Yerevan

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Yerevan
Երևան (hy)
Flag of Yerevan (en) Seal of Yerevan (en)
Flag of Yerevan (en) Fassara Seal of Yerevan (en) Fassara


Suna saboda Erebuni Fortress (en) Fassara
Wuri
Map
 40°10′53″N 44°30′52″E / 40.1814°N 44.5144°E / 40.1814; 44.5144
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaArmeniya
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 1,075,800 (2017)
• Yawan mutane 4,739.21 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Armenian (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na central Armenia (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 227 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Hrazdan River (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 1,000 m
Bayanan tarihi
Wanda ya samar Argishti I of Urartu (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 782 "BCE"
Muhimman sha'ani
Tsarin Siyasa
Gangar majalisa Yerevan Municipality (en) Fassara
• Gwamna Hrachya Sargsyan (en) Fassara (22 Disamba 2021)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 0001–0099
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
UTC+04:00 (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 10
Lamba ta ISO 3166-2 AM-ER
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo yerevan.am

Yerevan wani lokacin ana rubuta Erevan ) [1] Ērevan.}} babban birni ne kuma birni mafi girma na kasar Armeniya kuma ɗaya daga cikin tsoffin biranen duniya da ake ci gaba da zama . [2] Birnin na wuri daya tare da kogin Hrazdan, Yerevan ita ce cibiyar gudanarwa, al'adu, da masana'antu na ƙasar, a matsayin babban birni . Ya kasance kuma babban birni tun 1918, na goma sha huɗu a cikin tarihin Armeniya kuma na bakwai wanda ke cikin ko kusa da Filin Ararat . Garin kuma yana a wurin zama na Diocese na Araratian Pontifical Diocese, wanda shine babban diocese na Cocin Apostolic na Armeniya kuma ɗaya daga cikin tsoffin dioceses a duniya.[3]

Tarihin Yerevan ya samo asali ne a karni na 8 KZ, tare da kafa Erebuni a shekara ta 782 KZ da Sarki Argishti na Urartu ya kafa a yammacin iyakar filin Ararat.[4] An tsara Erebuni a matsayin babbar cibiyar gudanarwa da addini, cikakken babban birnin sarauta.[5] A ƙarshen tsohuwar mulkin Armeniya, an kafa sabbin manyan biranen kuma Yerevan bai da mahimmanci. A karkashin mulkin Iran da Rasha, ita ce cibiyar Erivan Khanate daga 1736 zuwa 1828 da kuma Erivan Governorate daga 1850 zuwa 1917, bi da bi. Bayan yakin duniya na daya, Yerevan ya zama babban birnin Jamhuriyar Armeniya ta farko yayin da dubban wadanda suka tsira daga kisan kiyashin Armeniya a Daular Usmaniyya suka isa yankin.[6] Garin ya faɗaɗa cikin sauri a ƙarni na 20 yayin da Armeniya yanki ne na Tarayyar Soviet . A cikin ƴan shekarun da suka gabata, Yerevan ya rikiɗe daga wani lardi na cikin daular Rasha zuwa babbar cibiyar al'adu, fasaha da masana'antu ta Armeniya, tare da zama wurin zama na gwamnatin ƙasa.

Tare da ci gaban tattalin arzikin Armeniya, Yerevan ya sami babban sauyi. An yi gine-gine da yawa a cikin birni tun farkon shekarun 2000, kuma wuraren sayar da kayayyaki irin su gidajen cin abinci, shaguna, da shagunan kan titi, waɗanda ba su da yawa a lokacin Soviet, sun ƙaru . As of 2011 , yawan mutanen Yerevan ya kai miliyan 1,060,138, fiye da kashi 35% na yawan al'ummar Armeniya. Dangane da kiyasin hukuma na shekarar 2022, yawan mutanen garin a halin yanzu ya kai 1,092,800. An ba wa Yerevan sunan World Book Capital a shekara ta 2012 da hukumar UNESCO tayi. Birinin Yerevan abokin tarayya ne na Eurocities .

Daga cikin manyan wuraren tarihi na Yerevan, sansanin Erebuni ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin wurin asali na birni, cocin Katoghike Tsiranavor shine majami'a mafi tsufa na Yerevan da Saint Gregory Cathedral shine babban cocin Armenia a duniya, Tsitsernakaberd shine babban abin tunawa ga hukuma. wadanda kisan kiyashin Armeniya ya shafa. Birnin gida ne ga gidajen opera da yawa, gidajen wasan kwaikwayo, gidajen tarihi, dakunan karatu, da sauran cibiyoyin al'adu. Yerevan Opera gidan wasan kwaikwayo shi ne babban dakin kallo na babban birnin Armenia, National Gallery of Armenia shi ne mafi girma art gidan kayan gargajiya a Armenia da kuma raba wani gini tare da Tarihi Museum of Armenia, da Matenadaran ma'ajiyar ya ƙunshi daya daga cikin mafi girma a ajiya na tsoho littattafai da kuma. rubuce-rubuce a duniya.

Etymology[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

“Takardar Haihuwa” na Yerevan a sansanin sansanin Erebuni —rubutun cuneiform da Sarki Argishti na Urartu ya bari a kan tulun dutse na basalt game da kafuwar birnin a shekara ta 782 K.Z.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Ես քեզ սիրում եմ",- այս խոսքերը ասում եմ քեզ, ի'մ Էրևան, արժեր հասնել աշխարհի ծերը, որ էս բառերը հասկանամ...». panorama.am (in Armeniyanci). 21 September 2011. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  2. Empty citation (help)
  3. "Qahana.am". Qahana.am. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  4. Katsenelinboĭgen, Aron (1990). The Soviet Union: Empire, Nation and Systems. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. p. 143. ISBN 0-88738-332-7.
  5. R. D. Barnett (1982). "Urartu". In John Boardman; I. E. S. Edwards; N. G. L. Hammond; E. Sollberger (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 3, Part 1: The Prehistory of the Balkans, the Aegean World, Tenth to Eighth Centuries BC (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0521224963.
  6. Hovannisian, Richard G. (1971). The Republic of Armenia: The First Year, 1918–1919, Vol. I. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 126–127. ISBN 0-520-01984-9.