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Birtaniya Yammacin Afirka

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Birtaniya Yammacin Afirka
British West Africa (en)

Wuri
Map
 8°50′N 2°11′E / 8.83°N 2.18°E / 8.83; 2.18

Babban birni Freetown
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1780

British West Africa shine sunan gamayya ga Turawan mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya a yammacin Afirka a lokacin mulkin mallaka,ko dai a ma'ana ta gabaɗaya ko kuma hukumar mulkin mallaka.Birtaniyya ta yammacin Afirka a matsayinta na mulkin mallaka tun asali an santa da suna Colony of Saliyo da Dogararsa, sannan Biritaniya ta yammacin Afirka sannan daga karshe Matsugunan Yammacin Afirka na Burtaniya.

Ƙasar Ingila ta riƙe sassa daban-daban na waɗannan yankuna ko gaba ɗaya a cikin ƙarni na 19.Daga yamma zuwa gabas turawan sun zama kasashe masu cin gashin kansu na Gambia,Saliyo,Ghana da Najeriya.Har zuwa lokacin samun 'yancin kai,ana kiran Ghana da Gold Coast.

Hukuncin tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Zane na garin Bathurst, Gambiya, wanda aka buga a 1824
Otoo Ababio II., Omanhene na Abura, ana gabatar da shi ga Yariman Wales, Accra, Gold Coast, 1925

Birtaniya ta Yamma ta kasance a cikin lokuta biyu(17 Oktoba 1821,har zuwa rushewar farko a ranar 13 ga Janairu 1850,da kuma 19 ga Fabrairu 1866,har zuwa rasuwarta ta ƙarshe a ranar 28 ga Nuwamba 1888)a matsayin ƙungiyar gudanarwa a ƙarƙashin babban gwamna (kwatankwacin a cikin matsayi zuwa gwamna-janar ),ofishin da aka baiwa gwamnan Saliyo (a Freetown).

Sauran yankunan da asalinsu suka haɗa a cikin ikon su ne Gambia da Gold Coast na Birtaniya(Ghana ta zamani).Haka kuma an hada da yammacin Najeriya da gabashin Najeriya da arewacin Najeriya.[1]

A halin yanzu kayan shafa na Afirka sun hada da Ghana,Saliyo,Gambiya, Yammacin Najeriya,Gabashin Najeriya da Arewacin Najeriya.Wadannan kasashe da yankuna wasu kayan tarihi ne na zamanin bayan mulkin mallaka,ko kuma abin da marubuci dan Ghana Kwame Appiah ya kira sabon mulkin mallaka.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

An kafa Birtaniya Yammacin Afirka a asali bisa kiran fitaccen mai fafutukar kawar da Fowell Buxton,wanda ya ji cewa kawo karshen cinikin bayin Atlantika yana bukatar wani matakin ikon mallakar Birtaniyya na gabar teku. Ci gaban ya dogara ne akan zamani kawai,kuma tsarin ilimi mai cin gashin kansa shine matakin farko na sabunta al'adun ƴan asalin ƙasar. An yi watsi da al'adu da muradun ƴan asalin ƙasar.Wani sabon tsari na zamantakewa,da kuma tasirin Turai a cikin makarantu da al'adun gida,sun taimaka wajen tsara al'adun Burtaniya ta Yammacin Afirka.Manhajar makarantar ‘yan mulkin mallaka na yammacin Afirka ta Burtaniya ta taimaka wajen taka rawa a wannan.Manyan mutane na cikin gida sun haɓaka,tare da sabbin dabi'u da falsafa, waɗanda suka canza ci gaban al'adu gabaɗaya.

Bayan haka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ko da bayan rushewar karshe,kudin bai daya,Fam na Afirka ta Yamma,yana aiki a duk fadin yankin - ciki har da Najeriya - daga 1907 zuwa 1962.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

Najeriya ta samu 'yancin kai a shekarar 1960.Saliyo ta kasance mai cin gashin kanta a shekara ta 1958 kuma ta sami 'yancin kai a 1961.Gambiya ta samu 'yancin kai a shekarar 1965.A shekara ta 1954,Birtaniya ta ba da izinin gudanar da mulkin kanta,kuma a 1957,Gold Coast ta sami 'yancin kai daga Birtaniya,da sunan Ghana.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Turawan mulkin mallaka na Birtaniya a Afirka
    • Birtaniya Togoland
    • Mallakar Najeriya
    • Gambiya Mallaka da Kariya
    • Gold Coast (Mallakar Burtaniya)
    • Rundunar Sojojin Gabar Yammacin Afirka
    • Saliyo Mallaka da Kariya
  • Turawan mulkin mallaka a Afirka
    • Brandenburger Gold Coast
    • Danish Gold Coast
    • Yaren mutanen Holland Gold Coast
    • Portuguese Gold Coast
    • Yaren mutanen Sweden Gold Coast
  • Scramble don Afirka
  • Kungiyar wasan kurket ta yammacin Afirka

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]