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Sinima a Jamhuriyar Kwango

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Sinima a Jamhuriyar Kwango
cinema by country or region (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Facet of (en) Fassara cinematography (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Jamhuriyar dimokuradiyya Kwango
Wuri
Map
 2°54′S 23°42′E / 2.9°S 23.7°E / -2.9; 23.7
Cinema a cikin DRC (ɗakin Cinema).

Sinima a Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo (DRC) ta samo asali ne da fina-finai na ilimi da farfaganda a lokacin mulkin mallaka na Kongo Belgian. Ci gaban masana'antar fina-finai na cikin gida bayan Jamhuriyar Demokaradiyyar Kongo ta sami ƴancin kai a shekarar 1960 ya kasance cikin nakasu sakamakon yaƙin basasa akai-akai.

Zamanin mulkin mallaka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A lokacin mulkin mallaka kafin DRC ta sami ƴancin kai a matsayin Zaire, masu gudanar da mulkin Kongo Belgian ba su yarda 'yan Afirka su kalli fina-finai na kasashen waje ba, a hukumance saboda sun ce ba za su iya fahimtar bambanci tsakanin gaskiya da almara ba. A hakikanin gaskiya, hukumomi sun ji tsoron cewa fina-finan za su haifar da mummunar dabi'a. Ofishin Fina-Finai da Hoto na gwamnati sun yi fina-finai ga jama'ar yankin a cikin 1940s, tare da jigogin ilimi da/ko farfaganda. Ma'aikatan Afirka sun kasance a ofishin kuma an koya musu dabarun shirya fina-finai. [ana buƙatar hujja]

Kamfanoni biyu da limaman cocin Katolika ke gudanarwa suma sun dauki ƴan Afirka aikin yin fina-finai game da dabi'un addini:

  • Cibiyar Kwango don Cinema Action na Katolika (CCACAC) a Léopoldville
  • Fina-finan Afirka a Kivu .

CCCAC ta ƙirƙiro jerin gajerun fina-finai masu suna Les Palabres de Mboloko (Tales of Mboloko), tare da tauraro mai rairayi. Gwamnati ta ci gaba da kula da tsari da abubuwan da ke cikin fina-finan da wadannan kamfanoni biyu suka shirya.

Belgavox [fr], an samar da ita a 1950 a Brussels wanda George Fannin ya samar, wanda yake tattara bayanai na kayayyakin labarai da Kwango JK.

Bayan samun ƴancin kai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan samun ƴancin kai a shekarar 1960 kasar ta fuskanci yakin basasa da suka lalata masana’antar fina-finai ta asali. Tallafin waje ya ba wa wasu daraktoci damar ƙirƙirar fina-finai a DRC, musamman daga ma'aikatar harkokin waje ta Faransa. Gwamnatin DRC ta nuna sha'awar taimakawa ci gaban masana'antar fina-finai na cikin gida. Kusan duk masu yin fim na DRC suna zaune kuma suna aiki a ƙasashen waje.

Mwezé Ngangura shi ne fitaccen daraktan Kongo, wanda ya yi gajeren fim ɗinsa na farko Tamtam électronique (Electronic Tamtam) a cikin 1973 da kuma fim ɗin fasalin Kongo na farko, La Vie est Belle a 1987. Identity Pieces, [1] wasan kwaikwayo na kiɗa, ya lashe Stallion de Yennenga a Panafrican Film and Television Festival na Ouagadougou a 1999.

Raoul Peck, ɗan Haiti wanda aka girma a Zaire, ya jagoranci shirin Lumumba. La mort d'un prophète (1991), game da rayuwar Patrice Lumumba, wanda ya jagoranci ƙasar zuwa ƴancin kai. Kibushi N'djate Wooto ya samar da gajeren gajeriyar Crapaud chez ses beaux-parents [fr] a cikin 1992, tare da tallafin Faransa.

A cikin shekara ta 1994 Josef Kumbela ya yi gajeren Perle noire (Black Pearl), wanda ya biyo baya tare da wasu gajerun fina-finai. Wasan kwaikwayo na ban dariya na Jose Laplaine Macadam Tribu (Macadam Tribe) (1996) ya yi ba'a game da neman kuɗi, matsayi da jima'i akai-akai a yankunan biranen Afirka. Petna Ndaliko fitacciyar jarumar fim ce kuma mai fafutuka wacce ta kafa Yole kuma ta ba da umarni!Cibiyar al'adun Afrika Salaam Kivu International Film Festival [sco] (SKIFF). SKIFF, bikin fim na farko a DRC, ya tara mutane sama da 15,000 a cikin kwanaki goma.[yaushe?] ] Bikin yana nuna fina-finai na kasa da kasa da na gida, kuma yana da buɗaɗɗiyar kide-kide da wasannin raye-raye da yawa. A cikin 2014 SKIFF ta yi bikin cika shekaru 10. Koyaya, kamar yadda aka rubuta a cikin littafin Guy Bomanyama-Zandu na 2005 Le Kongo, cinema quel!, Abubuwan da ake samarwa na gida a yau suna da wahalar samun kuɗi. Fim ɗin ya biyo bayan ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun Kongo guda uku (Claude Mukendi, Pierre Mieko, da Paul Manvidia-Clarr) da Ferdinand Kanza, darakta wanda ya yi fina-finai a cikin 1970s kuma yanzu yana aiki a Gidan Talabijin na Gidan Rediyon Kongo. Wani shirin na shekarar 2005 na wannan darekta, La Mémoire du Congo en péril (The Momory of Congo in Danger), ya bayyana Laburaren Fina-Finai na Kongo. Laburaren ya mallaki dubban fina-finai da suka zama wani ɓangare na tarihin sinimar Kongo, wasu tun daga 1935. Suna cikin mawuyacin hali kuma suna cikin haɗarin ɓacewa.

A shekara ta 2009 Hukumar Kula da Ƴan Gudun Hijira ta Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya ta yi amfani da gidan sinima don karya ka'idojin tattaunawa game da fyade, wanda ya zama ruwan dare a lokacin yakin basasa. Shirin Breaking the Silence ya kunshi cin zarafin mata da cin zarafin mata, batutuwan da galibin mutane ba sa son tattaunawa. Kamfanin IF Productions na Netherlands ne ya yi shi kuma ana nuna shi ta hanyar silima ta wayar hannu da Search for Common Ground (SFCG), wata kungiya mai zaman kanta ta Amurka. Yawancin lokaci ana buɗe iska, tare da samar da wutar lantarki ta hanyar janareta. Duk da haka, a cikin 2015 gwamnatin DRC, ta soke shirye-shiryen tantancewar Thierry Michel's L'homme qui répare les femmes (Mai Gyaran Mata) game da Dr Denis Mukwege, wanda ya samu lambar yabo ta Nobel wanda ke kula da wadanda suka tsira daga fyade, azabtarwa da kuma gasa a cikin cin zarafin mata. wanda ya zama ruwan dare a yakin basasar Kongo. Lambert Mende, ministan sadarwa na DRC, ya ce fim din ya yi " hare-haren da ba su dace ba" kan sojoji. [2]

Mai shirya fim Balufu Bakupa-Kanyinda ya taimaka wajen shirya bikin Semaine du film congolais (Sefico) na farko a watan Mayu 2011 a Le Zoo, cibiyar al'adu. A cikin Yuli 2001 Balufu Bakupa-Kanyinda ya sanar a bikin du cinema africain a Khoribga, Maroko cewa ya yi niyyar siyan silima hudu a Kinshasa. Yana neman abokan haɗin gwiwa da za su taimaka wajen samun gidajen sinima don hidimar Kinshasa, birni mai mutane miliyan goma amma babu gidajen sinima kwata-kwata. An baiwa masana'antar sobriquet na Kongo Filmz don taimakawa alamar silima ta Kongo da haɓaka ta gabaɗaya a duniya.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. French quivalent of "Proof of ID"
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named g


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