Abdul Fatah el-Sisi

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Abdul Fatah el-Sisi
AbdelFattah Elsisi (cropped).jpg
Chairperson of the African Union (en) Fassara

10 ga Faburairu, 2019 - 10 ga Faburairu, 2020
Paul Kagame - Cyril Ramaphosa
President of Egypt (en) Fassara

8 ga Yuni, 2014 -
Adly Mansour
Defense Minister (en) Fassara

12 ga Augusta, 2012 - 26 ga Maris, 2014
Mohamed Hussein Tantawi (en) Fassara - Sedki Sobhi (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kairo, 19 Nuwamba, 1954 (68 shekaru)
ƙasa Misra
Harshen uwa Larabci
Ƴan uwa
Abokiyar zama Entissar Amer (en) Fassara  (1977 -
Yara
Karatu
Makaranta Egyptian Military Academy (en) Fassara
United States Army War College (en) Fassara
Harsuna Larabci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan/'yar siyasa, soja da international forum participant (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Aikin soja
Fannin soja Egyptian Army (en) Fassara
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Ya faɗaci Gulf War (en) Fassara
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military dictatorship (en) Fassara
presidency.eg
إمضاء الرئيس عبد الفتاح السيسي - Signature abdel fatah sisi Image.jpg

Abdul Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil El-Sisi (da larabci|عبد الفتاح سعيد حسين خليل السيسى, lafazi|ʿAbdel-Fattāḥ Saʿīd Ḥesēn Khalīl es-Sīsi furucci|ʕæbdel.fætˈtæːħ sæˈʕiːd ħeˈseːn xæˈliːl ɪsˈsiːsi|: an haife shi a ranar 19 ga watan Nuwamba, shekarar ta alif 1954) dan siyasar kasar Misra ne, wanda shi ne shugaban kasar Misra na shida, ya kama aiki tun a shekarar 2014. Ya kuma fara shugabanci a ranar 10 Ga watan Fabrairu, 10, shekarar 2019,<ref. name=afpyahoo>cite news|url=https://www.yahoo.com/news/kagame-steps-down-egypt-takes-helm-african-union-043943631.html%7Ctitle=Kagame steps down, Egypt's Sisi takes helm at African Union|author=Nicolas Delauney, AFP|publisher=Yahoo News|date=February 10, 2019|accessdate=February 10, 2019</ref><ref. name=nationspeaks>cite news|url=https://www.nation.co.ke/news/africa/Kagame-hands-over-AU-chair-Sisi/1066-4975658-125x86/index.html%7Ctitle=As[permanent dead link] Kagame steps down, Egypt takes helm at African Union|author=Charles Omondi|publisher=Daily Nation|date=February 10, 2019|accessdate=February 10, 2019</ref>[1][2] na Shugaban Kungiyar Afirka.[3][4][5][6]

Field Marshal Sisi an haife shi ne a birnin Cairo, sannan bayan ya shiga aikin soja, ya rike mukami a kasar Saudiya kafin ya shiga makarantar Egyptian Army's Command and Staff College. A shekarar alif 1992, Sisi ya samu horo a Joint Services Command and Staff College a Watchfield, Oxfordshire, a United Kingdom, sannan a shekarar 2006, ya kara samun horo a United States Army War College dake Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Sisi ya yi aiki a matsayin kwamanda na mechanized infantry sannan kuma ya zama darekta na military intelligence. Bayan Juyin-juya halin Misra na shekarar 2011 da zaben Mohamed Morsi a matsayin shugaban kasar Misra, ya nada Sisi Ministan tsaro a ranar 12 ga watan Augusta, shekarar 2012, da sake fasalin Mubarak-era Hussein Tantawi.

A matsayinsa na Ministan tsaro, kuma shugaban kwamandoji na Egyptian Armed Forces, Sisi ya shiga cikin juyin mulkin da aka tunbuke Morsi daga shugabanci a ranar 3 ga watan Yuni, shekarar 2013, don mayar da martani a kan zanga-zangar Misra a watan Yuni 2013, wanda ya kira a matsayin juyin gwamnati daga 'yan cikinta. Ya rushe Kundin Dokar Misra na shekarar 2012, sannan ya sabunta, tare da wasu manyan 'yan adawa da malaman addini, wata sabuwar dokar gudanar da siyasar kasar, wadda ya hada da yin zabe game da sabon kundin kasar, da zaben 'yan majalisa da gwamnoni. An maye Morsi da shugaba Adly Mansour, wanda ya zabi sabbin kabinet. Gwamnatin ta afkawa Muslim Brotherhood da mabiyansu a watan da ya biyo baya, sannan kuma da wasu yan'adawa a kan tunbuke gwamnatin Morsi. A ranar 14 ga watan Augusta, shekarar 2013, yan'sanda sun gudanar da August 2013 Kisan Rabaa, da kashe da ruruwan fararen hula da jikkata dubbai, wanda ya janyo suka daga kasashen duniya.[7]

A ranar 26 ga watan Maris, shekarar 2014, don amsa wa masu son ya nemi shugabancin kasar, sai Sisi ya yi ritaya daga aikin soji, kuma ya bayyana cewar zai yi takarar shugabancin kasar a shekarar 2014.[8] Zaben, ya gudana daga ranar 26 zuwa ranar 28 ga watan Mayu, da Dan hamayya daya, Hamdeen Sabahi,[9] inda aka samu kashi arba'in da bakwai daga cikin dari (47%) na masu kada kuri'u, wanda Sisi ya yi nasara da fiye da kashi 97% na kuri'un da aka kada.[9][10][11] An rantsar da Sisi amatsayin Shugaban kasan Misra a ranar 8 ga watan Yuni, shekarar 2014. Gwamnatin Sisi ta baiwa hukumar sojin Misra karfin da bata bincike,[12] hakan yasa wasu jaridu suka kira shi da dictator kuma mai karfa-karfa, da danganta shi da tsoffin dictators din kasar.[12][13]

A zaben shugaban kasar Misra na 2018, Sisi yayi hamayya ne kawai a wurin tsaida dan'takara (wanda tare suka kafa gwamnati dashi, wato Moussa Mostafa Moussa) bayan sojoji sun kama Sami Anan da kuma guduwarsa bayan nan,[14][15][16] da tsoratar da Ahmed Shafik da tsohon tuhumarsa da akayi masa na cin-hanci da kuma sex tape,[17][18][19] da kuma janyewar Khaled Ali da Mohamed Anwar El-Sadat a dalilin karuwar matsaloli da kinbin tsari da masu gudanar da zaben kasar sukayi.[20][21][22].

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. cite news|url=http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/64156/AU-official-African-countries-keen-on-promoting-cooperation-with-Egypt%7Ctitle=AU official: African countries keen on promoting cooperation with Egypt|publisher=Egypt Today|date=2 February 2019|access-date=8 February 2019
  2. cite news|url=http://www.zbc.co.zw/just-in-pres-mnangagwa-leaves-for-au-summit/%7Ctitle=Pres[permanent dead link] Mnangagwa leaves for AU Summit|publisher=Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation|date=February 8, 2019|accessdate=February 8, 2019
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named afpyahoo
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nationspeaks
  5. cite news|url=http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/325225/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-Sisi-to-travel-to-Ethiopia-on-Saturday-to-a.aspx%7Ctitle=Egypt's Sisi to travel to Ethiopia on Saturday to assume 2019 AU chairmanship|publisher=Ahram Online|date=February 8, 2019|accessdate=February 8, 2019
  6. cite web|url=https://sputniknews.com/africa/201801291061144778-egypt-sisi-chair-african-union/ |title=Egypt's President to Chair African Union in 2019 |website=Sputnik |date=January 29, 2018 |accessdate=February 8, 2019
  7. cite news|last1=Bowen |first1=Jeremy |title=Egypt election: Sisi secures landslide win |url=https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:3TdSxtUojegJ:www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-27614776&hl=en&gl=us&strip=1&vwsrc=0 |accessdate=31 August 2015 |publisher=BBC News |date=29 May 2014
  8. cite web |url=http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/97612/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-ElSisi-bids-military-farewell,-says-he-will.aspx%7Ctitle=Egypt's El-Sisi bids military farewell, says he will run for presidency|publisher=Ahram Online|date=26 March 2014|accessdate=26 March 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 cite web|title=Egypt election: Sisi secures landslide win|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-27614776%7Cpublisher=BBC%7Cdate=29[permanent dead link] May 2014|accessdate=29 July 2014
  10. cite news|title=Former army chief scores landslide victory in Egypt presidential polls|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/29/abdel-fatah-al-sisi-sweeps-victory-egyptian-election%7Caccessdate=29 May 2014|work=The Guardian
  11. Cite news|url=http://www.france24.com/en/20140529-poll-egypt-sisi-landslide-win-president/%7Ctitle=Egypt's Sisi set for landslide win in presidential vote|agency=France24|date=29 May 2014|accessdate=2 June 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 cite web |url=https://foreignpolicy.com/2015/05/22/egypts-sisi-is-getting-pretty-good-at-being-a-dictator/ |title=Egypt's Sisi Is Getting Pretty Good … at Being a Dictator |last=Cambanis |first=Thanassis |date=22 May 2015 |website=Foreign Policy |access-date=2017-07-25
  13. cite news |url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=89930743&site=pov-live |title=The Anonymous Dictator |last=Giglio |first=Mike |date=16 August 2013 |work=Newsweek Global |access-date=25 July 2015 |last2=Dickey |first2=Christopher |issue=29 |volume=161 |issn=0028-9604 |last3=Atef |first3=Maged |last4=Jones |first4=Sophia |author-link2=Christopher Dickey |via=EBSCOhost |url-access=subscription |quote=That Egypt has a new strongman is no longer in doubt. Since the Egyptian military ousted the democratically elected President Mohamed Morsi last month following protests across the country, posters of Egypt's de facto leader, Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, have become more ubiquitous on Cairo streets than Sphinx souvenirs. The head of the Army stares out from café walls and the windows of government buildings, the red and the gold of his uniform remaining bright, even as the features of his face fade under the relentless sun. "He is the one we can trust," read some of the posters. Others call him "the eagle of the Arabs."
  14. cite web|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/23/former-egyptian-general-arrested-by-military-after-announcing-presidential-bid-sami-anan%7Ctitle=Egypt arrests ex-general who stood for election against Sisi|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=
  15. cite web|url=http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/egypts-brotherhood-offers-support-presidential-hopeful-52542489%7Ctitle=Egypt's military arrests ex-general running for president|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=
  16. cite web|url=https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/01/24/news/u/sami-anans-whereabouts-unknown-son/%7Ctitle=Sami Anan's whereabouts unknown: Son|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=
  17. Cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-egypt-politics/egyptian-ex-pm-ahmed-shafik-says-wont-run-for-presidency-idUSKBN1EW0MV%7Ctitle=Egyptian[permanent dead link] ex-PM Ahmed Shafik says won't run for presidency|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=}}
  18. cite web|url=http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/egypt-ahmed-shafiq-sisi-smear-campaign-772732588%7Ctitle=Shafiq quit Egypt election bid after threats of 'sex tape' and corruption slurs: Sources|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=}}
  19. {{Cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/07/world/middleeast/egypt-ahmed-shafik.html%7Ctitle=Egypt's Presidential Race Loses Popular Candidate|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=
  20. cite web|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/24/khaled-ali-withdraws-egyptian-presidential-race-abdel-fatah-al-sissi%7Ctitle=Khaled Ali withdraws from Egyptian presidential race|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=
  21. cite web|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/egypt-presidential-elections-latest-abdel-fattah-al-sisi-challengers-khaled-ali-saddam-hussein-a8177681.html%7Ctitle=Egypt elections: Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's challengers liken President to Saddam Hussein as they drop out of race|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=
  22. cite web|url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/01/15/anwar-sadats-nephew-backs-egypt-presidential-election/%7Ctitle=Anwar Sadat's nephew backs out of Egypt presidential election|last=|first=|date=|website=|access-date=