Hamza Yusuf

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Hamza Yusuf
rector (en) Fassara

2009 -
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Walla Walla (en) Fassara, 1 ga Janairu, 1958 (66 shekaru)
ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
Karatu
Makaranta San José State University (en) Fassara
Graduate Theological Union (en) Fassara
Malamai Murabit al-Hajj (en) Fassara
Abdalqadir as-Sufi (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a Ulama'u, marubuci, university teacher (en) Fassara da mai yada shiri ta murya a yanar gizo
Muhimman ayyuka Hamza Yusuf (en) Fassara
Mamba Religions for Peace (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
sandala.org

Hamza Yusuf (an haife shi: Mark Hanson ; 1958) ba'amerike neo-traditionalist malamin addinin musulunci, [1] [2] wanda ya kafa kwalejin Zaytuna kuma babban editan mujallar Renovatio . . Marigayi ne na koyar da ilimin zamani a Musulunci kuma ya inganta ilimin addinin Musulunci da hanyoyin koyarwa na gargajiya a duk fadin duniya.

Shi mai ba da shawara ne ga Cibiyar Nazarin Addinin Musulunci a Makarantar Tauhidi ta Graduate a Berkeley da shirin Nazarin Musulunci a Jami'ar Stanford . Bugu da kuma kari, yana aiki a matsayin mataimakin shugaban cibiyar jagoranci da sabuntawa ta duniya, wacce aka kafa kuma a halin yanzu Abdallah bin Bayyah ke shugabanta. Har ila yau, ya kasance mataimakin shugaban kungiyar da ke samar da zaman lafiya a cikin al'ummar musulmi da ke UAE, inda Abdallah bin Bayyah kuma ke rike da mukamin shugaban kasa.

Jaridar Guardian ta yi kira ga Yusuf a matsayin "wanda za a iya cewa shi ne masanin addinin Musulunci mafi tasiri a kasashen yamma". Mujallar New Yorker kuma ta kira shi "watakila masanin addinin musulunci mafi tasiri a yammacin duniya", kuma 'yar jarida Graeme Wood ta kira shi "daya daga cikin manyan malaman musulmi guda biyu a Amurka a yau". Yana kuma ɗaya daga cikin masu sanya hannu na Kalma gama gari Tsakanin Mu da ku, budaddiyar wasika da malaman Musulunci suka rubuta zuwa ga shugabannin Kirista suna kira ga zaman lafiya da fahimtar juna . Yusuf yana daya daga cikin wadanda suka rattaba hannu kan wata budaddiyar wasika zuwa ga tsohon shugaban kungiyar ISIS, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, wadda ta karyata ka'idojin da kungiyar ta'addancin ke yadawa . [3]

Ya kasance a koyaushe yana cikin jerin 50 na 500 Mafi Tasirin Musulmai 500 (wanda kuma aka sani da Muslim 500 ), bugu na shekara-shekara wanda Cibiyar Nazarin Dabarun Musulunci ta Royal da ke Amman, Jordan, wacce ke matsayi na Musulmi mafi tasiri a ya duniya.

Rayuwar farko da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Yusuf a matsayin Mark Hanson a Walla Walla, Washington ga malamai biyu da ke aiki a Kwalejin Whitman kuma ya girma a arewacin California. Ya girma a matsayin Kirista Katolika na Irish kuma ya halarci makarantun share fage a duka Gabas da Yamma. A shekara ta 1977, bayan ya kusan mutuwa a hatsarin mota da karatun Alkur'ani, ya musulunta. [4] Yusuf yana da zuriyar Irish, Scotland da Girka .

Bayan samun sha'awa daga wasu matasa ma'aurata daga Saudi Arabiya wadanda mabiyan Abdalqadir as-Sufi — wanda ya musulunta dan Scotland kuma shugaban darikar Darqawa Sufi da Murabitun World Movement —Yusuf ya koma Norwich, Ingila don yin karatu kai tsaye a karkashinsa. as-Sufi. [5] [6] A shekarar 1979, Yusuf ya koma birnin Al Ain na kasar Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa inda ya shafe shekaru hudu masu zuwa yana karantar ilimin shari'a a cibiyar Musulunci, inda ya yi karatu kai-tsaye tare da malaman Musulunci. [5] Yusuf ya kware a harshen Larabci kuma ya koyi karatun Alqur'ani ( tajwidi ), lafazi, waka, shari'a ( Fiqha ) da tauhidi ( aqidah ) da sauran fannonin Musulunci na gargajiya. [5]

A cikin shekarar 1984, Yusuf ya rabu da koyarwar as-Sufi a hukumance kuma ya koma ta wata hanya ta ilimi daban-daban sakamakon wasu malaman Mauritaniya da ke zaune a Masarautar. Ya koma Arewacin Afirka a 1984 yana karatu a Aljeriya da Maroko, da Spain da Mauritania. A kasar Mauritaniya ya kulla alaka mai dorewa da karfi da malamin addinin musulunci Sidi Muhammad Ould Fahfu al-Massumi, wanda aka fi sani da Murabit al-Hajj . [5]

A shekarar 2020, Yusuf ya kammala karatunsa na Ph.D. a Ƙungiyar Tauhidi ta Graduate . Kundin karatunsa mai suna, “Al’adun Musulunci na Al’ada a Arewa da Yammacin Afirka: Nazari na Isar da Hukunce-hukunce da Tattaunawar Ilimi a cikin Ibn Ashir ’s Al-Murshid al-Mu’in (Jagorar Taimako). A baya Yusuf ya sami digiri na biyu a fannin aikin jinya daga Kwalejin Imperial Valley da kuma digiri na farko a fannin nazarin addini daga Jami'ar Jihar San José .

Sana'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Zaytuna College[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shi da sauran abokan aiki sun kafa Cibiyar Zaytuna a Berkeley, California, Amurka, a cikin shekarata 1996, da aka sadaukar don farfado da hanyoyin nazarin gargajiya da kuma ilimin Islama. [7] Ya kasance tare da Zaid Shakir da Hatem Bazian wajen kafa cibiyar Zaytuna a lokacin. A cikin kaka na 2010 ta bude kofofinta a matsayin Kwalejin Zaytuna, kwalejin koyar da ilimin sassaucin ra'ayi na musulmi na shekaru hudu, irinsa na farko a Amurka. Ya haɗa da hangen nesa Yusuf na haɗa fasahar sassaucin ra'ayi na gargajiya - wanda aka kafa a cikin marasa ƙarfi da quadrivium - tare da horo mai tsauri a cikin fasahohin Islama na gargajiya. Yana da nufin "ilimi da shirya ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararru, da shuwagabannin ruhaniya". Kwalejin Zaytuna ta zama jami'ar musulmi ta farko da aka amince da ita a Amurka bayan ta samu amincewar kungiyar Makarantu da Kwalejoji ta Yamma . Yusuf ya bayyana cewa "muna fatan in Allah ya yarda za a samu irin wadannan kwalejoji da jami'o'in musulmi a nan gaba". [8]

Hamza Yusuf dai ya sha fama da tashe-tashen hankula a shekarun baya-bayan nan kan batutuwan da suka shafi kabilanci da siyasa da kuma juyin juya halin Larabawa.

2016 Black Lives Matter comments[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Disamba na shekarar 2016, Yusuf ya yi tsokaci da aka yi la'akari da cewa suna da mahimmanci ga dabarun da kungiyar Black Lives Matter ke amfani da ita. Yusuf ya yi iƙirarin cewa akwai ƙarin matsalolin da ke addabar al'ummar baƙar fata a ciki, kamar tabarbarewar iyali. Ya kuma nuna damuwarsa kan yadda ake nuna wariyar launin fata a cikin al’ummar Musulmi, inda ake yin Allah wadai da ‘farar gata’, amma bai yi shiru kan ‘gata Larabawa’ ba, yana mai nuni da yadda Pakistan da Indiyawa ke cin zarafinsu a wasu sassan kasashen Larabawa. [9] Don wadannan maganganu an kai masa hari a shafukan sada zumunta, amma malamai da dama sun kare Shaihu Yusuf, kamar Imam Zaid Shakir wanda ya ce, “Ina iya cewa da kwarin gwiwa babu wani kashi na wariyar launin fata a jikin Shaihu Hamza. Dan wariyar launin fata shine wanda ya yarda da fifikon wata kabila akan wani. Shaihu Hamza, kamar kowane musulmi mai kishi, ya yi watsi da wannan ra’ayin gaba daya.”

Ƙungiyoyin addinai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yusuf yana halartar taron Samar da zaman lafiya a cikin al'ummomin musulmi wanda UAE ta shirya. Ya yabawa Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa saboda karuwar juriyar da take yi da kuma daukar matakai na imani da yawa da kuma shirin gina cibiyar mabiya addinai daban-daban a Abu Dhabi .

Sharhi kan juyin juya halin Siriya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekarar 2019, Yusuf ya bukaci hakuri da taka tsantsan dangane da rikicin Syria. Ko da yake wasu na kallon wadannan kalamai a matsayin goyon bayan gwamnatin Syria, amma babu shakka Yusuf ya yi watsi da hakan, inda ya nemi afuwar duk wani abin da ya faru. Yusuf ya fassara wata waka mai suna ‘Addu’ar wadanda aka zalunta’ a shekarar 2010, wadda aka sadaukar da ita ga daukacin al’ummar da ake zalunta a fadin duniya.

Ra'ayi da tasiri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yusuf ya dau mataki na adawa da dalilan addini na hare-haren ta'addanci. Ya bayyana harin na ranar 11 ga watan Satumba a matsayin "aikin kisan jama'a, tsantsa kuma mai sauki". Da yake la'antar hare-haren, ya kuma bayyana cewa "an yi garkuwa da Musulunci...a cikin jirgin a matsayin wanda aka kashe ba tare da wani laifi ba."

A halin yanzu Cibiyar Nazarin Dabarun Islama ta Masarautar Jordan ta sanya shi a matsayi na 36 a jerin sunayen Musulmai 500 mafiya tasiri a duniya. [10] A cikin bugu na shekarar 2016, an bayyana Yusuf a matsayin "daya daga cikin manya-manyan hukumomin Musulunci a wajen kasashen musulmi" na The 500 Most Influential Muslims, editan John Esposito da Ibrahim Kalin . [11]

Rayuwa ta sirri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hamza yana zaune tare da matarsa, Liliana Trujilo-Hanson. Suna da 'ya'ya biyar.

Labarai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Publications and work by Hamza Yusuf
Take Bayani Nau'in
Bayan makaranta: gina al'ummomi inda koyo yana da mahimmanci Hakanan ya haɗa da kasidun John Taylor Gatto, Dorothy L Sayers da Nabila Hanson. An sake gyarawa a cikin 2010 azaman Ilimantar da Yaronku a Zamanin Zamani: Yadda ake Rayar da Mutum Mai Hankali, Mai Iko & Da'a . 2003 Littattafai da Kasidu
Ajanda don Canza Halinmu Wanda aka rubuta tare da Zaid Shakir Littattafai da Kasidu
Haihuwar Watan Caesarean: Lissafi, Ganin Wata, da Hanyar Annabci Akwai a ciki 2008 Littattafai da Kasidu
Imam Busiri, The Burda : Poem of Cloak (2003) Ya haɗa da CD na wasan kwaikwayo ta Fez Singers feat. Bennis Abdelfettah. Fassara
Imam Mawlūd, Tsarkake Zuciya: Alamomi, Alamu da Magungunan Cututtukan Ruhaniya na Zuciya (2004, 2012). Fassara da sharhin waƙar Maṭharat al-Qulūb wanda wani masani ɗan ƙasar Mauritaniya ya yi a ƙarni na 19. Fassara
Shaykh Al-Amin Mazrui, The Content of Character (2004) Gabatarwa daga Ali Mazrui, ɗan marubuci. Fassara
Imam Tahawi, The Creed of Imam al-Tahawi (2007). Fassara
Imam Muhammad bin Nasir al-Dar'i Addu'ar wanda aka zalunta (2010). Ya haɗa da CD na wasan kwaikwayo na Fez Singers . Fassara
Imam al-Zarnūjī, Umarnin Dalibi: Hanyar Koyo (2001). GE Von Grunebaum ne ya fassara . Littattafai tare da kalmar gaba ko gabatarwa
Mostafa Al-Badawî, The Prophetic Invocations (2003) Littattafai tare da kalmar gaba ko gabatarwa
Reza Shah-Kazemi, Ground Ground Tsakanin Islama da Buddhism: Ruhaniya da Ƙa'idar Affinities (2010) Littattafai tare da kalmar gaba ko gabatarwa
Asad Tarsin, Kasancewa Musulmi: Jagora Mai Aiki (2015). Littattafai tare da kalmar gaba ko gabatarwa
Joseph Lumbard, Sallama, bangaskiya da kyau: Addinin Musulunci (2009). Tare da Zaid Shakir . Littattafan da aka gyara
Haihuwar Caesarean Part 1

Haihuwar Caesarean Part 2

Hawan Dutsen Purgatorio Archived 2014-09-05 at the Wayback Machine

Takardu

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Cesari, Jocelyne (2004). When Islam and Democracy Meet: Muslims in Europe and in the United States. Pelgrave MacMillan. p. 150. ISBN 1403978565.
  2. Multiple sources :
  3. @zaytunacollege. "A Letter responding to #ISIS leader al-Baghdadi and signed by Shaykh Hamza Yusuf as well as 125 Sunni scholars... fb.me/6M9gDKUy1" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Edward E. Curtis p. 405
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Grewal, Zareena Islam Is a Foreign Country: American Muslims and the Global Crisis of Authority p 160-171
  6. Ukeles, Raquel The Evolving Muslim Community in America: The Impact of 9/11 p 101
  7. Daniel Brumberg, Dina Shehata, Conflict, Identity, and Reform in the Muslim World: Challenges for U.S Engagement, p 367
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named LATimes
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named mvslim.com
  10. Empty citation (help)
  11. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named themuslim500.com

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

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