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Mutanen Fali

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Mutanen Fali


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Mutanen Fali, (waɗanda ake kira Bana a Nijeriya ) [1] kowane ɗayan ƙananan ƙabilu ne na Afirka . Fali suna zaune ne a yankunan tsaunuka na arewacin Kamaru, amma wasu ma suna zaune a arewa maso gabashin Najeriya . [2] [3] Fali ta ƙunshi manyan ƙungiyoyi huɗu, kowannensu ya yi daidai da yankin ƙasa: Bossoum Fali, da Kangou Fali, da Peske – Bori Fali, da Tingelin Fali. [4] An bayyana Fali a Kamaru da cewa suna tsakiyar Garoua da kuma tsaunuka masu tudu da ƙololuwar tsaunukan Adamawa a arewacin kasar. [5] [6] A Fali wani lokaci ana kira a matsayin Kirdi, ma'ana " arna ," wani lokaci ba ta makwabtaka da Musulmi Fulani . bayan sun yaƙi masu jihadi suka ƙi musulunta. A yau Fali a Mubi Arewacin jihar Adamawa galibi kiristoci ne. [7]

Kalmar Fali daga kalmar Fula ce ma'anar "perched," ishara ce ga yadda mahaɗan Fali suke bayyana a gefen duwatsu. [8] Fali a Nijeriya da farko suna zaune ne a Gundumar Mubi, Mubi Division na tsohuwar Jihar Gongola . [9]

Mutanen Fali sun samo asalinsu ne daga Ngomma, wanda ya kafa tsohon babban birnin Timpil. Sauran asusun sun gano asalin Fali zuwa wayewar Sao a tafkin Chadi, wanda ya bunƙasa tun daga ƙarni na goma zuwa na 16. [10]

Fali suna magana da yarurruka daban-daban da basu da alaƙa da su.

Fali da farko suna shiga noma da farauta. [2] Manya amfanin gona sun hada da gero, kaji, gyada (gyada), squash, taba, okra, da auduga . [11] Fali suna da ƙazantarwa, na asali, da matsayi, tare da zamantakewar al'umma tare da dangi masu keɓaɓɓun yankuna da sarakuna, kuma suna bin asalinsu ga magabata daya. Suna lura da zama mai ban mamaki .

Cissus quadrangularis ne muhimmi ga Fali a Kamaru, sannan da kuma Fali aka ruwaito su wanke matattu a wani decoction na shuka. [12] Fali sun yi imanin cewa ci gaban tsire-tsire yana da mahimmanci ga haihuwa; wani C. quadrangularis an dasa shi akan wuraren gine ginen da aka gabatar, kuma idan shukar bata bunƙasa ba, za'a zaɓi sabon shafin.

Addinin Fali na asali addinin Afirka ne na gargajiya. An gano shi a matsayin tauhidi, [2] wanda ya shafi imani da allahn mai halitta, Muttaf, da kuma allahn uwa, Ona, the Earth. Mabiya addinin Fali suna yin addu'a da baiko ga kakanni don yin ceto tare da Faw a madadin masu rai. [3] Fali "ta ɗauki tunanin Muttaf ba kawai a matsayin mahalicci ba kuma mai tsarawa, amma kuma a matsayin Allah mai adalci wanda ba za a iya shakkar hikimar ɗan adam ba." Addini kuma ya haɗa da imani a cikin allahntaka mutane, ciki har da genies, tsarki crocodiles, da kuma baki maciji, da baƙin duhu.

Zuwa shekara ta 2009, yawan adadin Fali sun kasance Krista kodayake yawancin tuba sun kiyaye imanin aiki tare. [3] Jimlar mutanen Fali sun haura mutane 250,000, inda kashi 99 cikin 100 mabiya addinin kirista ne (a Najeriya) sauran kuma musulmai ne da masu bin addinin gargajiya. Manyan majami'u a Fali Land sune Katolika, Baptist da EYN tare da churchesan majami'u Pentikostal masu zuwa a kwanakin baya.[ana buƙatar hujja]

 

  1. "Fali," The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary (1996) (James Stuart Olson, editor). Greenwood : p. 174-175.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Fali," Almanac of African Peoples and Nations (1999) (Muḥammad Zuhdī Yakan, editor). Transaction: p. 309.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Fali," Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Volume 1 (2009) (Jamie Stokes, editor). Infobase: p. 225.
  4. "Fali," Almanac of African Peoples and Nations (1999) (Muḥammad Zuhdī Yakan, editor). Transaction: p. 309.
  5. "Fali," Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Volume 1 (2009) (Jamie Stokes, editor). Infobase: p. 225.
  6. "Fali," Encyclopædia Britannica (2011).
  7. Steven Nelson, From Cameroon to Paris: Mousgoum Architecture In and Out of Africa (2007). University of Chicago Press: p. 155.
  8. "Fali," Encyclopædia Britannica (2011).
  9. "Fali," The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary (1996) (James Stuart Olson, editor). Greenwood : p. 174-175.
  10. "Fali," Almanac of African Peoples and Nations (1999) (Muḥammad Zuhdī Yakan, editor). Transaction: p. 309.
  11. "Fali," Encyclopædia Britannica (2011).
  12. Hans Dieter Neuwinger, African Ethnobotany, Poisons and Drugs: Chemistry, Pharmacology, Toxicology (1996). CRC Press: p. 33.