Sufurin Jiragen Ƙasa a Chad

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Wikidata.svgSufurin Jiragen Ƙasa a Chad
rail transport by country or region (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙasa Cadi
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Har zuwa shekarar 2012 Chadi ba ta da tsarin jirgin kasa. Layi biyu aka shirya zuwa Sudan da Kamaru daga babban birnin ƙasar an fara aikin a watan Fabrairun 2016 Wanda a lokacin an bukaci kammala shi cikin shekaru 4.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tsarin jirgin ƙasa na farko - ƙarni na 19[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wani littafi na 1905 ya bayyana tarihin wani kamfanin haɗin jirgin ƙasa na Jamusawa game da binciken kasar Chadi:

A cikin 1885, sabon mulkin mallakar Jamusa na Kamerun ya wanzu. Da yawa daga cikin Jamusawa masu tasiri sun ƙaddara cewa ƙarfin mulkin mallaka zai tabbata ne kawai ta hanyar gina hanyar jirgin ƙasa. Sun kafa wata kungiyar jiragen kasa ta Kamaru a cikin 1900, wanda a cikin 1902 ya sami sassauci daga gwamnatin Jamus don gina layin da zai buɗe cikin gidan masarautar don kasuwanci. Syungiyar ta tallafawa balaguro a cikin 1902-3 da 1904 don bincika hanyar da aka tsara.

Ƙarni na 20[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yawancin tsare-tsare ko shawarwari don gina layin dogo a lokacin mulkin mallaka na Faransa (Faransa Equatorial Afirka) a Chadi, da haɗa Chadi zuwa wasu hanyoyin sadarwar jiragen ƙasa na Afirka (Kamaru, Najeriya, Oubangui/Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya). Abubuwan da aka gabatar da farko sun haɗa da layin da zai fara daga layin dogo na Kamaru zuwa Douala zuwa Chadi a cikin shekarun 1930. Wani shiri da ba na hukuma ba da wuri shi ne nazarin layin dogo daga Douala a Kamaru zuwa Bangui, wanda ya kasance wani ɓangare na manufar faɗaɗa mulkin mallaka na Yammacin duniya kafin yakin duniya na 1 da ake kira Mittelafrika.

A cikin shekarun 1950, an gabatar da layin da zai bi ta Chadi daga Port Sudan zuwa Najeriya amma ƙungiyoyin gwamnati na Chadi sun nuna adawa.

A shekarar 1958, an kirkiro da layin daga Kamaru Société Civile d'Études du Chemin de Fer Douala-Tchad (SEDOT), kuma ci gaba da shirin ya kai ga fara gini a 1964 - an gina layin har zuwa Ngaoundéré a Kamaru ( hanyar jirgin kasa ta Trans-Kamaru, an kammala ta ne a shekarar 1975. ). Tsarin farko shine na faɗaɗawa zuwa Moundou a Chadi, amma ba a kammala shi ba.

A cikin 1959, an kafa wata hukuma ta ƙasashe daban-daban, Agence Transéquatoriale des Communications (ATEC) don gudanar da haɗin kai tsakanin Chadi, Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya, Gabon da Jamhuriyar Congo, da kuma gudanar da tsarin hanyoyin ruwa da hanyoyin jirgin ƙasa (mai suna Route Fédérale ) da ke hidimar ciki ta hanyar ƙare bakin teku a Pointe Noire ; wani layi daga Bangui (CAF) zuwa Chadi ( titin jirgin kasa na Bangui-Chadi, ko Le chemin de fer Bangui-Tchad . ) ana duba shi a zaman wani ɓangare na wannan shirin. Aikin jirgin kasa na Bangui-Chadi ya kai matakin matakin farko, gami da karatun tsada - an dakatar da aikin a 1962.

Ƙarni na 21[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taswirar tsarin Jirgin Ruwa da aka gabatar a Chadi. (Hanyoyi masu nuni).

A watan Maris na 2011, Chadi da China Cibiyoyin Injiniyan Gini (CCECC) sun cimma yarjejeniya kan (kimanin dala biliyan 7) kwangilar gina sama da 1300 km na misali ma'auni Layin dogo a Chadi. Layin za'a fara gina shi ne don jigilar kaya amma kuma zai dauki fasinjoji. [1] A watan Agustan 2011, an bayar da rahoton cewa Sudan, Chadi da Bankin shigo da kayayyaki na kasar Sin sun cimma wata yarjejeniya ta gina layin dogo daga babban birnin Chadi zuwa layin dogo a Nyala, Sudan. A ranar 24 ga Disambar 2011, Ma’aikatar Sufuri da Jirgin Sama ta Chadi da CCECC suka sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar (sannan aka kimanta dala biliyan 5.6) don aikin shimfida layin - tare da shirin gina shi a watan Fabrairun 2012.

An shirya layi biyu: ɗaya daga babban birnin N'Djamena zuwa Moundou da Koutéré a kan iyakar Kamaru (528 km), kuma ɗaya daga babban birni zuwa kan iyaka da Sudan (836 km) ta Abéché da Adré . Lines za a gina su zuwa ma'aunin ma'auni kuma na 120 km / h yana gudana, kuma kayan aikin layin za'a samo su a cikin China.

2011[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Kamaru zuwa Chadi

Taswirori[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gidaje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wanda aka gabatar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Sources: