Acheikh Ibn-Oumar

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Acheikh Ibn-Oumar
Acheikh IBN-OUMAR-1.jpg
Rayuwa
Haihuwa ga Yuli, 1951 (71 shekaru)
ƙasa Cadi
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa

Acheikh Ibn-Oumar (an haife shi a shekara ta 1951) ɗan siyasan ƙasar Chadi ne kuma shugaban soja. A cikin shekarun 1980 ya jagoranci Majalisar Rikicin Juyin Juya Hali (a Faransanci CDR: Conseil Démocratique Révolutionnaire), ƙungiyar soja-siyasa da ke adawa da gwamnatin Shugaba Hissène Habré . Ya yi karatun lissafi a Faransa, sannan kuma, a ƙarshen shekarun 70, ya shiga cikin tarihin kawo sauyi na ƙasar Chadi FROLINAT (Chadi National Liberation Front; a Faransanci : "FRont de LIbération NATionale du Tchad). Ya rike muƙamai da dama a cikin GUNT (Gwamnatin Tarayyar Chadi; da Faransanci, "Gouvernement d'Union Nationale du Tchad"), karkashin jagorancin Goukouni Weddeye (ko Oueddei). A watan Nuwamba na 1984, an kama Acheikh Ibn-Oumar a Tripoli sannan aka koma da shi zuwa Tibesti inda ya ci gaba da kasancewa a tsare har zuwa Disambar 1985, saboda tsananin bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin marigayi Kanar Gaddafi da Goukouni. Bayan sulhun da aka yi na ɗan lokaci tare da Goukouni, a 1986, Acheikh Ibn-Oumar da CDR sun janye goyon bayansu ga Goukouni Oueddei, suka bar Goukouni a keɓe. Libya ta sauya tallafi daga Goukouni zuwa Ibn-Oumar, tana marawa sojojin Ibn-Oumar baya kamar yadda suka dauki Ennedi a arewacin Chadi, sannan ta aika da jiragen sama da tankokin yaki don taimakawa Ibn-Oumar don kare kai hari daga wani harin tawaye na sojojin Toubou masu biyayya ga Goukouni. [1] A tsakiyar Nuwamba 1986, Libya ta goyi bayansa, Ibn-Oumar ya zama shugaban sabuwar GUNT, wanda ya kunshi bakwai daga asalin bangarori goma sha daya. [2] A cikin 1987 sojojin Faransa da na Chadi suka fatattaki sojojin sa kai na Ibn-Oumar zuwa Darfur , suna fada da mutanen Fur din da ke wurin. [3] [4] [5]

A watan Maris 1988 Goukouni ya sake kafa ikon mallakar GUNT, kuma a watan Yunin 1988 aka kama Oumar a Tripoli . Bayan shawarwari a Iraki, Ibn-Oumar ya koma Chadi a cikin Nuwamba Nuwamba 1988, a wannan karon ya jagoranci sojojin da ke goyon bayan Shugaba Habré. Habré ya naɗa Ibn-Oumar a matsayin Ministan Harkokin Waje a 1989. A matsayinsa na Ministan Harkokin Waje, Ibn-Oumar shi ne wakilin Chadi a Algiers don ƙoƙarin 31 ga Mayu 1989 don sasanta rikicin da Libya game da Yankin Aozou . [2]

Aiki a gwamnatin Deby[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga baya Ibn-Oumar ya yi aiki a gwamnatin Shugaba Déby ., [6] a matsayin Mashawarci na Musamman (1991-1992), sannan daga baya ya zama Babban Wakilin Chadi a Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya, kuma Ambasada a Washington (1992-1993)

Ƙafa Jam'iyya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Disamba na 1999, Ibn-Oumar ya zama shugaban sabuwar ƙungiyar siyasa, Comité politique d'action et de liaison (CPAL). [7] A 2006 CDR ta shiga cikin kawancen UFDD don adawa da Shugaba Déby, [6] amma Oumar ya bar UFDD a watan Afrilun 2007, kuma ya kafa UFDD-F tare da Aboud Mackaye . A cikin 2009, ya shiga cikin kawancen haɗin gwiwa na baya bayan nan ƙarƙashin jagorancin Idriss Déby Itno dan dan uwansa, Timane Erimi, UFR (Unionungiyar 'Yan Tawaye: a Faransanci, "Union des Forces de la Résistance")

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Tony Jaques, Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A-E, p. 337
  2. 2.0 2.1 David Lea, Annamarie Rowe, A political chronology of Africa, pp. 84-6, 250, 254
  3. Said Adejumobi, Adebayo O. Olukoshi, The African Union and new strategies for development in Africa, p. 438
  4. Thierry Lemoine, "Tchad, 1960-1990: trente années d'indépendance", p. 263, 289,315
  5. Samuel Decalo, "Historical dictionary of Chad"
  6. 6.0 6.1 Human Rights Watch, "They Came Here to Kill Us"
  7. David Seddon, Daniel Seddon-Daines, A political and economic dictionary of Africa, Taylor & Francis, 2005, p. 127