Jump to content

Ratan Tata

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Ratan Tata
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Navsari (en) Fassara, 28 Disamba 1937 (86 shekaru)
Mazauni Mumbai
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Naval Tata
Abokiyar zama Not married
Ahali Noel Tata (en) Fassara
Karatu
Makaranta Makarantar Kasuwanci ta Harvard.
Campion School, Mumbai (en) Fassara
Riverdale Country School (en) Fassara
Cornell University College of Architecture, Art, and Planning (en) Fassara
Bishop Cotton School (en) Fassara
Harsuna Tamil (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a entrepreneur (en) Fassara, injiniya da ɗan kasuwa
Employers IBM (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Mamba Atlantik-Brücke (en) Fassara
American Academy of Arts and Sciences (en) Fassara
ABLF alumni network (en) Fassara
IMDb nm5144531

Ratan Naval Tata (An haɗin Lahadi 28 ga Disamba 1937) shi ne ɗan samar da aiki a Indiya, mai kula da hali da alheri da aka kasance gwamnatin Tata Sons na 1990 zuwa 2012, da kuma kujerar gwamna daga Oktoba 2016 zuwa Fabrairu 2017. Yana da yin janyo ga yanayin zuciya na Tata Group har zuwa yanzu.[1][2] A shekara ta 2008, ya samu Padma Vibhushan, wanda shine dogon gida na jama'a na ɗan Adam a Indiya bayan ya samu Padma Bhushan, da dogon gida na uku a shekara ta 2000.[3]

Shi ne 'yan uwansa, Naval Tata, wanda aka ɗauka da Ratanji Tata, ɗan Jamsetji Tata, shi ne ne ya rasa. Ya karɓi gudanar da ƙarfin talla a Jamus Tata na India. Ya shigo da Tata a 1961, inda ya yi aiki a cikin Tata Steel. [4]Bayan da ya shigo da J. R. D. Tata a matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons bayan an tarar da shi a 1991. A cikin lokacin da ya samu yabo da dama, Tata Group ya samu Tata, Jaguar Land Rover, da Corus, a matsayin wata kasa ce ta duniya. Tata shine mutum mai yawan jihohi da yake bayyana da 60–65% na kuɗin sa ga sadaka.

Ratan Tata shine kuma mai wakiltar da dama, ya samu daukar hana kusan startups 30, kowane wanda ya yi da kai aiki da ya tafiya.[5][6]

Rayuwar farkoa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Rayuwar gaba:Ratan Tata ya kasance a Bombay, yanzu Mumbai, a lokacin British Raj, a 28 ga Disamba 1937.[7] Ya saki ɗan uwa da shi ne Naval Tata, wanda ya farka a Surat kuma daga nan aka ɗauki Tata family, da Sooni Tata, 'yaya da Tata group, Jamsetji Tata. [8]Grandfather Tata, Hormusji Tata, yana da kudin jam'iyyar Tata tare da damar la'akari ne. A shekara ta 1948, bayan da Tata ya sami shekara 10, waliyarsa suka fara tafiyar da shi, kuma ya kasance da navajbai Tata, wanda ya ɗauki mata da kuma marigayi da Ratanji Tata. Ya kasance ɗan uwanta Jimmy Tata da kuma ɗan uwanta mai launin karɓar, Noel Tata, daga asibitin Naval Tata da na biyu da Simone Tata, da ita ya yi masa rayuwa.[9]

Ya karɓi cikin ƙungiyar Campion, Mumbai har zuwa ci gaba ga 8th. Bayan haka, ya karɓi ga Cathedral da John Connon School a Mumbai, Bishop Cotton School a Shimla, da Riverdale Country School a New York City, wanda ya kammala a 1955.[10][11] Bayan da ya kammala matasa da shekara hudu a High School, Tata ya saurara da kasance a Cornell University, inda ya kammala da digiri na la'akari a 1959. A shekara ta 2008, Tata ya bi Cornell $50 Million, wanda ya zama mai ɗaukar sabbin jami'a da ke ɗaukar la'akari a tarihin jami'a.[12]

A shekara ta 1970, Tata ya samu matsayin wanda ya yi wa Tata group. Ya samu nasara na baya a cikin wanda ya nuna sabon NELCO a cikin wakiltar na Tata, kuma yana da cewa ba zai ga abin da ya faru a wannan lokaci.[13][14] A shekara ta 1991, J. R. D. Tata ya dawo daga matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons, ya cigaba da aiko na. A lokacin Tata ya samu matsayi na daukar hana daga kowane kasa da ya dauka a jirgin samari, da ya ɗora ma'aikatan da suka dauka mai amfani da ilimin. A karshe, a matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons a matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons, Tata Group ta dauko daga tsakanin sunayen fasali, Tata Group ta shiga da tsakiyar wasu aiki da suka hada da gida.[15] Tata yana mai shiga da ilimin da ya yi wa matasa da kuma ga hanyoyi na kowane matsayi.[16]

A shekaru 21 Tata yai gwamnatin Tata Group, alwashi a cikin yankin bayi ya zama da aka samu wa yanzu 40, da kuma zama da aka samu wa yanzu 50.[17] A lokacin da ya dauka yana da shigar, kuwa sauran kasuwanci sun gina mai shiga daga mai.[18][19]Ta yiwu Tata Tea ya dauki Tetley, Tata Motors ya dauki Jaguar Land Rover, da Tata Steel ya dauki Corus. Wadanda aka cigaba da Tata daga tsakanin jihohi na India a tsakiyar matsayi ne, daga ta jari mai shekara aka samu cikin kasuwanci.

Ya kuma yadda yake da yin tayoyi da Tata Nano, wanda ya taimaka kan samar da motoci a matsayin kudi mai yawa na kasa mai yawa na farko. Tata Motors ta fito da motoci mai fata a cikin plantan Sanand, Gujarat, wanda Ratan Tata ya bayyana tsohon ciniki mai saukiya kasa na Indiya.

A shekarar da ya nuna ɗayan guda 75, Ratan Tata ya sauya tsarin ya kasance na Tata group a 28 ga Disamba 2012. Kuma a matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons, tsarin na wanda yake da rayuwa ya yi gaba da rai. Komiti na kimiyya na jami'a da zamani na kimiyya na jami'a suka gudanar da gwamnatin, kuma suka soke wa tana da ma'aikata, Cyrus Mistry, ɗan uwanta da mai karɓar daga Shapoorji Pallonji Group, wanda ya zama mai shirin ƙasa mai kasa na Tata group. A 24 ga Oktoba 2016, Cyrus Mistry ya dawo a matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons, da Ratan Tata ya cigaba da matsayi.[20] Wani dandamar yana da hankali, wanda ya sanarwa ta hanyar bayyana kwarewarsa. A 12 ga Janairu 2017, Natarajan Chandrasekaran ya sami matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons, a cikin lokaci ya sami a Fabrairu 2017. A Fabrairu 2017, Mistry ya dawo a matsayin gwamnatin Tata Sons. Daga Kasa, Mijinta na Fata ya ci gaba da hanyar gano na gano, na Supreme Court ta Indiya ta daidaita asali da 'yan bindiga Mistry.[21]

Philanthropy

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tana da hukunci a cikin ilimi, tabbatar da tarihin ilimi da harkokin sama, Ratan Tata an fi so cewa shi ne mutum ne mai zuwa na al'umma a Indiya.[22][23]T[24]ata ya taimaka 'yan matakin na University of New South Wales Faculty of Engineering don tabbatar da matasa su cire yakiyar raba har tsawon kasa domin bada karin jirgin ruwa a yankin masu kyau.[25]

[26]Tata Hall a University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego) yana da labarai da dama da aka bude a watan Nuwamba 2018. Cikin hanyar ne suka ce Tata Trusts sun amsa shi da dubban $70 miliyan zuwa UC San Diego a shekara ta 2016 don shirin kafa Tata Institute for Genetics da Jam'iyyar (TIGS), wanda ke da rashin samun nuniyoyin. Tata Hall ya zama gida da tasa ga kimiyya da yankuna na gida, yana da labarai da dama da tallace-tallace, da matakai da shirya bayanai da aka tsara domin samar da tattaunawa da juna a tsakanin manazarta. Ana tallafawa Tata Hall cikin zabe, wanda ke da cibiyar gida ta LEED, wanda ke amfani da sabis da aka kafa domin mayar da hanyar na tsakiyar hannu.

Tata Hall a UC San Diego yana da labarai da dama da tallace-tallace, da matakai da shirya bayanai da aka tsara domin samar da tattaunawa da juna a tsakanin manazarta. Tata Institute for Genetics da Society a UC San Diego yana da gaba da aikin gyara jam'iyyar Tata Trusts, wanda ke da sabbin yin harkar genetics da jin da ke ƙarƙashin kalubale. Tata Institute for Genetics da Society a UC San Diego yana da tazarar da ke da kayan kwallon kafa ga ba da tsakiya ga jirgin ruwa. Yanayi na fada juna game da muddin yankuna, kamar yadda ana tsayawa, iyaka sashi, da tallace-tallace na hulda.

Tata Education da kuma Development Trust, shugaban kungiyar mai zasu fara harkar ilimin jami'iya na India. Tata Scholarship Fund da ya dauki matsalar $28 miliyan wanda zai baka tsangwama kan lissafin tarihin da dama a jami'ar Cornell. Zai taimaka sosai ga masu karatu na Indiya da su dauka su hanzarta Cornell, ba tare da daukar nau'ikan da suke cikin cikin abin da suke gaggawa.[27]

A shekarar 2010 kungiyar Tata Group da kuma kungiyar Tata za su dauka da $50 miliyan don fara kafa gida mai sayar da kasuwa a Harvard Business School (HBS). Gidan mai sayar da kasuwa ya ci nasara tare da sunan Tata Hall, bayan Ratan Tata (AMP '75), shugaban kungiyar Tata Sons. 'Yanayi na yin amfani da dama ne da cibiyar jami'in mayar da kungiyar mai ruwa cikin kyakkyawar zaman lafiya. Tana da 'yan'uwana bakwai da yawa, kuma daga cikin wata gabas ta jami'ar da kuma suna da yanayin abin da suka haifar da cikin abubuwa mafi girma.[28]

Tata Innovation Center a Cornell Tech yana da sunan Ratan Tata, da kuma fitar da tarihin jami'iya cikin wata gida a kusa da jami'ar Roosevelt Island. Wata daga cikin gabashin tsakiya daya ce don wasu, matasa, kuma matasa, da 70% daga cikin gida na haɗa da kimiyya yana da sunan Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) ne.[29]

]Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) ya ba da kashi na farko da ke da tarihi mai tallaɓa da wani nauyi mai launin nau'ikan. TCS ya dauka dubban $35 miliyan don gina gida mai dace da 48,000 kwamfuta da ke ce TCS Hall.[30]

A shekarar 2014, Tata Group ya dauka Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay da kuma raba Tata Center don tsare da design da kuma abubuwan engineering da za su dace da yin amfani da abubuwan da ke cikin hanyoyin jama'a da gaggawa da suka bude. Su suka ba da matsayin raba ₹950 miliyan ga hanyar da ke cikin tarihin itace yin amfani da takardun sama a tsakanin yanayi.

Tata Trusts ta farko kan tada jin dadin hukuma na ₹750 miliyan ga Center for Neuroscience, Indian Institute of Science don tabbatar da matsayin abubuwan da ke ƙarƙashin Alzheimer da ke samun matakai daga matsayin sadarwa na ɗaukar kudin gaba. Daga bisani ya hana kaɗai yayin 5 bular a shekara daga farko kusa ga 2014.[31]

Tata Group, a irin wannan Ratan Tata ya kawo sauki don fitar da MIT Tata Center of Technology da Design a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) don tabbatar da matsaloli na juna kan yaki da kyaututtuka ga jami'in mai amfani da abubuwan da ke cikin jama'a, a matsayin da su ke kara juna mai tsawo.[32]

Taurari da gaba da kowane gaba

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ratan Tata ya samu Padma Bhushan a shekara ta 2000 da kuma Padma Vibhushan a shekara ta 2008, wadannan suna daɗin taurari gaba da kowane gaba da ke gabatar da jami'ar Jamhuriyar Indiya. Gaba da taurarun jami'ar gaba, Tata shine ya samu kowane taurari gaba na jihohiyya kamar 'Maharashtra Bhushan' a shekara ta 2006 don aikin da ya kamata a tsakiyar gwamnati a Maharashtra da 'Assam Baibhav' a shekara ta 2021 don sauran kujerar cancer a Assam.[33][34]

Sauran lambobin yabo sun haɗa da:

Year Name Awarding organisation Ref.
2001 Honorary Doctor of Business Administration Ohio State University [35]
2004 Medal of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay Government of Uruguay [36]
2004 Honorary Doctor of Technology Asian Institute of Technology [37]
2005 International Distinguished Achievement Award B'nai B'rith International [38]
2005 Honorary Doctor of Science University of Warwick [39]
2006 Honorary Doctor of Science Indian Institute of Technology Madras [40]
2006 Responsible Capitalism Award For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) [41]
2007 Honorary Fellowship The London School of Economics and Political Science [42]
2007 Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy Carnegie Endowment for International Peace [43]
2008 Honorary Doctor of Law University of Cambridge [44]
2008 Honorary Doctor of Science Indian Institute of Technology Bombay [45]
2008 Honorary Doctor of Science Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur [46]
2008 Honorary Citizen Award Government of Singapore [47][48]
Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) Elizabeth II [49]
2015 Champion of Change Award United States Government [50]
JRD Tata Corporate Leadership Award All India Management Association [51]
2016 Honorary Doctor of Science London School of Economics [52]
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai [53]

rayuwarka na gida

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ratan Tata'n rayuwarsa ta hulda da cewa bai gani ba da ita ba da kuma bai da yaransu ba. Koda yaushe ya kai jin yarinya don tattauna, ya hana ya yi ta haka kowane lokaci, saboda sohoi ko sauran sababbin da suka shafi. wannan mafi kyau a rayuwarsa yana bayyana cewa ya so a harkar sa a tsakanin abokin sa.[54]

A cikin shahararrun al'adu

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

"Mega Icons (2018–2020), wata wasu gasarwar gagarumar televishin na Indiya a National Geographic game da manyan jama'ar Indiya, sun kaddamar da wani fasalin game da abubuwan da Ratan Tata ya samu a jihar.[55]

  1. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Ratan-Tata-is-chairman-emeritus-of-Tata-Sonsss/articleshow/17671786.cms
  2. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/analysis-and-features/what-makes-the-tata-empire-tick-10024897.html
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20160608094405/http://www.raeng.org.uk/about-us/people-council-committees/the-fellowship/list-of-fellows
  4. https://www.tata.com/management-team#//management-team/rnt
  5. https://www.businesstoday.in/latest/corporate/story/ratan-tata-turns-84-a-list-of-10-start-ups-funded-by-the-industrialist-317098-2021-12-28
  6. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/gadgets-news/ratan-tata-invests-in-companionship-startup-goodfellows-why-he-invested-the-business-model-and-other-details/articleshow/93613980.cms
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratan_Tata#cite_note-8
  8. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/personal-view/3556736/Ratan-Tata-rode-the-tiger-economy-and-now-he-drives-Jaguar.html
  9. https://bengalxpress.in/only-two-houses-dont-use-mobile-phones-can-you-recognize-who-is-ratan-tatas-brother/
  10. https://web.archive.org/web/20130725200328/http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-03-31/india/28031551_1_ratan-tata-nie-tata-group
  11. https://ecommons.cornell.edu/handle/1813/13622
  12. https://csuitespotlight.com/2020/12/02/ratan-tata-62-becomes-cornell-universitys-biggest-international-donor/
  13. http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/40-years-ago-and-now-ratan-tata-increased-the-dare-quotient-of-the-tata-group-115012000145_1.html
  14. https://vivifychangecatalyst.wordpress.com/2013/10/11/ratan-tata-and-nelco-crucible-the-untold-story/
  15. https://books.google.com/books?id=BSfiBAAAQBAJ&pg=PA460
  16. https://www.economist.com/node/18285497
  17. http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/40-years-ago-and-now-ratan-tata-increased-the-dare-quotient-of-the-tata-group-115012000145_1.html
  18. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/tata-group-grows-fourfold-under-ratan-tata-accounts-for-2.4percent-of-gdp/1/206727.html
  19. https://www.ciaonet.org/attachments/830/uploads#page=36
  20. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2024-06-06.
  21. https://www.businessinsider.in/business/corporates/news/sc-stays-nclat-order-reinstating-cyrus-mistry-as-tata-sons-chairman/articleshow/73184404.cms
  22. https://www.scoopwhoop.com/inothernews/charitable-indians/#.4gfi7ecfz
  23. https://www.tatatrusts.org/
  24. https://www.theweek.in/theweek/cover/2018/10/05/tata-trusts-a-role-model-for-philanthropy.html
  25. https://reneweconomy.com.au/unsw-looks-to-solar-powered-desalination-to-help-bust-droughts-josh-39604/
  26. https://newsroom.unsw.edu.au/news/science-tech/solar-powered-desalination-offers-hope-global-shift-agriculture
  27. https://admissions.cornell.edu/apply/international-students/tata-scholarship
  28. http://harvardmagazine.com/2013/12/tata-hall-at-hbs-dedicated
  29. https://news.cornell.edu/stories/2017/12/cornell-tech-inaugurates-tata-innovation-center
  30. https://www.cmu.edu/news/stories/archives/2017/april/tcs-hall-groundbreaking.html
  31. https://iisc.ac.in/major-benefactors
  32. https://innovation.mit.edu/resource/tata-center/
  33. https://web.archive.org/web/20151015193758/http://mha.nic.in/sites/upload_files/mha/files/LST-PDAWD-2013.pdf
  34. https://www.sentinelassam.com/amp/north-east-india-news/assam-news/assam-cm-announces-assam-baibhav-award-to-industrialist-ratan-tata-565897
  35. "Honorary Degree – University Awards & Recognition – The Ohio State University". Osu.edu. Archived from the original on 10 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  36. [1] Archived 20 ga Maris, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  37. "Asian Institute of Technology confers doctorate on Ratan Tata". Asian Institute of Technology. March 2008. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012.
  38. "B'Nai B'Rith International: Past Award Honorees" (PDF). Bnaibrith.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  39. "University of Warwick confers Honorary Doctor of Science on Ratan Tata". London School of Economics. March 2005. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  40. "Young engineers should stay back to serve the nation, says Ratan Tata – TAMIL NADU". The Hindu. 2 July 2006. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  41. "Ratan Tata wins responsible capitalism award | Business Standard News". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 3 December 2006. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  42. "Ratan Tata becomes an LSE honorary fellow – 2007 – News archive – News – News and media – Home". Lse.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  43. "Carnegie Medal for Philanthropy on Ratan Tata". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. March 2007. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011.
  44. "University of Cambridge confers doctorate on Ratan Tata". University of Cambridge. March 2008. Archived from the original on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  45. "Ratan Tata gets smarter by a degree". Mumbai Mirror. August 2008. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013.
  46. "IIT Kharagpur confers doctorate on Ratan Tata". Economic Times. March 2008. Archived from the original on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  47. "Singapore confers honorary citizenship on Ratan Tata". India Today. Indo-Asian News Service. 29 August 2008. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
  48. {{cite web|url=http://www.mom.gov.sg/newsroom/press-releases/2008/singapore-confers-prestigious-honorary-citizen-award-on-mr-ratan-n-tata-and-tan-sri-frank-tsao%7Ctitle=Singapore[permanent dead link] Conf| rowspan="2" | 2014 | Sayaji Ratna Award | Baroda Management Association | <ref>"BMA to confer Sayaji Ratna Award on Ratan Tata". The Times of India. 6 April 2014. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  49. "Touched for being awarded GBE by UK: Ratan Tata". Hindustan Times. 10 April 2014. Archived from the original on 18 April 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  50. "Fact Sheet: Champion of Change: Celebrating American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month". Whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  51. "AIMA honours Ratan Tata with JRD Tata Corporate Leadership Award". Business Standard. 14 October 2015. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  52. "2016 Honorary Graduates Announced". Lse.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 2 July 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  53. "Chemical technology institute to honour Tata Group chairman emeritus Ratan Tata". Free Press Journal. 12 July 2016. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  54. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Came-close-to-getting-married-four-times-Ratan-Tata/articleshow/7972929.cms
  55. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2024-06-06.