Jump to content

Sinima a Moroko

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Sinima a Moroko
cinema by country or region (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Facet of (en) Fassara cinematography (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Moroko
Nada jerin Jerin fina-finan Morocco
Wuri
Map
 32°N 6°W / 32°N 6°W / 32; -6
hoton sinima a morroco

Tarihin Sinima a Maroko ya samo asali ne zuwa ga lokacin "The Goatherd Moroccan" na Louis Lumière a shekarar ta alif 1897. A lokacin kariya ta Faransa, masu shirya fina -finai na Faransa sun shirya kuma suka ba da umarni, kuma a cikin shekarar alif 1952, Orson Welles ya jagoranci Othello a cikin garin Essaouira mai tarihi. Tun bayan samun 'yancin kai a shekarar 1956, daraktocin fina-finan Moroko da furodusoshi suka samar da fina -finai masu yawa, wasu daga cikinsu sun samu ci gaba mai girma a duniya.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sinima a Maroko tana da tarihi mai tsawo, tun daga karni har zuwa yin fim na Le chèvrier Marocain ("The Goatherd Moroccan") na Louis Lumière a shekara ta 1897. Tsakanin wannan lokacin da 1944, an harbe fina-finan ƙasashen waje da yawa a cikin ƙasar, musamman a yankin Ouarzazate .

A farkon rabin ƙarni na 20, Kasablanka tana da gidajen sinima da yawa, kamar Cinema Rialto, Cinema Lynx da Cinema Vox - mafi girma a Afirka a lokacin da aka gina ta.

Barka da Sallah! (1952) fim ne na farfaganda wanda ke nuna alamar nasarar Faransa ta mulkin mallaka a cikin aikin wayewa a cikin birni.[1][2][3]

A cikin shekarar 1944, an kuma kafa Cibiyar Harkokin Sinima ta Moroccan (CCM), hukumar tsara fina -finai ta ƙasar . An kuma buɗe Gidan ɗaukar waƙa da bidiyo a Rabat .

A cikin shekara ta 1952, Otheon Welles ' Othello ya lashe Palme d'Or a bikin Fim na Cannes a ƙarƙashin tutar Moroko. Sai dai mawaƙan bikin ba su buga taken kasar Moroko ba, saboda babu wanda ya halarci taron, ya san abin da yake. Bayan kuma shekaru shida, Mohammed Ousfour zai ƙirƙiri fim ɗin Moroko na farko, Le fils maudit ("The Damned Son").[4][5][6]

A shekara ta 1968, an kuma gudanar da bikin Fim ɗin Bahar Rum na farko na Maroko a Tangier . A cikin bugu na yanzu, ana gudanar da taron a Tetouan. An bi wannan biki a shekarar 1982 tare da bikin fina -finai na ƙasa na farko, wanda aka gudanar a Rabat. A cikin 2001, bikin Fina -Finan Duniya na Marrakech (FIFM) ya fara bikinsa na shekara -shekara a Marrakech .

Mostafa Derkaoui ta shekarar 1973 film About Wasu Banza Events ( Larabci: أحداث بلا دلالة‎ ) an duba shi sau biyu a Maroko kafin a dakatar da shi a karkashin Hassan II.

Soyayya a Casablanca (1991), tare da kuma jaruma Abdelkarim Derqaoui da Muna Fettou, na ɗaya daga cikin fina -finan Moroko na farko da suka yi ma'amala da abubuwa masu rikitarwa na Maroko da kuma kwatanta rayuwa a Casablanca da ƙima. Bouchra Ijork [ar] 2007 fim ɗin da aka yi don TV sami babban tallafi tsakanin masu kallon Moroko. Nour-Eddine Lakhmari 's (2008) ya siffanta da matsananci hakikar da na Casablanca ta aiki azuzuwan. Cikin fina-finan Ali Zaoua (2000), Allah (2012), Mafi yawan Ƙaunatattunka (2015), da kuma (2017) na Nabil Ayouch -A Faransa darektan na kasar Morocco al'adunmu-da yawa tare da titi laifi, da ta'addanci, da kuma zamantakewa al'amurran da suka shafi a Casablanca, bi da bi. Abubuwan da suka faru a Meryem Benm'Barek-Aloïsi 's 2018 film Sofia akwai doguwar a kusa da wani shege ciki a Casablanca. Hicham Lasri da Said Naciri suma daga Casablanca.

Atlas Studios a Warzazat babban ɗakin fim ne.

An fara gudanar da bikin Fim na Duniya na Marrakech a shekara ta 2001.

A cikin littafinsa La septième porte (Kofa ta Bakwai), mawaƙi, marubuci kuma mai shirya fina-finai Ahmed Bouanani (1938-2011) ya sake waiwayar shekaru 24 na tarihin fim na Moroko. Kamar yadda mai sukar adabi da mawallafi Kenza Sefrioui ya bayyana, wanda ya gyara tarihin Bouanani na fim a Maroko, marubucin "ya ba da labarin abubuwan da suka faru, ya ba da cikakken bayanin yanayin al'amuran, yana ba da shaida ga liyafa, kuma yana gabatar da kansa a matsayin mai yawan ban dariya, wani lokacin mai ban dariya. mai sharhi, cikin tattaunawa da mai karatu. "

Masana'antar Fim a Maroko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daraktoci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Morocco ta san ƙarni na farko na daraktoci a cikin shekarun 70-90. Sun halarci ci gaban masana'antar fim a Maroko. Fitattun masu shirya fina -finai sune Hamid Bénani (Wechma, Traces, 1970), Souheil Ben Barka (Les Mille et une Mains, 1974), Moumen Smihi (El Chergui ou le Silence tashin hankali, 1975), Ahmed El Maânouni (Alyam, Alyam, 1978 ; Transes (Al Hal), 1981; Les Cœurs brûlés, 2007), Jilali Ferhati (Poupées de roseau, 1981; La Plage des enfants perdus, 1991), Mustapha Derkaoui (Les Beaux Jours de Shéhérazade, 1982) ; Farida Benlyazd (Une porte sur le ciel, 1988), Saâd Chraïbi (Chronique d'une vie normale, 1990), Mohamed Abderrahmane Tazi (Badis, 1989 ; À la recherche du mari de ma femme, 1993), Abdelkader Lagtaâ (Un amour à Casablanca, 1992 ; La Porte kusa, 1998), Hakim Noury (Le Marteau et l'Enclume, 1990), Hassan Benjaminelloun (La Fête des autres, 1990)

Tun kusan shekara ta 2000, ƙaramin ƙarni na masu shirya fina-finai na Moroko ke ɗaukar nauyi. Wasu daga cikin fitattun sunanta sune:

  • Nabil Ayyu
  • Hisham Lasri
  • Narjiss Nejjar
  • Faouzi Bensaïdi
  • Nour-Eddine Lakhmari
  • Laïla Marrakchi (fim ɗinta na farko mai cikakken tsari, Marock, wanda aka samar a 2004 an zaɓi ta a bikin de Cannes 2005 a cikin rukunin "Ba wani takamaiman ra'ayi").

Bukukuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Bikin Fim na Duniya na Marrakech
  • Bikin Fim ɗin Bahar Rum

Ƴan wasan barkwanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masu zama a Morocco[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masu zama a ƙasashen waje (mafi yawanci a Faransa)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tsarin ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyoyi da ƙungiyoyin ƙwararru[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Cibiyar Sinimar Moroccan (Cibiyar cinématographique marocain) wata hukuma ce a ƙarƙashin Ma'aikatar Al'adu don haɓakawa, rarrabawa da tsinkayar fina -finai a Maroko. Yawancin sauran ƙungiyoyin da ke da alaƙa da fina -finai da gidajen sinima an haɗa su cikin ɗakunan kasuwanci ko ƙungiyoyin kasuwanci, misali Ƙungiyar Ƙungiyoyin Fim ta Ƙasa ko Ƙungiyar Masu Shirya Fim ta Ƙasa.

Studios na CLA a Ouarzazate

Dakunan fina -finai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Studios ATLAS (Ouarzazate)
  • studios KAN ZAMANE
  • Studios CINEDINA (Soualem)
  • studios ESTER ANDROMEDA
  • Studios na CLA (Ouarzazate)
  • Studios CINECITTA (Ouarzazate)

Cibiyoyi don nazarin fina -finai da karatun bidiyo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • École supérieure des arts visuels de Marrakech (ESAVM)
  • Institut spécialisé dans le métiers du cinéma (ISMC) Ouarzazate
  • Institut spécialisé du cinéma et de l’audiovisuel (ISCA) de Rabat
  • Cibiyoyin ci gaba na ɗab'i na ɗabi'a da duma (ISMAC)

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "LES CINÉMAS DE L'EPOQUE A CASABLANCA.6/6". Centerblog (in Faransanci). 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2019-12-08.
  2. "Cinéma : 245 salles fermées entre 1980 et 2017". La Vie éco (in Faransanci). 2019-02-16. Retrieved 2019-12-08.
  3. Pennell, C. R. (2000). Morocco Since 1830: A History (in Turanci). Hurst. ISBN 978-1-85065-426-1.
  4. "LES CINÉMAS DE L'EPOQUE A CASABLANCA.6/6". Centerblog (in Faransanci). 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2019-12-08.
  5. "Cinéma : 245 salles fermées entre 1980 et 2017". La Vie éco (in Faransanci). 2019-02-16. Retrieved 2019-12-08.
  6. {{Cite book|last=Pennell|first=C. R.|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=QtBazz0I7uYC&q=cinema+vox+casablanca+africa&pg=PA237%7Ctitle=Morocco Since 1830: A History|date=2000|

Hanyoyin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]


Sinima a Afrika
Sinima a Afrika | Afrika ta Kudu | Afrika ta Tsakiya | Aljeriya | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cabo Verde | Cadi | Côte d'Ivoire | Eritrea | eSwatini | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambiya | Ghana | Gine | Gine Bisau | Ginen Ekweita | Jibuti | Kameru | Kenya | Komoros | Kwango (JK)|Kwango (JK) | Kwango (JDK) | Laberiya | Lesotho | Libya | Madagaskar | Mali | Mauritius | Muritaniya | Misra | Moroko | Mozambik | Namibiya | Nijar | Nijeriya | Ruwanda | Saliyo | Sao Tome da Prinsipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Somaliya | Sudan | Sudan ta Kudu | Tanzaniya | Togo | Tunisiya | Uganda | Zambiya | Zimbabwe