Jing-Jin-Ji

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Wikidata.svgJing-Jin-Ji
capital region (en) Fassara
Tianjin and Beijing ISS026-E-010155 lrg.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙasa Sin
Wuri
 38°42′N 118°06′E / 38.7°N 118.1°E / 38.7; 118.1
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaSin
Province of China (en) FassaraHebei (en) Fassara
Prefecture-level city (en) FassaraBaoding

Yankin Babban Birnin Jingjinji ko Jing-Jin-Ji ( JJJ ), wanda aka fi sani da Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei ( BJ-TJ-HB ) kuma a matsayin Yankin Tattalin Arziki na Babban Birnin, shine Babban Birnin Ƙasa na Jama'ar Jamhuriyar Sin . Ita ce babbar yankin tsakiya na birni a Arewacin China . Ya haɗa da yankin tattalin arziki da ke kewaye da gundumomin Beijing da Tianjin, a gefen Tekun Bohai . Wannan yanki mai tasowa yana tasowa yayin da yankin babban birni na arewa ke hamayya da Kogin Pearl na Delta a kudu da Delta na Kogin Yangtze a gabas. A cikin 2016, Jingjinji tana da yawan jama'a miliyan 112 kuma tana da yawan jama'a kamar Guangdong, lardin China mafi yawan jama'a.[1]

Tattalin Arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekarar 2019, Jingjinji ya samar da kusan kashi 8% (na dalar Amurka tiriliyan 1.2 ko tiriliyan 2.0 a cikin PPP ) na tattalin arziƙin GDP na ƙasar Sin ko kusan girmansa ya kai ƙasar  Spain, mamaye yanki game da girman Ƙasar Ingila . Jingjinji ya saba shiga manyan masana'antu da masana'antu . Ƙarfin Tianjin kasance koyaushe a cikin jirgin sama, dabaru, da jigilar kayayyaki . Beijing ta cika wannan aikin tattalin arziƙin tare da ƙwaƙƙwaran mashin mai, ilimi, da masana'antun R&D. Yankin yana zama babban ci gaban girma ga motoci, lantarki, sassan man fetur, masana'antar kera motoci, software da jirgin sama, har ila yau yana jan hankalin saka hannun jari na ƙasashen waje a masana'antu da sabis na kiwon lafiya.[2][3]

Gwamnatin tsakiya ta ƙasar Sin ta ba da fifiko wajen haɗa dukkan biranen da ke bakin kogin Bohai da bunkasa ci gaban tattalin arziki. Wannan ya haɗa da gina hanyar sadarwa mai ci gaba, ingantattun hanyoyin mota, haɓaka ilimi, da albarkatun kimiyya gami da ɗora albarkatun ƙasa daga bakin Bohai. [4] A cikin 2016, Gwamnatin Tsakiya ta amince da shirin dalar Amurka biliyan 36 don haɗa birane daban-daban da ke yin wannan babban birni ta hanyar jirgin ƙasa don rage lokutan zirga-zirgar zirga-zirga da haɗa su da kyau. Wannan shirin ya haɗa da gina layukan dogo guda tara waɗanda ke da 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) a tsawonsa kuma za a kammala shi a 2020. Burin dogon lokaci shine ƙirƙirar yanki na tafiya awa ɗaya; an yi niyyar gina wasu layin dogo tsakanin garuruwa 24 kafin shekarar 2050.

A cikin shekarun da suka gabata, an gano albarkatun man fetur da iskar gas a yankin Jingjinji na gaɓar tekun Bohai.

Yankunan birni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yankin Metropolitan Sinanci Birane Yawan birane
Yankin babban birnin Beijing 北京城市圈



Běijīng Chéngshì Quān
Beijing, Huairou, Miyun, Pinggu, Yanqing 16,858,692
Yankin babban birnin Tianjin 天津城市圈



Tiānjīn Chéngshì Quān
Tianjin, Binhai, Baodi, Jinghai, Jizhou, Ninghe 10,277,893
Shijiazhuang babban birni 石家庄城市圈



Shíjiāzhuāng Chéngshì Quān
Shijiazhuang, Jinzhou, Xinji, Xinle 3,823,504
Baoding - Yankin birni na Xiong'an 保定雄安城市圈



Bǎodìng-Xióng'ān Chéngshì Quān
Baoding, Xiong'an, Anguo ,



</br> Dingzhou, Gaobeidian, Zhuozhou
3,056,000
Tangshan babban birni 唐山城市圈



Tángshān Chéngshì Quān
Tangshan 2,237,317

Manyan birane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jingjinji ya haɗa da Beijing, Tianjin, da Hebei . Manyan biranen waɗannan gundumomi da larduna sun haɗa da:

Birnin Pinyin Yawan jama'a (2010) Hoto Bayani Taswirar birni
Beijing



北京
Běijīng 19,612,368 </img> Beijing birni ne a arewacin China kuma babban birnin Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin. Ana gudanar da Beijing a matsayin karamar hukuma a ƙarƙashin jagorancin gwamnatin tsakiya. Beijing ita ce birni na biyu mafi girma a kasar Sin bayan Shanghai, inda sama da mutane miliyan 17 ke karkashin ikon Beijing. </img>
Tianjin



天津
Tiānjīn 12,938,224 </img> Birni na uku mafi girma a Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin ta fuskar yawan birane. Gudanarwa yana ɗaya daga cikin gundumomi huɗu waɗanda ke da matsayin matakin lardi, suna ba da rahoto kai tsaye ga gwamnatin tsakiya. Yankin filayen birni shine na uku mafi girma a China, wanda aka sanya shi bayan Beijing da Shanghai. </img>
Baoding



保定
Bǎodìng 10,029,197 </img> Baoding shine birni na uku mafi girma a lardin Hebei, wanda aka yi bayan Shijiazhuang da Tangshan . Garin yana tsakiyar tsakiyar Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang Triangle Tattalin Arziki, tare da ingantattun hanyoyin sufuri da nisan tafiya zuwa manyan biranen da ke kusa. Sabuwar yankin Xiong'an da aka kafa, wanda ke da niyyar zama babban fasaha, birni mai ɗorewa na muhalli kuma yana zama sabuwar cibiya ga wasu sassan gudanarwa. Sansanonin kayan aiki a arewacin China suna cikin iyakokin garin Baoding. </img>
Shijiazhuang



石家庄
Shíjiāzhuāng 9,547,869 </img> Shijiazhuang shine babban birnin Hebei, haka kuma birni na uku mafi girma a Jingjinji, bayan Beijing da Tianjin. </img>
Tangshan



唐山
Tángshān 7,577,284 </img> Tangshan, birni na bakin teku kusa da Tekun Bohai da Tianjin makwabta, shine birni na biyu mafi girma a Hebei, bayan Shijiazhuang. Hakanan an san shi da girgizar Tangshan na 1976 . </img>
Cangzhou



沧州
Cāngzhōu 7,134,053 </img> Wani birni a kudu maso gabas Hebei a gabar Tekun Bohai. Tana iyaka da Tianjin zuwa arewa. </img>
Langfang



廊坊
Lángfāng 4,358,839 </img> Langfang ne dake tsakanin Beijing da Tianjin, kuma yana dauke da Sanhe exclave, wanda shi ne ware daga sauran Hebei. </img>
Zhangjiakou



张家口
Zhāngjiākǒu 4,345,491 </img> Wani birni a arewa maso yamma Hebei. Tana iyaka da Beijing zuwa kudu maso gabas. </img>
Chengde



承德
Chéngdé 3,473,197 </img> Wani birni a arewa maso gabas Hebei, wanda aka fi sani da Chengde Mountain Resort . </img>
Qinhuangdao



秦皇岛
Qínhuángdǎo 2,987,605 </img> Wani birni a Hebei na gabas ta gabas, wanda aka fi sani da Beidaihe . </img>

Sufuri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ta sama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manyan filayen jirgin sama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Filayen jirgin sama na yanki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Filin Jirgin Sama na Chengde
  • Filin jirgin saman Qinhuangdao Beidaihe
  • Tangshan Sannühe Airport
  • Filin jirgin sama na Zhangjiakou Ningyuan

Tituna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai manyan manyan hanyoyi da yawa waɗanda ke ba da sabis a cikin yankin Jingjinji. Wannan ya haɗa da manyan hanyoyi masu zuwa:

  • Titin Jingjintang, daga Beijing, ta cikin biranen Tianjin, zuwa Binhai / TEDA
  • Titin Jinghu, daga Gadar Jinjing Gonglu zuwa Shanghai (tare da Jingjintang Expressway, wannan ita ce babbar hanyar daga Beijing zuwa Shanghai )
  • Jingshen Expressway, ta gundumar Baodi akan hanyarsa daga Beijing zuwa Shenyang
  • Titin Jingshi, daga Beijing, zuwa Shijiazhuang
  • Titin Baojin, daga gundumar Beichen, Tianjin, zuwa Baoding, Hebei - wanda aka sani a Tianjin a matsayin babbar hanyar Jinbao
  • Jinbin Expressway, daga gadar Zhangguizhuang zuwa gadar Hujiayuan, duk a cikin Tianjin
  • Jinji Expressway, daga tsakiyar Tianjin zuwa Jixian County
  • G95 Babban Gundumar Yankin Babban Hanyar

Manyan manyan hanyoyin ƙasar Sin guda shida masu zuwa sun ratsa Tianjin:

  • Babbar hanyar ƙasar Sin 102, ta gundumar Ji, Tianjin a kan hanyarsa daga Beijing zuwa Harbin
  • Babbar hanyar ƙasar Sin ta 103, daga Beijing, ta biranen Tianjin, zuwa Binhai
  • Babbar hanyar China ta 104, daga Beijing, ta Tianjin, zuwa Fuzhou
  • Babbar hanyar ƙasar Sin 105, daga Beijing, ta Tianjin, zuwa Macau
  • Babbar Babbar Hanya ta China 112, babbar hanya mai zagaye a kusa da Beijing, ta bi ta Tianjin
  • Babbar Hanya ta China 205, daga Shanhaiguan, Hebei, ta Tianjin, zuwa Guangzhou

Babban layin dogo mai sauri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Layin dogo mai sauri na daga birni zuwa birni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Beijing - Tianjin layin dogo
  • Tianjin - Baoding layin dogo

Sauran manyan layukan dogo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Beijing-Shanghai babban jirgin ƙasa mai sauri
  • Beijing-Shenyang babban jirgin ƙasa mai sauri
  • Beijing-Shijiazhuang babban jirgin ƙasa mai sauri
  • Tianjin-Qinhuangdao babban jirgin ƙasa mai sauri

Layin dogo mai sauri da aka tsara ko aka gina[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Beijing - Zhangjiakou layin dogo

Jirgin ƙasa na kewayen birni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Filin jirgin ƙasa na Suburban Beijing
  • Tianjin Suburban Railway ( Tianjin -Jizhou railway )

Tsarin metro[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Jirgin ƙarƙashin ƙasa na Beijing
  • Shijiazhuang Metro
  • Tianjin Metro

Layin dogo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Tianjin Tram

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Preen, Mark (2018-04-26). "The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integration Plan". China Briefing News (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-10-11.Preen, Mark (2018-04-26). "The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integration Plan". China Briefing News (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-10-11.
  2. Regional Definition: Bohai Sea Archived 2006-09-30 at the Library of Congress Web Archives Unep.Org Retrieved 2010-01-09
  3. Tianjin at a Glance Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine uschina.org Retrieved 2010-01-09
  4. http://www.sdic.com.cn/en/InromationCenter/mediareports/webinfo/2007/06/1192040199926820.htm