Bosnia da Herzegovina

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Globe icon.svgBosnia da Herzegovina
Bosna i Hercegovina (sh)
Bosna i Hercegovina (bs)
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en) Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en)
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en) Fassara Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en) Fassara

Take National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en) Fassara

Kirari «The heart shaped land»
Wuri
Europe-Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
 44°N 18°E / 44°N 18°E / 44; 18

Babban birni Sarajevo (en) Fassara
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 3,507,017 (2017)
• Yawan mutane 68.5 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Bosnian (en) Fassara (de facto (en) Fassara)
Croatian (en) Fassara (de facto (en) Fassara)
Serbian (en) Fassara (de facto (en) Fassara)
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Southeast Europe (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 51,197 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Adriatic Sea (en) Fassara da Mediterranean Sea (en) Fassara
Wuri mafi tsayi Maglić (en) Fassara (2,386 m)
Wuri mafi ƙasa Adriatic Sea (en) Fassara (0 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 1 ga Maris, 1992
Ranakun huta
Tsarin Siyasa
Tsarin gwamnati Jamhuriyar Tarayya
Majalisar zartarwa Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en) Fassara
Gangar majalisa Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en) Fassara
• Shugabanci na Bosnia da Hazigobina Milorad Dodik (en) Fassara (7 Oktoba 2018)
• Shugaban Rukunin Ministoci na Bosnia da Hazigovina Denis Zvizdić (en) Fassara (31 ga Maris, 2015)
Ikonomi
Kuɗi convertible mark (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Suna ta yanar gizo .ba (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +387
Lambar taimakon gaggawa *#06#, 122 (en) Fassara, 123 (en) Fassara da 124 (en) Fassara
Lambar ƙasa BA
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo fbihvlada.gov.ba

Bosnia da Herzegovina (bs. hr. Bosna i Hercegovina, sr. Босна и Херцеговина), wani lokacin ake kira Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH, B&H), da kuma, a takaice, sau da yawa da aka sani informally matsayin Bosnia, an a kasar a kudu maso Turai located a kan da Balkan Larabawa.

Sarajevo ne babban birnin kasar da kuma mafi girma a birnin. Kẽwayesu da Kroatiya zuwa arewa, yamma, da kudu. Serbiya to gabas. Montenegro zuwa kudu maso gabashin. da Adriatic Sea zuwa kudu, tare da bakinta game da 20 km dogon kewaye birnin da Neum. A cikin tsakiyar da kuma gabashin ciki na kasar labarin kasa ne mountainous, a arewa maso yamma shi ne moderately m, da kuma arewa maso gabashin ne yawanci flatland. The m ne a geographically ya fi girma yankin, kuma yana da wata matsakaici nahiyar sauyin yanayi, tare da zafi lokacin bazaar, kuma sanyi da ake yin dusar ƙanƙara winters. A kudancin tip na kasar yana da wani Rum sauyin yanay kuma a fili topography.

Bosnia da Herzegovina ne a yankin da cewa ya bi sawun m adam mazauna baya ga Bosna [Neolithic]] shekaru, a lokacin da kuma bayan abin da aka lugar da dama Illyria n da Celt wayewar. Al'adar, siyasa, da kuma harkar more rayuwa, kasar na da arziki tarihi, da ciwon aka farko zaunar da Slavic al'ummai cewa populate yankin a yau daga cikin 6th ta hanyar zuwa 9th ƙarni. A 12th karni Banate na Bosnia aka kafa, wanda ya samo asali a cikin Mulkin Bosnia a cikin 14th karni, bayan abin da aka annexed a cikin Ottoman Empire, a karkashin wanda mulkin shi zai kasance daga tsakiyar 15th ga marigayi 19th ƙarni

Ottoman ya kawo Islam zuwa yankin, da kuma canza yawa na al'adu da kuma zamantakewa na gaba na kasar. Wannan ya biyo ta annexation cikin Austro-Hungarian daular mulkinsu, wanda dade har sai yakin duniya na. A interwar lokaci, Bosnia na daga cikin Mulkin asar Yugoslavia da kuma bayan yakin duniya na II, kasar da aka sanya cikakken jamhuriyar matsayi a cikin sabuwar kafa [[Socialist tarayyar {asar Yugoslavia]]. Bayan da aka rushe asar Yugoslavia, kasar breakup na asar Yugoslavia (Independence na Jamhuriyar Macedonia da kuma Bosnia da Herzegovina) a shekarar 1992, wanda aka bishi da Bosnian basasa, zaunanniya har Dayton Yarjejeniyar, 1995.

Yau, kasar na kula da high rubuce-rubuce, rayuwa da kuma ilimi matakan da ke daya daga cikin mafi akai-akai ziyarci kasashen dake yankin,[1] projected to have the third highest tourism growth rate in the world between 1995 and 2020.[2] Bosnia da Herzegovina ne yanki da kuma duniya mashahuri domin ta na halitta kyakkyawa da kuma al'adun gada daga shida tarihi wayewar, ta Abinci, hunturu wasanni, ta eclectic da kuma musamman music, gine kuma ta bukukuwa, wasu daga wanda su ne mafi girma da kuma mafi shahararren da irin a kudu maso Turai.[3][4]

A kasar ne gida uku main kabilun ko, a hukumance, bijiro da batun kafa al'ummai, kamar yadda a kayyade a cikin kundin tsarin mulkin kasar. Bosniaks su ne mafi girma kungiyar na uku, tare da Serbs na biyu da kuma Croats na uku. A 'yan qasar na Bosnia da Herzegovina, ko da kabilanci, da aka gano a cikin harshen Turanci a matsayin Bosnian. The sharuddan Herzegovinian da kuma Bosnian an kiyaye matsayin yankin maimakon kabilanci fifiko, da kuma yankin na Herzegovina ya ba daidai tsare iyakoki da kansa. Haka kuma, kasar da aka kawai ake kira "Bosnia" har da Austro-Hungarian zama a karshen karni na 19.[5]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Lonely Planet's Bosnia and Herzegovina Tourism Profile". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  2. Bosnia's newfound tourism;webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071224155630/http://features.us.reuters.com/destinations/news/L20239376.html |date=24 December 2007 }}, Reuters.
  3. "About the Sarajevo Film Festival". Sarajevo Film Festival Official Website. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012.
  4. "Inside Film's Guide to Film Festivals in". Inside Film. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  5. "The Language Situation in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina". Toronto Slavic Quarterly. Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)

Weblinks[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]