Jump to content

Khasso

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Khasso

Wuri
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1681
Rushewa 18 ga Yuli, 1857
Ta biyo baya French Sudan (en) Fassara
hoton taswirar khasso

Khasso ko Xaaso wata masarauta ce ta yammacin Afirka ta ƙarni na 17 zuwa 19, ta mamaye ƙasar da ke a yau Senegal da yankin Kayes na Mali. Sama da shekaru dubu biyu da suka gabata, wani yanki ne na yankin Serer.[1] Daga karni na 17 zuwa na 19, babban birninta yana Madina har zuwa faduwarta.

Yana zaune a kan kogin Senegal, Masarautar Khasso ta ƙunshi Fulas [2] waɗanda suka yi ƙaura zuwa yankin kuma sun haɗa tare da al'ummomin Malinké da Soninké na gida. Ana tunawa da Séga Doua (r. 1681 - 1725) a matsayin Fankamala (sarki) na farko na Khasso, kuma daularsa za ta kasance har zuwa mutuwar zuriyarsa Demba Séga a 1796. Bayan yakin basasa tsakanin 'ya'yansa Dibba Samballa et Demba Maddy, masarautar ta rabu zuwa kananun kasashe biyar, mafi karfi daga cikinsu shine Dembaya karkashin Hawa Demba Diallo (r. 1810-1833).

Kamar daular Bambara da ke gabas, masarautun Khasso sun dogara sosai kan cinikin bayi don tattalin arzikinsu. Matsayin iyali yana nuna yawan bayin da suke da su, wanda ya haifar da yaƙe-yaƙe don kawai ɗaukar fursunoni. Wannan ciniki ya sa Khasso ya kara cudanya da matsugunan Turai na gabar tekun yammacin Afirka, musamman Faransawa.

A cikin shekarar 1857, mai nasara Toucouleur El Hadj Umar Tall ya kai hari kan Khasso a matsayin wani bangare na jihadinsa, amma an fatattaki shi a Fort Medina tare da taimakon abokan Khasso na Faransa, musamman Janar Louis Faidherbe. Duk da haka, Khasso ya sami kansu a ƙarƙashin ikon Faransa har sai da aka haɗa su zuwa Sudan ta Faransa a shekarar 1880.

Mazaunan wannan yanki na yanzu suna bayyana kansu a matsayin Khassonké.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Gravrand, Henry , "La Civilisation Sereer - Pangool ", vol.2, Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal , 1990. p 10, ISBN 2-7236-1055-1
  2. In French: Peuls; in Fula: Fulɓe.