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Lili Brik

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

Samfuri:Infobox Biographie2

Lilia Iourievna Brik (a cikin Russian: Лиля Юрьевна Брик ), wanda aka fi sani da Lili Brik, an haifi Kagan ( Каган ) a 30 octobre 1891 a Moscow ( Rasha ) kuma ya mutu a kanError: Need valid death date (first date): year, month, day a Peredelkino ( USSR ), ɗan ƙasar Rasha ne sannan kuma Soviet ' yar wasan kwaikwayo kuma darakta, memba na ƙungiyar avant-garde ta Rasha . Muse na Vladimir Mayakovsky, ta sa aikin mawallafin ta buga kuma ta rarraba. Hotonsa yana da alaƙa da hoton talla na shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da ashirin da hudu wanda Alexander Rodchenko ya samar don gidan wallafe-wallafen Gosizdat.

Tarihin Rayuwar ta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mayakovsky da Brik a 1918 - kafin da kuma bayan tantama.

An haife shi a shekara ta dubu daya da dari takwas da casa'in da ɗaya a Moscow, Lilia Iourievna Kagan 'yar wani lauya Bayahude ce kuma malamin kiɗa. Lili da 'yar uwarta Elsa sun sami ilimin gargajiya. Suna koyon piano, Faransanci da Jamusanci. Lili ta yi karatun gine-gine a Moscow, ta horar da wasan ballet da wasan kwaikwayo . Ta kuma rubuta wakoki

A cikin shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da goma biyu ta auri Ossip Brik, marubucin avant-garde na Rasha, mai sukar wallafe-wallafe da ƙwaƙƙwaran wallafe-wallafe. A shekara ta shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da goma sha biyar ma'aurata Lili da Ossip Brik sun sami a cikin ɗakinsu a Saint Petersburg da yawa masu fasaha, masu shirya fina-finai da marubuta waɗanda ke cikin sabon ƙarni na masu fasahar juyin juya hali na Rasha. 'Yar'uwar Lili, Elsa, mai shekaru 19, ta gabatar da mawaƙin Vladimir Maïakovski, yana zaune a Moscow . Ossip Brik ya ci nasara, nan da nan ya buga wakokinsa wanda ya sa ya shahara da sauri. Lili ya zama gidan kayan gargajiya na . Daga nan sai suka yanke shawarar ba za su rabu ba kuma su kafa ƙungiyar uku marasa al'ada. A cikin 1920s, 'yan uku sun yi tafiya zuwa Berlin da Paris inda suka sake saduwa da 'yar'uwar Lili, Elsa Triolet . A cikin 1928, tsarin mulkin Soviet ya ƙarfafa iko kuma Stalinist danniya ya zama matsi.

Lili Brik da Vladimir Mayakovsky

Mayakovsky ta kashe kanta sha hudu ga shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da talatin , tare da harsashi a cikin zuciya. A wannan shekarar, Lili Brik ya sake mijinta kuma ya auri Janar Vitali Primakov . Lili Brik ya tattara rubuce-rubucen Mayakovsky don bugawa a cikin shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da talatin da biyar Danniya na Stalinist yana ƙara ƙarfi da ƙarfi. Lili Brik da Vitali Primakov suna cikin jerin mutanen Stalin da ake zargi da kasancewa magoya bayan Leon Trotsky . An kama Vitali Primakov kuma an kashe shi a 1937 . Lili Brik da Stalin da kansa ya tsira .

A shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da talatin da takwas, ta zama abokin marubuci Vassili Katanian kuma ma'auratan suka zauna a Moscow sun ciyar da mafi yawan lokutan su don rarraba aikin Mayakovsky.

A cikin shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da hamsin da biyar, Lili Brik ta sami izinin tafiya da ziyartar 'yar uwarta Elsa a Paris. Masu ba da labari na shekarun 1960 sun yi ƙoƙari su shafe dangantakarsa da Mayakovsky.

A cikin shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da saba'in da takwas ta kashe kanta tana da shekaru 86, bayan faɗuwar da zai bar ta naƙasa har ƙarshen rayuwarta .

Sana'ar fasaha[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da ashirin Lili Brik ya yi wani shirin gaskiya kan gonakin Yahudawa na gama-gari a Rasha Yahudawa A Ƙasar, wani wasan kwaikwayo a kan sinimar bourgeois mai suna The Glass Eye .

A cikin shekara ta dubu daya da dari tara da ashirin da uku ta kafa tare da Serge Tretiakov, jaridar LEF for Leftist Front of Arts, wanda ya zama bita na mawallafin Rasha.

Lili Brik ya fito don Alexandre Rodtchenko wanda ta bar zane-zane da sassaka don daukar hoto. Alexandre Rodchenko ya haɗa Hotunan Lili Brik a cikin hotunan hoto don fosta, ƙasidu da wallafe-wallafe. Ɗaya daga cikin hotuna masu ban mamaki shine hoton da ke kwatanta waƙar Mayakovsky Pro Eto, a cikin 1923. Lili Brik ta fito da ido, tana kallo. Wani sanannen fosta shine wanda aka yi wa mawallafin Soviet, Gosizdat, a cikin 1924, Lili Brik da bakinta a buɗe tana ihu LIVRES! .