Hilla Limann

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Hilla Limann
Hilla Limann.jpg
Shugaban kasar Ghana

24 Satumba 1979 - 31 Disamba 1981
Jerry Rawlings - Jerry Rawlings
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kogin Zinariya (Mulkin mallaka na Birtaniyya), 12 Disamba 1934
ƙasa Ghana
Mutuwa Accra, 23 ga Janairu, 1998
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi (Ciwon suga)
Yan'uwa
Abokiyar zama Fulera Limann
Karatu
Makaranta London School of Economics and Political Science (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a Mai wanzar da zaman lafiya da ɗan siyasa
Imani
Addini Presbyterianism (en) Fassara
Jam'iyar siyasa People's National Party (en) Fassara

Hilla Limann, GCMG (12 ga Disamba 1934 - 23 ga Janairun 1998) ɗan diflomasiyya ɗan ƙasar Ghana ne kuma ɗan siyasa wanda ya yi aiki da Shugaban ƙasar Ghana daga ranar 24 ga Satumba 1979 zuwa 31 ga Disamba 1981. Ya yi aiki a matsayin jami'in diflomasiyya a Lome, Togo da Geneva, Switzerland.[1][2]

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Limann, wanda asalin sunansa na ƙarshe Babini, an haife shi a garin Gwollu da ke arewacin Garin Gold Coast a gundumar Sissala ta Yammacin Yammacin Yamma ga dangin talakawa. Ya sami nasarar samun ingantaccen ilimi, kuma ya ɗauki aikin hidimar ƙasashen waje. Hilla ya kammala karatunsa na farko a Makarantar Gwamnati ta Tamale, a 1949. Tsakanin 1957 da 1960, ya karanci Kimiyyar Siyasa a Makarantar Tattalin Arziki ta London. Daga baya ya kammala Diploma a Faransanci a Jami'ar Sorbonne, Faransa.[1] Ya kuma sami digirin BA (Hons) a Tarihi a Jami'ar London da Ph.D a Kimiyyar Siyasa da Dokar Tsarin Mulki a Jami'ar Paris.[1]

Ofishin Harkokin Waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dokta Limann ya yi aiki a matsayin Shugaban, Kwamitin Turai, Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Ghana tsakanin 1965 zuwa 1968. A lokacin 1967, ya kasance memba na Kwamitin Tsarin Mulki wanda ya tsara Tsarin Mulkin Gana na 1969. A 1968, ya zama Shugaban Chancery/Babban Sakatare a ofishin jakadancin Ghana da ke Lomé, Togo. An nada shi mai ba da shawara a Babban Ofishin Jakadancin Ghana a Geneva, Switzerland a 1971. Ya dauki mukamin Head, Turai, Amurka na kudu maso gabashin Asiya Desk a Ghana a Ma'aikatar Harkokin Waje a watan Yuni 1975.[2]

Siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan juyin mulkin 1979 wanda Jerry Rawlings ya jagoranta, Limann, kodayake kusan ba a san ko da a Ghana ba, an zaɓe shi a matsayin shugaban ƙasa akan tikitin Jam'iyyar Jama'a kuma yana da goyon baya mai ƙarfi tsakanin mabiyan tsohon Shugaban Ghana Kwame Nkrumah.[3] Ya tsaya takarar ne sakamakon rashin cancantar Alhaji Imoru Egala da Majalisar Koli ta Soja mai mulki ta yi sannan ya lashe kashi 62% na yawan kuri'un da aka kada a zagaye na biyu na zaben.[4]

Dr. Limann ya hau kujerar shugaban kasa a ranar 24 ga Satumba 1979. Ya kasance mai matsakaicin tattalin arziki, kuma ya goyi bayan dabi'un dimokuradiyya da Pan-Africanism. Rawlings ne ya hambarar da shi a ranar 31 ga Disamba 1981. Ta haka ne kawai ya zama shugaban jamhuriya ta uku ta Ghana.[5]

A shekarar 1992, a karshen mulkin soji na PNDC da ya hambarar da shi, Dr. Limann ya sake tsinci kansa cikin harkokin siyasa kuma ya tsaya a matsayin ɗan takarar babban taron jama'ar ƙasa, sabuwar jam'iyyar da ya kafa, a zaɓen shugaban ƙasa a waccan shekarar. Ya sami kashi 6.7% na yawan kuri'un da aka kada a zabukan, yana zuwa na uku.[4] Ya ci gaba da aiki a cikin ƙungiyar siyasa ta Nkrumahist a Ghana har zuwa mutuwarsa.

Ƙari[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan bikin mika mulki a shekarar 1979, jami'an leken asirin Sojoji sun rika bayar da rahoton rugujewar ayyukan tsoffin membobin kungiyar ta AFRC. Dokta Limman ya dage cewa babu wata hujja ta doka da za ta tsare su a tsare karkashin tsarin demokradiyya. Wannan shawarar ta ƙarshe ta sa ya zama shugaban ƙasa da shekarun wulakanci da nisantar da shi da ya sha a hannun gwamnatin Rawlings.

Mutuwa da binnewa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Limann yana da matsalolin rashin lafiya na yau da kullun kuma daga baya ya mutu sakamakon sanadi. Ya rasu ya bar mata, Fulera Limann, da yara bakwai: Lariba Montia (née Limann), Baba Limann, Sibi Andan (née Limann), Lida Limann, Daani Limann, Zilla Limann da Salma Limann. An yi jana'izarsa a wurin jana'izarsa ta sirri a garinsu, Gwollu da ke gundumar Sisala ta yankin Yammacin Yamma da tsakar dare ranar 1 ga Maris 1998. Tawagar gwamnati karkashin jagorancin Ministan Tsaro na wancan lokacin, Alhaji Mahama Iddrisu sun kasance don yin makoki tare da dangin.[6]

Gidauniyar Hilla Limann[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gidauniyar Hilla Limann gidauniya ce da aka ƙaddamar a ranar tunawa da shekaru 40 na shugabancinsa a watan Satumba na 2019. Manufarta ita ce ta kawo ƙarshen cin zarafin haƙƙin ɗan adam ta hanyar ilimi, ta himmatu ga ci gaban ɗan adam ga matalauta da marasa galihu, samar da haske game da dimokiraɗiyya ta gaskiya da haɓaka sanin haƙƙin ɗan adam.[7]

Daraja[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An girmama Limann tare da Knight Grand Cross na St Michael da St George ta Elizabeth II, Sarauniyar Ingila a 1981.[8]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Obituary: Hilla Limann". The Independent (in Turanci). 2011-10-22. Archived from the original on 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Dr Hilla Limann, Biography". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 2021-01-08. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  3. Skinner, Kate (2015-06-17). The Fruits of Freedom in British Togoland: Literacy, Politics and Nationalism, 1914–2014 (in Turanci). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781316299579. Archived from the original on 2021-01-28. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elections in Ghana". africanelections.tripod.com. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012.
  5. "Book Review: A Short History of the Third Republic". www.ghanaweb.com (in Turanci). 2015-11-25. Archived from the original on 2021-01-07. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  6. "DR. LIMANN BURIED". www.ghanaweb.com (in Turanci). 3 March 1998. Archived from the original on 2021-01-08. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  7. "PNC marks 40th anniversary of Limann's presidency". www.graphic.com.gh. 2019-09-26. Archived from the original on 2019-09-26. Retrieved 2019-09-26.
  8. "Limann knighted by Queen". Ghana News. Washington DC: Embassy of Ghana. 10 (6): 4. June 1981. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 17 March 2020.