Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas
سعد بن أبي وقاص.png
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Makkah, 595 (Gregorian)
ƙasa Khulafa'hur-Rashidun
ƙungiyar ƙabila Banu Zuhrah (en) Fassara
Mutuwa Madinah, 674
Yan'uwa
Yara
Siblings Utbah ibn Abi Waqqas (en) Fassara, Amer ibn Abi Waqqas (en) Fassara da Q12228621 Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Sana'a
Sana'a Ɗan kasuwa da Shugaban soji
Aikin soja
Fannin soja Rashidun army (en) Fassara
Digiri commander (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Sa’ad bn Abi Waqqas (Larabci: سعد بن أبي وقاص), wanda aka fi sani da Sa’ad bn Malik,[1] yana daga cikin sahabban annabin musulunci. Rahotanni sun ce Saʿd shi ne mutum na bakwai da ya musulunta, wanda ya yi yana dan shekara goma sha bakwai. An san shi sosai saboda kwamandansa a yakin al-Qadisiyyah da kuma cin nasarar Farisa a 636, gwamnansa a kan Farisa, da baƙon diflomasiyyarsa zuwa China a 651.

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Saʿd a Makka a shekara ta 595. Mahaifinsa shine Abu Waqqas Malik ibn Uhayb ibn Abd Manaf ibn Zuhrah daga dangin Banu Zuhrah na kabilar Quraishawa.[2][3] Uhayb bn Abd Manaf kawun uba ne ga Aminah bint Wahb,[4] mahaifiyar Muhammad. Mahaifiyar Saʿd ita ce Hamnah bint Sufyan ibn Umayya ibn Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf.[5]

Yana dan shekara goma sha bakwai lokacin da ya musulunta. Ya haifi 'ya'ya da yawa, daga cikinsu' ya'yansa Umar da Aamir da 'yarsa A'isha sun fi shahara.

A zamanin Muhammad 610–632[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Martanin Mahaifiya game da musuluntar Saʿd[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yana daga cikin na farko da suka karbi Musulunci.[2]

Sa’ad ya ruwaito:

Lokacin da mahaifiyata ta ji labarin musulunci na, sai ta tashi cikin fushi. Ta zo wurina ta ce: "Ya Sa'ad! Mene ne wannan addinin da ka rungumi wanda ya ɗauke ka daga addinin mahaifiyarka da mahaifinka ...? Na Allah, ko dai ka yi watsi da sabon addini ko ba zan ci ko sha ba har sai na mutu. Zuciyarku za ta karye saboda baƙin ciki a gare ni kuma nadama za ta cinye ku saboda aikin, kun yi kuma mutane za su la'anta ku har abada. 'Kada ku yi (irin wannan), mahaifiyata,' na ce, 'domin ba zan bar addinina da komai ba.' Duk da haka, ta ci gaba da barazanar ta ... Kwanaki ba ta ci ba ta sha ba.Ta zama jiki da rauni." "Sa'a bayan sa'a, na je wurinta ina tambayarta ko in kawo mata abinci ko abin sha amma ta ci gaba da ki, ta nace ba za ta ci ba ta sha har ta mutu ko na bar addinina. Na ce mata, 'Yaa Ummaah! Duk da tsananin son da nake yi maka, hakika so na Allah da ManzonSa ya fi karfi. Wallahi, da kuna da rayuka dubu kuma kowanne yana tafiya daya bayan daya, ba zan bar addinin nan da komai ba. ' Lokacin da ta ga na ƙaddara sai ta tuba ba da son rai ba ta ci ta sha.

An yi nuni da wannan a cikin ayar Alƙur'ani 31: 14-15.[2]

Yaƙe -yaƙe[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bakan Saad bin Abi-Waqqas a gidan kayan gargajiya na Madina

A cikin 614, Musulmai suna kan hanyarsu ta zuwa tsaunuka na Makka don yin salla tare da Muhammadu, lokacin da ƙungiyar mushrikai suka lura da su. Sun fara cin zarafi da yakarsu. Sa`ad ya buge wani mushriki ya zubar da jininsa, wanda aka ruwaito ya zama Musulmi na farko da ya zubar da jini da sunan Musulunci.[2][6]

Ya yi yaƙin Badar tare da ƙaninsa ʿUmayr. Kasancewarsa a ƙuruciyarsa kawai, an hana Umayr damar shiga yaƙi, amma bayan ya yi fama da kuka, daga baya Muhammed ya ba shi izinin yin yaƙi. Sa’ad ya koma Madina shi kadai; MayUmayr yana daya daga cikin musulmai goma sha hudu da suka mutu a yakin.

A yakin Uhudu, an zabi Saʿd a matsayin maharba tare da Zayd, Saʿīb (dan Uthman ibn Mazūn) da sauransu. Saʿd yana cikin waɗanda suka yi fafutukar kare Muhammad bayan wasu Musulmi sun bar matsayinsu. Muhammadu ya karrama shi ta hanyar ayyana shi daya daga cikin maharba mafi kyau na wancan lokacin. A lokacin yaƙin, Muhammad ya tara masa wasu kibiyoyi.

Hajjin bankwana[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya kamu da rashin lafiya a lokacin Aikin Hajjin Bankwana, kuma yana da 'ya mace kawai a wannan lokacin. Sa'ad ya ce:

Ya Manzon Allah. Ina da dukiya kuma ina da 'ya mace daya tilo da zan gada daga wurina.

Shin zan ba da kashi biyu bisa uku na dukiyata a matsayin Sadaqah? ”“ A’a, ”Annabi ya amsa. "To, (zan ba) rabin?." tambayi Sa'ad da Annabi sake ce 'a'a.' "Sannan, (zan ba) na uku? ' ya tambayi Sa'ad. Annabi yace. “Na ukun yana da yawa. Lallai barin magadan ku da wadata ya fi abin da ya kamata ku bar su su dogara da shi

da yin bara daga mutane. Idan kuka ciyar da wani abu don neman riba da shi da yardar Allah, za a ba ku lada akanta ko da kuwa burodi ce da kuke sanyawa a bakin matarka.[2]

A zamanin Khalifa Umar 634-644[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sa`ad Ibn Abi Waqqas, shine wanda ya gina birnin Kufa na kasar Iraqi a lokacin mulkin Umar bn Khattab.

Har ila yau, Saʿd ya yi yaƙi a ƙarƙashin umurnin Umar a kan sojojin Sassanid a Yaƙin al-Kadisiyyah da Yaƙin Nahāvand. Daga baya aka nada shi gwamnan Kufa da Nejd a lokacin halifancin Umar.

Wasu ruwayoyin sun bayyana cewa duk da cewa Umar ya sauke shi daga mukaminsa na gwamna, amma ya ba da shawarar cewa halifan da ya gaje shi ya sake saka Saʿd, tun da Umar bai sauke Saʿad ba saboda wata yaudara.[7]

Yana daga cikin mutane shida da Umar bn Al-Khattab ya tsayar a matsayin khalifanci na uku.

A zamanin Khalifa Usman zamanin 644-656[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

ThUthman ya aiwatar da shawarar marUmar kuma ya nada Saʿd a matsayin gwamnan Kufa.[7]

Musulman kasar Sin sun saba wa Saʿd da gabatar da Musulunci a kasar Sin a shekara ta 650, a lokacin mulkin sarki Gaozong na Tang.[8][9] An kuma gano wani masallaci a gundumar Lalmonirhat na Bangladesh, wanda aka ce shi ne ya gina a shekarar 648, sannan kuma a cikin gida ake kiran sunansa da sunan masallacin Abu Akkas.[10][11]

A zamanin Halifa Mu'awiyah 661-664[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya rayu tsawon sahabbai goma masu albarka, kuma ya mutu attajiri yana da shekaru tamanin, kusan shekara ta 674. Saʿd yana cikin aljanna goma da aka yi masa alƙawarin.[2]

Gada[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulman Sunni sun dauke shi a matsayin daya daga cikin goma da aka yi musu alkawarin aljanna.

Wata majiyar musulunci, Sahihul Bukhari, tana cewa: Don roƙonsa akan [lokacin Uhudu], Muhammad ya ce: "Harba, Saʿd ... iya mahaifina da mahaifina su zama fansar ku.". Ali ibn Abi Talib ne ya ruwaito wannan, wanda ya ce bai ji Muhammadu ya yi wa kowa alkawarin irin wannan fansa ba, sai ga Sa’ad.[12]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Thomas Patrick Hughes (1895). "Saʿd Ibn Abī Waqqās". A Dictionary of Islam. London: W.H. Allen & Co. p. 554.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Sa'ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (radhi allahu anhu): The Story of a man who accepted Islam in its early days". ahya.org. Archived from the original on 10 September 2005.
  3. Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (1995). The History of al-Tabari. 28. SUNY Press. p. 146.
  4. http://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/26316-son-of-saad-bin-abi-waqas/
  5. Short Biography of the Prophet & His Ten Companions. Darussalam. 2004. p. 80.
  6. George F. Nafziger; Mark W. Walton (2003). Islam at War: A History. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 23. ISBN 0-275-98101-0. See also page 278.
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Shi'a: The Real Followers of the Sunnah on al-Islam.org
  8. Wang, Lianmao (2000). Return to the City of Light: Quanzhou, an eastern city shining with the splendour of medieval culture. Fujian People's Publishing House. Page 99.
  9. Lipman, Jonathan Neaman (1997). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. University of Washington Press. p. 29. ISBN 962-209-468-6.
  10. Mahmood, Kajal Iftikhar Rashid (19 October 2012). "সাড়ে তেরো শ বছর আগের মসজিদ" [1350 Year-old Mosque]. Prothom Alo (in Bengali).
  11. "History and archaeology: Bangladesh's most undervalued assets?". deutschenews24.de. 21 December 2012. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  12. "Biography of Sayyidina Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas – NEW UPLOAD! – Mahajjah" (in Turanci). Retrieved 2021-06-13.