Yusuf ibn Tashfin

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Yusuf ibn Tashfin
Yusuf Ben Tasfin dinar 22562.jpg
Almoravid emir (en) Fassara

1061 (Gregorian) - 1106 (Gregorian)
Abu Bakr ibn Umar (en) Fassara - Ali ibn Yusuf
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Sahara, 1006
ƙasa Almoravid dynasty (en) Fassara
ƙungiyar ƙabila Abzinawa
Mutuwa Marrakesh, 2 Satumba 1106 (Gregorian)
Yan'uwa
Abokiyar zama Zaynab an-Nafzawiyyah (en) Fassara
Yara
Ƙabila Almoravid dynasty (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a sarki
Imani
Addini Mabiya Sunnah

Yusuf ibn Tashfin, kuma Tashafin, Teshufin, ( Larabci: يوسف بن تاشفين ناصر الدين بن تالاكاكين الصنهاجي‎, romanized: Yūsuf ibn Tāshfīn Naṣr al-Dīn ibn Tālākakīn al-Ṣanhājī  ; mulki c. 1061 - 1106), ya kasan ce kuma shi ne shugaban masarautar Berber Almoravid . Ya kafa garin Marrakesh tare da jagorantar sojojin Musulmi a yakin Sagrajas . Ibn Tashfin ya zo al-Andalus ne daga Afirka don taimaka wa Musulmai su yaki Alfonso VI, daga karshe ya sami nasara da kuma inganta tsarin Musulunci a yankin. Ya auri Zaynab an-Nafzawiyyah, wacce rahotanni suka ce ya amince da ita a siyasance.

Cire mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yusuf ibn Tashfin ɗan Berber ne daga Banu Turgut, wani reshe na Lamtuna, ƙabila ce ta ƙungiyar Sanhaja. A Sanhaja aka nasaba da na da Musulmi genealogists da Yemen kabilar Himyar ta hanyar Semi-mythical da yanci pre-Islamic sarakuna, ga abin da dalilin wasu zamani da kafofin (misali, Ibn al-Arabi ) ƙara nisba al-Himyari ya Yusuf sunan da ya nuna wannan alaƙar alaƙa. Karatuttukan zamani sun ƙi wannan haɗin Berber – Yemen ɗin a matsayin abin son zuciya.

Abu Bakr bn Umar, shugaban halitta na fitar da Lamtuna, reshen Sanhaja, daya daga cikin asalin almajiran ibn Yasin wanda ya kasance mai tuntuɓar ruhaniya ga mabiya mazhabar Maliki ta fikihun Islama, an nada shi babban kwamanda bayan mutuwar dan uwansa Yahya bn Umar al-Lamtuni . Hisan uwansa ya jagoranci sojoji don bin Yasin amma an kashe shi a yaƙin Tabfarilla da yaƙin ƙabilan Godala a cikin 1056. Ibn Yasin, shima zai mutu a yaƙi da Barghawata shekaru uku bayan haka. Abu-Bakr an iya general, shan m SUS da babban birnin kasar Aghmāt a shekara bayan da ɗan'uwansa ta mutuwa, da kuma zai je a kan su kashe da yawa tawayen a cikin Sahara, a kan wanda irin wannan lokaci entrusting ya yi taƙawa dan uwan Yusuf tare da stewardship na SUS da kuma don haka duk lardunan sa na arewa. Ya bayyana cewa ya ba shi wannan ikon a cikin rikon kwarya amma har ya kai ga bai wa Yusufu matarsa, Zaynab an-Nafzawiyyat, wai ita ce matar da ta fi wadata a Aghmāt. Irin wannan amintuwa da yarda daga wani gogaggen ɗan siyasa da ƙwararren ɗan siyasa ya nuna irin girmamawar da aka yi wa Yusuf, ba tare da ambaton ikon da ya samu a matsayinsa na soja a cikin rashi ba. Dangane da sabon ikon da Yusufu ya samu, Abu Bakr ya ga duk wani yunƙuri na sake kwace mukaminsa wanda ba zai yiwu ba a siyasance ya kuma koma kan iyakar Sahara don sasanta rikice-rikicen yankin kudu.

A cikin al'adun gargajiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • A cikin fim din 196 C El Cid, Yusuf ibn Tashfin, wanda ake kira "Ben Yussuf", wanda Herbert Lom ya nuna .
  • Yusuf ya fito ne a cikin Age of Empires II: Nasara a matsayin daya daga cikin manyan masu adawa da yakin "El Cid". Koyaya, an bayyana shi da cewa "baya nuna fuskarsa", koyaushe yana rufe shi da zane.
  • Yusuf ibn Tashfin ya fito a matsayin jarumi a cikin littafin Nasim Hijazi na Urdu Novel "Yusuf bin Tashfeen".
  • Yusuf ibn Tashfin ya fito a matsayin Jarumi a cikin Wasan Kwaikwayon "Pukaar", wanda Kamfanin Talabijin na Pakistan ya gabatar a 1995. A cikin wannan jerin, manyan jaruman sune Yousaf bin Tashfin (wanda Asal Din Khan ya buga), Zainab (matar Yousaf), Ali (ɗan Yousaf), Alfonso VI (wanda Ayub Khosa ya buga), Mutamid bin abi Abbad (wanda Hissam Qazi ya buga ( Late)), kuma gimbiya Leon (wanda Laila Wasti ta buga).
  • Yusuf ya bayyana a cikin El Cid: Legend a matsayin babban mai adawa da shi. A fim din, shi azzalumi ne, mara yafiya kuma mugu ne. Da yawa sabanin yadda ake zargi da suna a matsayin mutum mai daraja.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Majiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Richard Fletcher, Moorish Spain, (Jami'ar California Press, 1992)
  • Ibn Idhari, Al-bayan al-mughrib Kashi na III, fassarar fassarar Mutanen Espanya ta A. Huici Miranda, Valencia, 1963.
  • N. Levtzion & JFP Hopkins, Corpus na farkon asalin kafofin Larabci don tarihin Afirka ta Yamma, Cambridge University Press, 1981,  (sake bugawa: Markus Wiener, Princeton, 2000,  ). Ya ƙunshi fassarorin Ingilishi na haɓaka daga ayyukan zamanin da wanda ke ma'amala da Almoravids ; zaɓin ya ƙunshi wasu (amma ba duka ba) na bayanin da ke sama.
  • EA Freeman, Tarihi da nasarorin Saracens, (Oxford, 1856)
  • Codera, Decadencia y desaparición de los Almorávides en España (1889)
  • HR Idris, Regierung und Verwaltung des vorderen Gabas a cikin islamischer Zeit, (Brill Academic Publishers, 1997)
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