Gumel

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Globe icon.svgGumel
Gumel Mosque.jpg

Wuri
 12°38′N 9°24′E / 12.63°N 9.4°E / 12.63; 9.4
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaNajeriya
Jerin jihohi a NijeriyaJihar Jigawa
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 107,161 (2006)
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1700
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 732102
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci

Gumel ko Gumal (kamar yadda ƴan asalin ƙasar ke kiran sa) birni ne kuma masarautun gargajiya a jihar Jigawa, Nijeriya .

garin Gumel

Geography[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gumel yana 120 km arewa maso gabas da kano, kuma yana da kusan 20 kilomita kudu da iyakar arewacin Najeriya da Nijar . A shekarar 2007 an kiyasta yawan mutanen Gumel ya kai 44,158. Gumel, ita ma ta zama Gummel, birni da masarautun gargajiya, arewacin jihar Jigawa, arewacin Najeriya. Dan Juma na birnin Kano (kilomita 121 kudu maso yamma) da mabiyansa na kabilar Manga (Mangawa) ne suka kafa Masarautar kimanin shekara ta 1750. Jim kadan bayan mutuwarsa a shekara ta 1754, ta zama jihar da ta kasance abar gadar daular Bornu. Masarautar ta tsira daga hare-haren Fulani na jihadin Usman dan Fodio (“Yakin tsarki”) a farkon karni na 19 kuma ba ta taba shiga cikin daular Fulani ta Sakkwato ba. A shekarar 1845 aka mayar da babban birnin Gumel daga Tumbi (kilomita 20 a arewa a Nijar a yau) zuwa wannan wuri. Yaki da Hadejia da ke kusa da Kano, da Zinder (Damagaram) ya addabi masarautu tun daga 1828; An ci gaba da yakin da Hadejia har zuwa lokacin da aka kashe Sarkin Gumel Abdullahi a yakin a shekarar 1872. Hare-haren bayi a karshen karni da Damagaram ya kara lalata Gumel. Sarki Ahmadu ya mika wuya ga Turawan Ingila a shekarar 1903, sannan aka shigar da masarautar Gumel cikin lardin Kano. A 1976 ta zama jihar Kano, kuma tun 1991 tana cikin jihar Jigawa. Gumel

Garin Gumel ya kasance babbar cibiyar kasuwan yankin - gero da dawa sune manyan abinci - kuma ya zama wurin tattara gyada ( gyada), wanda ake jigilar su zuwa cikin birnin Kano don fitar da su ta jirgin kasa. Ana amfani da ma'auni na farar ƙasa da diatomaceous a cikin gida a wurare masu warwatse. Garin yana da cibiyar horar da gonaki da babbar kwalejin horar da malamai. Gumel dai yana kan babbar hanyar da ta hada shi da Kano da Hadejia, kuma cibiya ce ta hanyoyin kananan hukumomin jihar Jigawa. Pop. (2006) karamar hukuma, 107,161.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Cikin garin Gumel

An kafa Masarautar kimanin shekara ta 1750 da Dan Juma na Kano da mabiyansa na kabilar Mangawa . Jim kadan bayan mutuwarsa a shekara ta 1754, ta zama jihar da ta kasance abar gadar daular Bornu . Masarautar ta tsira daga hare-haren Fulani na jihadin Usman dan Fodio a farkon karni na 19, ba ta taba shiga cikin daular Fulani ta Sakkwato ba. Wurin da Gumel yake a halin yanzu ya samo asali ne sakamakon ƙaura daga garin Tumbi a shekara ta 1845 da ke cikin ƙasar Nijar a yanzu. Masarautar ta sha fama da yaki da garuruwan Hadejia, Danzomo, Kano, da Zinder tun 1828. An ci gaba da yakin da Hadejia har zuwa rasuwar Sarkin Gumel, Abdullahi, a shekarar 1872. Kafin sarki Ahmadu ya karbi mulkin Birtaniya a shekarar 1903, ana yawan kai hare-haren bayi daga garin Zinder. A 1976 Gumel ta zama jihar Kano, kuma tun 1991 tana cikin jihar Jigawa kusa da Danzomo, Gagarawa, Sule Tankarkar, da Maigatari .

Mai Martaba Sarkin Gumel na yanzu, HRH Alh. Ahmed Mohammed Sani II (CON) shine sarkin Gumel na 16. Sarkin dai ya kammala karatunsa ne, a fannin kimiyyar siyasa, a Jami’ar Jihar Ohio ta kasar Amurka. Yana da kane mai suna Abdullahi Muhammad Sani II, wanda ya kammala karatunsa na digiri a jami’ar jihar Michigan ta kasar Amurka, inda ya yi digiri a fannin injiniyan lantarki. Tun a shekarar 1981 ne Sarkin ya hau karagar mulki. Fadar sarki ba ta isa ga wadanda sarki ya gayyata a wurin, da ‘yan gidan sarauta, da jami’an fadar sarki (majalisar masarauta, wacce ake kira Majlis)..[1]


Jerin Sarakunan Gumel[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sarakuna

  • 1749 - 1754 Dan Juma I dan Musa
  • 1754 - 1760 Adamu Karro dan Digadiga Karro (d. 1760).
  • 1760 - 1777 Dan Juma II dan Digadiga Karro
  • 1777 - 1804 Maikota dan Adam Karro (d. 1804)
  • 1804 - 1811 Kalgo dan Maikota (d. 1811)
  • 1811 - 1828 Dan Auwa dan Maikota (d. 1828)
  • 1828 - 1851 Muhamman Dan Tanoma dan Maikota (d. 1851)
  • 1851 - 1853 Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (lokaci na farko)
  • 1853 - 1855 Muhamman Atu dan Dan Auwa
  • 1855 - 1861 Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (lokaci na biyu)
  • 1861 - 1872 `Abd Allahi dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (d. 1872)
  • 1872 - 18 Abu Bakar dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (d. 1896).
  • 1896 - 1915 Ahmadu dan Abi Bakar
  • 1915 - 1944 Muhamman na Kota dan Ahmadu (d. 1944).
  • May 1944 - 1981 Maina Muhammad Sani II dan Muhamman na Kota (b. 1912).
  • 1981 - Ahmad Muhammad Sani II dan Maina Muhammad Sani II

Tattalin Arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gumel tana matsayin cibiyar tattalin arzikin yankin farko. Ana tattara dawa, gero, da gyada a nan ana jigilar su zuwa Kano a kan babbar hanya ta sakandare inda ake fitar da su ta jirgin kasa.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Gumel". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 10 May 2022.

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