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Boris Lyatoshinsky

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Boris Lyatoshinsky
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna Борис Миколайович Лятошинський
Haihuwa Zhytomyr (en) Fassara, 22 Nuwamba, 1894 (Julian)
ƙasa Russian Empire (en) Fassara
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (en) Fassara
Kungiyar Sobiyet
Mutuwa Kiev, 15 ga Afirilu, 1968
Makwanci Baikove Cemetery (en) Fassara
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Nikolay Liatoshynsky
Karatu
Makaranta Petro Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine (en) Fassara
Faculty of Law of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (en) Fassara
Malamai Reinhold Glière (en) Fassara
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a conductor (en) Fassara, mai rubuta kiɗa, music educator (en) Fassara da university teacher (en) Fassara
Employers Moscow Conservatory (en) Fassara
Petro Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Mamba Union of Soviet Composers (en) Fassara
Muzychne tovarystvo imeni Mykoly Leontovycha (en) Fassara
Artistic movement Opera
symphony (en) Fassara
Kayan kida goge
IMDb nm0527912
Borys Lyatoshynsky da 'yar uwarsa Nina
Borys Lyatoshynsky da iyalinsa.

Borys Mykolayovych Lyatoshynsky (yaren Ukraine, Borys Mykolayovych Lyatoshyns′kyi; Janairu 3, 1895 – Afrilu 15, 1968) mawaki ne na Ukrainian, madugu, kuma malami. Babban memba na mawakan Ukrainian a ƙarni na ashirin, an ba shi lambar yabo da yawa, gami da taken girmamawa na "People's Artist of the Ukrainian SSR" da kuma lambobin yabo na "Stalin State Prize".

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Monument na Lyatoshynksy a Zhytomyr .

An haifi Borys Lyatoshynsky a ranar 3 ga watan Janairun, 1895 a Zhytomyr, Ukraine (sa'an nan kuma wani ɓangare na Daular Russia ). Wannan garin ya shahara da rayuwar al'adu. Wasu sanannun mutane sun samo asali a nan, ciki har da dan wasan pianist Svyatoslav Richter, masanin falsafa Mykola Berdiaev da mawaki Ignacy Jan Paderewski . Iyayen Lyatoshynsky sun kasance masu kida da ilimi sosai. Mahaifinsa, Mykola Leontiyovych Lyatoshynsky, malamin tarihi ne kuma mai fafutuka a cikin nazarin tarihi. Ya kuma kasance darektan wasannin motsa jiki daban-daban a Zhytomyr, Nemyriv, da Zlatopol . Mahaifiyar Lyatoshynsky ta buga piano kuma ta rera waƙa.

Lyatoshynsky ya fara wasan piano da violin tun yana ɗan shekara 14, ya rubuta mazurka, waltz, da quartet don piano. Ya kuma halarci dakin motsa jiki na Zhytomyr, inda ya sauke karatu a shekarar 1913. Bayan kammala karatunsa, ya halarci Jami'ar Kyiv kuma daga baya sabuwar kafa ta Kyiv Conservatory inda ya yi karatun hada da Reinhold Glière a 1914. Lyatoshynsky ya sauke karatu daga Jami'ar Kyiv a 1918 kuma daga Kyiv Conservatory a 1919. A wannan lokacin, ya hada da String Quartet No. 1, Op. 1, da Symphony No. 1, Op. 2. A lokacin da Lyatoshynsky ya rubuta Symphony No.1 (1918) a matsayin abin da ya kammala karatunsa, kiɗan Wagner da atonality suka rinjaye shi. Ana iya ba da shawarar cewa wannan ita ce Symphony ta farko da aka haɗa a cikin Ukraine. Reinhold Glière ne ya yi shi kuma ya gudanar da shi a cikin 1919 wanda ya koyar da marubucin mawaki kuma wanda ya tuna (rubutu a lokacin bikin cika shekaru 60 na Lyatoshynsky): 'Na yi farin cikin lura da alaƙar Quartet Quartet na farko ga al'adun gargajiya na Rasha. Irin wannan ingancin ya bayyana kansa har ma a cikin Symphony na farko, wanda shine aikin karshe na mawaki.' ‹duba wasiƙun L a Grecenko› A ra'ayinsa, Lyatoshynsky ɗalibi ne mai hazaka kuma ya yi aiki tuƙuru wajen haɓaka dabarun ƙira iri-iri. Glière ya siffanta ƙarin guntun kiɗan na mawaƙin a matsayin 'bincike mai zurfi' na mutum ɗaya. Lyatoshynsky yana da tasiri ta hanyar alamar alama da magana: ana iya gano wannan ga zaɓin rubutun waƙoƙin da ya kafa zuwa Romances; maganin waƙar, zaɓin kayan aiki; juzu'i masu jituwa, kamar rashin sanin sautin sauti, ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙiyayya da hadaddun tsarin madaidaicin madaidaicin.

Young Lyatoshinsky a 1913

A wannan lokacin na farkon ci gaban wakokinsa, ya zana wasu wahayi daga ayyukan kiɗa na Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Alexander Glazunov, da Alexander Scriabin . Matasa da yawa mawaƙa, kamar Lyatoshynsky, waɗanda ke zaune a sassa daban-daban na daular Rasha a farkon shekarun karni na ashirin, sun ɗauki gwajin Alexander Skriabin (1872-1915) a matsayin babban juyi na kiɗa. Ɗaukar wahayinsa na farko daga wasu fasahohin da Skriabin ke amfani da shi, matashin avant-garde na Ukrainian ya ɗauki tonality zuwa iyakarsa da kuma bayansa. A cikin 'Piano Trio No.1 (1920), Lyatoshynsky ya nuna bashi ga Scriabin, har yanzu yana neman sababbin hanyoyin kiɗa da tura iyakokin harshe masu jituwa.

A lokacin da yake da shekaru 25 (a 1922), Lyatoshynsky, wanda a lokacin yana marsayin farfesa kuma malami a cikin Kiev Music Conservatoire, ya jagoranci ci gaban Associazia Suchasnoi Musiki (The Society of Contemporary Music). (An shirya irin wannan cibiyoyi a cikin Tarayyar Soviet. ) Daga 1922, ya koyar da rubutun . Ya bayyana cewa Lyatoshynsky, duk da samun ilimin kiɗa na ra'ayin mazan jiya, an ƙaddara don haɓaka ma'auni na abubuwan da ke cikin zamani; Ba wai kawai yana yin sabbin canje-canje game da waƙarsa ba, har ma yana jagorantar sauran matasa mawaƙa na zamani, yana taimaka musu wajen kafa sabbin hanyoyin rubutu.

Zamani ba ya wanzu a matsayin jawabin waka a Ukraine; maimakon haka, ya bayyana a cikin ayyukan B. Yanovsky, F. Yakimenko, M. Verikivsky, da L. Revuzky. Ayyukan kiɗan su suna nuna tasiri na impressionism, expressionism, neoclassicism, da constructivism. Duk da haka, Lyatoshynsky ne wanda ya kama hanyoyin zamani na zamani a cikin abubuwan da ya tsara, yana mai da hankali kan yanayin rashin tausayi na rashin tausayi da canji mai motsawa.

Daga 1922 zuwa 1925 ya kasance darektan kungiyar waka na zamani a cikin sunan Mykola Leontovych. Waɗannan su ne, za a iya cewa, shekaru ne mafi farin ciki a rayuwar marubucin, inda ya iya bayyana ra’ayinsa a ƙwazo kuma ya iya yin aiki tare da abokansa mawaƙa ba tare da wani sa hannun hukuma ba. Yana aiki da a yanayin zazzabi, yana rubuta kiɗa don murya, violin da piano. Lyatoshynsky ya hada suites, ballade da wakoki masu yawa (wasu daga cikinsu har ma sun kafa wasiƙar mawaƙan tsoffin mawaƙa na kasar Sin ). Zagayowar sa na guda bakwai na piano Vidobragennia (Wani tunani, wanda aka rubuta a cikin 1925) ya kasance ɗayan ayyukan kiɗan da ya fi shahara. Waƙarsa tana nuna ƙarar yanayin melancholic da rashin tausayi.

Lyatoshynsky ya cigaba da yin gwaji tare da kayan kiɗa daban-daban. A cikin 1920s ya ƙirƙiri 24 Romances (wanda ya rubuta tsakanin 1922-1924 kuma bisa ga matani ta mawaƙa-alama), Sonata don violin da fortepiano, da Quartet na Uku. Wasan opera nasa Zolotui Obruch (The Golden Hoop) wanda ya dogara da littafin marubucin Ukrainian I. Franko, ya bayyana gwagwarmayar da 'yan Ukrain suka yi da mahara Mongol a karni na goma sha uku. An yi wasan opera a gidajen wasan kwaikwayo daban-daban a Ukraine, duk da cewa ba a dade da yin ta ba. (Opera na biyu na Lyatoshynsky, Shchors, bisa labarin Kwamanda Nikolai Shchors, an gama shi a cikin 1930s. )

Lyatoshynsky na biyu na Piano Sonatas da Sonata na violin da piano sun bayyana tsakanin 1924 da 1926. Piano Sonata No.1 shine aikinsa na farko da aka buga, wanda aka buga a Moscow, a cikin 1926. Wannan aikin ya kasance sabon abu don lokacinsa. Yana nuna kyakkyawan ƙwarewar ɗan wasan piano da mawaƙi, wanda baya tsoron gwaji. Don haka, Lyatoshynsky yana canza tsarin tsarin yanki na Sonata na gargajiya, yana haifar da motsi ɗaya kawai kuma yana amfani da haɗuwar rhythmic kalubale. Sonata No2 (1925), wanda aka sadaukar da shi ga Nikolai Myaskovsky, yana nuna fasaha na mawaƙa wanda ya haɗa da yin amfani da siffofi na soyayya da kuma ma'anar ma'anar ma'anar. Wasu daga cikin ra'ayoyin waƙoƙin waƙar da mawaƙin ya gabatar suna samun goyan bayan rakiyar ƙara, su biyun galibi suna aiki cikin raye-raye.

Farkon shekara ta 1926 ya kasance wani juyi ga salon wakokin Lyatoshynsky; bayan haka ba za ta sake zama iri ɗaya ba. Ya zuwa wannan lokacin, waƙar jama'a ta kasance da ƙarfi a cikin 'taswirar' manufofin al'adu na gaba, tare da samar da cikakkiyar tushe don haɓaka kishin ƙasa. Don haka, Lyatoshynsky ya ƙunshi Overture bisa ga waƙoƙin Jama'a guda huɗu na Ukrainian, waɗanda suka yi amfani da tsare-tsare masu rikitarwa na jigogi na jama'a. Da alama waƙar Lyatoshynsky an ƙaddara shi ne don bin waƙar sanannen waƙar da abokan aikinsa suka yi. Duk da haka, ya ci gaba da rubuta waƙa a cikin salon da ya fi so, yana canza ta kuma yana haɗawa da jigogi na jama'a don dacewa da bukatun hukumomin Soviet.

A 1929, Lyatoshynsky ya rera sautin Ballade don piano, kama a cikin salonsa na baya Sonatas. Sau uku-uku da quintuplets sun bayyana babban sanyawa yayin da Lyatoshynsky ke yin amfani da shi, yana canzawa kuma yana kwaikwayi nakasar igiyar igiyar ruwa da aka ji a cikin rakiyar bass. Waɗannan hanyoyin haɗin gwiwar rubuce-rubuce sun bayyana ma'anar salon sa na 1920 da ƙarin ci gabansa.

Daga cikin wasu ayyukan da aka rera a cikin 1930s akwai Piano Trio na Biyu da kuma shirye-shiryen waƙoƙin Ukrainian da yawa. Bayan hukumar daga jami'an Odessa Opera da Ballet Theater, Lyatoshynsky ya yi tafiya zuwa Tadzhikistan don nazarin kiɗan jama'a da kuma tsara ballet game da rayuwar mutanen gida. A sakamakon haka, Lyatoshynsky ya hada guda uku Musical Pieces ga violin da piano bisa ga jama'a music na Tadzhikistan (yankin da aka sani sosai ko ma ba a ji ba a gaban Stalin ta kasa ra'ayin). ‹duba haruffan L, a Grecenko› Daga cikin abubuwan da aka tsara na Lyatoshynsky akwai tsari na waƙar jama'ar Yahudawa 'Genzelex' (Little Geese). A ciki, ya adana waƙa ta asali kuma ya ƙawata ta cikin jituwa, ta amfani da manyan sautin F da d ƙarami kuma ya ƙara hadaddun waƙoƙi a cikin jituwa. (Wannan abun ya kasance a cikin ma'ajiyar mawaƙin har sai an sake gano shi a cikin 2000. )

Daga 1935 zuwa 1938 da kuma daga 1941 zuwa 1944 Lyatoshynsky ya koyar a Moscow Conservatory . Lyatoshynsky ya rubuta Symphony na biyu a B flat (1936) a cikin salon zamani da ya fi so, a fili ya san cewa wannan ba daidai ba ne abin da ake tsammaninsa. Yana 'zanen' hotuna masu tayar da hankali na gaskiyar duhu na rayuwar Soviet, sau da yawa yana amfani da hanyar atonality . An rubuta a cikin nau'in motsi na al'ada uku, wasan kwaikwayo yana cike da sabanin yanayi da rikice-rikice masu ban mamaki. Lyatoshynsky, hakika, ya ɗauki babban haɗari. Symphony ya ƙare a lokacin da aka keɓe Dmitry Shostakovich da sauran mawaƙa don harin siyasa a lokacin taron da ake kira Musical Conference, wanda a rayuwa ta ainihi ya zama ji na siyasa.

Shirin farko na Symphony Lyatoshynsky (a watan Fabrairu 1937) bai faru ba. Ba a bayyana cikakken dalilin da yasa aka jinkirta wannan aikin na Symphony No 2 har zuwa 1941 ba. Sai dai kawai a ce ya fuskanci wasu matsaloli kuma ba zai yiwu ya cimma hakan da wuri ba. Wakar Symphony ya riga ya tattara wasu ra'ayoyi mara kyau a cikin jaridu na gida (da Shostakovich's Fourth) game da ƙayyadaddun da ba dole ba da kuma rashin kyawawan hotuna na rayuwar Soviet.

A cikin gwajin waƙoƙi, Lyatoshynsky ya lura cewa 'mambobin ƙungiyar mawaƙa sun rabu' ''duba wasiƙar Lyatoshynsky, a cikin M. Kopiza'; wasu sun yaba da ayyukansa, wasu kuma suna suka. Wasu mawakan "sun kasance masu rashin kunya" da cewa "ba kiɗa ba ne ko kaɗan", "shara ce" da "tabbataccen tsari 100%". Lyatoshynsky ya amsa cewa ya yi mamakin irin wannan liyafar kuma ba zai iya gaskata cewa 'mawakan Moscow za su iya ba da damar kai hari na rashin da'a' a gare shi ba. Ya yarda cewa abu ne mai wuyar fahimta cewa za a sami ra'ayi daban-daban game da abin da ya rubuta, amma ba aikin mai tsarawa ba ne. 'Na rubuta shi da gaske', wanda aka ɗauka akan Lyatoshynsky, 'ta amfani da yaren kida na'. Bayan jawabin nasa, mawakan kade-kade sun yi ta kururuwa kamar an kai wa wani hari a jiki da kuma 'hankali ya yi yawa'. Abin takaici ne ga Lyatoshynsky cewa wakilin jaridar Musica, D. Zhitomirsky shima ya halarci wannan atisayen na sama. Bayan kwana biyar ya rubuta wani sosai m labarin a cikin Sovetskaya Musica. Lyatoshynsky ya tuna cewa a duk rayuwarsa bai taba jin irin wannan zargi mai lalata ba.

A shekara ta 1948 Lyatoshynsky ya halarci taron kasa na Mawaƙa a Moscow (19 Afrilu) ko da yake an riga an cire shi daga Ƙungiyar Mawaƙa ta USSR. Kamar yadda ya ambata a cikin wasiƙarsa, 'Zan kasance mahalarta wannan taron [mai zuwa], ba mawaki ba. Ba za a iya yin Symphony na 3 ba tukuna yayin da ayyukan 'tsohuwar' na suka ragu, kowa ya yi watsi da su kuma an hana su daga wasan kwaikwayo [ ne stoit i nelzia pokazivat ].' ‹Wasiƙar L, M.Kopiza› A cikin watan Mayu 1948 ya amsa wasiƙar daga Reinhold Glière, 'Ina jin haka- sosai; a sakamakon abubuwan da suka faru a baya, na "bace" gaba daya daga duk shirye-shiryen kide-kide da shirye-shiryen rediyo. Idan zan faɗi ta da kalma ɗaya, a yanzu, na mutu a matsayin mawaƙi [!], kuma lokacin da za a tashi tashin matattu, ban sani ba. An rubuta wannan wasiƙar bayan Lyatoshynsky ya sami wani 'kashi' na zargi mai tsanani na Symphony No.2. An yi watsi da wannan aikin kuma an hana yin wasan kwaikwayo; An lakafta Lyatoshynsky a matsayin 'mai bin doka' kuma waƙarsa a matsayin 'anti-mutane'.

A lokacin Yaƙin Duniya na Biyu, Lyatoshynsky ya ƙirƙira wasu ayyukan chamba, 'kyakkyawan ƙa'idodi' (kamar yadda Glière ya lura) irin su Quintet na Ukrainian (na piano, violin, viola da cello ), Shevchenko's Suite don piano ( sadaukar da kai ga almara tsawon jimrewa. Mawaƙin Ukrainian), Quartet na huɗu na Quintet na Ukrainian (dangane da jigogi na Ukrainian), Suite don Quartet, Uku na Biyu don piano da shirye-shiryen solo da mawaƙa. Abin sha'awa, Lyatoshynsky yana zaɓar jigogi don abubuwan da ya tsara bisa ga waƙoƙin da ke da halayen melancholic, irin su Pechal za Pechaliu (Bakin ciki yana bin baƙin ciki). A cikin wadannan shekaru Lyatoshynsky ya ci gaba da aikinsa a matsayin ilimi da kuma mawaki.

Tsakanin 1941-1943 yawancin sassan maarantan Moscow Conservatoire, ciki har da sashen kiɗa, an ƙaura zuwa Saratov, wani gari kusa da kogin Rasha Volga . Lyatoshynsky ana sa ran yin aiki ba kawai a matsayin mawaki ba amma a matsayin jama'a. A wannan lokacin, Lyatoshynsky ya kafa lambobin sadarwa kuma ya yi aiki tare tare da masu gudanar da zauren kide-kide na gida da kwamitin Rediyo; ya dauki nauyin gudanarwa kuma ya jagoranci ayyuka don adanawa da jigilar littattafan kiɗan Ukrainian zuwa wuraren da ba a sami rikici ba. A wannan lokacin Lyatoshynsky ya kusanci lokacin tsaka-tsaki a cikin kiɗan sa, yana samun daidaiton da ya dace tsakanin rashin tausayi da farfaɗowa. Yana da alaƙa da buƙatun sabuntawa ta fuskar tashin hankali da yanke kauna, sake farfado da ƙarfin tuƙi mai mahimmanci ta hanyar haɗaɗɗun karrarawa na zamani tare da fahimtar ma'anar waƙar jama'a, wanda aka lulluɓe a cikin rubutun polyphonic.

A cikin 1946, Lyatoshynsky na Ukraine Quintet ya sami lambar yabo ta Stalin (a 1952 ya sami wata lambar yabo ta Stalin, wannan lokacin don kiɗan a cikin fim game da mawaƙin ƙasar Ukrainian da jarumin juyin juya hali Taras Shevchenko ).

A 1951, mawakin ya sake gano kuzari duk da koma bayan da aka samu a baya kuma ya ci gaba da rubuta Symphony na uku wanda ke haɓaka jigogi na gwagwarmayar jaruntaka da aka sanya kan rashin tausayi wanda mutanen zamaninsa suka fassara a matsayin jigogin falsafar yaƙi da zaman lafiya. Lyatoshynsky ya gabatar da kansa a matsayin mai nuna al'ada na gargajiya, mai kula da rubutun kalmomi da al'adar ci gaban jigogi. Har ila yau, yana la'akari da tsarin lalacewa, nakasawa, ɗabi'a, nihilism, rashin lafiya da jin dadi. Symphony ya kafa haɗin gwiwa tare da sha'awar Lyatoshynsky game da salon salo wanda aka bayyana ta hanyar amfani da sigar gargajiya, haɓaka haɓakawa, atonality da primitivism na waƙar jama'a.

Lyatoshynsky ya kasance yana nema kuma yana tsara shirye-shiryen wasan kwaikwayo na Symphonies. Symphony na Hudu (a cikin ƙaramin B) an yi shi jim kaɗan bayan mawaƙin ya rubuta shi (a cikin Oktoba 1963 har yanzu yana kammala ƙungiyar makaɗa don wannan aikin kuma a cikin Fabrairu na wannan shekarar an yi shi a cikin Conservatoire na Moscow. ). Daya more yi da aka shirya domin Congress na Composers na Ukraine, a watan Maris 1963 da kuma wani a Fabrairu 1966, wannan lokaci ga Congress na Rasha composers. A cikin wasiƙarsa zuwa A. Dmitriev, ya yarda cewa Symphony na huɗu ya ƙunshi 'siffar rayuwa' kuma yana da 'mai daraja' sosai a gare shi. ‹Wasiƙar L, a Grecenko› 'Ƙarar ƙararrawa da kuka ji', ya rubuta, 'yana nuna shuɗewar lokaci, abubuwan tunawa na ƙarni da suka wuce; ƙarni, an rufe ... tare da ƙurar dawwama da zoben karrarawa.'

Bayan mutuwar Joseph Stalin, Lyatohynsky aƙalla yana da 'yanci don yin waka daga tunaninsa, yana yin amfani da ci gaban motivic kyauta, dissonances da harshen amo na atonal. A cikin Symphony na gaba da na ƙarshe na biyar (Slavonic) (a cikin manyan C), mawaƙin ya haɗa da waƙar al'ummar Rasha a matsayin babban jigon da waƙa daga Yugoslavia a matsayin jigon sakandare. Lyatoshynsky ya ci gaba da yin amfani da kayan jama'a a cikin waƙarsa, yana faɗaɗa jigogi na jama'a tare da yin magana game da jumhuriyar Tarayyar Soviet, kamar Rasha, da ƙasashen Slavic kamar Poland, Bulgaria, Serbia, da Slovakia .

A tsakanin shekarun 1960s, an amince da Lyatoshynsky a matsayin memba na Composers' Union na Tarayyar Soviet. Daga cikin gata, ya ji daɗin tafiye-tafiye na 'al'adu' zuwa ƙasashen waje, inda ya sadu da sauran abokan wasan kwaikwayo kuma ya tattauna ayyukansa. Irin wannan balaguron, wanda aka kammala tare da shirye-shiryen al'adu na wasan kwaikwayo da kuma taron mawaƙa suna ɗaukar aiki (musamman a lokacin yakin cacar -baki) a matsayin tallace-tallace da kuma jakadun alfahari na ƙasa da kwaminisanci ga waɗanda ba 'yan gurguzu ba. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan fitattun an rubuta su a cikin haruffa Lyatoshynsky. Ya rubuta game da ziyartar Ingila na makonni biyu a matsayin dawowa bayan mawaƙan Birtaniya biyu (bai bayyana ko su wanene ba) sun zauna a Moscow watanni shida da suka wuce.

Lyatoshynsky ya cigaba da tafiye-tafiyen al'adu na, tare da ziyartar Austria da Switzerland ; matarsa ta raka shi. Wannan lokacin dama ce ga mawaki don tallata ayyukansa kuma ya kafa kansa a matsayin mawaki na duniya. Ba a san shi ba akwai ƙayyadaddun lokaci don cimma wannan buri. Bayan ya kammala ayyukan mawaka daban-daban da kuma Bikinsa na Mawakan Symphonic a 1968 ya mutu ba zato ba tsammani, ya bar shirinsa na shirya Symphony na Shida.

Lyatoshynsky ya kasance mai yawan kyaututtuka da lambobin yabo saboda nasarorin da ya samu. A cikin 1938 da 1955 an ba shi kyautar 'A sign of Honour', a 1946- 'For Heroic Achievement' da 'Labour Red Flag'. A cikin 50th na shekara ta Tarayyar Soviet ya samu lambar yabo na Lenin. Bayan mutuwarsa, Lyatoshynsky ya sami bambanci a matsayin ɗan wasan kwaikwayo na jama'ar Ukrainian USSR a 1968 kuma an karrama shi a matsayin babban mawaki na Ukrainian a 1971, yana karɓar lambar yabo ta Shevchenko bayan mutuwarsa.

Lyatoshynsky ya rubuta ayyuka daban-daban, ciki har da wasan kwaikwayo guda biyar, waƙoƙin zube, da waƙoƙin waƙoƙi da yawa na guntu da waƙoƙi, wasan kwaikwayo biyu, kiɗa na ɗakin, da kuma ayyuka masu yawa don piano solo. Abubuwan da ya fara rubutawa sun yi tasiri sosai ta hanyar maganganun Scriabin da Sergei Rachmaninoff (Symphony No.1). Salon kiɗansa daga baya ya ci gaba a cikin hanyar da Shostakovich ya fi so, wanda ya haifar da manyan matsaloli tare da masu sukar Soviet na lokacin, kuma a sakamakon haka an zargi Lyatoshynsky (tare da Sergei Prokofiev da Shostakovich) na al'ada da ƙirƙirar fasahar degenerative. Yawancin waƙoƙin nasa ba a cika yin su ba ko kuma ba a taɓa yin su ba a lokacin rayuwarsa. 1993, rikodin waƙoƙin sa na jagorar Ba'amurke Theodore Kuchar da ƙungiyar mawaƙa ta Symphony ta Ukrainian (a kan lakabin Naxos/Marco Polo) ya kawo waƙarsa ga masu sauraron duniya.

Girmamawa da kyaututtuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Kyautar Stalin :
second class (1946) - Quintet for Ukrainian
first class (1952) - for the music for the film "Taras Shevchenko" (1951)
  • Shevchenko National Prize (1971) ( posthumous ) - ga opera "The Golden Hoop" (1930).
  • Jama'ar Artist na Ukrainian SSR (1968)
  • Mawaƙi mai daraja na USSR (1945)
  • Order of Lenin

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mataki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • The Golden Ring, opera a cikin 4 ayyuka opus 23 (1929) (an sake dubawa a 1970)
  • Shchors, opera game da Nikolay Shchors a cikin 5 ayyuka bayan I. Kocherha da M. Rylsky opus 29 (1937)
  • Kwamandan opera (1970)

Orchestral[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • 5 wasan kwaikwayo
    • Symphony No. 1 Babban opus 2 (1918-1919)
    • Symphony No. 2 B small opus 26 (1935-1936) An sake dubawa a cikin 1940.
    • Symphony No. 3 B ƙaramin opus 50 (1951)
    • Symphony No. 4 B ♭ ƙaramin opus 63 (1963)[1]
    • Symphony No. 5 Babban "Slavonic" opus 67 (1965-1966)
  • Fantastic Maris opus 3 (1920)
  • Ƙarfafa kan jigogi huɗu na Jama'ar Ukrainian opus 20 (1927)
  • Suite daga Opera "The Golden Taya" opus 23 (1928)
  • Wakar Waka (1947)
  • Song of the reunification of Russia opus 49 (1949-1950)
  • Waltz (1951)
  • Suite daga Music Music "Taras Shevchenko" opus 51 (1952)
  • Concerto na Slavonic don Piano da Orchestra opus 54 (1953)
  • Suite daga Play "Romeo da Juliet" opus 56 (1955)
  • "A kan bankunan Vistula", waƙar waƙar opus 59 (1958)
  • Ƙungiya na Ƙarfafa Ƙarfafa Lamba 2 Babban opus 4 (Lamba 2 Intermezzo) na ƙungiyar makada (1960)
  • Yaren mutanen Poland Suite opus 60 (1961)
  • Slavonic Overture opus 61 (1961)
  • Waƙar Lyric "Zuwa Ƙwaƙwalwar Gliere" opus 66 (1964)
  • Slavonic Suite opus 68 (1966)
  • Festive Overture opus 70 (1967)
  • "Grazyna", ballade bayan A. Mickiewicz opus 58 (1955)

Sautin Vocal/Coral Orchestral[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Festive Cantata "Zuwa 60th Anniversary na Stalin" bayan Rilskov ga gauraye mawaƙa da makada (1938).
  • "Gado", cantata bayan Shevtchenko (1939)

Sautukan Chamber/instrumental[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • 5 kirtani quartets
    • Zauren Quartet No. 1 D ƙaramin opus 1 (1915)
    • Kirtani Quartet No. 2 Babban opus 4 (1922)
    • Zauren Quartet Na 3 opus 21 (1928)
    • Kirtani Quartet No. 4 opus 43 (1943)
    • Zauren Quartet Na 5 (1944-1951)
  • Piano Trio No. 1 opus 7 (1922) (an sake dubawa a 1925)
  • Sonata don violin da piano opus 19 (1926, Muzgiz (Gidan Bugawa na Jiha) ya buga da Buga na Duniya a 1928) [2]
  • Pieces guda uku bayan Folksong - Jigogi na violin da piano opus 25 (1932)
  • Piano Trio No. 2 opus 41 (1942)
  • Piano Quintet "Ukrainian Quintet" opus 42 (1942)
  • Suite akan Folksong na Ukrainian - Jigogi don string quartet opus 45 (1944)
  • Suite for Wind Quartet opus 46 (1944)
  • Mazurka biyu akan Jigogi na Polonian don cello da piano (1953)
  • Nocturne da Scherzino na viola da piano (1963)

Piano[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Elegy-Prelude (1920)
  • Piano Sonata No. 1 opus 13 (1924)
  • Pieces Bakwai "Wasanni" opus 16 (1925)
  • Piano Sonata No. 2 "Sonata Ballade" opus 18 (1925)
  • Ballad opus 22 (1928-1929)
  • Balad opus 24 (1929)
  • Suite (1941)
  • Uku Preludes opus 38 (1942)
  • Biyu Preludes opus 38b (1942)
  • Shevchenko-Suite (1942) Ba a gama ba.
  • Five Preludes opus 44 (1943)
  • Concerto Etude-Rondo (1962-1965)
  • Concert-Etude (1962-1967)

Murya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • "Moonshadow", waƙar bayan Verlaine, I.Severyanin, Balmont da Wilde opus 9 (1923)
  • Wakoki guda biyu bayan Shelley opus 10 (1923)
  • Wakoki Biyu Bayan Maeterlinck da Balmont opus 12 (1923)
  • Wakoki Hudu Bayan Shelley opus 14 (1924)
  • Wakoki don baritone da piano opus 15 (1924)

Amshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Rana ta tashi a Horizon, waƙa bayan Shevtshenko don ƙungiyar mawaƙa
  • Ruwa, Zuba cikin Tekun Blue!, Waƙar bayan Shevtshenko don ƙungiyar mawaƙa
  • Seasons bayan Pushkin don mawaƙa
  • Po negy kradetsya Luna bayan Pushkin ga mawaƙa
  • Kto, volny, vas ostanovil bayan Pushkin don mawaƙa

Abin mamaki da sautin fina-finai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Wakar wasan "Optimistic Tragedy" (1932)
  • Wakar wasan Fim "Taras Shevtshenko" (1950)
  • Wakar wasan "Romeo and Julia" (1954)
  • Wakar fim ɗin "The Hooked Pig's Snout" (1956)
  • Wakar Film "Ivan Franko" (1956)

Band[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tafsiri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Orchestration na Lysenko's opera Taras Bulba (Haɗin kai tare da L. Revutsky)
  • Orchestration na Gliere's Violin Concerto (Haɗin kai tare da KG Mostras)

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin Ukrainian composers - duba sauran Ukrainian composers na lokaci guda

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Library of Congress Record Link to Recording of 4th and 5th Symphonies". Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
  2. publication date from Hofmeisters Monatsberichte. See http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno-buch?apm=0&aid=1000001&bd=0001928&teil=0203&seite=00000271&zoom=5

Ci gaba da karatu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Birukov, Sergei. Jubilee na Boris Lyatoshinsky. Melodia, 1/10, (1995), 9 10.
  • Belza, Igor. Boris Lyatoshinsky: zacluszhenniy deyatel ucckustva v Ukraunskoi Sovetskoi Sozialisticheskoi Respublike. Boris Lyatoshinsky: girmama stateman na Arts na Ukrainian Soviet Social Jamhuriyar. Misteztvo, 1947.
  • Grecenko, L. da Matusevich, N., ed. Boris Lyatoshinsky: Vospominaniya, Pisma, Materialu. Chast I. Boris Lyatoshinsky: Tunatarwa, Wasiƙun, Materials. Kashi na I: Tunatarwa. Kuiv, Muzichna Ukraina Press, 1985.
  • Lyatoshinsky, Boris. Vospominaniya. Pisma. Materiali. Tunawa. Wasika. Kayayyaki. Sashe na I. Musichna Ukraina, 1985.
  • Lyatoshinsky, Boris. Vospominaniya. Pisma. Materiali. Tunawa. Wasika. Kayayyaki. Kashi na II. Musichna Ukraina, 1986.
  • Boris Lyatoshinsky: Tvorcheskie Portreti Sovetskih Compositorov. Boris Lyatoshinsky: Creative Hotuna na Soviet Composers. Kuiv: Musichna Ukraina, 1981.
  • Zaporozshez, Nikolai. Boris Lyatoshinsky - Sovetskiy Kompositor. Boris Lyatoshinsky mawakin Soviet. Abin Press, 1960.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jami'ar Nottingham, sashen kiɗa, karatun N. Stevens 'Lyatoshinsky: Tafiya na mawallafin mawaƙa a cikin Stalin's sarrafawa Rasha'

Samfuri:1971 Shevchenko National Prize