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Kazaure

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Kazaure


Wuri
Map
 12°39′10″N 8°24′43″E / 12.6528°N 8.4119°E / 12.6528; 8.4119
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaNajeriya
JihaJihar Jigawa
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 1,780 km²
Bayanan tarihi
Wanda ya samar Dan Tunku (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo kazaure.net

Kazaure Masarautar ce kuma Karamar Hukuma ce a Jihar Jigawa ta Najeriya . Hedkwatarsa tana cikin tsohon birnin garin Kazaure.

Kazaure Palace 2

Tarihin farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwarin da zai zama zamani Kazaure yana da dogon tarihi. An ce an fara zama ne da wata gungun mafarautan Hausawa (wacce aka fi sani da Habe) karkashin jagorancin wani jarumi mai suna Kutumbi. Ya kasance kusan shekara ta dubu daya dari ukk 1300 CE. Bisa ga al'adar Baka da Griots ya yi a cikin shekaru aru-aru, an ce Kutumbi da jama'arsa sun yi hijira ne daga matsugunin maƙeran da ke zaune a tsaunin Dala, masana tarihi sun gaskata cewa su ne mutanen farko a ƙasar da aka fi sani da Kano .[1]

Labarin kafuwar Kazaure ya ba da labarin yadda Kutumbi a daya daga cikin balaguron farautarsa ya samu wani kwari da ke kewaye da shi da katafaren tudun tsaro da ke cike da koguna da kananan koguna. Ya dade a unguwar har sai da danginsa suka damu da rashin zuwansa na tsawon lokaci wanda ya sabawa dabi'ar farauta da ya saba, suka bi sawunsa na tsawon kwanaki. Bayan tafiya mai nisa da wahala, sai suka tarar da Kutumbi a cikin wani kyakkyawan kwari. Daya daga cikin wadanda suka shigo ya kalli yanayin kasar ya ce da wani "Wannan Wajen Kamar Zaure !" ( Fassarar kalmar Hausa ita ce "Wannan wuri kamar daki ne na ciki"). Wannan furci na " Kamar Zaure " ya koma Kazaure tsawon shekaru aru-aru don haka ya zama sunan mazauni da mafarautan Habe suka kafa a wurin. Kabilar Kutumbi sun zauna a yankin na tsawon ɗaruruwan shekaru, sun bar shaidar archaeological na al'adar Hunter/Gatherer. Sun kuma yi noma kanana. Mafi dadewar abubuwan da suka samu na kasancewarsu shi ne addininsu; sun bauta wa wata baiwar Allah da ake kira Tsumburbura wadda suke yi mata hadaya ta dabba a saman tsaunin Kazaure. Ayyukansu suna rayuwa a yau a cikin waƙoƙin ruhaniya da raye-raye na Bori . Sai da zuwan Fulanin Yarimawan aka kafa tsarin gudanar da mulki a yankin. [2]

Birnin Kazaure ya kasance hedikwatar masarautar tun shekarar alif dubu daya da dari takwas da goma sha tara 1819. Dan Tunku, jarumin Bafulatani ne ya assasa shi, wanda yana daya daga cikin masu rike da tuta guda 14 na shugaban Fulanin jihadi Usman dan Fodio . Dan Tunku ya zo ne daga garin Dambatta da ke kusa a wani kauye mai tarin yawa wanda ya sanya wa suna Kazaure ya kafa masarauta wadda aka sassaka daga masarautun Kano da Katsina da Daura .

Dan Tunku, shi ne shugaban Fulani, wanda tun a farkon jihadi ya hana hadin gwiwa tsakanin sojojin Sarakunan Hausawan Kano, Katsina, da Daura. Don wannan bajinta ya samu tuta daga Shehu. Daga baya ya taimaka wajen kafa daular Fulani a Daura, amma daga baya bai taka rawar gani ba a jihadi, kuma bai bayar da gudumawa kadan ba wajen cin nasarar Kano. A karshen yakin matsayinsa a arewacin Kano yana da karfi amma ba a bayyana shi ba. A matsayinsa na mai rike da tuta yana da ‘yancin yin mubaya’a kai tsaye ga Shehu, daga baya kuma ga Bello, amma duk da haka an gane cewa ya kasance a karkashin Kano. Da dai har Sulaimanu marar duniya ya zama Sarkin Kano wannan sako-sako da ga dukkan alamu ya yi aiki mai gamsarwa, amma lokacin da Ibrahim Dabo mai karfi ya gaje shi sai ya lalace. Ibrahim ya bukaci Dan Tunku ya yi masa mubaya’a aka ki. Daga nan sai ya ba wa daya daga cikin hadimansa, Sarkin Bai na kabilar Dambazawa fulani, wanda ya kunshi daukacin Arewacin Kano ciki har da yankunan da Dan Tunku da mabiyansa suka samu a jihadi. Wannan matakin ya haifar da tashin hankali a fili.

Fadan, ko da yake ba a kai ga cimma ruwa ba, ya kai kimanin shekaru biyar. Da farko Dan Tunku. yana da mafi kyawunsa kuma ya kai hari har ga bangon birnin. Sannu a hankali majin Kano ya fara bayyani aka danne shi. Amma duk da haka, ya ci gaba da yi wa duk yankin Arewacin Masarautar Kano hari. Lokacin da Clapperton ya ratsa kasar a shekarar alif dubu daya da dari takwas da ashirin da hudu 1824 ya tarar da sarki Ibrahim a sansanin yakinsa, yana shirin gudanar da yakin neman zabe na shekara-shekara, kuma a kauyuka da dama da suka lalace da babu kowa, ya ga shaida irin barnar da Dan Tunku ya yi a baya. A wannan shekarar ne Ibrahim Dabo ya yi yunƙurin kawo Dan Tunku, a dunƙule. Ya dauki runduna har zuwa tudun Kazaure, ya mamaye sansanin da Dan Tunku ya yi hedkwatarsa. Sai dai ba da jimawa ba Dan Tunku ya kai wani harin ba-zata inda ya sake fatattakar sojojin Kano.

Yayin da fadan ya kare ba tare da tsangwama ba, bangarorin biyu sun amince a mayar da rikicin zuwa ga sulhu na Sarkin Musulmi . Da aka kawo masa shari’ar Bello ya yanke hukunci a kan Dan Tunku, ya kuma tabbatar da ‘yancin Dan Tunku ga Sarkin Kano. Da haka aka gane Kazaure a matsayin masarauta daban kuma aka shata iyakokinta. Wannan shawarar ta kawo karshen tashin hankalin, bayan haka Kano da Kazaure suka zauna tare a matsayin makwabta nagari. Amma gaskiyar magana ita ce, ko a zamanin Sultan Bello Fulani sun fara fada da Fulani. Abin takaici, yayin da karni ya ci gaba, wannan al'amari ya zama ruwan dare gama gari.

Sarautar Ibrahim Dambo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A zamanin Sarki Dambo (1824-57) dan Dan Tunku kuma magajinsa, masarautar ta kara girma (wani bangare na kudin makwabta, wadanda akasarinsu sun yarda da cewa ya wuce gona da iri kuma suka yarda da zama karkashin kulawar masarautarsa). . Dambo shi ne kila shi ne basarake mafi girma da masarautar ta taba samu, duk saboda hikima da jagoranci mai karfi ya sa masarautar ta samu ‘yancin kai da karfinta, a lokacin da ake yawan mamayewa).

Sai dai an kashe sarkin yaki ne a wata arangama da rundunar Damagarawa karkashin jagorancin sarkinsu Tanimu. Ya kasance a cikin 1857. Mutuwar Dambo ta kasance wani abin takaici ga sabuwar masarauta da aka kafa. An shafe kusan shekaru 50 kafin a dauki fansa a kan mutuwarsa. Amma ya rama, daga hannun jikansa Yarima Gagarau- fitaccen basaraken da ya yi kaca-kaca daga kofar Kazaure zuwa garuruwan da ke kan iyaka da Daular Damagaram a Jamhuriyar Nijar ta wannan zamani. Wani rikici da ya dace a ba da labari shi ne harin da Sarkin Damagaram Yakudima ya yi - wanda ba a taba ganin irinsa ba wanda ya kai wa Kazaure hari a zamanin Sarki Mayaki, jikan Sarki Dambo. Aka kwashe kwanaki 9 ana gwabza fada, daga karshe dai Yakudima ya yi murabus a wulakance. Bayan wannan arangama, an rattaba hannu kan wata yarjejeniya tare da amincewa da masarautun biyu ya haifar da zaman lafiya da wadata ga masarautun biyu. A zamanin Sarki Mayaki ne aka fara wani babi na tarihin Kazaure, shi ne ya kawo zaman lafiya na zamani da mutanen Kazaure suke ciki.

= Zuwan Turawan Mulkin Mallaka na Burtaniya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A taron Berlin na 1884, an raba Afirka tsakanin manyan masu mulkin mallaka. Kudanci da Arewacin Najeriya na zamani sun fada karkashin mulkin turawan Ingila. A shekarar 1906, akasarin arewacin Najeriya aka hade da kuma sanya shi karkashin wata kariyar tsaro, amma sai a shekarar 1912 turawan Ingila suka isa Kazaure. An riga an kori Sakkwato da Kano duka kuma daular ta ruguje, an raba ta tsakanin Faransa da Ingila. Don haka Sarkin Kazaure Muhammad Mayaki cikin hikima ya mika wuya ga Turawa, Kazaure ya zama wani bangare na sabuwar Najeriya ba tare da zubar da jini ba. Mayaki shine na ƙarshe na sarakunan jarumai. Babban jikansa (marubuci) ne ya mutu a cikin wani gagarumin wasan kwaikwayo game da mamayewar Damagaram (Mayaki: The Warrior King, Anwar Hussaini Adamu, UCP Press Nigeria).

Babi na gaba a cikin labarin wannan masarauta ba wani tarihi ne na musamman ba, labari ne da akasarin masarautun Arewacin Najeriya ke yadawa. Vis; Mulkin Kai tsaye, Gudanar da Hukumomin Ƙasa, 'Yancin Nijeriya da sake fasalin ƙananan hukumomi na 1976.

Sarakuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sarakunan Fulani na Yarimawan Kazaure na 7,9 da 10
Alhaji Dr. Najib Hussaini Adamu, Sarkin Kazaure na yanzu.
  1. Ibrahim Dantunku 1819/1824- Ya rasu ne sakamakon raunukan da ya samu a lokacin da yake aikin bindiga.
  2. Dambo dan Dantunku 1824/1857, kashe a 1857.
  3. Muhamman Zangi dan Dambo 1857/1886, ya rasu 1886.
  4. Muhamman Mayaki dan Dambo 1886/1914, yayi ritaya a 1914 saboda tsufa.
  5. Muhammadu Tura dan Muhamman Mayaki 1914/1922, yayi aure kuma ya samu fitowa. Ya mutu a shekara ta 1922.
  6. Ummaru Na'uka dan Muhammadu Tura 1922/1941, ya rasu 1941.
  7. Adamu dan Abdul-Mumini 1941/1968, Hakimin Roni -/1941
  8. Ibrahim dan Adamu 1968/1994
  9. Hussaini Adamu 1994/ 3 Oktoba 1998. Ya auri mata 3, ya haifi ‘ya’ya 16 (2 daga cikinsu an haife su ‘yan watanni bayan rasuwarsa) da jikoki 25 a lokacin rasuwarsa.
  10. Najib Hussaini Adamu- 1998- zuwa yau.

Zamani Kazaure[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kazaure dai har yanzu masarautar ce a jihar Jigawa ta Najeriya. Kasa ce mai fadin kilomita murabba'i 1780, kuma tana da yawan jama'a kusan dubu dari biyar.(kimanin. ) Masarautar ta kunshi kananan hukumomi hudu, wato; Kazaure, Roni, Gwiwa da Yankwashi. Tsohuwar birnin Kazaure, kasa ce mai tsaunuka masu yawa, da tsaunuka da kuma madatsar ruwa ta Ayuba. Gada ta zamani ta hade sassan birnin biyu wuri guda.

A Kazaure na zamani, hakimai da hakimai da masu unguwanni da masu unguwanni ne ke taimaka wa sarki. Sarakuna da hakimai, ba kamar sauran masu rike da madafun iko ba, ba sa amfani da karfin siyasa sai dai su kasance masu kula da al’adu da masu ba gwamnati shawara kan al’amuran gargajiya. Suna da tasiri sosai wajen tara jama'a a masarautu da gundumomi daban-daban.

Tattalin Arzikin Kazaure yana da alaƙa da ayyukan sassa na yau da kullun tare da aikin noma a matsayin babban aikin tattalin arziki. Sama da kashi 80% na al'ummar kasar suna yin noma na rayuwa da kuma kiwon dabbobi. Ana gudanar da ciniki da kasuwanci a masarautar kanana da matsakaita, musamman a harkar noma, kiwo da sauran kayayyakin masarufi. A halin yanzu akwai kananan masana'antu da yawa da suka warwatse ko'ina cikin masarautu kamar ayyukan fata, masana'antun masaku, masu sarrafa shinkafa da gidajen burodi. Bisa la'akari da sha'awar jihar na hanzarta ci gaban masana'antu, an gabatar da wani cikakken tsarin samar da masana'antu.

Abubuwan ma'adinai da ake samu a Kazaure sun hada da kaolin, tourmaline, marl stones, potash, white quartz, yumbu mai hana ruwa da kuma antimony.

Ci gaban hanyoyin mota, wutar lantarki, sadarwa da fasahar sadarwa sun sami ci gaba mai yawa a baya-bayan nan ta hanyar gyare-gyare da fadada ayyukan. Wadannan tsare-tsare suna ba Kazaure kyakkyawan hangen nesa na saka hannun jari.

A shafin Instagram, wani mutum dan Dabaza, wani karamin kauye a Kazaure, mai suna Yahaya Abdullahi (Wanda aka fi sani da "Yahaya Abdullahi Dabaza"), ya samu gagarumar karbuwa a shekarar 2021, inda ya samu mabiya 13,000 a yau. Shafin sa na Instagram sune kawai sanannun hotuna da bayanai da suka fito daga wannan karamin kauye. [3]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Kano State, Nigeria". Ngex.com. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  2. The story of Nigeria: Amazon.co.uk: Michael Crowder: Books. Amazon.co.uk. January 1962. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  3. https://www.instagram.com/yahayaabdullahidabaza87/?hl=en

Kara karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  •  
  • Anwar Hussaini Adamu (2004), The Hilly Land, Kano [Nigeria].

Samfuri:LGAs and communities of Jigawa State