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Harsunan Azinawa

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Harsunan Azinawa
'Yan asalin magana
1,248,200
Baƙaƙen boko, Tifinagh (en) Fassara da Baƙaƙen larabci
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-2 tmh
ISO 639-3 tmh
Glottolog tuar1240[1]

Tuareg harsuna sun ƙunshi rukuni na harsunan Berber da yare masu alaƙa. Abzinawa Berbers ne ke magana da su a manyan sassan Mali, Nijar, Aljeriya, Libya da Burkina Faso, tare da wasu 'yan jawabai, Kinnin a Chadi . [2]

Yaren Abzinawa suna cikin ƙungiyar Kudancin Berber kuma wasu lokuta ana ɗaukar su azaman harshe ɗaya (misali ta Karl-Gottfried Prasse ). An bambanta su musamman ta ƴan canjin sauti (musamman yana shafar lafazin z da h na asali). Ire-iren Abzinawa suna da ra'ayin mazan jiya da ba a saba gani ba ta wasu bangarori; suna riƙe da gajerun wasula guda biyu inda harsunan Arewa-Berber ke da ɗaya ko ɗaya, kuma suna da ƙarancin kalmomin larabci fiye da yawancin harsunan Berber.


Harsunan Abzinawa an rubuta su a al'adance a cikin haruffan Tifinagh na asali. Duk da haka, ana amfani da rubutun Larabci a wasu wurare (kuma ya kasance tun zamanin da), yayin da rubutun Latin na aiki ne a Mali da Nijar

Raberabensu

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]
  • Arewa
    • Tamahaq - yaren Kel Aggar, da Kel Ajjer ana magana da su a Aljeriya, yammacin Libya da kuma arewacin Nijar kusan mutane 77,000. Hakanan aka sani da Tahaggart.
  • Kudu
    • Tamasheq - harshen Kel Adrar (wanda kuma aka sani da Adrar des Ifoghas ), wanda kusan mutane 500,000 ke magana a Mali.
    • Air Tamajaq - yaren Kel Ayer (wani lokaci ana rubuta Aïr), wanda kusan mutane 250,000 ke magana a Nijar. [3]
    • Tawellemet – yaren Iwellemmeden, wanda kusan mutane 800,000 ke magana a Mali da Nijar. Ana amfani da kalmar Iwellemmeden (sunan mutane) wani lokaci don nuna harshe.
    • Tamashaq harshen Kal Asakan.
  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Harsunan Azinawa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Monique Jay, "Quelques éléments sur les Kinnin d’Abbéché (Tchad)". Études et Documents Berbères 14 (1996), 199–212 (Samfuri:ISSN 08033994793.ABA).
  3. Empty citation (help)

Rubutu

Ana iya rubuta harsunan Abzinawa ta amfani da tsohon rubutun Tifinagh (Libyco-Berber), rubutun Latin ko rubutun Larabci . Shirin ilimin karance-karance na kasar Mali DNAFLA ya kafa ma'auni na haruffan Latin, wanda ake amfani da shi tare da gyare-gyare a cikin Prasse's Lexique da kuma tsarin karatun gwamnati a Burkina, yayin da a Nijar aka yi amfani da wani tsari na daban. Hakanan akwai wasu bambance-bambance a cikin Tifinagh da kuma cikin rubutun Larabci. [1]

  1. Samfuri:Harvcoltxt