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Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba

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Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
Ministan tsaron kasar Burkina Faso

12 Satumba 2022 - 30 Satumba 2022
Aimé Barthélemy Simporé (en) Fassara - Kassoum Coulibaly (en) Fassara
shugaba

24 ga Janairu, 2022 -
Shugaban ƙasar Burkina Faso

24 ga Janairu, 2022 - 30 Satumba 2022
Roch Marc Christian Kaboré - Ibrahim Traore
commanding officer (en) Fassara

2011 - 2015
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ouagadougou, 2 ga Janairu, 1981 (43 shekaru)
ƙasa Burkina Faso
Mazauni Lomé
Karatu
Makaranta École Militaire (en) Fassara
Harsuna Faransanci
Mooré
Sana'a
Sana'a soja da ɗan siyasa
Aikin soja
Fannin soja Burkina Faso military (en) Fassara
Digiri lieutenant colonel (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Katolika
IMDb nm13344898

Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba ( French: [pɔl ɑ̃ʁi sɑ̃daɔɡɔ damiba] ; An haife shi a watan Janairu shekara ta 1981) wani jami'in soja ne na Burkina Faso wanda ya yi aiki a matsayin shugaba na riƙon ƙwarya na gwamnatin soji ta Burkina Faso daga 31 ga Janairun shekarar 2022 zuwa 30 ga Satumba 2022, lokacin da aka yi masa juyin mulki, ta hannun abokin aikinsa na soja Ibrahim Traore . Damiba da kansa ya hau karagar mulki watanni takwas kacal a baya, a ranar 24 ga Janairun shekarata 2022, lokacin da ya tsige Shugaba Roch Marc Christian Kaboré a juyin mulki.[1][2]

Rayuwar farko da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba ya sauke karatu daga Ecole militaire a Paris.[3] A lokacin karatunsa ya gana da shugaban ƙasar Guinea Mamady Doumbouya na gaba, wanda shi ma yana atisaye a can.[4] Yana da digiri na biyu a fannin laifuka daga Conservatoire National des Arts et métiers (CNAM) a birnin Paris da kuma ƙwararren ƙwararren tsaro a cikin gudanarwa, umarni da dabaru. Daga shekarar 2010 zuwa 2020, ya gudanar da atisayen horaswa a Amurka.[5]

Aikin soja[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Damiba Laftanar Kanar ne kuma kwamandan yankin soja na uku da ya shafi Ouagadougou, Manga, Koudougou da Fada N'gourma. Shi tsohon memba ne Regiment na Tsaron Shugaban ƙasa, tsohon mai gadin shugaban ƙasa na Blaise Compaore.[6][7] Damiba ya bar RSP ne a shekarar 2011 bayan wani harin da sojoji suka yi.[8]

A cikin shekarar 2019, Damiba ya ba da shaida a shari'ar masu kitsa juyin mulkin shekara ta 2015 a Burkina Faso wanda ya hambarar da gwamnatin rikon kwarya na dan lokaci, kamar yadda rahotanni daga lokacin a Burkina Faso suka bayyana.

Damiba ya samu karbuwa saboda irin ayyukan da ya yi a lokacin da ƴan ta'addar Jihadi suka yi a Burkina Faso.[9] A baya ya yi kira ga gwamnatin Burkinabe da ta dauki sojojin haya daga kungiyar Wagner ta Rasha da ke yaki da ƴan tawayen Islama. Gwamnatin Roch Marc Kaboré dai ta nuna adawa da wannan shawara, bisa hujjar cewa yin hakan zai mayar da kasar Burkina Faso saniyar ware daga ƙasashen yamma.

Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba

A ƙarshen shekarar 2021, wata rundunar mayaƙan jihadi ta mamaye sansanonin ‘yan sandan Jandarma a Inata, Soum, inda suka kashe jandarmomi 49 da fararen hula hudu. Wani gagarumin tashin hankali ya taso dangane da harin, bayan da wasu bayanai suka nuna kan rashin mu'amalar jami'an tsaron da gwamnati ke yi kafin kai farmakin, lamarin da ya tilastawa jami'an gwamnati da dama yin murabus ko kuma a yi wa ma'aikatunsu garambawul. A cewar cibiyar bincike ta yanar gizo na Afirka-Amurka BlackPast.org "Daga baya ya zo a fili cewa gendarmes a Inata ba su sami abinci ba har tsawon makonni biyu ... [sun] an tilasta musu yankan dabbobi a kusa da su don su rayu." Kaboré ya naɗa Damiba, wanda a lokacin ya ji daɗin abubuwan da suka faru a Inata,[10] a matsayin shugaban ma'aikatar " yaƙi da ta'addanci" da za ta nemi tsaro a gabashin Burkina Faso da Ouagadougou .

A cikin shekarata 2021, Damiba ya buga littafi game da yaƙi da masu kishin Islama, Sojojin Afirka ta Yamma da Ta'addanci: Martani mara tabbas?

Damiba ta samu horo ta hanyar shirye-shiryen Amurka da dama. A cikin shekarar 2010 da 2020, ya halarci atisayen horaswa na hadin gwiwa na Flintlock wanda ya haɗa da wayar da kan jama'a game da haƙƙin ɗan adam da dokokin rikice-rikice na makamai. A cikin shekarar 2013, Damiba ta shiga cikin kwas na horo da taimako na Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Amurka ta tallafawa Afirka. A cikin 2013 da 2014, Damiba ta halarci kwas na Basic Officer Intelligence Basic Officer Course for Africa. A cikin 2018 da 2019, ya sami horo a Burkina Faso tare da Ma'aikatar Tsaro ta Amurka da ke tallafawa sojojin farar hula.

Karɓar mulki, mulki, da faɗuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  A ranar 24 ga Janairun shekarata 2022, Damiba ya jagoranci juyin mulkin da aka hamɓarar da Shugaba Roch Marc Christian Kaboré da Firayim Minista Lassina Zerbo . A yayin da jama'a ke murnar juyin mulkin a Ouagadougou, wasu magoya bayansa ɗauke da tutocin ƙasar Rasha, a matsayin wata alama ta kiran da suka yi na neman taimako daga Rasha a yakin da suke yi da ta'addancin Islama. Bayan sanarwar, rundunar sojin ta bayyana cewa an rusa Majalisar Dokoki da Gwamnati, yayin da aka dakatar da Kundin Tsarin Mulki . A ranar 31 ga watan Janairu, gwamnatin mulkin soja ta mayar da kundin tsarin mulkin ƙasar tare da nada Damiba a matsayin shugaban riƙon ƙwarya.

Da Damiba a shugabanta, ƙungiyar Patriotic Movement for Safeguard and Restoration junta soji ta yi alkawarin inganta tsaro da kuma maido da mulkin farar hula. Sai dai kuma gwamnatin soja ta kasa cin galaba a kan mayakan Jihadi; a maimakon haka, ƴan tawaye da sauran wadanda ba na gwamnati ba har sun fadada ayyukansu tare da sarrafa kashi 40% na kasar nan da Satumban shekarar 2022. Da yawa daga cikin hafsoshin soji sun nuna rashin gamsuwa da Damiba, suna ganin bai mai da hankali kan tawayen ba.[11][12][13] Masu tada ƙayar baya sun kaddamar da wasu manyan hare-hare a watan Satumban 2022, lamarin da ya sa shugaban rikon kwarya ya yi wa majalisar ministocinsa garambawul. A ranar 12 ga Satumba, Damiba ya kori ministan tsaronsa, Janar Aimé Barthélemy Simporé, kuma ya karbi mukamin da kansa. Ya kuma naɗa Kanal-Manjo Silas Keita a matsayin wakilin minista mai kula da tsaron ƙasa. Waɗannan sauye-sauyen ba su gamsar da ɓangarorin sojojin da ba su ji daɗi ba. [11] [12]

A ranar 30 ga Satumban shekarar 2022, wasu sojojin da ba su gamsu da su ba a ƙarƙashin Captain Ibrahim Traore sun kori Damiba. Hakan ya zo ne watanni takwas bayan ya karɓi mulki. Masanin yankin Sahel kuma masani na jami'ar Calgary Abdul Zanya Salifu ya bayyana cewa rashin samun nasara a kan 'yan jihadin ne ya janyo rugujewar Damiba, saboda alkawarin da ya dauka na inganta tsaro shi ne dalilin da ya sa tun farko ya hau mulki.

Har yanzu dai ba a san inda Damiba ke bayan juyin mulkin ba. Daga bisani sabuwar gwamnatin mulkin sojan ƙarƙashin jagorancin Traore ta zargi Damiba da yunkurin tserewa zuwa sansanin sojin Faransa na Camp Kamboinsin domin yin juyin mulki. Sai dai Faransa ta musanta hannu.

Hoton jama'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Juyin mulkin Janairun shekarar 2022 ya shahara a Burkina Faso. Damiba ya zama sananne da jajayen ɓerayen da yake sawa yayin jawabai, an yi imanin cewa ya kasance abin koyi ga uban juyin juya hali na Burkina Faso Thomas Sankara, wanda jawabansa kuma suna dauke da irin wannan kalamai ga Damiba.[14][15][16] Tuni dai Damiba ya samu yabo kafin juyin mulkin kan ayyukan da ya yi na yakar masu jihadi.

Lokacin da Damiba ya ƙasa shawo kan masu tayar da ƙayar baya, goyon bayan da jama’a ke ba shi ya ragu matuka. Lokacin da aka hambarar da shi a watan Satumban shekarar 2022, kungiyoyi a babban birnin kasar sun taru don nuna goyon bayansu ga waɗanda suka sauke shi.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Fresh from promotion, Burkina Faso writer-colonel leads a coup" (in Turanci). Reuters. 24 January 2022. Archived from the original on 25 January 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  2. "Burkina Faso restores constitution, names coup leader president". Al Jazeera (in Turanci). 31 January 2022. Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  3. Obaji, Philip Jr. (January 25, 2022). "African President Was Ousted Just Weeks After Refusing to Pay Russian Paramilitaries". The Daily Beast (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 28 January 2022. Retrieved 2022-01-27.
  4. "Who is Paul-Henri Damiba, leader of the Burkina Faso coup?". Al Jazeera (in Turanci). 25 January 2022. Archived from the original on 25 January 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  5. "Who is Burkina Faso coup leader Lt-Col Damiba?". BBC News (in Turanci). 26 January 2022. Archived from the original on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 2022-01-27.
  6. Ogbohou, Didier (24 January 2022). "Biographie: Qui est réellement Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba". Africanolimit (in Faransanci). Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  7. "Coup d'Etat au Burkina : qui est Paul Henri Damiba" (in Faransanci). 24 January 2022. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  8. "Qui est le nouvel homme fort ?". L'Observateur Paalga (in Faransanci). Archived from the original on 28 January 2022. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  9. "Burkina Faso coup: Why soldiers have overthrown President Kaboré". BBC News (in Turanci). January 25, 2022. Archived from the original on 26 January 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
  10. "Paul-Henry Sandaogo Damiba (1981– ) •". 16 May 2022. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Burkina Faso army captain announces overthrow of military government". France24. 30 September 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Thiam Ndiaga; Anne Mimault (30 September 2022). "Burkina Faso army captain announces overthrow of military government". Reuters. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  13. Ruth Maclean (30 September 2022). "Gunfire Is Heard in Burkina Faso's Capital, Kindling Fears of a Coup". New York Times. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  14. "Burkina Faso Junta Leader Inaugurated as Nation's President". VOA (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-06-15. Damiba's had wide popular support since taking control
  15. "Burkina Faso coup: Why soldiers have overthrown President Kaboré". BBC News (in Turanci). 2022-01-25. Retrieved 2022-06-15.
  16. Ndiaga, Anne Mimault And Thiam (2022-01-25). "Burkina Faso crowd celebrates West Africa's latest coup". Reuters (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-06-15.