Sergei Parajanov

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Serhii Parajanov
Born
Sarkis Hovsepi Parajaniants


(1924-01-09)January 9, 1924

Died July 20, 1990(1990-07-20) (aged 66)

Yerevan, Armenian SSR, Soviet Union
Resting place Komitas Pantheon, Yerevan
Occupation Director, screenwriter, art director, production designer
Years active 1951–1990
Notable work
Spouse(s) Nigyar Kerimova (1950–1951)

Svetlana Tscherbatiuk (1956–1962)
Children Suren Parajanov (1958–)
Website www.parajanov.com

Serhii Parajanov ( Armenian ;dan Russian: Серге́й Ио́сифович Параджа́нов  ; Georgian  ; dan Ukraine  ; wani lokacin rubuta Paradzhanov ko Paradjanov ; Janairu 9, 1924 - Yuli 20, 1990) darektan fina-finai ne na Soviet Armenia, marubucin fina-finai kuma mai zane wanda ya ba da gudummawar seminal ga cinema na duniya tare da fina-finansa Inuwar Magabata da Launin Ruman. Parajanov yana daga cikin masu sharhin fina-finai, masana tarihin fina-finai, da masu shirya fina-finai a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin manyan masu shirya fina-finai da suka fi tasiri a tarihin sinima.[1]

Ya ƙirƙiro salon silima nasa,[2] wanda ba shi da tsari tare da ka'idodin jagora na hakikar gurguzu; kawai salon fasaha da aka ba da izini a cikin USSR. Wannan, haɗe da salon rayuwarsa da halayensa, ya sa hukumomin Soviet suka ci gaba da tsananta masa da ɗaure shi, da kuma danne fina-finansa. Duk da haka, an nada Parajanov ɗaya daga cikin 20 Direktocin Fina-Finai na Gaba ta Rotterdam International Film Festival,[3] kuma fina-finansa sun kasance cikin manyan fina-finai na kowane lokaci ta mujallar Cibiyar Fina-Fina ta Burtaniya ta Sight & Sound.[4][5]

Ko da yake ya fara sana'ar shirya fina-finai a shekarar 1954, daga baya Parajanov ya musanta dukkan fina-finan da ya yi kafin 1965 a matsayin "bola". Bayan jagorancin Shadows of Forgotten magabata (wanda aka sake masa suna Wild Horses of Fire don yawancin rarrabawar kasashen waje) Parajanov ya zama wani abu na mashahuriyar duniya kuma a lokaci guda hari na USSR. Kusan duk ayyukansa na fina-finai da tsare-tsare daga 1965 zuwa 1973 gwamnatocin fina-finan Soviet ne suka haramta, kora ko rufe su, na gida (a Kyiv da Yerevan ) da na tarayya ( Goskino ), kusan ba tare da tattaunawa ba, har sai da aka kama shi a ƙarshen 1973. akan tuhumar karya da laifin fyade, luwadi da cin hanci . An daure shi har zuwa 1977, duk da neman afuwar da wasu masu fasaha suka yi. Ko da bayan an sake shi (an kama shi a karo na uku da na ƙarshe a cikin 1982) ya kasance mutumin da ba grata ba ne a fim ɗin Soviet. Sai a tsakiyar shekarun 1980, lokacin da yanayin siyasa ya fara shakatawa, zai iya ci gaba da jagoranci. Duk da haka, yana buƙatar taimakon ƙwararren ɗan wasan Jojiya Dodo Abashidze da sauran abokansa don ganin fina-finansa na ƙarshe sun haskaka. Lafiyarsa ta yi rauni sosai bayan shekaru hudu a sansanonin aiki da watanni tara a kurkuku a Tbilisi. Parajanov ya mutu ne sakamakon cutar kansar huhu a shekarar 1990, a daidai lokacin da, bayan kusan shekaru 20 na danne fina-finansa, ana nuna fina-finansa a bukukuwan fina-finai na kasashen waje. A cikin wata hira da aka yi da shi a 1988 ya bayyana cewa, "Kowa ya san cewa ina da Motherland guda uku. An haife ni a Jojiya, na yi aiki a Ukraine kuma zan mutu a Armeniya."[6] An binne Parajanov a Komitas Pantheon a Yerevan.[7]

Fina-finan Parajanov sun sami kyaututtuka a bikin fina-finai na Mar del Plata, bikin fina-finai na Istanbul International, kyautar Nika Awards, Rotterdam International Film Festival, Sitges - Catalan International Film Festival, São Paulo International Film Festival da sauransu. Cikakken bita a cikin Burtaniya ya faru a cikin 2010 a BFI Southbank . Layla Alexander-Garrett da kwararre na Parajanov Elisabetta Fabrizi ne suka yi la'akari da abin da ya biyo baya wanda ya ba da izini ga sabon hukumar Parajanov da aka yi wahayi a cikin BFI Gallery ta mai zane na zamani Matt Collishaw ('Retrospectre'). An sadaukar da wani taron karawa juna sani ga aikin Paradjanov wanda ya hada masana don tattaunawa da kuma nuna farin ciki da gudummawar da darektan ya bayar ga cinema da fasaha. [8] Sergei Parajanov. 1. Yuri Mechitov.jpg

Kuruciya da fina-finai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

File:ParajanovHouseTbilisi.JPG
Alamar tunawa a gidan Parajanov a Tbilisi (7 Kote Meskhi St. )

An haifi Parajanov Sarkis Hovsepi Parajaniants (Սարգիս Հովսեփի Փարաջանյանց) ga iyayen Armeniya mawaka, Iosif Paradjanov da Siranush Bejanova, a Tbilisi, Jojiya ; duk da haka, sunan iyali na Parajaniants an tabbatar da shi ta wani takardun tarihi mai rai a Serhii Parajanov Museum da ke Yerevan. [9] Ya sami damar yin fasaha tun yana karami. A 1945, ya yi tafiya zuwa Moscow, ya shiga cikin sashen bayar da umarni a VGIK, daya daga cikin tsofaffi kuma mafi girma a makarantun fina-finai a Turai, kuma ya yi karatu a karkashin jagorancin darektoci Igor Savchenko da Oleksandr Dovzhenko .

A cikin 1948 an same shi da laifin yin luwadi (wanda ba bisa ka'ida ba a lokacin a cikin Tarayyar Soviet) tare da wani jami'in MGB mai suna Nikolai Mikava a Tbilisi. Daga baya an tabbatar da wadannan tuhume-tuhumen cewa karya ne. An yanke masa hukuncin daurin shekaru biyar a gidan yari, amma an sake shi bisa afuwar bayan watanni uku.[10] A cikin hirar bidiyo, abokai da dangi suna adawa da gaskiyar duk wani abu da aka tuhume shi da shi. Suna kyautata zaton hukuncin zai kasance wani nau'i ne na ramuwar gayya na siyasa don ra'ayinsa na tawaye.

A 1950 Parajanov ya auri matarsa ta farko, Nigyar Kerimova, a kasar Moscow. Ta fito daga dangin Tatar Musulma kuma ta koma Kiristanci ta Gabas don ta auri Parajanov. Daga baya ‘yan uwanta ne suka kashe ta saboda musuluntarta. Bayan kisan kai Parajanov ya bar Rasha zuwa Kyiv, Ukraine, inda ya samar da wasu takardun shaida ( Dumka, Golden Hands, Natalia Uzhvy ) da kuma wasu fina-finai masu ban sha'awa: Andriesh (dangane da tatsuniya na marubucin Moldovan Emilian Bukov ), The Top Guy (mai kida kolkhoz ), Ukrainian Rhapsody (wani melodrama na yaƙi), da Flower on the Stone (game da wata ƙungiyar addini da ke kutsawa cikin garin hakar ma'adinai a cikin Donets Basin ). Ya zama ƙwararren harshen Ukrainian kuma ya auri matarsa ta biyu, Svitlana Ivanivna Shcherbatiuk (1938-2020 [11] ), wanda kuma aka sani da Svetlana Sherbatiuk ko Svetlana Parajanova, a cikin 1956. Shcherbatiuk ta haifi ɗa, Suren, a cikin 1958.[12] A ƙarshe ma'auratan sun rabu kuma ita da Suren suka ƙaura zuwa Kyiv, Ukraine.[11]

Fita daga Soviet[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

File:Sayat nova.jpg
Parajanov's muse, Jojiya actress Sofiko Chiaureli a cikin launi na rumman

Fim ɗin farko na Andrey Tarkovsky na Ivan's Childhood ya yi tasiri sosai a kan gano kansa na Parajanov a matsayin ɗan fim. Daga baya tasirin ya zama juna, kuma shi da Tarkovsky sun zama abokai na kusa. Wani tasiri shi ne dan wasan kwaikwayo na Italiyanci Pier Paolo Pasolini, wanda Parajanov zai bayyana a matsayin "kamar Allah" a gare shi da kuma darektan "style majestic".[13] A cikin 1965 Parajanov ya watsar da gaskiyar gurguzanci kuma ya jagoranci mawaƙan Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors, fim ɗinsa na farko wanda yake da cikakken ikon sarrafawa. Ya lashe lambobin yabo na kasa da kasa da yawa kuma, ba kamar launi na Ruman na gaba ba, hukumomin Soviet sun sami karbuwa sosai. Kwamitin Edita na Rubutun a Goskino na Ukraine ya yaba wa fim ɗin don "ba da ingancin shayari da zurfin falsafa na labarin M. Kotsiubynsky ta hanyar harshen sinima," kuma ya kira shi "kyakkyawan nasarar ƙirƙirar ɗakin studio Dovzhenko." Har ila yau, Moscow ta amince da bukatar Goskino na Ukraine na sakin fim ɗin tare da ainihin sauti na Ukraine, maimakon rage tattaunawar zuwa Rasha don sakin Tarayyar Soviet, don kiyaye dandano na Ukrain. [14] (Rubutun Rashanci ya kasance daidaitaccen aiki a wancan lokacin don fina-finai na Soviet wadanda ba na Rasha ba lokacin da aka rarraba su a wajen jamhuriyar asali. )

Parajanov ya bar Kyiv jim kaɗan zuwa ƙasar kakannin sa, Armeniya. A cikin 1969, ya shiga Sayat Nova, fim ɗin da mutane da yawa ke ɗauka a matsayin nasarar da ya samu, ko da yake an harbe shi a cikin ƙananan yanayi kuma yana da ƙananan kasafin kuɗi da aka tanada.[15] Masu binciken Soviet sun shiga tsakani kuma sun haramta Sayat Nova saboda abubuwan da ake zargin sa na tayar da hankali. Parajanov ya sake gyara hotunansa kuma ya sake suna fim din Launi na Ruman . Actor Alexei Korotyukov ya ce: "Pradjanov ya yi fina-finai ba game da yadda abubuwa suke ba, amma yadda za su kasance da ya kasance ubangiji."[16] Mikhail Vartanov ya rubuta a cikin 1969 cewa "Baya ga yaren fina-finai da Griffith da Eisenstein suka ba da shawara, sinimar duniya ba ta gano wani sabon juyin yanayi ba sai lokacinda ya saki fim dinsa naThe Color of Pomegranates . . .".[17]

Daurin yari kuma daga baya aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Parajanov's abin tunawa a Tbilisi
Hoton Parajanov a gaban gidan kayan gargajiya a Yerevan

A watan Disamba na 1973, hukumomin Soviet sun kara tsananta shakku game da ayyukan da Parajanov ya dauka, musamman ma na sha'awar jinsi maza da mata, kuma sun yanke masa hukuncin shekaru biyar a wani da horo mai tsanani saboda "fyade ga memba na Jam'iyyar Kwaminisanci, da yada fina-finan batsa."[18] Kwanaki uku kafin a yanke wa Parajanov hukunci, Andrei Tarkovsky ya rubuta wasiƙa zuwa ga kwamitin tsakiya na Jam'iyyar Kwaminisanci ta Ukraine, yana mai cewa "A cikin shekaru goma da suka wuce Sergei Paradjanov ya yi fina-finai biyu kawai: Shadows na kakanninmu da aka manta da kuma launi na Ruman. Sun yi tasiri a cinema na farko a Ukraine, na biyu a wannan ƙasa gaba ɗaya, kuma na uku a duniya gabaɗaya. A fasaha, akwai 'yan mutane a duk duniya, wanda zai iya maye gurbin Paradjanov. Yana da laifi - laifin kadaici. Muna da laifin rashin tunaninsa kullum da kuma kasa gano ma'anar ubangida." Wata ƙungiyar masu fasaha, ƴan wasan kwaikwayo, masu shirya fina-finai da masu fafutuka sun yi zanga-zanga a madadin Parajanov, suna masu kira da a sake shi cikin gaggawa. Daga cikinsu akwai Robert De Niro, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, Leonid Gaidai, Eldar Ryazanov, Yves Saint Laurent, Marcello Mastroianni, Françoise Sagan, Jean-Luc Godard, François Truffaut, Luis Buñuel, Federico Fellini ovsky da Andrei Michel ovsky Mikhail Vartanov .

Parajanov ya yi shekaru hudu daga cikin hukuncin daurin shekaru biyar, kuma daga baya ya ba da labarin sakinsa na farko ga kokarin mawallafin Faransanci na Surrealist Louis Aragon, da Rasha Elsa Triolet (matar Aragon), da marubucin Amurka John Updike.[15] Leonid Brezhnev, Babban Sakatare na Jam'iyyar Kwaminis ta Tarayyar Soviet ne ya ba da izinin sakinsa da wuri, mai yiwuwa sakamakon samun damar ganawa da Brezhnev da Aragon da Triolet a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Bolshoi a Moscow. Lokacin da Brezhnev ya tambaye shi ko zai iya taimakawa, Aragon ya bukaci a saki Parajanov, wanda aka yi a watan Disamba 1977.[18]

Yayin da yake tsare, Parajanov ya samar da adadi mai yawa na ƙananan sassake-sassake (wasu daga cikinsu sun ɓace) da kuma wasu zane-zane 800 da haɗin gwiwar, yawancin su daga baya an nuna su a Yerevan, inda Serhii Parajanov Museum yanzu ya kasance na dindindin.[19] (Gidan gidan kayan gargajiya, wanda aka buɗe a cikin 1991, shekara guda bayan mutuwar Parajanov, yana ɗaukar ayyuka sama da 200 da kayan masarufi daga gidansa a Tbilisi . ) Ƙoƙarin da ya yi a cikin sansanin ya sha wahala daga masu gadin kurkuku, waɗanda suka hana shi kayan aiki kuma suka kira shi mahaukaci, zaluncinsu ya ragu ne kawai bayan wata sanarwa daga Moscow ta yarda cewa "darektan yana da basira sosai."[15]

Bayan da ya dawo daga kurkuku zuwa Tbilisi, sa idon na Soviet censors ya hana Parajanov ci gaba da ayyukansa na cinematic kuma ya kai shi ga wuraren fasahar da ya reno a lokacin da yake kurkuku. Ya ƙera manyan ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙira, ya ƙirƙiri tarin zane-zane masu tarin yawa kuma ya bi wasu hanyoyi masu yawa na fasaha da ba na cinema ba, ɗinkin ƴan tsana da wasu kaya masu ban sha'awa.

A cikin Fabrairu 1982 an sake daure Parajanov a kurkuku, a kan zargin cin hanci da rashawa, wanda ya faru daidai da komawarsa Moscow don fara wasan kwaikwayo na tunawa da Vladimir Vysotsky a Taganka Theater, kuma an yi shi da wani mataki na yaudara. Duk da hukuncin daurin rai da rai, an sake shi cikin kasa da shekara guda, inda lafiyarsa ta yi rauni sosai.[18]

A cikin 1985, fara rugujewar Tarayyar Soviet ya sa Parajanov ya ci gaba da sha'awar cinema. Tare da ƙarfafawar ƙwararrun masu ilimin Georgian daban-daban, ya kirkiro fim ɗin da aka ba da lambar yabo da yawa The Legend of Suram Fortress, bisa ga wani labari na Daniel Chonkadze, komawar sa na farko zuwa cinema tun Sayat Nova shekaru goma sha biyar da suka wuce. A cikin 1988, Parajanov ya yi wani fim ɗin da ya sami lambar yabo da yawa, Ashik Kerib, bisa labarin da Mikhail Lermontov ya yi. Labari ne na mawaƙa mai yawo, wanda aka kafa a cikin al'adun Azerbaijan . Parajanov ya sadaukar da fim din ga abokinsa Andrei Tarkovsky da "ga dukan 'ya'yan duniya".

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Parajanov sai yayi ƙoƙari ya kammala aikinsa na ƙarshe. Ya mutu da ciwon daji a Yerevan, Armeniya a ranar 20 ga Yuli, 1990, yana da shekaru 66, ya bar wannan aikin na ƙarshe, The Confession, bai gama ba. Abokinsa na kusa ya karasa aikin a matsayin Parajanov: The Last Spring, wanda abokinsa Mikhail Vartanov ya tattara a 1992. Federico Fellini, Tonino Guerra, Francesco Rosi, Alberto Moravia, Giulietta Masina, Marcello Mastroianni da Bernardo Bertolucci na daga cikin wadanda suka fito fili suka yi alhinin mutuwarsa. Sun aika da telegram zuwa Rasha tare da wannan sanarwa: "Duniyar cinema ta rasa mai sihiri".[17]

Tasiri da manufofin da ya bari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dutsen kabarin Parajanov a Yerevan

Duk da karatun fim da yayi a VGIK, Parajanov ya gano hanyarsa ta fasaha ne kawai bayan ya ga fim din farko mai kama da mafarki na darektan Soviet Andrei Tarkovsky Ivan's Childhood .

Parajanov ya kasance mai matukar godiya ga Tarkovsky da kansa a cikin fim din tarihin rayuwarsa " Voyage in Time " ("Koyaushe tare da babbar godiya da jin daɗi na tuna da fina-finai na Serhii Parajanov wanda nake so sosai. Hanyar tunaninsa, abin ban mamaki, waƙarsa ... ikon son kyan gani da ikon samun cikakkiyar 'yanci a cikin hangen nesansa"). A cikin wannan fim din Tarkovsky ya bayyana cewa Parajanov yana daya daga cikin masu shirya fina-finai da ya fi so.

Mai shirya fina-finai na Italiya Michelangelo Antonioni ya bayyana cewa ("Launi na Ruman ta Parajanov, a ganina yana daya daga cikin mafi kyawun daraktocin fina-finai na zamani, ya buga da kamalar kyawunsa." ). Parajanov kuma ya sami sha'awar ɗan fim ɗan Amurka Francis Ford Coppola . Daraktan fina-finan Faransa Jean-Luc Godard kuma ya bayyana cewa ("A cikin haikalin cinema, akwai hotuna, haske, da gaskiya. Sergei Parajanov shi ne shugaban wannan haikalin"). Mai shirya fina-finai na Soviet Mikhail Vartanov ya ce ("Wataƙila, ban da yaren fim ɗin da Griffith da Eisenstein suka ba da shawara, sinimar duniya ba ta gano wani sabon juyin juya hali ba har sai Paradjanov's The Color of Ruman." ). Bayan mutuwar Parjanov, Federico Fellini, Tonino Guerra, Giulietta Masina, Francesco Rosi, Alberto Moravia, Bernardo Bertolucci, da Marcello Mastroianni tare sun aika da wasiƙar zuwa Tarayyar Soviet suna cewa ("Tare da mutuwar Parajanov, cinema ya rasa daya daga cikin masu sihiri. Fantasy Parajanov zai kasance mai ban sha'awa har abada kuma ya kawo farin ciki ga mutanen duniya ... "). [20]

Duk da cewa yana da masu sha'awar fasaharsa da yawa, hangen nesansa bai jawo masa mabiya da yawa ba. "Duk wanda ya yi ƙoƙari ya yi koyi da ni ya ɓace," in ji shi. [21] Duk da haka, masu gudanarwa irin su Theo Angelopoulos, Béla Tarr da Mohsen Makhmalbaf sun raba hanyar Parajanov zuwa fim a matsayin mai mahimmanci na gani maimakon a matsayin kayan aiki na labari.[22]


An kafa Cibiyar Parajanov-Vartanov a Hollywood a shekara ta 2010 don yin nazari, adanawa da inganta abubuwan fasaha na Sergei Parajanov da Mikhail Vartanov.[23]

Fina-finai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shekara Turanci take Take na asali Romanization Bayanan kula
1951 Labarin Moldova A cikin Rashanci : Молдавская сказка



</br> A cikin Yukren : Moлдавська байка
Moldavskaya Skazka Graduate gajeren fim; rasa
1954 Andrish Da Rashanci: Андриеш Andrish Co-directed tare da Yakov Bazelyan; Fassarar-tsawon remake na Moldavian Tale
1958 Dumka A cikin harshen Ukrainian: Думка Dumka Takardun shaida
1958 The First Lad (aka The Top Guy ) A cikin Rashanci: Первый парень



</br> A cikin Yaren mutanen Ukrainian: Перший PApyбок
Pervyj babba
1959 Natalya Ushvij Da Rashanci: Наталия Ужвий Natalia Uzhvij Takardun shaida
1960 Hannun Zinare A cikin Rashanci: Золотые руки Zolotye ruki Takardun shaida
1961 Ukrainian Rhapsody Da Rashanci: Украинская рапсодия



</br> A cikin harshen Ukrainian: Укpaїнськa рaпсодія
Ukrainskaya rapsodiya
1962 Flower akan Dutse A cikin harshen Rashanci: Цветок на камне



</br> A cikin harshen Ukrainian: Квітка на камені
Tsvetok na kamne
1965 Inuwar Magabata A cikin Yukren: Тіні забутих предків Tini zabutykh predkiv
1965 Kyiv Frescoes A cikin Rashanci: Киевские фрески Kievskie Freski An haramta shi a lokacin da ake samarwa; Minti 15 na sauraren karar sun tsira
1967 Hakob Hovnatanian A cikin Armenian : Հակոբ Հովնաթանյան Hakob Hovnatanyan Hoton ɗan gajeren fim na ɗan wasan Armeniya na ƙarni na 19
1968 Yara zuwa Komitas A cikin Armenian: Երեխաներ Կոմիտասին Yerekhaner Komitasin Documentary na UNICEF ; bata
1969 Launin Ruman Harshen Armeniya: Նռան գույնը Nran guyne
1985 Labarin Kagaran Suram A cikin Jojiyanci : ამბავი სურამის ციხისა Ambavi Suramis tsikhisa
1985 Arabesques akan Jigon Pirosmani A cikin Rashanci: Арабески на тему Пиросмани Arabeski na temu Pirosmani Hoton ɗan gajeren fim na ɗan wasan Jojiya Niko Pirosmani
1988 Ashik Kerib A cikin Jojin: აშიკი ქერიბი



</br> A Azerbaijan : Aşıq Qərib
Ashiki Keribi
1989-1990 Furuci A cikin Armenian: Խոստովանանք Khostovanank Ba a gama ba; Asalin mummunan ya tsira a cikin Mikhail Vartanov 's Parajanov: Lokacin bazara[24][25]

Wasan kwaikwayo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙirƙirar wasan kwaikwayo da kuma wani ɓangare na wasan kwaikwayo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors ( Тіні забутих предків, 1965, wanda aka rubuta tare da Ivan Chendei, bisa ga littafin Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky )
  • Kyiv Frescoes ( Київські фрески, 1965)
  • Sayat Nova ( Саят-Нова, 1969, samar da wasan kwaikwayo na Launi na Ruman )
  • Furuci ( сповідь, 1969–1989)
  • Nazarin Game da Vrubel ( Эtydy о Вруbele, 1989, nunin lokacin Mikhail Vrubel 's Kyiv, wanda Leonid Osyka ya rubuta kuma ya jagoranci)
  • Lake Swan: Yankin ( Лебедине озеро. Зона, 1989, wanda aka yi fim a 1990, wanda Yuriy Illienko ya jagoranta, mai cinematographer na Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors )

Wasan kwaikwayo da ayyukan da ba a samar da su ba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Fadar Dormant ( Дремлющий дворец, 1969, bisa ga waƙar Pushkin The Fountain of Bakhchisaray )
  • Intermezzo (1972, bisa ga gajeriyar labarin Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky)
  • Icarus ( Икар, 1972)
  • The Golden Edge ( Золотой обрез, 1972)
  • Ara the Beautiful ( Ара Прекрасный, 1972, bisa ga waƙar na karni na 20 mawaƙin Armeniya Nairi Zaryan game da Ara the Beautiful )
  • Demon ( Демон, 1972, bisa ga waka mai suna Lermontov )
  • The Miracle of Odense ( Чудо в Оденсе, 1973, sako-sako da bisa ga rayuwa da ayyukan Hans Christian Andersen )
  • Dauda na Sasun ( Давид Сасунский, tsakiyar 1980s, bisa ga waƙar Armeniya David na Sasun )
  • Shahadar Shushanik ( Мученичество Шушаник, 1987, bisa ga tarihin Jojiya na Iakob Tsurtaveli )
  • Taskar Dutsen Ararat ( Сокровища у горы Арат )

Daga cikin ayyukansa, akwai kuma shirye-shiryen daidaitawa Longfellow 's The Song of Hiawatha, Shakespeare 's Hamlet, Goethe 's Faust, Tsohon Gabas Slavic waka The Tale of Igor's Campaign, amma ba'a taba kammala rubutunsu ba

Nassoshi a cikin shahararrun al'adu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Labarin rayuwar Parajanov yana ba da (sauƙi) tushen tushen littafin Stet na 2006 na marubucin Amurka James Chapman.[26]
  • Bidiyon Lady Gaga 911 yayi nuni ga shirin The Color of Pomegranates na akasarin sassan bidiyon. Hoton fim ɗin kuma ya bayyana a kan titi a ƙarshen bidiyon.[27] Bidiyon Gaga yana gabatar da alamun fim ɗin a cikin kwatancenta na tsananin rayuwa.[28]
  • Bidiyon waƙar Madonna na 1995 Labarin Kwanciya ya sake dawo da wasu abubuwan da ke cikin fim ɗin (kamar wurin wani ƙaramin yaro yana kwance a wuri tayi a kan pentagram a ƙasa yayin da babba ya lulluɓe shi da bargo, wani kuma inda ƙafar tsirara ta murkushe shi. gungun inabi suna kwance akan kwamfutar hannu da aka rubuta), a tsakanin sauran ƙwaƙƙwaran fasaha waɗanda ke nuna mafarkai da zane-zane na zahiri a cikin bidiyon.[29]
  • Nicolas Jaar ya fito, a cikin album na Pomegranates a shekara ta 2015, na Ruman, wanda aka yi nufi a matsayin madadin sauti na fim din.[30]
  • Hakanan ya haifar da madadin bidiyon kiɗan REM na rukunin rock don " Rasa Addinina ".[31]

Kyaututtuka da karramawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Akwai wani karamin mutum-mutumi na Parajanov a Tbilisi
  • Akwai plaque a bangon gidan yara na Parajanov
  • Titin Parajanov ya girma, titin Kote Meskhi, an sake masa suna Parajanov Street a cikin 2021.[32]
  • Akwai gidan kayan gargajiya da aka keɓe ga Parajanov a Yerevan, Armenia

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Fim ɗin fasaha
  • Asteroid 3963 Paradzhanov
  • Cinema na Armenia
  • Cinema na Jojiya
  • Cinema na Tarayyar Soviet
  • Cinema na Ukraine
  • Serhii Parajanov Museum
  • Jerin daraktoci masu alaƙa da fim ɗin fasaha

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Where to begin with Sergei Parajanov". BFI. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  2. "Parajanov-Vartanov Institute". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  3. "20 Directors of the Future". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. 2020-05-22. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  4. "Critics' top 100 | BFI". www2.bfi.org.uk. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  5. "Parajanov and the Greatest Films of All Time". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  6. "Interview". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  7. "The memorial of Parajanyan Parajanov Sargis Sergey (Սարգիս Սերգեյ Փարաջանյան Փարաջանով Հովսեփի) buried at Yerevan's Komitas Pantheon cemetery". hush.am. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  8. Fabrizi, Elisabetta, 'The BFI Gallery Book', BFI, London, 2011.
  9. Sergei Paradzhanov and Zaven Sarkisian, Kaleidoskop Paradzhanov: Risunok, kollazh, assambliazh (Yerevan: Muzei Sergeiia Paradzhanova, 2008), p.8
  10. "Вся правда о судимостях Сергея Параджанова". ukraine.segodnya.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  11. 11.0 11.1 (in Ukrainian) The wife of the legendary director Sergei Parajanov has died, Glavcom (6 June 2020)
  12. "surenparadjanov". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  13. Paradjanov: A Requiem (Documentary). KINO Productions. 1994.
  14. RGALI (Russian State Archive of Art and Literature), Goskino production and censorship files: f. 2944, op. 4, d. 280.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Sergei Parajanov – Interview with Ron Holloway, 1988 Archived 2007-12-06 at the Wayback Machine
  16. Edwards, Maxim (2014-06-20). "Armenian, Ukrainian, Soviet". Souciant. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "main". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 "Осужден за изнасилование члена КПСС (in Russian), Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 2004". Archived from the original on August 10, 2007.
  19. "Frieze Magazine, Paradjanov the Magnificent". Archived from the original on April 16, 2008.
  20. See official page.
  21. [1]
  22. "Influences". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2021-04-24
  23. "Parajanov-Vartanov Institute". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014.
  24. "Parajanov: The Last Spring". December 28, 2016.
  25. Schneider, Steven. "501 Movie Directors" London: Cassell, 2007, ISBN 9781844035731
  26. "fugue state press - experimental fiction - Stet, by James Chapman". www.fuguestatepress.com. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  27. Mier, Tomás (September 18, 2020). "Lady Gaga Drops 'Very Personal' '911' Video About Her Mental Health: 'It's the Poetry of Pain'". People. Archivedfrom the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  28. Mier, Tomás (September 18, 2020). "Lady Gaga Drops 'Very Personal' '911' Video About Her Mental Health: 'It's the Poetry of Pain'". People. Archivedfrom the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  29. Steffen, James (2013). The Cinema of Sergei Parajanov. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 251. ISBN 9780299296537.
  30. Minsker, Evan (24 June 2015). "Nicolas Jaar Releases Free Album Pomegranates". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  31. Golubock, D. Garrison (2014-02-27). "Parajanov's Influence Still Spreading on 90th Anniversary". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  32. "Tbilisi,Georgia. Kote Meskhi street located in Mtatsminda district will be named after acclaimed film director Serge Parajanov". Agenda.ge. 10 Sep 2021.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Zaɓaɓɓen nassi na littattafai da kuma masana articles game da Sergei Parajanov.

Hakaitowa daga harshen Turanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Dixon, Wheeler & Foster, Gwendolyn. "Gajeren Tarihin Fim". New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2008. ISBN 9780813542690
  • Cook, David A. " Shadows of Forgotten magabata : Fim a matsayin Art Art." Buga Rubutun 3, a'a. 3 (1984): 16–23.
  • Nebesio, Bohdan. " Shadows of Forgotten magabata : Labari a cikin Novel da Fim." Adabi/Fim na Kwata na 22, No. 1 (1994): 42–49.
  • Oeler, Karla. "Ƙararren Ƙwararren Cikin Gida: Sergei Parajanov da Eisenstein's Joyce-Inspired Vision of Cinema." Sharhin Harshen Zamani 101, No. 2 (Afrilu 2006): 472-487.
  • Oeler, Karla. " Nran guyne/Launi na Ruman : Sergo Parajanov, USSR, 1969." A cikin Cinema na Rasha da tsohuwar Tarayyar Soviet, 139-148. London, Ingila: Wallflower, 2006. [Babin Littafi]
  • Papazian, Elizabeth A. "Tsarin Tarihi, Tarihi da kuma 'Motsi na dindindin' a cikin Sergei Paradjanov's Ashik- Kerib ." Adabi/Fim Kwata na 34, No. 4 (2006): 303–12.
  • Paradjanov, Sergei. Hanyoyi bakwai. Galia Ackerman ne ya gyara shi. Guy Bennett ne ya fassara. Los Angeles: Green Integer, 1998. ISBN 1892295040
  • Parajanov, Sergei, Zaven Sarkisian. Parajanov Kaleidoscope: zane, Collages, Taro. Yerevan: Gidan Tarihi na Sergei Parajanov, 2008. ISBN 9789994121434
  • Steffen, James. Cinema na Sergei Parajanov. Madison: Jami'ar Wisconsin Press, 2013. ISBN 9780299296544
  • Steffen, James, ed. Sergei Parajanov batu na musamman. Binciken Armeniya 47/48, no. 3–4/1–2 (2001/2002). Batu biyu; gidan yanar gizo mai wallafa
  • Steffen, James. " Kyiv Frescoes : Sergei Parajanov's Film Project wanda ba a gane ba." Fito na Musamman na KinoKultura 9: Cinema na Yukren (Disamba 2009), kan layi. URL: KinoKultura
  • Schneider, Steven Jay. "Masu Daraktocin Fina-Finai 501." London: Hachette/Cassell, 2007. ISBN 9781844035731

Mabubbugar harsunan waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Bullot, Érik. Sayat Nova de Serguei Paradjanov: La face et le Profil. Crisnée, Belgium: Editions Yellow Yanzu, 2007. (harshen Faransanci) 
  • Kasal, Patrick. Serguei Paradjanov. Paris: Cahiers du cinema, 1993. (harshen Faransanci)  ,
  • Chernenko, Miron. Sergei Paradzhanov: Tvorcheskii hoto. Moscow: "Soiuzinformkino" Goskino SSSR, 1989. (harshen Rasha) Sigar kan layi
  • Grigorian, Levon. Paradzhanov. Moscow: Molodaia gvardiia, 2011. (harshen Rasha)  ,
  • Grigorian, Levon. Tri tsveta odnoi strasti: Triptikh Sergeia Paradzhanova. Moscow: Kinotsentr, 1991. (harshen Rasha)
  • Kalantar, Karen. Ocherki ko Paradzhanove. Yerevan: Gitutiun NAN RA, 1998. (harshen Rasha)
  • Katanian, Vasilii Vasil'evich. Paradzhanov: Tsena vechnogo prazdnika. Nizhnii Novgorod: Dekom, 2001. (harshen Rasha) 
  • Liehm, Antonín J., ed. Serghiej Paradjanov: Shaida e documenti su l'opera e la vita. Venice: La Biennale di Venezia/Marsilio, 1977. (harshen Italiyanci)
  • Mechitov, Yuri. Sergei Paradzhanov: Khronika tattaunawa. Tbilisi: GAMS- bugu, 2009. (harshen Rasha) 
  • Paradzhanov, Sergei. An samu'. Kora Tsereteli ya gyara. Petersburg: Azbuka, 2001. (harshen Rasha) 
  • Paradzhanov, Sergei, Garegin Zakoian. Abin farin ciki. Yerevan: Fil'madaran, 2000. (harshen Rasha) 
  • Simyan, Tigran Sergei Parajanov a matsayin Rubutu: Mutum, Habitus, da Ciki (akan kayan rubutun gani) // ΠΡΑΞΗMΑ. Jaridar Visual Semiotics 2019, N 3, shafi. 197-215
  • Schneider, Steven Jay. "501 Directores de Cine." Barcelona, Spain: Grijalbo, 2008. ISBN 9788425342646
  • Tsareteli, Kora, ed. Kollazh na fone avtoportreta: Zhizn'–igra. 2nd ed. Nizhnii Novgorod: Dekom, 2008. (harshen Rasha) 
  • Vartanov, Mikhail. "Sergej Paradzanov." A cikin "Il Cinema Delle Repubbliche Transcaucasiche Sovietiche." Venice, Italiya: Marsilio Editori, 1986. (harshen Italiyanci) 
  • Vartanov, Mikhail. "Les Cimes du Monde." Cahiers du Cinéma" no. 381, 1986 (harshen Faransanci) 

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Template:Sergei Parajanov