Bilma

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Globe icon.svgBilma
Oasis-Bilma.jpg

Wuri
NE-Bilma.png
 18°41′12″N 12°55′09″E / 18.6867°N 12.9192°E / 18.6867; 12.9192
JamhuriyaNijar
Yankin NijarYankin Agadez
Department of Niger (en) FassaraBilma (sashe)
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 4,409 (2012)
Labarin ƙasa
Altitude (en) Fassara 358 m
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci

Bilma ne wani zango da garin da ƙungiya a arewa gabas Nijar tare da, kamar yadda na 2012 ƙidaya, a total yawan 4.016 mutane. Tana da kariya daga dunes na hamada a ƙarƙashin Kaouar Cliffs kuma shine gari mafi girma tare da rakiyar Kaouar. An san shi da lambuna, don samar da gishiri da narkar da ruwa ta hanyar kududdufin danshi, noman kwanan wata, da kuma matsayin ɗayan ɗayan hanyoyin safarar Sahara na ƙarshe (Azalai, daga Agadez ).

Yawan jama'a[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yawanta yawanci Kanuri ne, tare da ƙananan Toubou, Azbinawa, da kuma Hausawa, na ƙarshe shine tunatar da matsayin Bilma a matsayin babbar tasha a kasuwancin Saharan .

Gudanarwa da tattalin arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bilma shine mazaunin gudanarwa na Sashin Bilma, wanda 260,000 square miles (670,000 km2) na arewa maso gabashin Nijar . Yayinda yake ci gaba da samar da gishiri a cikin manyan kwanon gishirin natron, kuma har yanzu ana siyar da wannan gishirin don amfanin dabbobi a duk yammacin Afirka, yawon shaƙatawa (wanda ya samo asali daga Agadez da tsaunukan Aïr kimanin 350 miles (560 km) zuwa yamma) yana da girma mai girma.

Yanayi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bilma tana da yanayin yanayin hamada mai zafi ( Köppen rarraba yanayi BWh ). Garin yana cikin zurfin Saharar Sahara, mafi dacewa a cikin Ténéré, wani yanki mai hamada mai bushewa da ke kwance a arewa maso gabashin Nijar da yammacin Chadi, kuma kasancewar hakan ya bushe sosai, yana mai matsakaita da 12.7 millimetres (0.50 in) na hazo mai aukuwa shekara-shekara. Bilma kuma tana da zafi a lokacin watannin "hunturu" kuma tana da tsananin zafi a watannin bazara kuma na tsawan lokaci. Matsakaicin yanayin zafi a cikin watanni "hunturu" ya wuce 27 °C (81 °F), kuma ya wuce 40 °C (104 °F) daga Afrilu zuwa Satumba gabaɗaya, yana kan 44 °C (111 °F) a watan Yuni. Babban zazzaɓi mai rikodin shine 48.2 °C (118.8 °F) a ranar 23 ga Yuni, 2010.[1][2][3]

Bilma tana da mafi ƙarancin yanayin zafi na ƙasa, −2.4 ° C (27.7 ° F), a ranar 13 ga Janairun 1995.

Lokacin hasken rana yana da girma sosai duk shekara tare da wasu 4,000 h na hasken rana a kowace shekara. Yankin ya yi fice a yanayin zafi, da rana da kuma bushewar yanayi.

Climate data for {{{location}}}
Watan Janairu Fabrairu Maris Afrilu Mayu Yuni Yuli Ogusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba Disamba Shekara
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
31.9
(89.4)
35.3
(95.5)
40.6
(105.1)
42.9
(109.2)
44.1
(111.4)
43.0
(109.4)
42.1
(107.8)
41.8
(107.2)
39.1
(102.4)
33.1
(91.6)
28.7
(83.7)
37.5
(99.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.9
(76.8)
30.4
(86.7)
33.5
(92.3)
34.7
(94.5)
34.3
(93.7)
34.4
(93.9)
32.7
(90.9)
29.3
(84.7)
22.7
(72.9)
18.5
(65.3)
27.9
(82.3)
Average low °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.4
(52.5)
14.5
(58.1)
20.1
(68.2)
24.1
(75.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.5
(77.9)
26.6
(79.9)
23.6
(74.5)
19.5
(67.1)
12.2
(54.0)
8.3
(46.9)
18.3
(65.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.00
(0.00)
0.00
(0.00)
0.00
(0.00)
0.00
(0.00)
0.00
(0.00)
0.00
(0.00)
2.5
(0.10)
7.6
(0.30)
2.5
(0.10)
0.00
(0.00)
0.00
(0.00)
0.00
(0.00)
13
(0.50)
Source: Niger Climatology[4]
Oasis a Bilma, tare da rakiyar Kaouar a bango.
Abincin gishirin a Bilma.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mawaƙi Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al-Kanemi an haife shi a garin Bilma a cikin karni na 12.

Keɓewar Bilma ya sanya ta zama matattarar jami'an kunya a ƙarƙashin mulkin kama-karya Seyni Kountché, kuma gwamnati ta gina kurkuku a can. An gudanar da shugabannin siyasa a can a cikin 1980s, kamar Sanoussi Tambari Djakou, a yau shugaban PNA-AL, wata jam’iyyar siyasa ta Nijar. A lokacin mulkin mallaka na Faransa, Bilma ya kasance babban wurin soja-in an ware shi a Fort Dromard .

A shekarar 1989, jirgin UTA mai lamba 772 ya faɗa cikin hamada kusa da garin bayan wani bam ya tashi a cikin jirgin.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Dr. Jeff Masters' WunderBlog". web.archive.org. Wayback Machine. July 16, 2010. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  2. "Troisieme Communication Nationale A La Conference Des Parties De La Conventioncadre Des Nations Unies Sur Les Changements Climatiques" (PDF). Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  3. Geographic.org. "Weather data: Niger, Bilma, 1995, January". Historical Global Weather. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  4. "Niger Climatology" (PDF). Stats-Niger. Retrieved 14 April 2012.