Yusuf (surah)

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Wikidata.svgYusuf (surah)
Surah
Bayanai
Suna saboda Joseph in Islam (en) Fassara
Akwai nau'insa ko fassara 12. Joseph (en) Fassara da Q31204666 Fassara
Harshen aiki ko suna Larabci

Yusuf ( Larabci: يوسف‎ , Yūsuf ; lafazin larabci na "Yusuf") shine sura ta 12 ( Surar )Ta kasan ce Surah ce ta Alqurani kuma tana da Ayah (111). [1] Sūrah Hud ne ke gaba da ita sai kuma Ar-Ra'ad (Tsawar). Dangane da lokaci da yanayin mahallin wahayi ( asbāb al-nuzūl ), an saukar da ita ne zuwa ƙarshen lokacin Makkan, [2]wanda ke nufin an yi imani da cewa an saukar da ita a Makka, maimakon daga baya a Madina. An ce an saukar da ita a cikin zama ɗaya kuma yana da irin ta wannan yanayin. [3] rubutu da labarin Yusuf ( Joseph ) wanda yana dauke da wani annabi a Musulunci, wanda rayuwarsa da kuma manufa ta tuno.

Ba kamar yadda sauran annabawan musulinci suke ba, [4]abubuwa daban-daban da bangarorin da suke da nasaba da surori daban-daban, tarihin rayuwar Yusuf, an ruwaito shi ne a cikin wannan surar kawai, cikakke kuma bisa tsarin yadda za a tsara su. [5][6] Wannan surar, wacce ita ma take fada game da gaskiya, a cewar musulmai, wacce take kunshe a cikin mafarkai, ta gabatar da ka'idoji da yawa na yadda za a yi wa Musulunci hidima ta hanyar tarihin rayuwar annabi, wanda ya zama sananne kuma mai mutunci a kasar da ya An sayar a matsayin bawa. [7]

Thomas van Erpe ne ya fara fassara surar zuwa Latin ta hanyar 1617 sannan daga baya a cikin karni na 17 ya buga a fili cikin larabci da Latin a matsayin wani bangare na kokarin Lutheran wajen fassara Kur'ani.[8]

Takaitawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Joseph tare da mahaifinsa Yakubu da 'yan'uwansa a Misira daga Zubdat-al Tawarikh a cikin Tashar Turkiyya da ta Addinin Musulunci da ke Istanbul, wanda aka sadaukar da shi ga Sultan Murad III a 1583
Yusuf da Zulaikha ( matar matar Fotifa ce ta kori Yusufu ), Dan Karamin farisanci na Behzād, 1488.
1-3 Annabi sananne ne ta hanyar wahayi game da tarihin Yusufu
4 Yusufu ya gaya wa mahaifinsa wahayinsa Yaga taurari goma sha daya da rana da wata suna mashi sujada a gare shi
5 Yakubu ya gargadi Yusufu game da kishin ’yan’uwansa
6 Yakubu ya fahimci mafarkin don ya nuna halin annabci na Yusufu a nan gaba
7 Labarin Yusufu alama ce ta yardar Allah
8 ’Yan’uwan Yusufu suna kishinsa da dan uwansa Biliyaminu
9 Sun yi shawarar tare don su kashe shi ko don fitar da shi Daga garin Mahaifinsa
10 Baban yayan su ya bada shawarar sanya shi cikin rijiya
11-12 Suna rokon mahaifinsu ya aiki Yusufu tare da su
13 Yakubu ya jinkirta saboda tsoron kada kerkeci ya cinye Yusufu
14-15 'Yan'uwan Yusufu suka karbi izinin mahaifinsu, suka Dauke shi tare da su, suka sanya shi a cikin rijiya
15 Allah ya aiko wahayi zuwa ga Yusufu a cikin rijiyar
16-17 'Yan'uwan suka kawo wa Yakubu rahoton cewa kyarkeci ya cinye Yusufu
18 Yakubu bai yarda da labarin 'ya'yansa ba
19-20 Wasu matafiya da suka sami Yusufu sun Dauke shi cikin bauta
21 Wani Bamasare ya siyo Yusufu ya ba shi shawarar Da shi
22 Allah ya bashi hikima da ilimi
23 Matar Bamasariya ta yi ƙoƙari ta yaudare Yusufu
24 Da yardar Allah ya kiyaye ta daga yaudarar ta
25 Tana zargin Yusufu da yunkurin bata mata suna
26-27 Haya a cikin tufafinsa ya tabbatar da rashin laifin Yusufu
28-29 Azeez ya yarda da Yusufu kuma ya la'anci matarsa
30 Zunubin matar Azeez ya zama sananne a cikin gari
31 Matan wadansu manyan mutane, ganin kyawawan halayen Yusufu, sai suka kira shi mala'ika
32 Matar Azeez ta bayyana manufarta na Daure Yusuf sai dai in ba yarda ga rokon ta ba
33 Yusufu yana neman tsari daga Allah
34 Allah yana jin addu'arsa, Yana kawar da kaidinsu
35 An saka Yusuf a kurkuku ba tare da rashin laifi ba
36-37 Ya dauki alwashin fassara mafarkin bayin sarki guda biyu wadanda suma aka daure su tare
38-40 Yusufu yana wa'azin hadin kan Allah ga 'yan uwansa fursunoni
41 Yana fassarar mafarkin bayin nan biyu
42 Yusufu ya nemi a tuna da shi ga sarki, amma an manta da shi
43 Mafarkan sarkin Masar
44 Masu fassarar sarki ba su fassara mafarkin sarki
45-49 Yusufu ya tuna kuma ya fassara mafarkin sarki
50 Sarki ya kirawo Yusufu daga kurkuku
51 Matan gidan sarauta sun yarda da zunubinsu a ƙoƙarinsu na yaudare Yusufu zuwa ƙaunatacciyar soyayya
52-53 Yusufu ya barata. Matar Azeez bata wanke kanta daga zargi ba.
54 Sarki ya mayar da Yusufu
55-57 Yusufu ya mai da ma'ajin sarki bisa ga roƙonsa
58 'Yan'uwansa sun zo wurinsa, amma ba su gane shi ba
59-61 Yusufu ya bukaci 'yan'uwansa su kawo masa Dan'uwansu Biliyaminu
62 Kudadensu sun dawo a cikin buhunansu don tilasta musu dawowa
63-66 Yakubu ba tare da so ya ba da izinin Biliyaminu ya tafi Masar tare da 'yan'uwansa
67 Yakubu ya shawarci shigowar su ta Kofofin da yawa
68 Wannan nasiha ba ta wadatar da hukuncin Allah ba
69 Yusufu, yana karɓar Biliyaminu, ya bayyana kansa gare shi
70-76 Shi da dabara, ya kawo 'yan'uwansa sata
77, 79 Ya nace kan rike Biliyaminu maimakon maye gurbinsa
80-82 Bayan shawarwari, 'yan'uwan Biliyaminu duk sun koma wurin Yakub bayan
83 Yakubu bai yarda ya ba da labarinsu ba, amma ya dogara ga Allah
84-86 Yakubu ya yi bakin ciki saboda Yusufu, amma har yanzu ya faɗi game da begensa
87 Yakubu ya aiki yayansa su je su nemi Yusufu
88-90 Yusufu ya bayyana kansa ga yan'uwansa
91-93 Yana yiwa 'yan'uwansa afuwa kuma ya aika tufafin mahaifinsa ga mahaifinsa don ya dawo da ganinsa
94-97 Yakubu ya yi annabcin gano Yusufu, ya kuma sami ganinsa
98-99 Yanã n pman gãfara ga 'ya'yansa na mugunta
100 Yusufu ya karbi iyayensa gare shi a Masar
101 Yakubu da 'ya'yansa maza da mata duk suna yi wa Yusufu sujada
102 Yusufu ya yabi Allah saboda jinkansa kuma ya furta imanin musulmai
103-107 Kafirai ba za su yi imani da ayoyin Alkur'ani ba
108 Umurnin Allah ga manzo don shelanta imanin Musulmi
109 Manzannin Allah a cikin kowane zamani sun kasance daga mutane
109-110 Ana azabtar da wadanda suka kãfirta sab forda kãfircin manzannin Allah
111 Alqurani ba jabu bane, face tabbataccen rubutun magabata na farko[7]

Labari[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Labarin surat Yūsuf game da Annabi Yūsuf ne, wanda aka fassara shi da Turanci a matsayin Joseph. Yūsuf ɗayan ɗa ne na Ya'ƙub (wanda aka fi sani da Yakubu a cikin fassarar Turanci) wanda ke da baiwar fassara mafarkai. Wata rana Yussuf ya yi mafarki kuma ya ba da labarin mafarkin ga mahaifinsa wanda nan da nan ya san cewa Yussuf zai zama annabi. Mahaifinsa ya gaya masa kada ya gaya wa 'yan'uwansa su guji wata cuta. Koyaya, saboda ƙaunar Ya'qub ga Yūsuf, 'yan'uwan Yūsuf sun ji kishi. Sun so su rabu da Yussuf, don haka mahaifinsu zai ƙaunace su maimakon Yussuf. Farkon shirinsu shi ne kashe Yūsuf, amma daga baya suka yanke shawarar jefa shi cikin rijiya . Sun yiwa mahaifinsu karya sun fada masa cewa kerkeci ya kashe shi. Daga baya, ayari ya ceci Yussuf daga rijiyar, sannan ya sayar da shi ga 'Al-Aziz na Misira . 'Al-Aziz ya ɗauki Yūsuf kuma yana fatan ko dai sanya shi aiki ko ɗauke shi ɗa. Daga baya, matar mutumin ta yi ƙoƙari ta yaudare Yūsuf, amma ya ƙi. Matar da ta ga juriyarsa ta zargi Yūsuf da son cutar da ita kuma ta bukaci da a hukunta shi mai tsanani ko a tura shi kurkuku.

Wani mashaidi, bayan Yūsuf ya kare rashin laifinsa, ya shaida "idan rigarsa ta yage daga gaba, to, ta faɗi gaskiya, kuma shi yana daga maƙaryata amma idan rigarsa ta tsage daga baya, to, ta yi ƙarya, kuma shi ne daga mãsu gaskiya. " Lallai rigar ta yage daga baya. Jim kadan bayan wannan hatsarin, matan birni suna ta maganar yadda matar ke neman yaudarar Y seekingsuf. Matar 'Al-Aziz ta gayyace su zuwa liyafa, ta ba wa kowannensu wuka, sannan ta gaya wa Yusufa ya fito. Matan suka yanke hannayensu cikin tsananin mamaki. 'Ta ce, "Wancan ne wanda kuka zarge ni a kansa. Kuma lallai na nemi yin lalata da shi, amma ya ƙi yarda; idan kuwa bai aikata abin da na umurce shi ba, to tabbas za a daure shi kuma ya kasance daga cikin kaskantattu ”[9] Yūsuf ya fi son kurkuku fiye da abin da suke kira shi don haka ya yi addu'a ga Allah. An tura Yūsuf gidan yari.

A cikin kurkukun, Yūsuf ya sadu da wasu maza biyu kuma ya fassara ɗaya daga cikin mafarkin fursunan. Daga nan aka saki fursunan kuma Yūsuf ya nemi fursunan da ya ambata baiwarsa ga sarki. Wata rana, Sarki yayi mafarki sai wannan fursunan da aka sake shi ya ambaci Yūsuf. Ya fassara mafarkin Sarki, wanda shine game da Masar ta sami fari na shekaru bakwai. Don ba shi tukuici, Sarki ya nemi a sake shi daga kurkuku kuma Sarkin ma ya bincika lamarinsa. Matar da ta yi ƙoƙari ta yaudare Yūsuf ta ba da shaida cewa ba shi da laifi, kuma gaskiya ta bayyana. An ba Yūsuf iko a Misira.

A lokacin fari na shekaru bakwai, 'yan'uwan Yūsuf sun ziyarci Misira don nema wa danginsu abinci. Bayan ganin 'yan'uwansa, Yūsuf ya gane su duk da cewa basu gane shi ba. [10] Yūsuf, a cikin babban matsayi na iko, ya roki cewa in sun sake zuwa, su zo da ƙaramin ɗan'uwansu Biliyaminu tare da su. Lokacin da 'yan'uwan suka dawo tare da ƙaramin ɗan'uwansu, Yūsuf ya ɗauke shi gefe kuma ya gaya masa ainihinsa. Yūsuf ya shirya shari'ar sata inda aka samu kaninsa karami da laifin sata alhali ba shi da gaskiya kuma an tsare shi daga danginsa, don haka zai iya zama tare da shi. Daga baya, lokacin da mahaifin da 'yan uwan suka fuskanci talauci sai su dawo ga Yussuf sannan Yussuf sannan ya taimaka musu ya kuma bayyana asalin sa yana neman su zo su zauna tare. [11]

Wahayin Yahaya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babu wani tabbataccen lokacin da ake tsammanin saukar surat Yūsuf, amma an kiyasta cewa ya kasance a cikin shekara ta 10 ko 11 na dawah . Watau, sanannen abu ne da aka saukar dashi shekaru 2 ko 3 kafin hijira (Hijira) daga Makka zuwa Madina wanda ke dab da ƙarshen zamanin Makkan da tafiya Makkan. Wannan Surar ta sauka ne bayan shekara guda malaman Seerah suna kiran 'am al huzun' (shekarar Bakin ciki ko Fidda rai). Shekarar nan ta kasance lokacin bakin ciki da takaici ga annabin musulunci Muhammad . Ya kasance cikin wahalhalu da yawa kuma uku daga cikin waɗannan sune mahimmancin gaske. Na farkon shine mutuwar kawunsa Abu Talib . Abu Talib shi ne kadai uba da ya bari kuma daya daga cikin mutanen da suka ba shi kariya daga cutarwar al'umma. Masifa ta biyu za ta zo ne tare da ƙaunataccen matarsa ta farko, mutuwar Khadijah. Ita ce farkon wacce ta yi imani da sakonsa kuma ita ce ta'aziyar sa. Mutuwar biyu babbar asara ce a gareshi kasancewar su mutane ne a rayuwarsa waɗanda suka himmatu da kuma kiyaye shi ta hanyar tafiyarsa. Daga baya kuma a Makka bayan mutuwar kawunsa, maguzawan sun sanya shi fuskantar matsanancin wahala yayin da yake kokarin kiran mutane zuwa ga Musulunci. Ana tsammanin amsa mafi kyau daga garin Ta'if, Muhammad ya tashi daga Makka. Koyaya, don takaicinsa, mutanen Ta'if ba su maraba da shi ba, suka ba shi wahala suka kore shi daga cikin garin ta hanyar jifan shi da duwatsu. Ya ji rauni, yana zubar da jini kuma ba shi da komai sai takaici daga mutanen Ta'if. Wannan surar an yi ta ne don daukaka ruhinsa da kuma sanyaya masa rai a lokacin da aka ƙi shi. [12]

Sauran binciken[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tare da abubuwa masu muhimmanci guda uku wadanda suka nuna wahayi ga Muhammadu, malamai sun ambaci wasu abubuwan da suka faru wadanda suka haifar da saukar da surar. Kuraishawa suna so su gwada Muhammad, kamar yadda suke cikin rashin imani da iliminsa da ikon ruhaniya. Ba su yarda da shi annabi ba kuma sun shirya yaudararsa ta hanyar yin tambayar da annabin gaskiya ne kawai zai iya amsawa. Labarin Yūsuf da 'yan'uwansa, labarin da ba a ji shi ba, saboda mutanen Makka ba su da masaniya game da wannan labarin. [13]Hakanan an fassara shi da Yusuf (ɗan Yakubu) sanannen sanannen al'adun Kirista da na Yahudawa kuma Kuraishawa ba su ji labarinsa ba. Karanta wannan labarin zai nuna annabci na gaskiya, amma mutane basu da imani cewa Muhammadu zai mallaki wannan kyauta. Lokacin da aka tambayi Muhammad, ya bayyana ta hanyar wahayinsa duk ilimin da ya sani game da labarin da ba a faɗi. [14] Bayan wahalhalu da aka fuskanta a cikin garin Makka, daga baya labarin Yūsuf ya bayyana don ƙarfafa zukatan mutane. Sun yi tambaya, "Ya Manzon Allah, me zai hana ka ba mu labarin wadanda suka gabata kafin mu suma sun sha wahala?" [15] Wannan lokacin rikice rikice ne yayin da ake tsananta wa Musulmai kuma daga baya aka tilasta su ficewa. Wannan ya zama ƙarshe na biyu ga wahayin.

Al'adar Hadisi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya kasance daga Ja’afarus Sadik, jikan Muhammadu, ya ruwaito cewa, duk mutumin da ya karanta suratul Yusufa a kowace rana ko kowane dare za a tayar da shi ranar tashin kiyama da kyawu irin na Yusufu. Ba zai ji tsoron ranar sakamako ba kuma zai kasance daga cikin mafifitan muminai. [16]

An ruwaito Muhammad ya karfafa koyar da suratul Yūsuff ga bayi, yana mai cewa "duk lokacin da musulmi ya karanta shi kuma ya koyar da shi ga danginsa da bayinsa, Allah zai saukaka masa bakin cikin mutuwa kuma ya sanya hakan ta yadda babu wani Musulmi da zai yi masa hassada " [17] :315

Manyan jigogi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bangaskiyar annabawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Imanin annabawa kafin Muhammadu sun yi daidai da nasa. Annabawa Ibrahim, Ishaaq, Ya'qūb da Yūsuf sun gayyaci mutane zuwa saƙo iri ɗaya da Muhammad. [18]

Halin Musulmi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Yana da sanin Allah da hisabi akan ayyukan mutum
  • Yana bin maƙasudin mutum yayin kasancewa ƙarƙashin iyakokin da Dokar Allah ta tsara
  • Yayi imani da cewa nasara da rashin nasara gaba daya suna hannun Allah, duk abin da Allah ya so ya faru kuma babu wanda zai iya hana shi
  • Yana amfani da kokarinsu zuwa ga gaskiya kuma yana dogaro ga Allah [19]

Amincewa da ƙarfin zuciya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A duk tarihin Y ofsuf, Allah ya koya wa masu imani cewa mutumin da ke da halaye na Musulunci na gaske zai iya mallake duniya da ƙarfin halayensu. Misalin Yūsuf ya nuna cewa mutum mai ɗabi'a mai tsabta zai iya shawo kan mawuyacin yanayi kuma ya yi nasara. [20]

Manufofin wannan Surar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Don samar da hujja cewa annabcin Muhammadu da iliminsa ba ya dogara da bayanan da ba a tabbatar da su ba, maimakon haka an samo shi ta hanyar wahayi.
  2. Ya shafi taken labarin ga mutanen Kuraishawa (Kabilar shugabannin da ke Makah) kuma ta yi gargadin cewa rikicin da ke tsakaninsu da Muhammad zai kawo karshen nasarar da ya yi a kansu. Kamar yadda ya fada a cikin aya ta 7: "Lallai akwai alamu a cikin wannan labarin na Yusufa da 'yan'uwansa ga masu tambaya" [21]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. [1]|The Noble Quran (Surah 12)
  2. Ünal, Ali, author. The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. p. 471. ISBN 978-1-59784-000-2. OCLC 1002857525.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. Deris, SM. "Surah Yusuf: The Story That Brings Comfort (Part 1 of 5)". Retrieved 28 March 2012.Template:Unreliable source?
  4. Wheeler, Brannon. (2002). Prophets in the Quran : an Introduction to the Quran and Muslim Exegesis. Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. ISBN 978-1-4411-0405-2. OCLC 1128453246.
  5. Ünal, Ali, author. The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. p. 471. ISBN 978-1-59784-000-2. OCLC 1002857525.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Qadhi, Yasir. "The Best of Stories: Pearls from Surah Yusuf | Part 1". Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ünal, Ali, author. The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. p. 471. ISBN 978-1-59784-000-2. OCLC 1002857525.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. Qadhi, Yasir. "The Best of Stories: Pearls from Surah Yusuf | Part 1". Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  9. Alastair Hamilton, "A Lutheran Translator for the Qur'an: A Late Seventeenth-Century Quest". Taken from The Republic of Letters And the Levant, p. 197. Eds. Alastair Hamilton, Maurits H. Van Den Boogert and Bart Westerweel. Volume 5 of Intersections. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2005. 08033994793.ABA
  10. Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  11. "PROPHET Joseph(YUSUF) (peace be upon him)". Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  12. "PROPHET Joseph(YUSUF) (peace be upon him)". Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  13. Qadhi, Yasir. "The Best of Stories: Pearls from Surah Yusuf | Part 1". Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  14. "Yusuf". Profile of the Sura. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  15. "Knowledge of tawheed". Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  16. Al-Shaykh al-Saduq (May 16, 2015). Thawab Al-A'mal wa I'qab Al-A'mal (1st ed.). Door of Light. p. 106. ISBN 9781312807587.
  17. Tabarsi, Sheikh Hasan (1963). Majma al-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (reprint ed.). Iran: Dar al-Marefah. p. Volume 5.
  18. Malik, Muhammad (1997). English Translation of the Meaning of Al-Quran: The Guidance for Mankind. Houston: Texas: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge. pp. 340–354. ISBN 0 911119 80 9.
  19. Malik, Muhammad (1997). English Translation of the Meaning of Al-Quran: The Guidance for Mankind. Houston: Texas: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge. pp. 340–354. ISBN 0 911119 80 9.
  20. Malik, Muhammad (1997). English Translation of the Meaning of Al-Quran: The Guidance for Mankind. Houston: Texas: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge. pp. 340–354. ISBN 0 911119 80 9.
  21. Malik, Muhammad (1997). English Translation of the Meaning of Al-Quran: The Guidance for Mankind. Houston: Texas: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge. pp. 340–354. ISBN 0 911119 80 9.