Hissène Habré

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Hissène Habré
President Hissène Habré of Chad.jpg
5. President of Chad (en) Fassara

7 ga Yuni, 1982 - 1 Disamba 1990
Goukouni Oueddei (en) Fassara - Idriss Déby
1. Prime Minister of Chad (en) Fassara

29 ga Augusta, 1978 - 23 ga Maris, 1979
François Tombalbaye (en) Fassara - Djidingar Dono Ngardoum (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Faya-Largeau (en) Fassara, 13 ga Augusta, 1942
ƙasa Cadi
Ƙabila Mutanen Toubou
Mutuwa Dakar, 24 ga Augusta, 2021
Makwanci Yoff (en) Fassara
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi (Koronavirus 2019)
Karatu
Makaranta Sciences Po (en) Fassara
École Nationale de la France d'Outre-Mer (en) Fassara
Università della Valle d'Aosta (en) Fassara
Harsuna Faransanci
Larabci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa da soja
Aikin soja
Fannin soja People's Armed Forces (Chad) (en) Fassara
Armed Forces of the North (en) Fassara
Ya faɗaci Chadian–Libyan conflict (en) Fassara
Toyota War (en) Fassara
Chadian Civil War of 1965–79 (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Jam'iyar siyasa FROLINAT (en) Fassara
National Union for Independence and Revolution (en) Fassara
Armed Forces of the North (en) Fassara

Hissène Habré ( Larabci : حسين حبري Ḥusaīn īabrī , Larabcin Chadi : pronounced [hiˈsɛn ˈhabre] ; French pronunciation: [isɛn abʁe] . an haife shi ranar 13 ga watan Agusta na shekarar 1942), har wayau akan rubuta sunansa da Hissen Habré, tsohon dan siyasar Chadi ne wanda ya yi Shugabancin Chadi daga shekarar 1982 har zuwa lokacin da aka sauke shi a shekarata 1990. An kawo shi kan mulki ne tare da goyon bayan Faransa da Amurka, wadanda suka ba da horo, makamai, da kuma kudade.

A watan Mayun shekarata 2016, wata kotun kasa da kasa da ke Senegal ta same shi da laifin cin zarafin dan Adam, ciki har da fyade, bautar da mata don jima’i, da ba da umarnin kashe mutane 40,000, sannan aka yanke masa hukuncin daurin rai da rai. Shine tsohon shugaban kasa na farko da aka yankewa hukunci saboda take hakkin dan adam a kotun wata kasa.

Kuruciya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Habré a shekarar 1942 a Faya-Largeau, arewacin Chadi, lokacin mulkin mallakar Faransa, a cikin dangin makiyaya. Ɗaya ne daga jinsin Anakaza reshe na ƙabilar Gourane, wanda shi a karan kansa wani reshe na babbar ƙabilar Toubou. [1] Bayan karatun firamare, ya samu aiki a lokacin mulkin mallaka na Faransa, inda ya burge shugabanninsa kuma ya samu tallafin karatu a Faransa a Cibiyar Nazarin Manyan Makarantu a Paris. Ya kammala karatun digiri na jami'a a kimiyyar siyasa a Paris, sannan ya koma Chadi a 1971. Ya kuma samu wasu digiri da yawa kuma ya samu digirin digirgir daga Cibiyar. Bayan wani karamin lokaci na aikin gwamnati a matsayin mataimakin prefect, ya ziyarci Tripoli kuma ya shiga National Liberation Front of Chadi (FROLINAT) inda ya zama kwamanda a runduna ta biyu ta 'yantar da FROLINAT tare da Goukouni Oueddei . Bayan da Abba Siddick ya dare kan shugabancin FROLINAT, Sojojin Runduna ta Biyu, wand da farko karkashin umarnin Oueddei sannan a karkashin na Habré, suka balle daga FROLINAT suka zama Kwamandan Kwamandan Sojojin Arewa (CCFAN) . A shekarar 1976 Oueddei da Habré sun yi rikici kuma Habré ya raba sabbin Sojojin sa na Arewa ( <i id="mwMQ">Forces Armées du Nord</i> ko FAN) daga mabiyan Goukouni waɗanda suka karɓi sunan Sojojin Mutane ( Forces Armées Populaires ko FAP). Dukansu FAP da FAN sun yi aiki a cikin arewacin arewacin Chadi, suna masu samar da mayaƙansu daga mutane makiyaya 'yan ƙabilar Toubou.

Tashen Iko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manzarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Sam C. Nolutshungu, Limits of Anarchy: Intervention and State Formation in Chad (1996), page 110.