Jump to content

Hanyar Jirgin Kasa Mai Saurin Tafiya ta Haramain

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Hanyar Jirgin Kasa Mai Saurin Tafiya ta Haramain
high-speed railway line (en) Fassara da island network (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Bangare na Saudi Railways Organization (en) Fassara
Vehicle normally used (en) Fassara AVE Class 102 (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Saudi Arebiya
SRGB color hex triplet (en) Fassara FF8000
Ma'aikaci Saudi Railways Organization (en) Fassara
Date of official opening (en) Fassara Mayu 2018
Track gauge (en) Fassara 1435 mm track gauge (en) Fassara
Terminus Madinah da Makkah
Shafin yanar gizo sar.hhr.sa
Type of electrification (en) Fassara 25 kV, 60 Hz AC railway electrification (en) Fassara
Wuri
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaSaudi Arebiya

Hanyar jirgin kasa mai saurin tafiya ta Haramain (Haramain tana nufin Makka da biranen tsarkakakken Addinin Musulunci ), wanda kuma aka fi sani da layin dogo na Yammacin Turai ko kuma layin dogo mai saurin zuwa Makka-Madina, yana da 453 kilometres (281 mi)* layin dogo mai saurin tafiya a Saudi Arabia . Yana haɗar da tsarkakakkun garuruwan Musulmai na Madina da Makka ta hanyar Sarki Abdullah King City, yana amfani da 449.2 kilometres (279.1 mi) na babban layi da 3.75 kilometres (2.33 mi) haɗin reshe zuwa Filin jirgin saman Kingla Abdulaziz na Kasa da Kasa (KAIA), a Jeddah . An tsara layin don saurin 186 miles per hour (299 km/h) .

Gina kan aikin ya fara a watan Maris na shekara ta 2009, an buɗe shi a hukumance a 25 Satumba 2018, kuma an buɗe shi ga jama'a a ranar 11 ga watan Oktoban shekara ta 2018. Ana sa ran hanyar jirgin zata dauki fasinjoji miliyan 60 a shekara, gami da kimanin mahajjata miliyan 3 da rabi na aikin hajji da Umrah, wanda zai taimaka wajen rage cunkoson ababen hawa a kan hanyoyin. Bai haɗu da Jirgin Makka ba .

A ranar 31 ga watan Maris, na shekara ta 2021 aka fara tafiya ta farko zuwa Madina kuma ayyukan da ke tsakanin Makka da Madina za su ci gaba bayan an dage su daga ranar 20 ga watan Maris, na shekara ta 2020 saboda annobar COVID-19.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lokaci Na[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kunshin 1[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Riyal biliyan 6.79 (dalar Amurka biliyan 1.8) ne aka tsara da kuma kwangilar gine-gine don Kashi Na 1 - Ayyukan Jama'a don aikin an bayar da shi ne a watan Maris na shekara ta 2009 ga Al Rajhi Alliance, wanda ya hada da China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC), Al Arrab Contracting Kamfanin Ltd, Kamfanin Al Suwailem da kamfanin gine-ginen Faransa na Bouygues . Yana yin aiki tare da mai ba da shawara na Kamfanin Ingantaccen Masarautar Saudiyya ( Khatib da Alami ). Wilsonungiyar Scott Wilson za ta ba da tallafin gudanar da aikin.[1][2][3] In February 2011 the station construction contracts were awarded to Joint Venture between Saudi Oger Ltd & El Seif Engineering for (KAEC (Rabigh) & Jeddah Stations), Saudi Bin laden (Mecca Station) and a Turkish Company "Yapi Merkezi" for Medina Station.[4]

Kunshin 2[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kashi Na 1 Na 1 ya rufe gina tashoshi huɗu daga cikin tashoshi biyar. A Afrilu 2009, $ 38 miliyoyin kwangilar zane na tashoshin tashoshin a Makka, Madina, Jeddah da KAIA an bayar da su ga haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Foster + Abokan Hulɗa da Buro Happold. A watan Fabrairun shekara ta 2011 an bayar da kwangilar gina tashar ga Kamfanin hadin gwiwa tsakanin Saudi Oger Ltd & El Seif Engineering na (KAEC (Rabigh) & Jeddah Stations), Saudi Bin laden (tashar Mecca) da wani Kamfanin Turkiyya "Yapi Merkezi" na tashar Madina.

Lokaci na II[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lokaci na 2 na aikin ya haɗa da sauran abubuwan more rayuwa waɗanda ba a haɗa su a cikin Phase-1 ba: waƙa, sigina, sadarwa, wutar lantarki, wutan lantarki, da sauransu. Hakanan ya hada da sayan kayan jujjuya da ayyuka da kuma kulawa na tsawon shekaru 12 bayan kammalawa.

Kngiyoyin da aka ƙayyade don HHR Phase 2 sun haɗa da Saudi Binladin Group, Badr Consortium, China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock, Al-Shoula Group da Al-Rajhi Alliance.

A ranar 26 ga watan Oktoban shekara ta 2011, a Kungiyar Kula da Jiragen Ruwa ta Saudi Arabiya ta sanar da cewa hadaddiyar kungiyar Saudiyya da Sipaniya Al-Shoula Group, wacce ta hada da Talgo, Renfe, Adif, Copasa, Imathia, Consultrans, Ineco, Cobra, Indra, Dimetronic, Inabensa, OHL, AL- Shoula da Al-Rosan, an zaba don kwantiragin. Talgo zai samar da jiragen kasa 35 na Talgo 350 kwatankwacin jerin 102/112 da aka yi amfani da su a layukan masu saurin gudu na Sifen don biliyan 1,257 (1,600 tare da kulawa) kuma zaɓi don ƙarin 23 don miliyan 800. Sun bambanta daga jerin 112 tare da motoci guda 13 zuwa kujeru gida 417 Renfe da Adif za su yi aiki da jiragen kuma za su gudanar da layin tsawon shekaru 12.

An tsara shirin ne a farkon a buɗe a cikin shekara ta 2012, yana ɗaukar shekaru shida don kammalawa fiye da yadda aka zata. Jimlar darajar kwangila ita ce biliyan 6,736 (kusan dalar Amurka 9.4 biliyan).

Wuta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 29 ga watan Satumban shekara ta 2019, kasa da shekara guda bayan buɗe layin, wata babbar wuta ta tashi a tashar Jeddah. [5] Bangon rufin, wanda aka yi da filastik da aka ƙarfafa fiber, ya kama wuta saboda dalilan da ba a sani ba. 'Yan kwana-kwana sun bukaci awanni 12 don shawo kan wutar. Mutane da yawa sun ji rauni sakamakon gobarar, wacce ta lalata tashar Jeddah baki daya. [6] Don ba da damar hidimar jirgin ƙasa tsakanin Makka da Madina don ci gaba, an gina hanyar kilomita 1,5 kewaye da tashar tashar. [7]

Zane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Layin waƙa sau biyu lantarki ne kuma saurin ƙirar shi ne 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph) . Jiragen kasa suna aiki a 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph), da kuma tafiyar 78 kilometres (48 mi) tsakanin Jeddah da Makkah yana ɗaukar mintuna 43, yayin da 449 kilometres (279 mi) tsakanin Makka da Madina yana ɗaukar awanni 2. An tsara waƙa, kayan juji da tashoshi don ɗaukar yanayin zafi wanda ya fara daga 0 °C (32 °F) zuwa 50 °C (122 °F) . Ana sa ran cewa tsarin zai yi jigilar fasinjoji miliyan 60 a shekara a kan jiragen kasa guda 35, tare da damar zama na 417 a kowace jirgin kasa.

Injiniya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kungiyar Railways ta Saudi Arabia ta ba da umarnin Dar Al-handasah don shirya ƙirar ƙira da takaddun takaddama na aikin Haramain High Speed Rail (HHSR). Hakanan an sanya Dar Al-handasah zuwa kulawar gini da gudanar da ayyukan HHSR. Ayyukan Dar Al-handasah a kan HHSR sun haɗa da rami ɗaya da-murfi, da gadoji na dogo guda 46, da gadoji guda 9, da gadar ƙasa guda 5, da ƙananan motoci guda 53, da ƙananan motoci 30, da ƙetare raƙuma 12, da tashoshi 5, da kuma ɗoki uku don ba da damar layin dogo don biyan bukatun masu amfani da shi.

Jiragen kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ba da odar jiragen kasa guda 36 na Spanish Talgo 350 SRO, ɗayan waɗannan ana tsammanin zai haɗa da mai horar da Dual (matasan) har zuwa VIP 20 ko 30; za su gudu a 300 km / h. An yi motsawar da bogi a masana'antar Bombardier a Spain .[8] The propulsion and bogies were made at Bombardier factories in Spain.[9][10]

Gidaje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Akwai tashoshi biyar akan layi sune kamar haka:

Babban Filin Makkah yana kusa da Hanyar Zoben ta Uku, a Gundumar Rusaiyfah kusa da wurin shakatawa na Rusaiyfah kuma ya hau zuwa Babban Masallacin . Tashar Jeddah ta Tsakiya tana kan titin Haramain, a Gundumar Al-Naseem. Hanyar daidaita layin dogo tana kan tsakiyar hanyar Haramain. Madina tana da tashar fasinja. Tashar da aka haɗa ta layin reshe, an gina ta a cikin sabon Filin Jirgin Sama na Sarki Abdulaziz .

A cewar Hukumar Kula da Jiragen Ruwa ta Saudiyyar tashoshin suna "kyawawa" gine-gine masu kayatarwa wadanda ke da la akari da al'adun gine-ginen Islama. Za su sami shaguna, gidajen abinci, masallatai, filin ajiye motoci, helipad da VIP wuraren zama. Buro Happold da Foster + Partners ne suka tsara tashoshi.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Kungiyar Railways ta Saudi Arabia (SRO)
  • Kamfanin Railway na Saudi (SAR)
  • Sufuri a Saudi Arabia
  • Railway Hejaz

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named rgi20090423
  2. "Foster + Partners and Buro Happold joint venture to design four stations for Saudi Arabia's new Haramain High-speed Railway". Foster and Partners. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03.
  3. "Joint venture to design four stations for Saudi Arabia's new high speed railway". Buro Happold. Archived from the original on 2009-08-30.
  4. "Haramain High Speed Rail station construction contracts signed". Railway Gazette International. 2011-02-16. Archived from the original on 2020-08-08. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  5. https://www.dw.com/en/fire-engulfs-new-saudi-high-speed-rail-station-in-jeddah/a-50632259 Retrieved 7 october 2020.
  6. https://al-bab.com/blog/2019/10/jeddah-station-fire-why-were-people-roof Retrieved 7 october 2020.
  7. https://www.railwaygazette.com/high-speed/haramain-launches-jeddah-airport-service-at-300-km/h/55338.article Retrieved 7 october 2020.
  8. "Train manufacturer and supplier for the Haramin project".
  9. "Bombardier to supply components for Haramain High Speed Rail trains – Railway Gazette". Railway Gazette International. Archived from the original on 7 August 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  10. 4-traders. "Talgo : Haramain high-speed train ready for launch | 4-Traders". Retrieved 2018-07-09.

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]