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Sara Forbes Bonetta

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Sara Forbes Bonetta
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kasar Yarbawa, 1843
ƙasa Najeriya
Mutuwa Funchal (en) Fassara, ga Augusta, 1880
Makwanci Funchal (en) Fassara
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi (Tarin fuka)
Ƴan uwa
Abokiyar zama James Pinson Labulo Davies  (1862 -  1880)
Yara
Sana'a

Sara Forbes Bonetta, (an haife ta Omoba Aina ; a shekarar 1843 -ta mutu ranar 15 ga watan August shekarar 1880), gimbiya Egbado ce ta Yarbawa a Yammacin Afirka wacce ta kasance marayu yayin yaƙi da Masarautar Dahomey da ke kusa sannan daga baya ta zama bawan Sarki Ghezo na Dahomey. A cikin yanayi mai ban mamaki, Kyaftin Frederick E. Forbes na Sojan Ruwa na Burtaniya ya 'yantar da ita daga bauta kuma ta zama' yar baiwar Sarauniya Victoria . Ta auri Kyaftin James Pinson Labulo Davies, wani hamshakin mai kudi a Legas . ta rasu tanada shekara 37 a duniya bayan rashin lafiya da tayi.

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lithograph na Forbes Bonetta, bayan zane da Frederick E. Forbes ya yi, daga littafinsa na 1851 Dahomey and the Dahomans; Kasancewar mujallar ayyuka biyu zuwa ga Dahomey, da zama a babban birninshi, a shekara ta 1849 da 1850

Asalin sunanta Omoba Aina, an haife ta a shekarar 1843 a Oke-Odan, wani ƙauyen Egbado . A cikin shekarar 1848, sojojin Dahomeyan suka mamaye Oke-Odan. Iyayen Aina sun mutu yayin harin kuma an kashe wasu mazauna ko kuma an siyar dasu cikin cinikin bayi na Atlantic .

Aina ta ƙare a gidan sarki Ghezo a matsayin bawa tana da shekara biyar. Koyaya, bayan shekaru biyu, Kyaftin Frederick E. Forbes na Royal Navy ya isa Masarautar Dahomey a kan aikin diflomasiyya na Burtaniya don tattaunawa don kawo karshen halartar Dahomey cikin cinikin bayi na Atlantic. [1]

Sarki Ghezo ya ƙi kawo karshen kasuwancin bawan Dahomey kuma a maimakon haka ya ba Aina a matsayin "kyauta". Dangane da halin ɗabi'a game da yuwuwar mutuwar Aina a cikin wani bikin gargajiyar ɗan adam na Dahomeyan, Kyaftin Forbes ya karɓe ta a madadin Sarauniya Victoria kuma ya koma Burtaniya, tare da tsare-tsaren gwamnatin Burtaniya da alhakin kulawarta. [2]

Kyaftin Forbes ya sake mata suna Sara Forbes Bonetta, bayan jirgin sa HMS <i id="mwMg">Bonetta</i> . A shekarar 1850, ta hadu da sarauniya, wacce hazikancin gimbiya matashiya ya burge ta, kuma ta sa yarinyar, wacce ta kira da Sally, tashi a matsayin 'yar ta ta allah a matsakaitan masu fada aji a Burtaniya. A cikin shekarar 1851, Sara ta ci gaba da tari mai ɗaci, wanda aka danganta shi da yanayin Burtaniya. Masu kula da ita sun tura ta makaranta a Afirka a watan Mayu na wannan shekarar, lokacin tana 'yar shekara takwas. Ta halarci Makarantar Tunawa da Annie Walsh (AWMS) a Freetown, Saliyo. Church Missionary Society (CMS) ce ta kafa makarantar a watan Janairun shekarar 1849 a matsayin cibiyar matasa mata da girlsan mata waɗanda suka kasance dangi na samari a Makarantar Grammar ta Saliyo da aka kafa a shekarar 1845 (da farko sunanta CMS Grammar School). A cikin rajistar makaranta, sunanta ya bayyana ne kawai Sally Bonetta, dalibi mai lamba 24, Yuni shekarar 1851, wacce ta auri Kyaftin Davies a Ingila a shekarar 1862 kuma ita ce unguwar Sarauniya Victoria. Ta koma Ingila a shekarar 1855, lokacin da take 12. An ba ta amanar kulawar Rev Frederick Scheon da matarsa, waɗanda ke zaune a Palm Cottage, Canterbury Street Gillingham . Gidan ya tsira. A watan Janairun shekarar 1862, an gayyace ta kuma ta halarci daurin auren diyar Sarauniya Victoria Princess Princess Alice .

Aure da yara[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hoton James Pinson Labulo Davies da Sara Forbes Bonetta, wanda hoto a London a shekarar 1862 na Camille Silvy

Daga baya Sarauniya ta ya ba ta izinin auren Kyaftin James Pinson Labulo Davies a Cocin St Nicholas da ke Brighton, East Sussex, a watan Agusta shekarar 1862, bayan wani lokaci da za a kashe a garin a shirye-shiryen auren. A lokacin da ta biyo baya a Brighton, ta zauna a 17 Clifton Hill a cikin yankin Montpelier . ta mutu tanada shekara 37 a duniya.

Sara Forbes Bonetta
Sara Forbes Bonetta

Kyaftin Davies ɗan kasuwar Yarbawa ne mai dukiya, kuma bayan bikin auren sai ma'auratan suka koma ƙasarsu ta Afirka, inda suka haifi 'ya'ya uku: Victoria Davies (1863), Arthur Davies (1871), da Stella Davies (1873). Sara Forbes Bonetta ta ci gaba da jin daɗin kusanci da Sarauniya Victoria har ta kai ga ita da Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther su ne Lagosan asalin Lagosan asalin Legas da Royal Navy ke da umarnin tsayawa don ƙaura idan akwai wani tashin hankali a Legas. Victoria Matilda Davies, 'yar fari ta Bonetta, an sa mata suna kuma yar godiyar Sarauniya Victoria. Ta auri shahararren likitan nan na Legas John K. Randle, don haka uwar dansa, dan kasuwar nan na Najeriya kuma mai son zaman jama'a JK Randle . Stella Davies, 'ya ta biyu ta Bonetta, da Herbert Macaulay, jikan Samuel Ajayi Crowther, suna da' ya mace tare - Sarah Abigail Idowu Macaulay Adadevoh (wacce aka sanya wa sunan kaka ta wajen uwa da kuma kakanta Abigail). Daga zuriyar Sara ta zuri'arta ita ce fitacciyar jarumar fim din Ameyo Adadevoh . Yawancin sauran zuriyar Sara yanzu suna zaune a cikin Ingila ko Saliyo, yayin da wani reshe daban, dangin Randle na Legas, ya kasance sananne a cikin Nijeriya ta zamani.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2020-11-11. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  2. https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/539518/did-queen-victoria-really-adopt-orphaned-african-princess

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]