Jump to content

Hukumar raya kasashe masu tasowa ta kasa da kasa

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Hukumar raya kasashe masu tasowa ta kasa da kasa

Bayanai
Iri intergovernmental organization (en) Fassara
Mulki
Hedkwata Jibuti
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira ga Janairu, 1986
igad.int

Kungiyar raya kasashe masu ci gaba ( IGAD ) kungiya ce ta kasuwanci tsakanin kasashe takwas a Afirka . Ya hada da gwamnatoci daga Kahon Afirka, Kwarin Nilu da Manyan Tafkunan Afirka . Tana da hedikwata a Djibouti .

Kasashe membobi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kahon Afirka
  • Jibuti (tana cikin abokan samarwa tun 1986)
  • Habasha (tana cikin abokan samarwa tun 1986)
  • Somaliya (tana cikin abokan samarwa tun 1986)
  •  Eritrea (an saka ta a1993, an cire ta a 2007, an sake saka ta a 2011[1])
Kogin Nilu
Manyan Tafkunan Afirka
  •  Kenya (tana cikin abokan samarwa tun 1986)
  •  Uganda (tana cikin abokan samarwa tun 1986)

Samuwar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An kafa hukumar raya kasa ta kasa da kasa a shekarar 1996. Ta yi nasara a farko tun daga farko hukumar kula da fari da ci gaba (IGADD), kungiyar kasashe da dama da Djibouti, Habasha, Somaliya, Sudan, Uganda da Kenya suka kafa a shekarar 1986, tare da mai da hankali kan raya kasa da kiyaye muhalli. Daga baya aka mayar da hedkwatar IGADD zuwa Djibouti, bayan wata yarjejeniya da kasashe mambobin kungiyar suka sanya wa hannu a watan Janairun 1986. Eritrea ta shiga kungiyar ne a shekarar 1993, bayan samun 'yancin kai.

A cikin Afrilu 1995, Majalisar Shugabannin Kasashe da gwamnatoci sun hadu a Addis Ababa, inda suka amince da karfafa hadin gwiwa ta kungiyar. An bi wannan tare da rattaba hannu kan Wasiƙar Kayan aiki don Gyara Yarjejeniyar / Yarjejeniyar IGADD akan 21 Maris 1996. Revitalized IGAD, sabon tsarin kungiya, an ƙaddamar da shi a ranar 25 ga Nuwamba 1996 a Djibouti.[4]

IGASOM/AMISOM[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin watan Satumban 2006, kwamitin zaman lafiya da tsaro na AU ya amince da shawarar IGAD na tura tawagar tallafawa zaman lafiya ta IGAD a Somaliya (IGASOM).[5]

A ranar 21 ga Fabrairun 2007, Kwamitin Tsaro na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya amince da kuduri mai lamba 1744, wanda ya ba da izinin tura sabuwar tawagar wanzar da zaman lafiya ta Tarayyar Afirka zuwa Somaliya (AMISOM) a madadin IGASOM.[6]

Halin da ake ciki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • IGAD babbar mai goyan bayan gwamnatin tarayyar Somaliya ne kuma ta tallafa mata ta hanyar ayyukan AMISOM da ATMIS .
  • IGAD ta fadada ayyukanta a shekara ta 2008 tare da shirye-shiryen inganta harkokin zuba jari, kasuwanci da bankunan kasashe mambobin kungiyar. Kungiyar ta jaddada tura sabbin tsare-tsare da dabaru.

Tsarin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Majalisar shugabannin kasa da gwamnatoci ita ce babbar hukumar tsara manufofin gwamnati. Yana ƙayyade manufofi, jagorori da shirye-shirye na IGAD kuma yana saduwa sau ɗaya a shekara. Ana zabar shugaba daga cikin kasashe membobi a kan karba-karba.
  • Sakatariyar na karkashin jagorancin Babban Sakatare ne da Majalisar Shugabannin Kasa da gwamnatoci suka nada na tsawon shekaru hudu da za a sabunta sau daya. Sakatariyar na taimaka wa kasashe mambobin kungiyar wajen tsara ayyukan yanki a fannonin da suka fi ba da fifiko, da saukaka daidaitawa da daidaita manufofin ci gaba, tattara albarkatu don aiwatar da ayyukan yanki da shirye-shiryen da majalisar ta amince da shi da kuma karfafa abubuwan more rayuwa na kasa da suka dace don aiwatar da ayyuka da manufofin yankin. Sakataren zartarwa na yanzu shine Workneh Gebeyehu na Habasha (tun 29 ga Nuwamba 2019).
  • Majalisar ministocin ta kunshi ministocin harkokin waje da kuma minista daya da kowace kasa membobi ta nada. Majalisar tana tsara manufofi, ta amince da shirin aiki da kasafin kuɗin sakatariya a duk lokacin zamanta na shekara-shekara.
  • Kwamitin Jakadun ya kunshi Jakadun kasashe mambobin kungiyar IGAD ko kuma masu rike da madafun iko da aka amince da su a hedikwatar IGAD. Yana yin taro a duk lokacin da bukatar hakan ta taso don ba da shawara da ja-gorar Sakataren Zartarwa.

Ambasada Mahboub Maalim ya mikawa Workneh Gebeyehu a matsayin Babban Sakatare a karshen shekarar 2019. Malim, wanda Kenya ta zaba, ya yi aiki daga 2008 zuwa 2019.

Kwatanta da sauran ƙungiyoyin kasuwanci na yanki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Intergovernmental Authority on Development: About us: History". IGAD. 9 January 2010. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  2. "East African bloc admits South Sudan as member". Reuters Africa. 25 November 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  3. Şafak, Yeni. "Regional bloc suspends South Sudan's membership over failure to pay fees". Yeni Şafak (in Harshen Turkiyya). Retrieved 2021-12-11.
  4. "IGAD - About us". Intergovernmental Authority on Development. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  5. "SOMALIA: African Union endorses regional peace plan". IRIN. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  6. "Resolution 1744 (2007)" (PDF). United Nations Security Council. Retrieved 25 August 2013.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]