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Zola Budd

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Zola Budd
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Bloemfontein, 26 Mayu 1966 (58 shekaru)
ƙasa Afirka ta kudu
Birtaniya
Afirka ta kudu
Karatu
Makaranta Hoërskool Sentraal (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a middle-distance runner (en) Fassara, marathon runner (en) Fassara da ultramarathon runner (en) Fassara
Athletics
Sport disciplines marathon (en) Fassara
Records
Specialty Criterion Data M
Personal marks
Specialty Place Data M
 
Nauyi 48 kg
Tsayi 164 cm

Zola Budd (wanda aka fi sani da Zola Pieterse; an haife shi a ranar 26 ga Mayu 1966) ɗan Afirka ta Kudu ne mai tseren tsakiya da nesa. Ta yi gasa a Wasannin Olympics na 1992 na Burtaniya da kuma wasannin Olympics nke 1992 na Afirka ta Kudu, lokuta biyu a cikin mita 3,000. A shekara ta 1984 (ba a yarda da ita ba) da 1985, ta karya rikodin duniya a mita 5,000. Ta kuma lashe gasar zakarun duniya sau biyu (1985-1986). Budd yafi horar da shi kuma ya yi tsere ba tare da kafafu ba. Mafi kyawun mil dinta na 4:17.57 a 1985 ya tsaya a matsayin rikodin Burtaniya na shekaru 38 har sai Laura Muir ta gudu 4:15.24 a ranar 21 ga Yuli 2023.

Ta koma Afirka ta Kudu a shekarar 1989, kuma ta wakilci Afirka ta Kudu als Wasannin Olympics na 1992 . Ta koma tare da iyalinta zuwa Kudancin Carolina, Amurka a shekara ta 2008; kuma ta yi gasa a Marathon da ultramarathon. Ta koma Afirka ta Kudu a cikin 2020-2021.

Ayyukan wasanni[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Rubuce-rubucen duniya na mita 5000[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Budd, wacce aka haife ta a Bloemfontein, Orange Free State, Afirka ta Kudu, ta sami shahara a farkon shekara ta 1984, tana da shekaru 17, lokacin da ta karya rikodin duniya na 5000 m tare da lokacin 15:01.83. [1] Tun lokacin da ta yi wasan kwaikwayon a Afirka ta Kudu, sannan aka cire ta daga gasar wasanni ta kasa da kasa saboda manufofin rarrabewa, Ƙungiyar Wasannin Amateur ta Duniya (IAAF) ta ki tabbatar da lokacin Budd a matsayin rikodin duniya na hukuma.

A shekara ta 1985, ta yi ikirarin rikodin duniya a hukumance, yayin da take wakiltar Burtaniya, ta yi amfani da 14:48.07 .

Zuwan Burtaniya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

The Daily Mail, wata jarida ta Burtaniya, ta shawo kan mahaifin Budd don ƙarfafa ta ta nemi rajista a matsayin Dan ƙasar Burtaniya, a kan dalilin cewa kakanta ɗan Burtaniya ne, don kauce wa takunkumin wasanni na duniya na Afirka ta Kudu, don ta iya yin gasa a gasar Olympics ta bazara ta 1984 a Los Angeles. Tare da turawa mai karfi daga Daily Mail, an ba da rajista a matsayin ɗan ƙasar Burtaniya cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci kuma ta koma Guildford. Aikace-aikacensa da isowarsa sun kasance masu kawo rigima saboda samun fasfo da sauri. Kungiyoyin da ke tallafawa kawar da wariyar launin fata sun yi kamfen don nuna saurin maganin da ta samu; masu neman zama 'yan ƙasa yawanci suna jiran shekaru don a yi la'akari da aikace-aikacen su.

Ba da daɗewa ba, an tilasta Budd ya janye daga tseren mita 1500 a Crawley, Sussex, lokacin da majalisar gari ta janye gayyatar su a ɗan gajeren sanarwa. Wannan tseren ya kasance wani ɓangare na taron kaddamarwa na sabon Cibiyar Wasanni ta Bewbush na garin kuma Magajin garin Alf Pegler ya ce membobin majalisa sun nuna shakku cewa muhimmancin taron zai rufe shi da "ma'anar siyasa da masu zanga-zangar adawa da wariyar launin fata".

Ta yi tseren gasa na farko a kan hanyar cinder a Central Park a Dartford, Kent, ta rufe 3000 m a cikin 9:02.6 a cikin tseren da aka nuna kai tsaye a BBC's Grandstand . [2]  Ta yi tsere a wasu tseren a Burtaniya, gami da Gasar Cin Kofin Burtaniya 1500 m (ta ci a 4:04) da kuma 3000 m a gwajin Olympics na Burtaniya, wanda ta ci a 8:40, ta sami matsayi a cikin tawagar Olympics ta Burtaniya.   A cikin 2000 m a Crystal Palace a watan Yulin 1984 ta kafa sabon rikodin duniya na 5:33.15. [3] Da yake tsokaci a lokacin tseren ga BBC, David Coleman ya ce, "Yanzu za a nuna saƙon a duk duniya - Zola Budd ba labari ba ne".

A Burtaniya, Budd ya horar da shi a Aldershot, Farnham da Gundumar Wasanni.

1984 Olympic mita 3000[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Budd (barefoot), Decker, da Puică suna jagorantar tseren 3000 m a gasar Olympics ta 1984

A cikin wasannin Olympics na 1984, wanda aka gudanar a Los Angeles, California, kafofin watsa labarai sun ba da labarin tseren 3000 m a matsayin duel tsakanin Budd da zakara na duniya Mary Decker na Amurka. Koyaya, masana suna sa ran cewa babban gasa na Decker zai zama Maricica Puică ta Romania, wacce ta saita lokaci mafi sauri a wannan shekarar.[4]

Decker ya saita saurin gudu daga bindiga tare da Budd a kusa da shi, sannan Puică da Wendy Sly na Burtaniya suka biyo baya. Lokacin da saurin ya ragu bayan tsakiyar hanya, Budd ya jagoranci a kan madaidaiciya kuma ya gudu a fadin fakitin a kusa da juyawa. Da yake saita saurin, ta dauki kanta, Decker, Sly da Puică daga cikin fakitin. Gudun a matsayin rukuni wani yanayi ne mai ban mamaki ga Budd da Decker, dukansu biyu an saba da su don gudu a gaba da kuma gaba da sauran masu fafatawa.[4]

A mita 1700, karo na farko ya faru. Decker ya shiga cikin hulɗa da ɗaya daga cikin ƙafafun Budd, ya buga Budd dan kadan daga ma'auni. Koyaya, matan biyu sun ci gaba da kasancewa kusa da su. Matakai biyar, a lokacin tseren 4:58, Budd da Decker sun sake tuntuɓar, tare da ƙafar hagu ta Budd tana goge cinyarsa ta Decker, wanda ya sa Budd ta rasa ma'auni kuma ta tura ta cikin hanyar Decker. Takalmin gudu na Decker ya sauka da karfi a cikin idon Budd, sama da diddige, yana jawo jini. Hotunan bidiyo da jami'an wasannin Olympics suka bincika daga baya sun nuna Budd a bayyane yake cikin ciwo. Koyaya, ta ci gaba da daidaitawa kuma ta ci gaba.

Decker ta hau kan Budd; sannan, ba da daɗewa ba, ta yi karo da mai tseren Burtaniya kuma ta fadi a kan iyaka, ta ji rauni a cinya. Faduwar ta ƙare tseren ta, kuma saurayinta (kuma daga baya, mijinta), Mai jefa discus na Burtaniya Richard Slaney ya ɗauke ta da hawaye.

Budd, wanda abin da ya faru ya shafi shi sosai, ya ci gaba da jagorantar wani lokaci, amma ya ɓace, ya kammala na bakwai. Lokacin kammalawarta na 8:48 ya kasance a waje da mafi kyawunta na 8:37. Budd ya yi ƙoƙari ya nemi gafara ga Decker a cikin ramin bayan tseren, amma Decker ya yi fushi, kuma ya amsa, "Kada ku damu!" Puică ya ci nasara, tare da Sly na biyu, kuma Lynn Williams na Kanada na uku. [4]

Wani juri na Ƙungiyar Ƙungiyoyin Wasanni ta Duniya (IAAF) ya gano cewa ba ta da alhakin haɗarin. Decker ya ce shekaru da yawa bayan taron: "Dalilin da ya sa na fadi, wasu mutane suna tunanin ta yi mini tuntuɓe da gangan. Na san hakan ba haka ba ne. Dalilin da ya haifar da na fadi shi ne saboda ni ba ni da kwarewa sosai wajen gudu a cikin fakiti".[5]

Gabaɗaya, alhakin mai tsere ne ya guje wa hulɗa da mai tsere a gaba; ko Budd yana da isasshen iko da tseren don ya ja cikin layin kamar yadda ta yi an yi jayayya sosai. "Wannan ba yana nufin, "mai ba da labari Kenny Moore ya rubuta a bayan haka, "cewa shugaba zai iya karkatar da shi ba tare da hukunci ba, amma a cikin bayarwa da ɗaukar kaya, 'yan wasa suna koyon yin alawus. " Da farko kafofin watsa labarai na Amurka sun goyi bayan Decker, yayin da' yan jaridar Burtaniya suka goyi bayan Budd.

A shekara ta 2002, lokacin ya kasance na 93 a cikin Channel 4's 100 Greatest Sporting Moments. A wani labari na Celebrity Come Dine with Me, Budd ta bayyana cewa ba ta taɓa ganin hoton haɗarin ba.  [ana buƙatar hujja]Budd da Decker daga baya sun sake haduwa don wani shirin fim na 2016 game da lamarin, The Fallen .

Gasar kasa da kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Budd ta yi gasa a duniya don Burtaniya a 1985 da 1986. A watan Fabrairun 1985, ta kasance Gasar Cin Kofin Duniya (ta doke Ingrid Kristiansen), amma daga bisani ta ci gaba da cin nasara da yawa. Mafi mahimmanci daga cikin waɗannan shine sakewa da Mary Decker-Slaney a Crystal Palace a watan Yulin 1985, inda ta gama ta huɗu, wasu sakan 13 a bayan Decker-slaney.

Halin Budd ya inganta sosai bayan wannan tseren, duk da haka, yayin da ta ci gaba da karya rikodin Burtaniya da Commonwealth na 1500 m (a 3:59.96), mil (4:17.57), 3000m (8:28.83) da 5000m (14:48.07). Wannan na karshe ya rage rikodin duniya da sakan goma. Ta kuma yi nasara a gasar cin Kofin Turai ta 3000m . Lokaci mafi kyau a cikin 1500m, tseren mil da 3000m an saita su a cikin tseren tare da Decker-Slaney da Maricica Puică . Budd ya gama na uku a cikin dukkan tseren uku, tare da Decker-Slaney da Puică suna zuwa na farko da na biyu, bi da bi.

1986 ta fara ne tare da kare taken ta na Duniya na Cross da kuma rikodin duniya na 3000m na cikin gida na 8:39.79. Koyaya, bayan nasarori biyu a farkon kakar wasa sama da 1500m (4:01.93) da 3000m (8:34.72), lokacin wasan waje ya kawo nasarori da yawa daga 'yan wasa ya kamata ta doke ta cikin sauƙi. Ta yi gasa a duka 1500m da 3000m a Gasar Turai amma ba ta lashe lambar yabo a kowanne ba, ta kammala ta 9th da 4th, bi da bi. Daga baya ya bayyana cewa Budd tana fama da rauni mai raɗaɗi a kafa don yawancin kakar; ba ta yi gasa a 1987 ba yayin da ta nemi magani don wannan.

Rayuwa ta mutum[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dakatar da shi, komawa Afirka ta Kudu da aure[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 1988, Budd ya sake yin gasa tare da wasu tseren kasa. Koyaya, kasashe da yawa na Afirka sun yi iƙirarin cewa ta yi gasa a wani taron a Afirka ta Kudu kuma ta nace a dakatar da ita daga gasar. Budd ta ce ta halarci taron ne kawai kuma ba ta yi gasa ba. Ƙungiyar 'yan wasa ta duniya ta amince da wannan cajin kuma ta dakatar da Budd, a wannan lokacin ta koma Afirka ta Kudu, kuma ta yi ritaya daga gasar kasa da kasa na shekaru da yawa.

A shekara ta 1989, Budd ta auri Mike Pieterse . Ma'auratan suna da 'ya'ya uku, 'yar Lisa da tagwaye, Azelle da Mike. Har ila yau, a cikin 1989, Budd ta buga tarihin rayuwarta, Zola (wanda aka rubuta tare da Hugh Eley).

Lokacin da ta dawo Afirka ta Kudu, Budd ta sake fara tsere. Ta yi kyakkyawan yanayi a shekarar 1991 kuma ita ce mace ta biyu mafi sauri a duniya sama da 3000m. Bayan sake shigar da Afirka ta Kudu zuwa wasanni na kasa da kasa, ta shiga gasar 3000m a gasar Olympics ta 1992 a Barcelona amma ba ta cancanci wasan karshe ba. A shekara ta 1993, ta kammala ta huɗu a gasar zakarun duniya amma ba za ta taɓa fassara wannan nau'in zuwa waƙa ba.

Budd ya kasance mai riƙe da yawancin rikodin Burtaniya da Afirka ta Kudu a ƙananan da manyan matakan, kuma har yanzu yana riƙe da rikodin duniya guda biyu: mil da 3000m.

Komawa zuwa Amurka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Pieterse a cikin 2012 Comrades Marathon . Ta gama a matsayi na bakwai a tseren 2014, kuma ita ce mace ta farko da ta tsallake layin.[6]

Bayan zarge-zargen cewa mijinta yana da wani al'amari, [7] Budd, a karkashin sunan aurenta Pieterse, da 'ya'yanta uku sun koma Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, Amurka, a watan Agustan shekara ta 2008; mijinta ya shiga tare da su daga baya. Da farko tana da biza ta shekaru biyu wanda ya ba ta damar yin gasa a zagaye na masanan Amurka. Ta yi tsere a cikin rukunin Kudancin Carolina na Amurka Track and Field, inda ta lashe rukunin mata na Dasani Half-Marathon a lokacin Bi-Lo Myrtle Beach Marathon a ranar 14 ga Fabrairu 2009 tare da lokacin 1:20:41.

A ranar 12 ga watan Janairun shekara ta 2012, ta sanar da shiga cikin 2012 na kusan kilomita 90 (56 Marathon wanda aka gudanar a ranar 3 ga watan Yunin shekara ta 2012. [8][9] Ta kuma shiga cikin Marathon na Tekuna Biyu a lokacin karshen mako na Easter na 2012 yayin da ta horar da ita zuwa ga Marathon na Comrades wanda ta ƙare a cikin 8:06:09 (ta kasance mace ta 37 da ta gama), ta sami lambar yabo ta Bill Rowan . [10] Kodayake ta shirya gudanar da Comrades a cikin 2013 ta janye saboda rashin lafiya.

A watan Yunin 2014, Budd ya sake shiga Comrades, yana fatan samun lambar azurfa gaba ɗaya kuma na ɗan lokaci a ƙarƙashin awanni 7 da minti 30 (7:30). [11] Budd ta doke burinta na lokaci, ta gama da lokaci na 6:55:55 kuma ta sami lambar zinare don kammala 10 da kuma lambar zinare a matsayin 'veteran' na farko (babban) mai kammala yayin da ta zo a matsayin mace ta 7 a gaba ɗaya (shekaru shida na farko sun kasance aƙalla shekaru 10 ƙarami). [12] Budd ta sadaukar da 2014 Comrades run ga malamin Afirka ta Kudu Pierre Korkie, wanda Al-Qaeda ta tsare a Yemen na shekara guda. [13][14] An kwace ta lambar zinare ta 'tsofaffi' (amma ba kyautar kuɗi ba don kammala ta 7th gabaɗaya) biyo bayan zarge-zargen cewa ba ta nuna alamar ƙaramin shekaru a kan rigarta mai gudu ba, ban da sunan tsohon soja da aka riga aka nuna akan ta mai gudu. Budd da kocinta sun nuna cewa an ba da lambar zinare da lambar azurfa ga masu tsere biyu waɗanda kuma ba su da alamar ƙaramin shekaru a kan rigunsu, kuma sun sanar a watan Satumbar 2014 cewa sun fara shari'ar kotu a kan kungiyar Comrades Marathon don sake dawo da nasarar tsohuwar ta.[5]

A watan Maris na shekara ta 2015, Budd ya lashe gasar Run Hard Columbia (SC) Marathon a cikin lokaci na 3:05:27.[15]

Ya zuwa watan Yulin 2020, ta kasance Mataimakin Cross Country da Girls Track Coach a makarantar sakandare ta Conway a Conway, South Carolina; kuma ta ba da gudummawa a matsayin mataimakin koci a Jami'ar Coastal Carolina, kuma a Conway . [16][17]

Ta koma Afirka ta Kudu a shekarar 2021.[18]

Tasirin al'adu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A Afirka ta Kudu a yau, ana kiran Takis na gari da lakabi "Zola Budd" saboda saurin su. Mawakin Brenda Fassie (wanda mujallar Time ta kira "Madonna na garuruwa" a cikin 2001) ya sami nasara a cikin shekarun 1980 tare da waƙarta "Zola Budd".A ranar 20 ga watan Yulin 2012 BBC Radio 4 ta watsa wani wasa da Richard Monks ya yi game da ayyukan siyasa da kafofin watsa labarai da aka dauka don kawo Zola Budd zuwa Burtaniya tare da mahaifinta yana da shekaru 17, rubutun da ke nuna cewa ba ta son zama kuma tana son gida.[19]

Mafi kyawun mutum[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abin da ya faru Lokaci Ranar Wurin da yake
A waje 800 m 2:00.9.h 16 Maris 1984 Kroonstad, Afirka ta Kudu
1000 m 2:37.9h 7 Fabrairu 1983 Bloemfontein, Afirka ta Kudu
1500 m 3:59.96 30 ga watan Agusta 1985 Brussels, Belgium
Mile 4:17.57 21 ga watan Agusta 1985 Zürich, Switzerland
M 2000 5:30.19 11 ga Yuli 1986 Landan, Ingila
3000 m 8:28.83 7 ga Satumba 1985 Roma, Italiya
2 mil 9:29.6h 9 Yuni 1985 Landan, Ingila
5000 m 14:48.07 26 ga watan Agusta 1985 Landan, Ingila
10,000 m 36:44.88 9 Maris 2012 Myrtle Beach, Amurka
Cikin gida 1500 m 4:06.87 25 Janairu 1986 Cosford, Ingila
3000 m 8:39.79 8 Fabrairu 1986 Cosford, Ingila

Gasar kasa da kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shekara Gasa Wuri Matsayi Taron Bayanan kula
Representing Samfuri:GBR2 / Samfuri:ENG
1984 Olympic Games Los Angeles, United States 7th 3000m 8:48.80
1985 World Cross Country Championships Lisbon, Portugal 1st 5 km 15:01
1985 European Cup Moscow, Soviet Union 1st 3000m 8:35.32
1986 World Cross Country Championships Neuchatel, Switzerland 1st 4.7 km 14:49
1986 European Championships Stuttgart, Germany 9th 1500m 4:05.32
4th 3000m 8:38.20
Representing Samfuri:RSA
1992 Olympic Games Barcelona, Spain 25th (heats) 3000m 9:07.10
1993 World Cross Country Championships Amorebieta, Spain 4th 6.4 km 20:10
1994 World Cross Country Championships Budapest, Hungary 7th 6.2 km 21:01
Marathons
2003 London Marathon London, United Kingdom DNF
2007 Kloppers Marathon Bloemfontein, South Africa 1st 3:10:30
2008 New York City Marathon New York, United States 69th 2:59.53
2011 Kiawah Island Marathon Kiawah Island, United States 5th 3:01:51
2012 Myrtle Beach Marathon Myrtle Beach, United States 3rd 3:00:14
2012 Jacksonville Marathon Jacksonville, United States 4th 2:55:39
2014 Charleston Marathon Charleston, SC, United States 1st 2:59:42
2015 Run Hard Columbia Marathon Columbia SC, United States 1st 3:05:27
2017 Stirling Scottish Marathon Stirling, United Kingdom 9th 3:12:24

Bayanan da aka ambata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Zola Budd's brief but controversial international track and field..., Mike Collett, UPI, 1 November 1984
  2. "Dartford Harriers History". Dartford Harriers Athletic Club. Archived from the original on 30 June 2010.
  3. Perkiömäki, Mika. "World Record progression in women's running events". World-Wide Track & Field Statistics On-Line DoIt.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Athletics at the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Games: Women's 3,000 metres. sports-reference.com
  5. Parker-Pope, Tara (1 August 2008). "An Olympic Blast From the Past". Well – Tara Parker-Pope on Health.
  6. Rondganger, Lee (12 June 2014). "Budd stripped of Comrades win". Independent Online. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  7. Independent Newspapers Online (15 April 2006). "Zola left in tears yet again". Independent Online. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  8. "Comrades Marathon Results". Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  9. "Budd completes first Comrades". Sport24 South Africa. 3 June 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  10. "Comrades Marathon Results History". results.ultimate.dk. Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  11. Ballantyne, Tommy (31 May 2014). "Comrades a test of true grit". Independent Online. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  12. "Comrades Marathon @ UltimateLIVE". ultimate.dk. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  13. "Jacaranda FM – Budd dedicates run to Korkie". Jacaranda FM. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  14. Sapa (17 May 2014). "Pierre Korkie still captive in Yemen one year on". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  15. Run Hard Results. runhardcolumbiamarathon.com
  16. Wooten, Eddie (2014). Zola Budd Pieterse: 'I couldn't ask for anything more', news-record.com
  17. Quick, David (18 January 2014).Zola Budd Pieterse wins Charleston Marathon, The Post and Courier
  18. Zola Budd is happy to be back in South Africa after being away for 12 years, News24, 21 October 2021
  19. "Afternoon Drama – Zola". BBC. 20 July 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012.