Tarihin Hausawa

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Kabilar Hausa dai,kabilace dake zaune a arewa maso yammacin taraiyyar Najerya da kudu maso yammacin jamhuriyyar Nijar, Kabilace mai dimbin al'umma, amma kuma a al'adance mai mutukar hadaka, akalla akwai sama da mutane miliyan hamsin da harshen yake asali gare su. A tarihance kabilar Hausawa na tattare a salasalar birane.Hausawa dai sun sami kafa daularsu ne tun daga shekarun 1300's, sa'adda suka sami nasarori da dauloli kamar su Daular Mali Songhai,Borno da kuma Fulani. A wasu lokutan Hausawa sun sami gagarimin ikon, mulki da hadaka ta kau da baki'yan neman ruwa da tsaki,da kuma neman angizon a cikinta da kuma harkallar bayi. A farko- farkon shekaru na 1900's, a sa'adda kabilar Hausa ke yinkurin kawar da mulkin angizo na fulani,sai turawan mulkin mallaka na Birtaniya suka mamaye arewancin Nijeriya, da kuma kafa manufofin mulkin bayan gida,a bisa karkashen mulkin birtaniya,'yan mulkin mallaka sai suka marawa fulani baya na cigaba da manufofin angizon siyasarsu, har yanzu dai mulkin kamin gambiza tsakanin Hausawa da Fulani shi ne yayi kane-kane a arewacin Nijeriya. Wannan hadakar gamin kambiza, an farota ne tun asali a matsayin fulani su dare madafun ikon a tsararren tsarin siyasar arewa.Akasarin masu mulki na fulani sun kasance yanzu, a al'adance hausawa gwamitse Ko da yake, Hausawa na farko-farko maharba ne, amma ya zuwan addinin islama da kuma karbansa da hannu bibbiyu ya sanya labari ya sha bambam.Ginshikokin al'adun hausawa na da mutukar zaranta, kwarewa da sanaiya fiye da sauran al'ummar dake kewayenta. Sha'anin noma ita ce babbar sana'ar hausawa inda hausawa ke ma sana'ar noma kirari da cewa, na doke tsohon ciniki kowa yazo duniya kai yatarar, akwai kuma wasu sana'o'in kamar su sha'anin jima watau harkar fatu, rini, saka da kira, fannonin dake mutukar samun cigaba a harkokin sana'o'in hausawa. Hausawa dai sun jima da shahara wajen harkar fatauci kana kuma masu arziki na taka rawa a sha'anin yau da kullum, tare da masu mulki da masana. Harshen Hausa shi ne mafi girma da kuma mafi sanai'yar harshe a nahiyar Afirka, harshen hausa ya aro wasu kalmomi daga wasu harsuna musamman larabci kana kuma harshen na tafiya tare da yanayin mu na zamani bisa al'adar cudeni- na cudeka. Harshen Hausa dai ya zama harshen yau da kullum ga miliyoyin jama'a da ba hausawa bane a nahiyar Afirka. Bugu da kari, akwai cincirindon al'ummar Hausawa a manyan biranen yammacin Afirka da arewacinta da kuma yankunan cinikayyar al'ummar Hausawa da kuma yankunan da Hausawa suka jima suna bi a hanyar ta zuwa aikin hajji. Akwai kuma rubutattun adabi masu zurfi da kasidodi da kuma rubuce-rubuce a rubutun ajami da aka buga tun kafin zuwan turawa yan' mulkin mallaka na birtaniyya. Har ila yau, kuma wani tsarin rubutu a ajame da aka kirkiro tun kafin zuwan turawa, da ba kasafai ake amfani da shi ba yanzu.