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Days of Glory (2006 fim)

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Days of Glory (2006 fim)
Asali
Lokacin bugawa 2006
Asalin suna Indigènes
Asalin harshe Faransanci
Ƙasar asali Faransa, Beljik, Aljeriya da Moroko
Distribution format (en) Fassara video on demand (en) Fassara
Characteristics
Genre (en) Fassara war film (en) Fassara da drama film (en) Fassara
During 119 Dakika
Launi color (en) Fassara
Direction and screenplay
Darekta Rachid Bouchareb (en) Fassara
Marubin wasannin kwaykwayo Rachid Bouchareb (en) Fassara
Olivier Lorelle (en) Fassara
'yan wasa
Samar
Mai tsarawa Jean Bréhat (en) Fassara
Production company (en) Fassara Tessalit Productions (en) Fassara
Kissfilms (en) Fassara
France 3 Cinéma (en) Fassara
France 2 Cinéma (en) Fassara
StudioCanal (en) Fassara
Taza Productions (en) Fassara
Tassili Films (en) Fassara
Versus Production (en) Fassara
Scope Invest (en) Fassara
Executive producer (en) Fassara Muriel Merlin (en) Fassara
Editan fim Yannick Kergoat (en) Fassara
Production designer (en) Fassara Dominique Douret (en) Fassara
Other works
Mai rubuta kiɗa Armand Amar (en) Fassara
Director of photography (en) Fassara Patrick Blossier (en) Fassara
Kintato
Narrative location (en) Fassara Italiya da Marseille
Muhimmin darasi Yakin Duniya na II, Free French Forces (en) Fassara, Algerians Tirailleur (en) Fassara, Moroccan Goumier (en) Fassara da Army of Africa (France) (en) Fassara
Tarihi
External links
tadrart.com…

Ranakun Girma (Yan Asalin بلديون) Fim ne na Faransa a shekarar 2006 wanda Rachid Bouchareb ya ba da umarni. Simintin ya haɗa da Sami Bouajila, Jamel Debbouze, Samy Naceri, Roschdy Zem, Mélanie Laurent da kuma Bernard Blancan .

Fim din yana magana ne game da gudummawar da sojojin Arewacin Afirka suka bayar ga Sojojin Faransa masu 'yanci a lokacin yakin duniya na biyu da kuma, a cikin takaddama, tare da nuna bambanci. Fitar da fim ɗin ya ba da gudummawa wajen amincewa da wani ɓangare na haƙƙin fansho na sojoji daga tsoffin mallakar Faransa da gwamnatin Faransa ta yi. [1]

Jamel Debbouze, Samy Naceri, Roschdy Zem, Sami Bouajila da kuma Bernard Blancan duk sun lashe kyautar Prix d'interprétation a shekarar 2006 Cannes Film Festival saboda wasan kwaikwayo, kuma fim din ya lashe kyautar François Chalais . An kuma zaɓi shi don Kyautar Kwalejin don Mafi kyawun Fim ɗin Harshen Waje .

Makirci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin Faransa ta Arewacin Afirka a cikin shekarar 1943 an dauki mutane da yawa daga mallakar Faransa a ketare a cikin Sojojin Faransa na Farko na Sojojin Faransa masu ' Yanci don yin yaki tare da sauran kawancen kawancen Nazi Jamus da 'yantar da Faransa daga mamayar . The sojojin kunshi biyu main abubuwa: pieds-noirs, cewa shi ne mutane na kagaggun Turai zuriya, kuma 'yan asalin, wadanda daga kagaggun Afirka lõkacin saukarsa. "Indigènes" sun ƙunshi manyan ƙungiyoyi uku: Aljeriya, Moroccan (wanda aka sani da goumiers ) da kuma sojoji daga yankin Saharar Afirka .

Saïd, makiyayin akuya matalauta, ya shiga RTA ta bakwai (Régiment de Tirailleurs Algériens). Tare da shi akwai wasu 'yan Algeria ciki har da Messaoud, wanda ke son yin aure ya zauna a Faransa, da Kofur Abdelkader mai ilimi, wanda ke neman daidaito da mazauna ga 'yan asalin kasarsa. Akwai kuma 'yan uwa biyu 'yan Morocco Yassir da Larbi, burin Yassir ya zama ganima domin Larbi ya samu damar yin aure.

Ba da da ewa maza, ado a mafi yawa ara-haya American kayan hadu Saje Martinez, wani yaki-taurare pied-noir, wanda basu horo su kafin ya shugabance su a kan su na farko alkawari da Jamus a Italiya . Manufar su ita ce kama wani dutse da ke da kariya sosai, amma ba da jimawa ba za a fahimci cewa kwamandan Faransa na amfani da su a matsayin abincin dabbobi don gano wuraren da ake hari da bindigogi. Sojojin mulkin mallaka sun yi nasara a ƙarshe, tare da asarar hasara mai yawa. Lokacin da wakilin Faransa ya tambaye shi game da ra'ayinsa game da asarar da aka yi, Kanar na Faransa ya amsa, "yau babbar nasara ce ga Sojojin Faransa masu 'yanci".

Dakarun RTA na 7 na gaba sun fara shirin Operation Dragoon, don kwato kudancin Faransa. [2] Yayin da yake cikin jirgin ruwa, wani mai dafa abinci na Faransa ya ƙi ba da tumatir ga sojojin ƴan asalin ƙasar. Abdelkader ya yi kira da a samar da daidaito, amma an kaucewa tashe-tashen hankula lokacin da Martinez da kyaftin din kamfanin suka yi alkawarin cewa za a yi wa kowa da kowa.

Lokacin isa Marseille, ana gaishe da sojojin mulkin mallaka a matsayin jarumai. Messaoud ya gana kuma ya gurfanar da Irène, wata Bafaranshiya, ya yi alƙawari lokacin da rundunar ta bar aikin zai rubuta kuma wata rana zai dawo. Tace zata jirashi zasuyi aure. Duk da haka, saboda tantance saƙon sojoji, Irène ba ta taɓa sanin makomar Messaoud ba.

Saïd ya zama mai bin tsari na Martinez, wanda sauran sojoji ke kiransa "yarinya" kuma suna nuna cewa shi ɗan luwaɗi ne. Daga ƙarshe ya zaro ya riƙe wuƙa a makogwaron Messaoud. Abdelkader calms da halin da ake ciki, amma ya ce da ke sa shi share cewa a cikin wannan nuna wa mata banbanci duniya da Faransa hukumomi za a ba su mulkin mallaka da sojoji da wani abu. Da yake ganin hoton iyali a cikin kayan Martinez, yayin da yake shan ruwa tare da sajan Saïd, ya ambata cewa su biyun sun yi kama da juna biyu da uwa Balarabe. Hukumar NCO ta kai masa hari tare da yi masa barazanar kashe shi idan ya tona asirin.

Sojojin mulkin mallaka sun gano cewa, yayin da ba a ba su izinin ba, ana barin membobin Faransa na Sojojin Faransa na 'Yanci su tafi gida. Daga karshe an ce mazan za su koma gida, amma yaudara ce; maimakon haka, ana billeted su a bayan layin kuma ana ba su wasan ballet . Cikin gundura da ruɗewa, yawancinsu suna barin alfarwa sun yi taro a waje suna nuna rashin adalci. Martinez ya kalubalanci ƙungiyar, karkashin jagorancin Abdelkader, kuma aka fara fada.

Da sanyin safiya, Ƴan sandan sojan Faransa sun kai Messaoud wani shingen wucin gadi inda ake tsare da Abdelkader. Messaoud ya ce an kama shi ne saboda kokarin komawa Marseille ya nemo Irène. An gabatar da Abdelkader a gaban Kanar Faransa wanda ya gaya masa cewa yana bukatar shi ya tafi wani aiki na musamman: ya kai harsashi ga sojojin Amurka da ke yakin Lorraine Campaign sannan kuma ya kasance sojojin Faransa na farko da suka 'yantar da Alsace . Jami'in na Faransa ya yi alkawarin cewa Abdelkader da sauran sojojin mulkin mallaka za su sami lada da kuma sanin cewa nasara a wannan aiki za ta kawo. Daga baya, kyaftin din farar fata ya gaya wa kofur cewa Kanar zai cika alkawarinsa.

Yayin da suke tsallaka layukan Jamus, akasarin mutanen sun mutu ne sakamakon wani tarko da suka hada da dan uwan Yassir, kuma Martinez ya samu munanan raunuka. Wadanda suka tsira galibi suna son komawa, amma Abdelkader ya tara su don ci gaba. Daga karshe kofur, Saïd, Messaoud, Yassir da wadanda suka jikkata sun isa kauyen Alsatian. A cikin 'yan kwanaki masu zuwa sojoji suka shiga cikin yankin kuma Saïd ya yi abota da wata mai shayarwa . Lokacin da rukunin Jamusawa suka isa ƙauyen, yaƙi ya barke. Messaoud ya ji rauni sosai sakamakon makamin roka na Panzerschreck sannan wani dan ƙasar Jamus ya harbe shi. Saïd yayi ƙoƙarin kwashe Martinez, amma Panzerschreck ya harbe su duka, inda suka kashe Saïd tare da kara raunata Martinez, wanda ya kare cikin sauri. Abdelkader da Yassir sun yi yunkurin guduwa, amma wani Bajamushe ya harbe Yassir a baya. Duk da haka, kamar yadda kofur ɗin ya kasance, ƙarin sojojin mulkin mallaka sun isa suka kori Jamusawa daga ƙauyen.

Yayin da ginshiƙan sojojin Faransa na Free suka fara zagawa cikin yankin, Abdelkader ya ga Kanal ɗin yana wucewa a cikin motarsa kirar jeep, amma kwamandan Faransa ya yi watsi da shi, sai wani jami'in ma'aikaci ya ja shi ya tambaye shi inda rundunarsa take. Lokacin da Abdelkader ya ce duk sun mutu, kawai an tura shi wani NCO na Faransa. Yayin da yake fita daga ƙauyen, ya wuce wani mai ɗaukar hoto yana ɗaukar hotunan sojojin Faransa kawai da ke tsaye kusa da mutanen ƙauyen da aka kwato. Mutanen kauyen kuwa sun yabawa Abdelkader yayin da ya tafi.

Fim ɗin daga nan ya ƙaura zuwa yau. Wani tsoho Abdelkader ya je makabartar yaki a Alsace don ziyartar kaburburan abokansa: Martinez, Saïd, Yassir da Messaoud. Daga nan sai ya koma ƙaramin falon da yake zaune a ƙasar Faransa ta zamani. Fim ɗin ya ƙare da taken cewa daga shekara ta 1959 fansho ga masu yi wa hidima daga ƙasashen waje na Faransa da ke zaune a Faransa ba su sami wani ƙari ba bayan ranar da ƙasarsu ta samu ƴancin kai.

Ƴan wasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jamel Debbouze - Saïd Otmari
  • Samy Naceri - Yassir
  • Roschdy Zem - Messaoud Souni
  • Sami Bouajila - Abdelkader
  • Bernard Blancan - Sajan Roger Martinez
  • Mathieu Simonet - Caporal Leroux
  • Assaad Bouab - Larbi
  • Mélanie Laurent - ƙauyen Margueritte Vosges
  • Benoît Giros - Kyaftin Durieux
  • Thibault de Montalembert - Kyaftin Martin
  • Aurélie Eltvedt - Irène
  • Dioucounda Koma - Touré
  • Philippe Beglia - Rambert
  • Antoine Chappey - Kanal
  • Kalen Bushe - Kanal na biyu
  • Thomas Langmann - Dan jarida
  • Julie de Bona

Dacewar zamani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Duk da yake kowanne yana da nasa manufar, waɗannan ƴan asalin Afirka sun shiga yaƙin neman ƙasar Faransa da ba su taɓa gani ba. A cikin kalmomin Le Chant des Africains, 'yan wasan kwaikwayo hudu na rera waka a cikin fim din, "mun fito daga yankunan da ke mulkin mallaka don ceton uwa, mun zo daga nesa don mutuwa, mu maza ne na Afirka." Fim ɗin ya nuna ƙayyadaddun kwatancen yadda ake bi da su a cikin ƙungiyar sojojin da ke nuna ƙyama ga Faransawa na Turai. [1]

Ana ci gaba da nuna wariya da mahukuntan Faransa suka yi wa wadannan sojoji yayin da gwamnatocin Faransa da suka shude suka dakile kudaden fansho na wadannan tsofaffin 'yan asalin kasar a lokacin da kasashensu suka samu 'yancin kai. Bayanan rufe fim din sun nuna cewa, duk da hukuncin da aka yanke na cewa ya kamata a biya kudaden fansho gaba daya, gwamnatocin Faransa da suka shude tun shekara ta 2002 ba su yi haka ba. Bayan fitar da fim din ne aka sauya manufofin gwamnati don ganin an samu kudaden fansho na ƴan gwagwarmaya na kasashen waje daidai da abin da ake biyan tsoffin sojojin Faransa. Amma, ya zuwa 2010, ba a yi la’akari da fenshon yaƙi a kan kari ba (kusan shekaru 40).

A shekara ta 2009, BBC ta buga shaidun da ke nuna cewa sojojin turawan mulkin mallaka - wadanda tare da sojojin arewacin Afirka da ke da kashi biyu bisa uku na sojojin Faransa masu 'yanci - an cire su da gangan daga rukunin da suka jagoranci ƙawance ƴantar da Paris a 1944. Janar Charles de Gaulle ya bayyana karara cewa yana son sojojin Faransa masu ƴanci su fara shiga babban birnin Faransa. Saboda haka rundunar kawance ta dage cewa a maye gurbin dukkan sojojin baƙaƙen fata da Turawa da na Arewacin Afirka daga wasu sassan Faransa.

Kamar yadda masanin tarihi Julian Jackson ya bayyana, "Da zarar ƴan tawaye sun ci Vichyite Algeria, an ba de Gaulle damar zuwa can, a watan Mayu 1943. Yanzu Algiers ya maye gurbin London da Brazzaville a matsayin babban birnin Faransanci na 'Yanci. Abu mafi mahimmanci shi ne cewa Aljeriya na ƙunshe da wani muhimmin tafki na sojojin arewacin Afirka. A karshen shekara ta 1942 jimillar sojojin de Gaulle ba su kai 50,000 ba, amma yanzu, a 1943, albarkacin Aljeriya, yana da sojoji kusan rabin miliyan. An fara jefa wannan runduna ta kabilanci da yawa a Italiya a shekara ta 1943 - ta yi yakin Monte Cassino - sannan ta sauka tare da Amurkawa a kudancin Faransa a watan Agustan 1944 ... An aika da 2nd Armored Division of Leclerc zuwa ... arewacin Faransa, - a cikin kalmomin wani babban janar na Amurka shi ne, 'kaɗaicin Faransanci wanda za a iya sanya 100% fari'. . . Ko da ba a yunƙurin de Gaulle ba ne, da alama bai yi adawa da wannan farin-wanke na matakin ƙarshe na almara na Faransanci na Kyauta ba. . . Faransawa sun yi saurin manta cewa saboda godiya ga sojojinsu na mulkin mallaka cewa suna da wani da'awar sake shiga yakin a 1944 a matsayin babban iko." [3]

liyafa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Amsa mai mahimmanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fim ɗin Days of Glory yana da ƙimar amincewa na 83% akan gidan yanar gizon mai tattara Tumatir Rotten Tumatir, dangane da sake dubawa na 86, da matsakaicin ƙimar 7.23/10. Muhimmiyar yarjejeniya ta gidan yanar gizon ta ce, " Ranakun ɗaukaka almara ne mai ƙarfi na tarihi wanda ke ba da girmamawa ga jiga-jigan gungun sojoji waɗanda aka manta da sadaukarwarsu da yawa". Hakanan yana da maki 82 cikin 100 akan Metacritic, bisa ga masu suka 25, yana nuna "yabo na duniya".

Kyauta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jamel Debbouze, Samy Naceri, Roschdy Zem, Sami Bouajila da kuma Bernard Blancan sun lashe kyautar maza ta Prix d'interprétation a bikin Fim na Cannes na 2006 .

An zabi fim ɗin don Kyautar Kwalejin don Mafi kyawun Fim ɗin Harshen Waje, amma ya ɓace ga Rayuwar Wasu .

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 'Days of Glory' MOVIE REVIEW - Los Angeles Times, Kenneth Turan, December 6, 2006, retrieved 2007-03-30
  2. Days of Glory (2006) Channel 4 Film review, retrieved 2007-03-30
  3. Julian Jackson, BBC Radio Three, The Other Empire episode 3/5, first broadcast 14 September 2011

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]