Blaise Compaoré

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Blaise Compaoré
Blaise Compaoré.jpeg
chairperson of the Organisation of African Unity (en) Fassara

8 ga Yuni, 1998 - 12 ga Yuli, 1999
Robert Mugabe - Abdelaziz Bouteflika (en) Fassara
6. President of Burkina Faso (en) Fassara

15 Oktoba 1987 - 31 Oktoba 2014
Thomas Sankara - Yacouba Isaac Zida (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ouagadougou, 3 ga Faburairu, 1951 (71 shekaru)
ƙasa Republic of Upper Volta (en) Fassara
Burkina faso
Côte d'Ivoire
Yan'uwa
Abokiyar zama Chantal Compaoré (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Mossi (en) Fassara
Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa
Kyaututtuka
Aikin soja
Digiri captain (en) Fassara
Ya faɗaci First Liberian Civil War (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Katolika
Jam'iyar siyasa Congress for Democracy and Progress (en) Fassara
Union of Burkinabé Communists (en) Fassara
Organization for Popular Democracy – Labour Movement (en) Fassara

Blaise Compaoré (an haife shi ranar uku ga watan Fabrairu a shekarar 1951) [1] [2] ɗan siyasan Burkinabé ne wanda ya kasance shugaban kasar Burkina Faso daga 1987 zuwa 2014. Ya kasance babban abokin tafiyar Shugaba Thomas Sankara a shekarun 1980, kuma a watan Oktoban 1987, ya jagoranci juyin mulkin da a lokacin aka kashe Thomas Sankara. Babban abokin sa ne kuma amininsa. Daga baya, ya bullo da manufar "gyara", tare da jujjuya manufofin gwamnatin sa domin su hadu da na Duniya Wanda Sankara ke bi. Ya ci zabe a 1991, 1998, 2005, da 2010 a cikin abin da ake ganin rashin adalci yunƙurinsa na yiwa kundin tsarin mulkin kwaskwarima don tsawaita wa'adin mulkinsa na shekaru 27 ya haifar da tashin hankalin Burkinabé na 2014. A ranar talatin da daya ga wata 31 ga Oktoba 2014, Compaoré ya yi murabus, inda ya tsere zuwa kasar Ivory Coast .

Farkon aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Compaoré a Ouagadougou, babban birnin Burkina Faso (wanda ake kira Upper Volta) sannan ya girma a Ziniaré [3] Ya kai matsayin kyaftin a rundunar Voltaïc. Compaoré ya sadu da Thomas Sankara a 1976 a cibiyar horar da sojoji a Maroko, daga baya kuma aka ɗauki Compaoré da Sankara abokai na kud da kud. Compaoré ya taka muhimmiyar rawa a juyin mulkin da aka yi wa sauye sauye da Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo . Ya auri Chantal Compaoré (née Chantal Terrasson) tun 1985.

A karkashin jagorancin Sankara, wanda ya kasance daga 1983 zuwa 1987, Compaoré ya kasance mataimakinsa [4] kuma memba ne na Majalisar Juyin Juya Halin Kasa. [1] Ya yi aiki a matsayin Ministan Kasa a Fadar Shugaban Kasa [1] [2] [4] sannan daga baya ya zama Ministan Shari’a. [2]

Siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Compaore ya shiga cikin juyin mulkin 1983 da 1987, inda ya karbi mulki bayan na biyu wanda aka kashe magabacinsa Sankara. An zabe shi Shugaban kasa a 1991, a zaben da 'yan adawa suka kaurace masa, aka sake zabensa a 1998, 2005, da 2010. [5]

1983 juyin mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tun yana dan shekara 33, Compaoré ya shirya juyin mulki, wanda ya kori Manjo Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo a ranar 4 ga Agustan 1983. [6] Libya ta goyi bayan juyin mulkin, wanda a lokacin, yana dab da yaƙi da Faransa a Chadi [7] (duba Tarihin Chadi ). Sauran manyan mahalarta taron sun hada da Kyaftin Henri Zongo, Manjo Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani da Kyaftin Thomas Sankara — wanda aka ayyana a matsayin Shugaba.

A lokacin yakin Agacher Strip tare da Mali a watan Disambar 1985, Compaoré ya umarci sojojin Burkinabé da suka rarrabu zuwa kananan kungiyoyi kuma suka yi amfani da dabaru na yaki da tankokin Mali.

Juyin mulkin 1987[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Compaoré ya karbi mulki a ranar 15 ga Oktoban 1987 a juyin mulkin da aka kashe Sankara. Tabarbarewar dangantaka da Faransa da makwabciyarta Ivory Coast shine dalilin bayar da juyin mulkin. Compaoré ya bayyana kisan Sankara a matsayin "hatsari", amma ba a taɓa bincika yanayin yadda ya kamata ba. Bayan darewa kan kujerar shugabancin kasar, ya sake dawo da dimbin manufofin Sankara, yana mai cewa manufofin sa "gyara" ne na juyin juya halin Burkinabé.

Da farko suna yin hukunci cikin nasara tare da Henri Zongo da Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani, a cikin watan Satumba na 1989 an kama waɗannan mutane biyu, ana tuhumarsu da shirya kifar da gwamnati, an yi musu taƙaitaccen hukunci, kuma an kashe su. [8]

Zaben 1991 da 1998[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An zabi Compaoré a matsayin shugaban kasa a shekarar 1991 a zaben da manyan jam'iyyun adawa suka kauracewa domin nuna rashin amincewa da irin hanyar da Compaoré ya saba amfani da ita a matsayin farko. Kashi 25 cikin dari na masu kada kuri'a ne kawai suka kada kuri'a. A 1998, an sake zabensa a karon farko. A shekara ta 2003, an cafke mutane da dama da ake zargi da shirya makarkashiya, biyo bayan zargin yunkurin juyin mulki da aka yi wa Compaoré. A watan Agustan 2005, ya bayyana aniyarsa ta tsayawa takarar shugaban kasa mai zuwa. 'Yan siyasa' yan adawa sun ɗauki wannan a matsayin abin da ya sabawa kundin tsarin mulki saboda gyaran kundin tsarin mulkin da aka yi a 2000 wanda ya takaita shugaban ƙasa zuwa wa'adi biyu, da rage tsawon wa'adin daga bakwai zuwa shekaru biyar. Magoya bayan Compaoré sun yi jayayya da wannan, suna cewa ba za a iya amfani da kwaskwarimar ta koma baya ba, [9] kuma a watan Oktoba 2005, majalisar tsarin mulki ta yanke hukuncin cewa saboda Compaoré ya kasance shugaban kasa a 2000, gyaran ba zai yi aiki ba har zuwa karshen wa'adin mulkinsa na biyu a ofis, ta hanyar ba shi damar gabatar da takararsa a zaɓen 2005.

Zaben 2005[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Palais Kossyam, tun 2005 gidan zama na shugaban ƙasa

A ranar 13 ga Nuwamba 2005, aka sake zaɓar Compaoré a matsayin shugaban ƙasa, inda ya kayar da abokan hamayya 12 kuma ya sami kashi 80.35 na ƙuri'un. Kodayake jam’iyyun adawa goma sha shida sun ba da sanarwar haɗin gwiwa don kawar da Compaoré tun da farko a cikin tseren, a ƙarshe babu wanda ya so ya ba da matsayinsa a tseren ga wani shugaba a cikin kawancen, kuma yarjejeniyar ta ɓaci.

Bayan nasarar Compaoré, an rantsar da shi a wani wa'adi a ranar 20 ga Satumban 2005.

Zanga -zangar 2011[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ranar 14 ga Afrilu, 2011, an ba da rahoton Compaoré ya tsere daga Ouagadougou babban birnin kasar zuwa garinsu Ziniare bayan da masu gadin sojoji suka fara tayar da kayar baya a barikinsu bisa rahotannin alawus da ba a biya ba. Daga karshe ayyukan su ya bazu zuwa harabar fadar shugaban kasa da sauran sansanonin sojojin. [10] Cikin dare an ji karar harbe -harbe a harabar fadar shugaban kasa kuma an ga motar daukar marasa lafiya tana barin harabar. Sojoji sun kuma yi awon gaba da shaguna a cikin birnin cikin dare.

Tashin hankali na 2014[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Yuni na 2014 jam'iyyar Compaoré mai mulki, Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP), ta kira shi da ya shirya kuri'ar raba gardama da za ta ba shi damar sauya kundin tsarin mulki domin neman sake tsayawa takara a 2015. In ba haka ba, za a tilasta masa sauka daga mukaminsa saboda iyakokin wa'adin.

A ranar 30 ga Oktoba 2014, an shirya Majalisar Dokoki ta Kasa za ta yi muhawara kan wani kwaskwarima ga kundin tsarin mulkin da zai bai wa Compaoré damar sake tsayawa takarar shugaban kasa a 2015. Masu hamayya sun yi zanga -zangar adawa da hakan ta hanyar kutsa kai cikin majalisar dokokin da ke Ouagadougou, inda suka fara harbe -harbe a cikinta tare da wawashe ofisoshi. BBC ta ruwaito hayakin da ke tashi yana fitowa daga ginin. [11] Mai magana da yawun 'yan adawa Pargui Emile Paré, na Jam'iyyar People's Movement for Socialism / Federal Party ya bayyana zanga -zangar a matsayin "bakar ruwan Burkina Faso, kamar ta Larabawa". [12]

Compaoré ya mayar da martani kan abubuwan da suka faru ta hanyar yin watsi da canje -canjen kundin tsarin mulkin, rushe gwamnati, ayyana dokar ta -baci, da bayar da tayin aiki tare da 'yan adawa don magance rikicin. Daga baya a ranar, sojoji, karkashin Janar Honore Traore, sun ba da sanarwar cewa za su kafa gwamnatin rikon kwarya "cikin shawara da dukkan bangarorin" kuma an rusa majalisar ta kasa; ya hango "komawa ga tsarin mulkin" a cikin shekara guda. Bai bayyana ko wace rawa ba, idan akwai, ya yi tunanin Compaore a lokacin rikon kwarya. [13] [14] Compaoré ya ce a shirye yake ya bar ofis a karshen mika mulki. [15]

A ranar 31 ga Oktoba, Compaoré ya ba da sanarwar cewa ya bar kujerar shugabancin kasar kuma akwai "madafan iko". Ya kuma yi kira da a gudanar da zabe cikin 'yanci da gaskiya cikin kwanaki 90. Bayan haka jami'in tsaron fadar shugaban kasa Yacouba Isaac Zida ya zama shugaban kasa a matsayin rikon kwarya. An ba da rahoton cewa wani jerin gwanon motoci dauke da muggan makamai da ake kyautata zaton yana dauke da Compaoré yana kan hanyar zuwa kudancin garin Pô . Koyaya, ta karkata kafin ta isa garin sannan ya tsere zuwa Ivory Coast tare da goyon bayan Shugaba Alassane Ouattara . [16] [17] [18]

Mako guda bayan haka, Jeune Afrique ya buga wata hira da Compaoré inda ya yi zargin cewa "wani ɓangare na 'yan adawa yana aiki tare da sojoji" don shirya masa juyin mulki kuma "tarihi zai gaya mana idan sun yi daidai." Ya kara da cewa "ba zai so babban makiyinsa" ya kasance a wurin Zida ba. [19]

A farko shugaban kasa cewa ya kasance a cikin ofishin for fiye da wani gajeren lokaci bayan Blaise Campaoré ne Roch Marc Kirista Kabore kamar yadda na 29 Disamba 2015.

Yakin Basasar Saliyo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Compaoré ya gabatar da Charles Taylor ga abokinsa Muammar Gaddafi . Compaoré ya kuma taimaki Taylor a farkon shekarun 1990 ta hanyar tura masa sojoji da albarkatu. [20] [21]

Matsayin ƙasa da ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wakilan Ansar Dine da MNLA a Ouagadougou, tare da Blaise Compaoré (16 Nuwamba 2012)

A cikin 1993, Shugaba Compaoré ya jagoranci tawagar Burkina-Faso da ta halarci Babban Taron Kasa da Kasa na Tokyo kan Ci gaban Afirka. [22]

Compaoré ya kasance mai aiki a matsayin mai shiga tsakani a al'amuran yankin. A ranar 26 ga Yuli 2006, an sanya shi a matsayin mai shiga tsakani na Tattaunawar Inter-Togo, wanda aka yi a Ouagadougou a watan Agusta 2006 [23] kuma ya haifar da yarjejeniya tsakanin gwamnati da jam'iyyun adawa. [24] Ya kuma yi aiki a matsayin mai shiga tsakani a rikicin Ivory Coast, inda ya karya yarjejeniyar zaman lafiya da Shugaban Ivory Coast Laurent Gbagbo da sabon Shugaban Sojoji Guillaume Soro suka sanya wa hannu a Ouagadougou ranar 4 ga Maris 2007. [25] A watan Maris na 2012, ya yi aiki a matsayin mai shiga tsakani a tattaunawa tsakanin wakilan juyin mulkin Mali da wasu shugabannin yankin.

BBC ta lura a cikin 2014 cewa "shine mafi tsananin kawance ga Faransa da Amurka a yankin," kuma "duk da tarihin kansa na goyan bayan 'yan tawaye da rura wutar yakin basasa a unguwar Afirka ta Yamma ... mafi mahimmanci, ya yi amfani da nasa cibiyoyin sadarwa don taimakawa ƙasashen Yammacin Turai da ke yaƙi da ta'addanci na Islama a cikin Sahel. "

As of Janairu 2016, the capital is in the grip of a terrorist attack. Jihadists who had suites and tables in town, following agreements with Campaoré of non-aggression. As a result, the military group of the presidential guard received enormous credits while the army was impoverished to avoid any military coup.[26]

Ya yi aiki a kan Hadin gwiwar Kasashe Masu Rarraba Kasashe Masu Yaki da Barazanar Cyber (IMPACT).

Ra'ayin Siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin wata hira da mujallar Famille Chrétienne, Shugaba Compaoré ya tabbatar da cewa ra'ayin kauracewa jima'i ba shi kadai ne na Cocin Roman Katolika ba kuma kungiyoyin Turai masu zaman kansu da ba su yarda da ɗabi'ar gargajiya ba suna cin riba daga halin da ake ciki don shiga tsakanin al'amuran yankin Afirka. .

Laifi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Afrilu na 2021, wata kotun soji a Burkina Faso ta gurfanar da Compaoré a gaban kotu, wanda aka tuhuma da kisan gillar da aka yi wa tsohonsa Thomas Sankara a shekarar 1987.


 

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Profiles of People in Power: The World's Government Leaders (2003), page 76–77.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Biographie du président", website of the Presidency (in French).
  3. "Apathetic voters likely to hand Compaore landslide victory ", france24.com
  4. 4.0 4.1 "AROUND THE WORLD; New Cabinet Named In Bourkina Fasso", The New York Times, 2 September 1984.
  5. "Burkina Faso president re-elected by landslide", BLNZ. 25 November 2010
  6. The date of the 194th anniversary of the Abolition of Feudal Privileges in France may have been chosen for symbolic purposes, but there is no evidence of this.
  7. Chad was at war with Libya.
  8. "Burkina Faso (Upper Volta): Independence to the Present", Encyclopedia of African History
  9. "Burkina Faso: Compaore's decision to bid for re-election raises opposition hackles", IRIN, 11 August 2005.
  10. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BBC
  11. "Burkina Faso parliament set ablaze", BBC News, 30 October 2014.
  12. "Protesters storm Burkina Faso's parliament".
  13. "Burkina Faso army announces emergency measures", BBC News, 30 October 2014.
  14. Hervé Taoko and Alan Cowell, "Government of Burkina Faso collapses", The New York Times, 30 October 2014.
  15. "Compaore says will step down as Burkina Faso president", Deutsche Welle, 30 October 2014.
  16. "Burkina Faso president arrives in Ivory Coast", Anadolu Agency, 1 November 2014.
  17. "Burkina Faso appoints new transitional leader", Associated Press, 1 November 2014.
  18. "Ex-Burkina president Compaore in Ivory Coast", Vanguard, 1 November 2014.
  19. "Burkina Faso transition talks move forward", AFP, 9 November 2014.
  20. Liberia's civil war: Nigeria, ECOMOG, and regional security in West Africa.
  21. A dirty war in West Africa: the RUF and the destruction of Sierra Leone, Volume 2005, Part 2.
  22. Japan, Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MOFA): 28 African nations
  23. "Inter-Togolese dialogue resumes in Ouagadougou", republicoftogo.com (nl.newsbank.com), 9 August 2006.
  24. "TOGO: Political agreement aims to end 12-year feud ", IRIN, 21 August 2006.
  25. "COTE D'IVOIRE: New peace agreement", IRIN, 5 March 2007.
  26. "France Inter, Géopolitique, Anthony Bellanger, Radio France August 14th 2017.