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Adesoji Aderemi

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Adesoji Aderemi
Ooni of Ife (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ile Ife, 15 Nuwamba, 1889
ƙasa Najeriya
Harshen uwa Yarbanci
Mutuwa Ile Ife, 7 ga Yuli, 1980
Karatu
Harsuna Turanci
Yarbanci
Pidgin na Najeriya
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa

Oba Sir Titus Martins Adesoji Tadeniawo Aderemi (Atobatele I), // ⓘ</link> alias Adesoji Aderemi, (Listen ⓘ )</link> KCMG, KBE (15 Nuwamba 1889 – 3 Yuli 1980), ɗan siyasan Najeriya ne kuma sarkin gargajiya na Yarbawa a matsayin Ooni ( Sarkin Ife (ko Ilé-Ifẹ̀, kamar yadda aka fi sani) daga 1930 har zuwa 1980. Ya rike mukamin gwamnan yankin yammacin Najeriya tsakanin 1960 zuwa 1962.

An san Adesoji Aderemi a matsayin attajiri kuma yana da babban iyali mai mata da ’ya’ya da dama. Daya daga cikin 'ya'yansa shi ne ma'aikacin gwamnati Tejumade Alakija .

A lokacin mulkin mallaka, Oba Ooni ya sami iko mai yawa saboda tsarin mulkin mallaka na kaikaice da aka yi masa lakabi da Oba ajin farko a tsakanin sarakunan gargajiya a kasar Yarbawa . An yi amfani da manufofin mulkin kai tsaye don tabbatar da wayar da kan jama'a da tuntubar juna game da manufofin mulkin mallaka da suka shafi yankuna. Birtaniyya sun dogara da tsarin siyasa na asali da kuma matsayi, musamman sarakunan Najeriya, don tuntubar siyasa da karbar haraji. Daga baya, Ooni tare da amincewar manyan shugabannin siyasar Yarbawa ya yi amfani da matsayinsa wajen toshe guraben amfani da rarrabuwar kawuna a tsakanin Yarabawa, ya kuma yi kokarin hada kan Yarabawa wajen cimma wata manufa guda.

A shekarar 1962, sarkin da ke rike da mukamin gwamna, ya yi amfani da ikonsa wajen tsige firayim ministan yankin, ganin cewa firaministan ba shi da goyon bayan mafi rinjayen ‘yan majalisar. Lamarin ya kara ruruta wutar adawar siyasa a yankin.

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haife shi a ranar 15 ga Nuwamba 1889, a lokacin rikicin yakin basasar Yarbawa ga Yarima Osundeyi Gbadebo na gidan sarautar Osinkola na Ile Ife da Madam Adekunbi Itiola na Ipetumodu, (ita ce 19th kuma ƙaramar matarsa).[1] A cikin rashin mahaifinsa jarumi, wanda ya kasance a cikin yakin yaki; An ba shi suna Adesoji Aderemi, ma'ana "Kambi ya farka," da kuma "Kambi yana ta'azantar da ni," bi da bi.

Oba Aderemi yana matashin Sarki, 1930

Bayan dawowar Yarima Gbadebo, kanwar Adesoji, Ibiyemi, ta kasa dauke jin dadin wannan labari, sai da aka hana ta tuntubar da mahaifinta wanda ya gaji da yaki da juju. Har sai da ya kawar da rigar yaƙinsa ta hanyar faranta wa gumakansa rai, sannan yana da lafiya ya rungumi iyalinsa. Prince Gbadebo da yake limamin Ifa, ya gabatar da jaririnsa ga Ifa Oracle yana neman sanin makomar sabuwar jaririn Aderemi. Aka ce wa uban ya rusuna ga dansa. Ifa ta yi hasashen cewa jariri Aderemi, zai yi rawanin kakanninsa, cewa za a san mulkinsa daga nesa, kuma zai rika haduwa da baki a wurare masu nisa.

Yarima Gbadebo ya gaya wa matarsa cewa ta samo ƙwanƙolin murjani don yi wa ɗansa sutura kamar yadda al'adar sarauta ta saba. A cikin imani na baka, uwa-Adekunbi ta shiga yanayin kariya, koyaushe tana wanke Aderemi da ganye, har sai da ya fi karfinta. Mahaifinsa ya rasu a shekara ta 1897 yana dan shekara 8 a duniya. Bayan ya rasa mahaifinsa tun yana karami, mahaifiyarsa ta rene shi. Bayyanar addinin Kiristanci ya hana mahaifiyarsa shiga ibadar iyali ta Ifa, don haka ya shiga sabuwar makarantar firamare ta Kirista ta St Phillips, Ife, a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin ɗalibai na farko a Ife da suka fara zuwa makarantar gida a 1901.

Matashin Yarima Aderemi yana da hangen nesa. Rashin yin noma tare da babban ɗan uwansa Papa Prince Adeyemo, ya sa ya shiga makarantar firamare ta Anglican da ke Aiyetoro, Ile-Ife.

Ooni na Ife: 1930-1980[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dukiyar da Yarima Aderemi ke da shi da kuma fallasa shi ne ya sa ya fito fili ya hau kujerar sarautar Ile-Ife. Bayan rasuwar Oba Ademiluyi, magabacinsa, ya zama fitaccen dan takarar kujerar sarauta.

Oba Aderemi a wajen taron bikin Olojo

A ranar 2 ga Satumba, ya zama Ooni na 49 na Ife. An yi masa lakabi da Ooni mai karatu na farko. Oba Aderemi yayi sauri ya maida kansa da sabon muhallinsa, yana da shekaru 40, shi ne karami na Obas na Yarbawa a lokacin. Oba Aderemi tare da taimakon dattawan Ife na gargajiya, (Obalufe, Obajio, Obaloran, Wasin, Obalaye, Akogun, Jagunosin, Ejesi), ya kafa tsarin gudanarwa wanda ya canza tsohon garin a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa. Oba Aderemi ya jajirce wajen neman ilimi a zamaninsa na Ooni, wanda shine ra'ayin kafa kwalejin Oduduwa a watan Janairun 1932.[2] Oba Aderemi da kan sa ne ya dauki nauyin gina makarantar Sakandare, cibiyar abin koyi a lokacin; Oba Aderemi ya yi imanin cewa, hanyar da ta fi dacewa ta sauwaka da kuma dorewar zamani ita ce ta hanyar ilimi.[3]

Wani babban abin tarihi na mulkinsa wanda ya shafi ilimi shi ne tushen tushen Jami'ar Ife, wanda da yawa ke dangantawa da tasirin Oba Aderemi a cikin Gwamnati mai mulki, inda Ooni ya yi tsayin daka ya ba da shawarar Ife a matsayin wurin da ya dace a samar da babbar cibiyar. Oba Aderemi ya gina babban ginin fadarsa, wanda ya kasance ginshikin fadar ta Ife har yau - tare da irin salon mulkin mallaka na musamman. Ooni Aderemi ya rike mukamin shugaban majalisar Obas na dindindin daga 1966-1980.

Mulkinsa na Ooni ya kasance cikin kwanciyar hankali da lumana, tare da sabbin dabarunsa na kasuwanci ya samar da hanyar samun arziki ga dimbin ‘yan asalin kasar, musamman a harkar noma, inda shi kansa shugaban kasuwanci ne.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Oba Adesoji Aderemi: 40 Years of the Exit of a Quintessential Monarch, by Femi Kehinde - Premium Times Opinion". 5 July 2020.
  2. Richardson, Derin. Nigeria in Transition: Biography of Sir Adesoji Aderemi, The Oni of Ife(1930-1980). Witherbys. p. 59-62.
  3. "List of Nigerian Universities and Years Founded". National Universities Commission. Archived from the original on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2014.

Kara karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • AI Asiwaju, "Ƙa'idar Siyasa da Al'adun Tarihi na Baka a Afirka: Case of Yoruba Crowns", Journal of International African Institute, Vol. 46, Na 2 (1976)