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Ridhima Pandey

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Ridhima Pandey
Rayuwa
Haihuwa 2008 (15/16 shekaru)
ƙasa Indiya
Sana'a
Sana'a Malamin yanayi da gwagwarmaya
Kyaututtuka
Ridhimavpandey yar gwawarmaya

Ridhima Pandey (2008) yar gwagwarmayar muhalli ce daga Indiya wacce ke ba da shawarar ɗaukar mataki kan sauyin yanayi. An kwatanta ta da Greta Thunberg.[1] Lokacin da ta kai shekara tara, ta shigar da kara a gaban gwamnatin Indiya saboda rashin ɗaukar kwararan matakai na yaki da sauyin yanayi.[2] Har ila yau, ta kasance daya daga cikin masu kokawa ga Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya, tare da wasu matasa masu fafutukar ganin sauyin yanayi,[3] kan gazawar ƙasashe da dama na ɗaukar mataki kan matsalar yanayi.[4]

Fage[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Pandey yana zaune a Haridwar,[5]

Uttarakhand, jiha a Arewacin Indiya.[6][3] Ƴa ce daga Dinesh Pandey wacce ke aiki a Wildlife Trust India wacce ita ma mai fafutukar sauyin yanayi ce kuma ta yi aiki a Uttarakhand a wannan matsayi na tsawon shekaru 16 kuma mahaifiyarta Vinita Pandey wacce ke aiki da Sashen daji na Uttarakhand.[7]

Sha'awarta game da sauyin yanayi ta fara ne lokacin da gidan Pandey na Uttarakhand ya fuskanci mummunan yanayi a cikin shekaru uku da suka gabata kuma a cikin 2013, mutane sama da 1000 sun mutu sakamakon ambaliyar ruwa da zabtarewar kasa.[8] An kwashe kusan mutane 100,000 daga yankin.[9] A cewar Bankin Duniya, mai yiyuwa ne sauyin yanayi ya kara matsin lamba kan samar da ruwan sha a Indiya.

Ƙaunar yanayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Matakin doka akan gwamnatin Indiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yana da shekaru tara, Pandey ya shigar da kara a gaban gwamnatin Indiya a kan cewa ba su ɗauki muhimman matakai kan sauyin yanayi da suka amince da su a yarjejeniyar Paris ba. An gabatar da wannan shari'ar a Kotun Kotu ta Ƙasa (NGT), kotun da aka kafa a cikin 2010 wanda ke magana da shari'o'in muhalli kawai. Pandey ya kuma bukaci Gwamnati da ta shirya wani shiri na rage hayaƙin Carbon da wani shiri a duk faɗin ƙasar don dakile tasirin sauyin yanayi, gami da rage yawan amfani da makamashin da Indiya ke yi.

A wata hira da jaridar The Independent . Pandey ya ce:

“Gwamnatina ta ƙasa dayukar matakan daidaitawa tare da rage hayakin iskar gas da ke haifar da matsanancin yanayi. Wannan zai yi tasiri da ni da kuma na gaba na gaba. Kasata tana da karfin da za ta iya rage amfani da man fetur, kuma saboda gazawar Gwamnati na tuntubi Kotun Ƙoli ta Ƙasa.”

Hukumar ta NGT tayi watsi da koken nata, inda ta bayyana cewa an rufe ta a ƙarƙashin shirin tantance muhalli.

Koka ga Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A lokacin da ta nemi takardar visa ta Norwegian don zuwa Oslo, ta ji labarin wata kungiya ta matasa masu gwagwarmayar yanayi. Ta tunkari ƙungiyar, kuma an zabe ta don zuwa New York don taron 2019 na Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya . A yayin taron, a ranar 23 ga Satumba, 2019. Pandey tare da wasu yara 15, ciki har da Greta Thunberg, Ayakha Melithafa da Alexandria Villaseñor, sun shigar da kara ga Kwamitin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Ƴancin Yara, yana zargin Argentina, Brazil, Jamus, Faransa da Turkiyya don keta Yarjejeniyar 'Yancin 'Yancin. Yaro ta hanyar ƙasa magance matsalar sauyin yanayi yadda ya kamata.

Ta kuma sake shiga tare da Thunberg lokacin da take tare da wasu yara 13 daga kusa da kalmar aika takardar koke ta doka zuwa Sakatare-Janar na Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya, António Guterres don ayyana rikicin yanayi a matsayin matakin gaggawa na 3 na duniya akan 2021.

Ƙarin gwagwarmaya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Satumba na 2019, Pandey ya jagoranci yajin yanayi a ƙarƙashin FridaysForFuture a Dehradun kuma ya zama mai magana don musayar Xynteo a wannan watan a Norway tare da Ella Marie Hætta Isaksen . Pandey ta dawo tana ma'amala da gwamnatin Indiya lokacin da ta yi kira ga Narendra Modi da ya dakatar da shirin sare dajin Aarey don gina aikin zubar da mota

Pandey ya yi kira da a dakatar da yin amfani da robobi gaba daya, yana mai cewa ci gaba da samar da shi sakamakon buƙatar masu amfani ne. Ta kuma yi kira ga gwamnatin Indiya da kananan hukumomi da su kara kaimi wajen tsaftace kogin Ganga . Ta ce yayin da gwamnati ke ikirarin tana tsaftace kogin, ba a samu wani sauyi sosai a yanayin kogin ba.

An nakalto Pandey akan tarihin rayuwarta akan Yara vs Canjin Yanayi kamar yadda take bayyana manufarta:

"Ina so in ceci makomarmu. Ina so in ceci makomar dukan yara da dukan mutanen tsararraki masu zuwa"

Kyauta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Pandey yana cikin jerin mata 100 na BBC da aka sanar a ranar 23 ga Nuwamba 2020. Hakanan ta sami lambar yabo ta Tunawa da Mahaifiyar Teresa don Adalci na zamantakewa a cikin 16 Disamba 2021 a New Delhi.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "National Youth Day 2022: Honouring the Young Activists of India". The CSR Journal (in Turanci). 2022-01-12. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  2. "Who Is Ridhima Pandey". Business Standard India. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Meet the nine-year-old girl who is suing the Indian Government over climate change". The Independent (in Turanci). 1 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :0
  5. "Community Archives". Alliance Center (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 2022-04-19. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  6. "Ridhima Pandey". xynteo.com (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  7. "India's death toll in aftermath of floods reaches 1,000". The Guardian (in Turanci). Associated Press. 24 June 2013. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  8. "Many still stranded in India floods". BBC News (in Turanci). 28 June 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  9. "India: Climate Change Impacts". World Bank (in Turanci). Retrieved 23 April 2020.