Tiguiri Zarma), Toka, Toke Yaw, Tolo Bango, Tombaize Kouara, Tombo, Tondi Banda, Tondi Banda, Tondi Banda, Tondi Banda, Tondikouara, Toutou Fandou, Wadouka Peulh, Wadouka Z (Va), Wahadi, Wandilan, Yaragaberi, Zaley Kouara, Zanagane Koiratagui, Zaza, Zebane Fitti, Zouragane Kouara Zeno. [6]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Loi n° 2002-014 du 11 JUIN 2002 portant création des communes et fixant le nom de leurs chefs-lieux[permanent dead link]. Includes list of 213 communes rurales and seats, 52 Communes urbaines and seats
  2. p. 57-59 of N. Échard. Histoire du peuplement : les traditions orales d'un village sudye, Shat (Filingué, République du Niger). Journal de la Société des Africanistes. 1969, Volume 39, Issue 39-1, pp. 57-78
  3. p. 76 of N. Échard. Histoire du peuplement : les traditions orales d'un village sudye, Shat (Filingué, République du Niger). Journal de la Société des Africanistes. 1969, Volume 39, Issue 39-1, pp. 57-78
  4. Edmond Séré de Rivières: Histoire du Niger. Berger-Levrault, Paris 1965, S. 86–87.
  5. Eric Komlavi Hahonou. Les pouvoirs locaux à Balleyara. Perspective historique sur la dynamique des pouvoirs locaux. Archived 2021-10-21 at the Wayback Machine In Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan, Mahaman Tidjani Alou (ed) Les pouvoirs locaux au Niger (Tome 1: A la veille de la décentralisation), Karthala-Codesria, Dakar-Paris: 2009 pp. 221-254.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Répertoire National des Communes (RENACOM). Statistical report (2010) of Institut National de la Statistique, consulted 8 November 2010.
  7. Republic du Niger: Loi n° 2002-014 du 11 JUIN 2002 portant création des communes et fixant le nom de leurs chefs-lieux (Online-Version[permanent dead link]).