Bosnia da Herzegovina

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A tsallaka zuwa: Shawagi, nema
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Bosnia da Herzegovina (bs. hr. Bosna i Hercegovina, sr. Босна и Херцеговина), wani lokacin ake kira Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH, B&H), da kuma, a takaice, sau da yawa da aka sani informally matsayin Bosnia, an a kasar a kudu maso Turai located a kan da Balkan Larabawa.

Sarajevo ne babban birnin kasar da kuma mafi girma a birnin. Kẽwayesu da Kroatiya zuwa arewa, yamma, da kudu. Serbiya to gabas. Montenegro zuwa kudu maso gabashin. da Adriatic Sea zuwa kudu, tare da bakinta game da 20 km dogon kewaye birnin da Neum. A cikin tsakiyar da kuma gabashin ciki na kasar labarin kasa ne mountainous, a arewa maso yamma shi ne moderately m, da kuma arewa maso gabashin ne yawanci flatland. The m ne a geographically ya fi girma yankin, kuma yana da wata matsakaici nahiyar sauyin yanayi, tare da zafi lokacin bazaar, kuma sanyi da ake yin dusar ƙanƙara winters. A kudancin tip na kasar yana da wani Rum sauyin yanay kuma a fili topography.

Bosnia da Herzegovina ne a yankin da cewa ya bi sawun m adam mazauna baya ga Bosna [Neolithic]] shekaru, a lokacin da kuma bayan abin da aka lugar da dama Illyria n da Celt wayewar. Al'adar, siyasa, da kuma harkar more rayuwa, kasar na da arziki tarihi, da ciwon aka farko zaunar da Slavic al'ummai cewa populate yankin a yau daga cikin 6th ta hanyar zuwa 9th ƙarni. A 12th karni Banate na Bosnia aka kafa, wanda ya samo asali a cikin Mulkin Bosnia a cikin 14th karni, bayan abin da aka annexed a cikin Ottoman Empire, a karkashin wanda mulkin shi zai kasance daga tsakiyar 15th ga marigayi 19th ƙarni

Ottoman ya kawo Islam zuwa yankin, da kuma canza yawa na al'adu da kuma zamantakewa na gaba na kasar. Wannan ya biyo ta annexation cikin Austro-Hungarian daular mulkinsu, wanda dade har sai yakin duniya na. A interwar lokaci, Bosnia na daga cikin Mulkin asar Yugoslavia da kuma bayan yakin duniya na II, kasar da aka sanya cikakken jamhuriyar matsayi a cikin sabuwar kafa [[Socialist tarayyar {asar Yugoslavia]]. Bayan da aka rushe asar Yugoslavia, kasar breakup na asar Yugoslavia (Independence na Jamhuriyar Macedonia da kuma Bosnia da Herzegovina) a shekarar 1992, wanda aka bishi da Bosnian basasa, zaunanniya har Dayton Yarjejeniyar, 1995.

Yau, kasar na kula da high rubuce-rubuce, rayuwa da kuma ilimi matakan da ke daya daga cikin mafi akai-akai ziyarci kasashen dake yankin,[1] projected to have the third highest tourism growth rate in the world between 1995 and 2020.[2] Bosnia da Herzegovina ne yanki da kuma duniya mashahuri domin ta na halitta kyakkyawa da kuma al'adun gada daga shida tarihi wayewar, ta Abinci, hunturu wasanni, ta eclectic da kuma musamman music, gine kuma ta bukukuwa, wasu daga wanda su ne mafi girma da kuma mafi shahararren da irin a kudu maso Turai.[3][4]

A kasar ne gida uku main kabilun ko, a hukumance, bijiro da batun kafa al'ummai, kamar yadda a kayyade a cikin kundin tsarin mulkin kasar. Bosniaks su ne mafi girma kungiyar na uku, tare da Serbs na biyu da kuma Croats na uku. A 'yan qasar na Bosnia da Herzegovina, ko da kabilanci, da aka gano a cikin harshen Turanci a matsayin Bosnian. The sharuddan Herzegovinian da kuma Bosnian an kiyaye matsayin yankin maimakon kabilanci fifiko, da kuma yankin na Herzegovina ya ba daidai tsare iyakoki da kansa. Haka kuma, kasar da aka kawai ake kira "Bosnia" har da Austro-Hungarian zama a karshen karni na 19.[5]

Nassoshi[gyarawa | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Lonely Planet's Bosnia and Herzegovina Tourism Profile". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  2. Bosnia's newfound tourism;webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071224155630/http://features.us.reuters.com/destinations/news/L20239376.html |date=24 December 2007 }}, Reuters.
  3. "About the Sarajevo Film Festival". Sarajevo Film Festival Official Website. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. 
  4. "Inside Film's Guide to Film Festivals in". Inside Film. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  5. "The Language Situation in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina". Toronto Slavic Quarterly. Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. 

Weblinks[gyarawa | Gyara masomin]