Harshen Ba̠jju

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with short description]]
Jimlar yawan jama'a
610,000 (2020 SIL)[1]
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Christianity, A̠bvoi
Kabilu masu alaƙa
Atyap, Ham, Bakulu, Afizere, Irigwe, Berom, Jukun, Kuteb and other Platoid peoples of the Middle Belt, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba, Edo, Efik and other Benue-Congo peoples of Middle Belt and southern Nigeria

Wannan harshen mutane Jju, or Ba̠jju (exonyms: Template:Lang-ha; Template:Lang-kcg, na ƙabilan ce dake tsakiyar Najeriya. Kalmar Ba̠jju an yanke tane daga kalmar "Ba̠nyet Jju" wanda take nufin "Mutanen Jju" ana kiran wanda suke yaren da wanda ake samun su a Ka̠jju.[2] Ana samun su a kudancin jahar Kaduna , a yankuna kamar hukumar Kachia, Zangon Kataf, Jama'a Kaduna South. Mutanen Ba̠jju ana kiransu da 'yan "Kaje" wannan shine sunan da mafi yawan Hausawa suke kiransu da shi, saboda wahalar kiran asalin sunan Ka̠jju, mafiya yawan mutanensu suna sana'a r noma, maharba, maƙera da 'yan kasuwa.[Ana bukatan hujja][3][4][5][6]

Tsatso da Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kamar yadda tarihi ya bayyana, asalin tsatso Ba̠jju ya taho daga jahar Bauchi State inda mutanen suna rayuwa a tsibiri da koguna inda suke ɓoyewa don kallon maƙiya. Wannan mutanen ana kiran su da mutanen.[7] Ance suna tahowa ne suna tafiya don neman abinci ɗon farauta har suka tsinci kansu a Yankunan It Jos-Bauchi, wanda suke tsakiyar Najeriya. Wanda wannan tsauni dama akwai mutanen Afizere amma Hausawa suna kiran su da 'Jarawa', mutanen Afizere sai suka bar tsauni suka koma wani tsauni mai suna 'Tsok-kwon'.[6]

'yan Afizere ance sun mamaye yankunan also 'Miango', wanda dama asalin wurin zaman ƙabilan Irigwe. Mutanen kabilan Ba̠jju, Irigwe, da Afizere suna kiran junansu da dangi saboda suna da tsatso kusan iri ɗaya.[Ana bukatan hujja][8][Ana bukatan hujja][9]

ndants ofBa̠ranzan

Ba̠ranzan had five sos namely:

A̠nkwak – was the eldest son of Ba̠ranzan. He had the following children: Ka̠murum, A̠kurdan, Kpunyai, A̠za̠wuru, Ka̠tsiik, Gatun, Byet, Duhuan, A̠tachab, Rika̠wa̠n, Chenchuuk, Rika̠yakwon, Zi̠bvong, Ka̠masa, A̠nkpang, and Byena.

Tuan – the second son had the following children: Zankirwa, A̠tutyen, Kukwan, Vongkpang, Zat, Furgyam, Sansun, Ka̠mantsok, Dinyring, A̠mankwo, Kpong, Zantun, and Dichu'a̠don.

A̠kadon – the third child had the following children: Tsoriyang, Wadon, Rebvok, A̠bvong, and Chiyua.

Kanshuwa – the fourth child had the following children: Jei, Dihwugwai, Zagwom, Ta̠bak, Baihom, Bairuap, and Zambyin.

Iduang – the fifth and last born of Ba̠ranzan had the following children: Zuturung, Zunkwa, Zansak, Dibyii, and A̠bvo.

However, some Ba̠jju and A̠takat people intermarried, and this caused the widespread death of 1970, Gaiya (2013). The Gado of Ba̠jju, along with his people, met with the Gado of A̠takat, along with his people, to discuss the crisis of frequent deaths of people of both tribes as a result of the intermarriages. They later reached a decision to abolish the law religiously and traditionally so that there would not be any consequence for the intermarriage. That was how the A̠takat and Ba̠jju people began to intermarry freely.

The previously mentioned Ba̠ranzan (son of Zampara, and brother of A̠kad) left Hurbuang and cleared a place by a riverside called 'Duccuu Chen'. He settled the Ka̠jju there (Ka̠jju was the initial name of the Ba̠jju). The name 'Ka̠jju' was derived from the name which Ba̠ranzan gave the new settlement, which was 'Ka̠zzu'.

Although it is uclear from oral history when the migration occurred, but evidence suggests that the Ba̠jju were in their current location since the early 1800s, Gaiya (2013).[Ana bukatan hujja]

Culture[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bajju witchcraft and rites[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

There are many rites in Kajju land such as things like rain, farming, harvest, new house, pregnancy, and child-naming.[10] Tyyi Tson (Euthanasia): Tyyi Tson means 'to give hungry rice' (hungry rice was a type of rice which the Bajju thought of as the most sacred and perhaps elite). This practice involved offering an elderly woman poisoned hungry rice (called 'Kasap') to end her suffering of physical infirmity. It was usually done by one of her children or her sister.[11]

Nkut (witchcraft): This is the power to exert spiritual influence over another person. People who use Nkut are referred to as 'Akut', and are believed to have a second set of eyes. The first set allows one to see the physical, while the other is used to see into the spiritual realm.[12][13]

Gajimale (water spirit): A gajimale comes out of rivers, or streams to seduce its victims by transforming into a good looking opposite sex of the victim. It was a belief that many rich people got their wealth from Gajimale, and in return, they gave children to it. Epilepsy (known as rong ncen meaning "fire of the river") was believed to be caused by the Gajimale.[14][15]

A̠bvoi (or Abvwoi): The Bajju had a religious institution called the Abvoi. The leader of the Abvoi shrine was called the 'Gado Abvoi' or 'Dodo'. The 'Magajin Abvoi' is the one who translates the messages of Abvoi to the people. The celebrations involved masquerade dances.[16]

Masquerades (Abusak): They represented the spirits in Abvoi celebrations. The Abusak danced with women and disciplines them by beating them.[17]

Taboos and superstitions[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Children were not to eat eggs and meat offered to them at other households, for it may be Nkut meat neither were they to go out in the heat of the midday sun,Template:Clarification needed they may accept food from Akut.[18]


  • Were not to eat eggs, for they would be 'eating' their own children;[2]
  • Were not allowed to eat chicken and birds in general;
  • Were not to cook or carry out farm activities for 7 days following child birth;
  • Were not allowed to hit the wall with their hands or feet, for they would be calling the Abvoi;
  • Were not allowed to hit people with brooms, especially men, for they would be 'sweeping away' all of his charms and power (including the power to impregnate a woman);
  • Pregnant women were not to eat sugarcane; for their babies would grow too fat;
  • Women were not to eat animal heads.


  • Were not to allow their hair shaved halfway, for a spirit would come to finish the job, and cause the man to go mad;
  • Were not to eat food prepared by menstruating women, for they would be exposed to blindness or bad luck in hunting;
  • Were not to share secrets of the ancestor cult with women.

General taboos[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • 'Spirit snakes' should not be killed. It may be the spirit of a person sleeping or having a fever;[19]
  • Do not whistle at night; for it would call a spirit;
  • Do not whistle in the house of a hunter; for his charms would stop working;
  • Do not blow food to cool it;
  • A visitor must not eat food alone. A person from the visited household must eat with the guest to prove the food is not poisoned;
  • People were not to talk while eating. Even though a stranger came in, they should not greet until they finished eating;
  • One should not answer a call at night; for the person might die;
  • One should not step over arrows;
  • A cock that crows between dusk and midnight must be killed; for it calls the spirits.

Rules[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Men are buried facing east (direction of Ba̠jju origin) while women were buried facing west.
  • Those who died as a result of falling off a tree, falling off the roof of a house, or shot during hunting, were buried where the incident took place, and do not receive a burial ceremony.
  • Women who died during child birth were buried at the backyard of their home.
  • Someone with small pox was isolated because they believed he was a wizard. They are not given a burial ceremony after dying.
  • Before drinking, elders were to pour a few drops on the ground for the ancestors.
  • The Ba̠jju believed in reincarnation.
  • The Ba̠jju believed that when a shooting star passes across the sky, a great man has died somewhere and is going to land somewhere else for reincarnation.

Taking oaths[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Men could swear the following oaths:

  • Sshi a̠nok: To swear on one's hoe. The oath was 'If I did this, may the hoe cut my leg'.
  • Sshi ka̠ta: To swear on one's bow.
  • Sswa mbyin: To swear on a drum. A drum was kept with each village's gado (village head) and was used for matters affecting the entire village and used to settle local disputes.

Women could swear the following oaths:

  • Sshi a̠byai: To swear on one's headboard (the item used to rest loads atop women's heads). If her oath was false, her child birth would not be a safe delivery.
  • Sswa a̠bubvo: To swear on one's skin. The skin is the piece of clothing used to secure a child on her back. If the oath was false, the child in the skin would die.
  • Sswa ka̠tssong: To swear on one's axe. 'May her axe cut her if her oath is false'.

Life after death[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ba̠jju people like any other tribe in African believe in life after death in the sense that they acknowledge that ancestors performs some function to enable human happiness and prosperity.[1] Their will is sought for at any time and for every purpose in life. People who seek to be in good terms with the ancestors show them respect in their families. It is also believed that the elder must eat first before any other person, and when drinking, they have to pour some drops on the ground for the ancestors to take.[4]

Yare[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Template:Main The Ba̠jju people, speak the Jju language, which is one of the Central Plateau languages, and seems to be a variant of Tyap, alongside Gworok, Fantswam, Takad, Tyuku, Tyap proper, Sholyio and Tyeca̠rak; whose speakers are ethnically distinct.[20]

Siyasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

The Ba̠jju people are governed by a traditional leader appointed by the Kaduna State government who governs the affairs of the people, whose headquarters is at Zonkwa (or A̠zunkwa).

The Ba̠jju paramount leader is called A̠gwam Ba̠jju. The first monarch was late His Royal Highness, A̠gwam Ba̠jju I, and the current one is His Royal Highness Luka Kogi Yabuwat.[2]

Manyan Mutane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Template:E26
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Women were forbidden from eating eggs in Bajju for fear of killing their foetuses - Bature, Agwam Bajju I". Punch. Punch. May 18, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  3. Ibrahim, James (2007). The politics of creation of Chiefdoms in Kaduna State. p. 66.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Naija, Sabi. "WHO ARE THE BAJJU PEOPLE OF CENTRAL NIGERIA?". Sabi Naija (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 2022-02-01. Retrieved 2022-02-01.
  5. Meek, C.K (1931). Tribes Studies in Northern Nigeria.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Sunny, Idunwo (1999-06-05). "The Guardian News". p. 6. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  7. O., Temple (1966). Tribes, provinces, Emirates and states of the northern provinces of Nigeria (in English). London: Frank Cass & Co. LTD. pp. 45–56.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  8. O., Temple (1965). Tribes, provinces, Emirates and states of the northern provinces of Nigeria. Frank Cass & co.ltd.
  9. "Giving peace a chance in kafanchan". The Guardian. 12 June 1999. p. 27. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  10. "The Bajju People of Southern Kaduna: The Baranzan Race". Echoes of Hope (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 2022-02-01. Retrieved 2022-02-01.
  11. "The Bajju People of Southern Kaduna: The Baranzan Race". Echoes of Hope (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 2022-02-01. Retrieved 2022-02-01.
  12. McKinney, Carol V. (1992). "Wives and Sisters: Bajju Marital Patterns". Ethnology. 31 (1): 75–87. doi:10.2307/3773443. ISSN 0014-1828. JSTOR 3773443.
  13. Mckinney, C. (1985). The Bajju of Central Nigeria: A case study of Religious and social change. Southern Methodist University thesis.
  14. McKinney, Carol V. (1992). "Wives and Sisters: Bajju Marital Patterns". Ethnology. 31 (1): 75–87. doi:10.2307/3773443. ISSN 0014-1828. JSTOR 3773443.
  15. Ninyio, M.O.U (1993). the Kagoro and their Neighbours: A critical Study of inter group relations in Central Nigeria up 1800. UNiversity Of Jos Thesis.
  16. Onyeakagbu, Adaobi (2021-08-22). "Popular taboos, beliefs and superstitions of the Bajju people of Kaduna". Pulse Nigeria (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  17. Onyeakagbu, Adaobi (2021-08-22). "Popular taboos, beliefs and superstitions of the Bajju people of Kaduna". Pulse Nigeria (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  18. Onyeakagbu, Adaobi (2021-08-22). "Popular taboos, beliefs and superstitions of the Bajju people of Kaduna". Pulse Nigeria (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  19. "The Bajju People of Southern Kaduna: The Baranzan Race | Echoes of Hope". www.theechoesofhope.com (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 2022-02-01. Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  20. Central Plateau languages. Kay Williamson Educational Foundation. Retrieved 2019-07-11.

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