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Ƙungiyar Lauyoyin Duniya

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Ƙungiyar Lauyoyin Duniya
The Global Voice of the Legal Profession
Bayanai
Gajeren suna IBA
Iri regulatory college (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Birtaniya
Mulki
Hedkwata Landan
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 17 ga Faburairu, 1947

ibanet.org

Ƙungiyar Lauyoyin Duniya ( IBA ), wadda aka kafa a shekarar 1947, ita ce Ƙungiyar bar association ta ma'aikatan shari'a na duniya, ƙungiyoyin lauyoyi da ma ƙungiyoyin doka. A halin yanzu IBA tana da membobin lauyoyi sama da dubu 80,000 da ƙungiyoyin lauyoyi 190 da ma ƙungiyoyin doka.[1] Hedkwatarta ta a duniya tana a birnin London, Ingila, kuma tana da ofisoshin a biranen Washington, DC, Amurka, Seoul, Koriya ta Kudu da São Paulo, Brazil.[2]

Tarihin IBA

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Wakilan ƙungiyoyin lauyoyi 34 na ƙasa sun hallara a birnin New York, New York a ranar 17 ga watan Fabrairu 1947 don ƙirƙirar ko assasa ƙungiyar da ake takaita sunan da; IBA-(International Bar Association). Kasancewar tsarin farko ya iyakance ga ƙungiyoyin lauyoyi da ƙungiyoyin doka, amma a cikin shekara ta 1970, an bada dama wa membobin IBA ga kowane lauyoyi. Membobin sana'ar shari'a da suka haɗa da lauyoyi, lauyoyi, lauyoyi, membobin shari'a, lauyoyi na cikin gida, lauyoyin gwamnati, malamai da ɗaliban shari'a sun ƙunshi membobin IBA.[3][4]

Dangantaka da sauran kungiyoyin ƙasa da ƙasa

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IBA ta gudanar da matsayi na musamman a gaban babban taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da Majalisar Tattalin Arziki da Zamantakewar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (ECOSOC) tun daga 1947.[5] A ranar 9 ga watan Oktoba 2012, IBA ta sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar fahimtar juna tare da Kungiyar Hadin gwiwar Tattalin Arziki da Ci Gaba (OECD).[6][7] Har ila yau, IBA tayi haɗin gwiwa tare da OECD da Ofishin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Muggan kwayoyi da Laifuka (UNODC) a cikin Dabarun Yaki da Cin Hanci da Rashawa don Sana'ar Shari'a, wani shiri na yaki da cin hanci da rashawa ga lauyoyi.[8][9] IBA kuma ta haɗu tare da wasu ƙungiyoyi da suka haɗa har da International Federation of Accountants (IFAC)[10] da Ƙungiyar Ma'aikata (IOE).[11]

IBA ta kasu kashi biyu - Sashen Ayyukan Shari'a (LPD) da Ƙungiyar Jama'a da Muradun Ƙwararru (PPID). Kowace Sashe tana ba da kwamitoci daban-daban da kuma dandalin tattaunawa waɗanda aka keɓe ga takamaiman wuraren aiki. Waɗannan kwamitoci suna fitar da wallafe-wallafe na yau da kullun waɗanda ke mai da hankali kan ayyukan shari'a na ƙasa da ƙasa.[12]

PPID tana ɗauke da Hukumar Ba da Lamuni (BIC) da Cibiyar Kare Hakkokin Dan Adam (IBAHRI). An kafa BIC a cikin 2004 kuma ta ƙunshi wakilai daga ƙungiyoyin lauyoyi da ƙungiyoyin doka a duniya.[13] An kafa IBAHRI a shekarar 1995 a ƙarƙashin jagorancin mai girma, Nelson Mandela.[14]

Babban Daraktan IBA na yanzu shine Mark Ellis.

Cibiyar Kare Hakkokin Dan Adam (IBAHRI)

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An kafa Cibiyar Kare Haƙƙin Dan Adam ta Ƙungiyar Lauyoyi ta Duniya (IBAHRI) a cikin shekarar 1995 a ƙarƙashin shugabancin Nelson Mandela. Bayanin manufa na IBAHRI shine "ingantawa, kare da kuma aiwatar da hakkokin bil'adama a ƙarƙashin ingantacciyar doka". IBAHRI na gudanar da ayyuka iri-iri a fagen kare hakkin ɗan Adam da bin doka da oda, musamman ma fannin da ya shafi ƴancin kai na ɓangaren shari’a da haƙƙin shari’a. [15][16]

Lambobi da jagoranci kan aikin shari'a

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IBA tana ba da lambobi sirri, da jagoranci kan ayyukan shari'a na duniya. Dokokin IBA akan Ɗaukar Hujjoji a Hukuncin Ƙasashen Duniya, waɗanda aka karɓa a cikin 1999 kuma aka sake sabuntawa a cikin 2010, ƙungiyoyi suna amfani da su a cikin sasantawa na kasuwanci na duniya.[17][18][19]

Har ila yau, IBA ta fitar da: Jagoran IBA kan rikice-rikice masu sha'awar shiga tsakani na ƙasa da ƙasa, jagororin IBA don tsara sharuddan sasantawa na kasa da kasa, da ka'idojin IBA kan Halayyar Sana'ar Shari'a (2011).[20]

Ƙungiyoyin ayyuka da ƙungiyoyi masu gudanarwa

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  • Rukunin Ayyukan Doka[21]
  • Rukunin masu sa'ido akan Rikicin Kuɗi[22]
  • Rukunin masu sa ido akan Ta'addanci Duniya[23]

Kyautar Lauyan Mata ta Duniya IBA

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Hukumar ta IBA tana da lambar yabo da ake baiwa fitacciyar lauya mace da aka yi la'akari da cewa ta fi cancantar wannan karramawa. Ana bayar da ita a kowace shekara kuma LexisNexis ne ke ɗaukar nauyin shirin bada kyautar. Kyautar ta haɗa da gudummawar dalar Amurka 5,000 ga ƙungiyar agaji don fitar da wanda zai yi nasara.

Waɗanda suka karɓi kyautar a baya sun haɗa da:[24]

Shugabannin IBA na baya-bayan nan

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  • 2018–2019: Horacio Bernardes Neto,  Brazil
  • 2017–2018: Martin Šolc, CZE
  • 2015–2017: David W. Rivkin, USA[27]
  • 2013–2014: Michael Reynolds, GBR [28][29]
  • 2011–2012: Akira Kawamura, JAP
  • 2009–2010: Fernando Pelaez-Pier, VEN
  • 2007–2008: Fernando Pombo, ESP
  • 2005–2006: Francis Neate, GBR
  • 2003–2004: Emilio Cardenas, Argentina
  • 2001–2002: Dianna Kempe, BER
  • 1999–2000: Klaus Böhlhoff, Jamus
  • 1997–1998: Desmond Fernando, LKA
  1. "IBA - About the IBA". ibanet.org (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  2. "IBA - Contact us". ibanet.org (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  3. "International Respect". Global Legal Post. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  4. "Changing Perceptions". Global Legal Post. 16 January 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  5. "List of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council as of 18 September 2008" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  6. "IBA and OECD form stronger ties". Business Day Online. 18 October 2012. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  7. "IBA extends economic diplomatic collaboration". Global Legal Post. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  8. "The Fight against Foreign Bribery: New Laws, New Challenges, New Trends". OECD. 24 June 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  9. "IBA and OECD help anti-graft fight". Commercial Dispute Resolution. 12 November 2012. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  10. "News Details - IFAC and IBA sign anti-corruption mandate". theaccountant-online.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-12. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  11. "New IBA GEI and IOE report aims to provide business with enhanced guidance on ILO International Labour Standards". IOE - International Organisation of Employers (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  12. IBA Committees Archived 2019-02-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. IBA Bar Issues Commission Archived 2016-11-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. "About the IBAHRI". www.ibanet.org (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  15. "International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) - Africa Governance Institute". Archived from the original on 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2013-04-12..
  16. "Sri Lanka allows International Bar Association delegation to visit country". Colombo Page. 14 May 2013. Archived from the original on 3 January 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  17. Peter Ashford, Fox Williams LLP (January 2013). "The International Bar Association Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration". Cambridge University Press.
  18. "New IBA Rules on the taking of evidence in international arbitration". Arbflash. July 2010. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  19. Max Shterngel (Summer 2010). "The Revised IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration: Focus on Document Production and Privilege". International Disputes Quarterly. Retrieved 22 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
  20. IBA guides, rules and other free materials.
  21. IBA Rule of Law Action Group Archived 2014-08-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. IBA Task Force on the Financial Crisis Archived 2016-11-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  23. IBA Task Force on International Terrorism Archived 2016-08-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. "IBA - IBA Outstanding International Woman Lawyer Award". ibanet.org (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  25. "Carol Xueref : femme juriste d'exception". magazine-decideurs.com (in Faransanci). 5 April 2016. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  26. "Professor wins International Bar Association Award". portal.fgv.br (in Turanci). 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  27. February 2015, Michael Cross2. "Profile: David W Rivkin". Law Society Gazette (in Turanci). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  28. "A&O Celebrates Reynolds' IBA Presidency". Global Competition Review. 19 October 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  29. "Magic circle partner takes IBA reins". Global Legal Post. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2013.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje

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