Jerin tsoffin biranen da ake ci gaba da zama acikisu

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Jerin tsoffin biranen da ake ci gaba da zama acikisu
jerin maƙaloli na Wikimedia
Byblos (Lebanon)
Jerin tsoffin biranen da ake ci gaba da zama acikisu

Wannan jerin birane ne na yau tare da tsawon lokacin da aka ci gaba da zama acikinsu a matsayin birane. Amma anyi jayayya akan tsawon shekarun da aka lissafo. Bambance-bambancen ra'ayi na iya haifar da ma'anoni daban-daban na " birni " da kuma "mazaunin ci gaba" kuma ana jayayya da shaidar tarihi sau da yawa. Ana kuma tattauna fa'idodi (da maɓuɓɓuka) ga ingancin kowane da'awar a cikin ginshiƙin "Notes".

Afirka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yankunan Arewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Suna Yankin tarihi Wuri na yanzu Ci gaba



</br> zama tun
Bayanan kula
Faiyum (as Shedet ) Tsohon Misira </img> Masar c. 2181 BC Matsuguni da Tsohon Mulkin ya kafa (c. 2686–2181 BC)
Luxor (a matsayin Waset, wanda aka fi sani da sunan Girkanci Thebes ) Tsohon Misira </img> Masar c. 2150 BC Da farko an kafa shi a matsayin babban birnin Upper Masar, daga baya Thebes ya zama babban birnin addini na al'umma har sai da ta ragu a zamanin Romawa.
Tangier (kamar Tingi ) Phenicia, Carthage, sai Masarautar Mauretania </img> Maroko c. 800 BC Phoenicians ne suka kafa shi, daga baya babban birni na Masarautar Mauretania
Zeila/Avalites Bilad al-Barbar Somaliya</img> Somaliya c. 700 BC Manyan biranen kasuwanci a yankin kahon Afirka .
Aswan (as Swenett ) Tsohon Misira </img> Masar c. 650 BC Ya sami shahara a ƙarshen zamani (664-332 BC).
Constantine (kamar Cirta ) Numidia </img> Aljeriya c. 600 BC An kafa shi a karni na 6 BC, ta Numidians . [1] 
Benghazi (kamar Euesperides ) Cyrenaica </img> Libya c. 525 BC An kafa shi a karni na 5 BC, ta Girkawa .
Mendefera D`mt </img> Eritrea c. 500 BC Tsohon babban birnin kasuwanci na masarautar D`mt da masarautar Axumite. [2]
Aksum Masarautar Axum </img> Habasha c. 100 BC Tsohon babban birnin Masarautar Axum.
Alexandria Tsohon Misira </img> Masar 332 BC Alexander the Great ne ya kafa shi akan garin Rhacotis, wanda ya samo asali ne tun a Tsohuwar Mulki [3]
Mogadishu Bilad al-Barbar </img> Somaliya c. 200 BC Magajin tsohon ikon ciniki na Sarapion .
Tsohon Alkahira Masar </img> Masar c. 100 AD Garin Babila ya koma matsayin da yake a yanzu a zamanin Sarkin sarakuna Trajan, wanda ya zama ainihin tsohuwar ko 'yan Koftik Alkahira.  ]
Kismayo Bilad al-Barbar, bayan karni na 13 na daular Ajuran </img> Somaliya c. 300 AD Yankin kismau asalin wani karamin wurin kamun kifi ne kuma ya fadada zuwa babban birnin kasuwanci a gabar tekun Somaliya. [4]

Kudu-Sahara[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Name Historical region Present location Continuously

inhabited since
Notes
Zanzibar Swahili Coast Samfuri:TAN 1st–3rd centuries AD [ana buƙatar hujja] A Greco-Roman text between the 1st and 3rd centuries AD, the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, mentioned the island of Menuthias (Ancient Greek: Μενουθιάς), which is probably Unguja, the island on which the city is located.
Benin City Kingdom of Benin  Nijeriya c. 1000 AD City of Benin, the oldest city in Nigeria.
Ife Osun State  Nijeriya c. 1000 AD
Sofala Swahili Coast Samfuri:MOZ c. 700 AD[ana buƙatar hujja] One of the oldest harbours documented in Southern Africa.
Pate Swahili Coast Samfuri:KEN 8th century AD[ana buƙatar hujja] According to the Pate Chronicle, the town of Pate was founded by refugees from Oman in the 8th century.
Mombasa Swahili Coast Samfuri:KEN c. 900 AD[ana buƙatar hujja] The strategic location of this historical Swahili trading centre has seen it fall under the control of many countries.
Moroni Swahili Coast Samfuri:COM 10th century AD[ana buƙatar hujja] Founded, possibly during the 10th century, as the capital of a sultanate connected commercially to Zanzibar in Tanzania.
Agadez Mali Empire, Songhai Empire Samfuri:NIG 11th century AD Founded in the 11th century, Agadez was an important stop for caravans crossing the Saharan Desert for centuries. Agadez was held by the Mali empire during part of the 14th century, captured by the Songhai empire in 1515, and controlled by Bornu in the 17th century.
Kano Kingdom of Kano  Nijeriya 11th century AD The foundation for the construction of Kano City Walls was laid by Sakri Gijimasu at some point between 1095 and 1134, and was completed in the middle of the 14th century during the reign of Usman Zamnagawa.
Timbuktu Mali Empire Samfuri:MLI 11th century AD Settled by Tuareg traders as an outpost, its incorporation into the Mali Empire and Mande, Soninke, and Songhai settlement from the 13th century rapidly developed the town.[5]
Malindi Swahili Coast Samfuri:KEN 13th–14th centuries AD[ana buƙatar hujja] Once rivaled only by Mombasa for dominance in this part of East Africa, it was first referenced in writing by Abu al-Fida (1273–1331), a Kurdish geographer and historian.
M'banza-Kongo Kongo Empire Samfuri:ANG c. 1390 AD Capital of the Kongo Empire, already organized as a city before the arrival of the Portuguese.[ana buƙatar hujja]
Quelimane Swahili Coast Samfuri:MOZ 1400 AD[ana buƙatar hujja] One of the oldest towns in the region, one tradition says that Vasco da Gama, in 1498, enquired about the name of the place from workers in the fields outside the settlement.
Cidade Velha (as Ribeira Grande) Santiago Island Samfuri:CPV 1462 AD The first European settlement in Sub Saharian Africa.
Lagos Kingdom of Benin  Nijeriya 16th century AD Initially established as a war camp for soldiers from the Kingdom of Benin.
Ouidah Kingdom of Whydah Samfuri:BEN 16th century AD The primary port of the Kingdom of Whydah, originally called Glehue by the Fon inhabitants. The town was conquered by the Kingdom of Dahomey in the 18th century and eventually exported more than 1 million slaves.[6]
Antananarivo Merina Kingdom Samfuri:MAD 1610 AD[7] or 1625 AD[8] Founded by the Merina King Andrianjaka, it is the oldest city in Madagascar.
Cape Town Dutch East India Company Samfuri:ZAF 1652 AD Founded by Dutch settlers from Dutch East India Company and is the oldest city in South Africa.
Kumasi Ashanti Empire Samfuri:GHA c. 1680 AD[ana buƙatar hujja] Founded as Akan village and capital of the Kumaseman State, later becoming capital of Ashanti Empire.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. fr:Constantine (Algérie)#P.C3©riode antique
  2. Dr. Federica, Crivellellero. " Archeologists in Eritrea target unfunded ' rescue excavations, Sudan Tribun Dec 5, 2004
  3. Jean-Daniel Stanley et al., "Alexandria, Egypt, before Alexander the Great: A multidisciplinary approach yields rich discoveries"; GSA Today 17 (8), August 2007; doi:10.1130/GSAT01708A.1.
  4. Lee V. Cassanelli, The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600–1900, (University of Pennsylvania Press: 1982), p. 75.
  5. Saad, Elias. "Social history of Timbuktu: 1400–1900. The role of Muslim scholars and notables. (Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1980)
  6. Anderson, David and Rathbone, Richard. "Africa's Urban Past." Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) pp. 85–87
  7. Desmonts 2004.
  8. Roman Adrian Cybriwsky, Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2013, p. 15