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Muridanci

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Muridanci
religious belief (en) Fassara, zawiya (en) Fassara da Tariqa (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Farawa 1883
Wanda ya samar Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba (en) Fassara
Director / manager (en) Fassara Serigne Mountakha Mbacké (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Senegal da Gambiya
Wuri
Map
 14°52′N 15°52′W / 14.87°N 15.87°W / 14.87; -15.87

Muridanci babbar ɗarikar Sufaye ce, wanda ta shahara a Senegal da Gambiya tare da babbar cibiyar ruhi a birnin Touba na ƙasar Senegal. Mabiya ƴan uwantakar Muridai ana kiransu Muridai, daga kalmar Larabci "murīd," ma'ana "wanda yake so," wanda shine kalmar da aka saba amfani da ita a cikin Sufanci don zayyana almajirin jagora ko mai hidima.[1]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Amadou Bamba

Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba Mbacké, wanda aka fi sani da Amadou Bamba ne ya kafa ƙungiyar ƴan uwantakar Muridai a cikin 1883. Ya kasance musulmi sufi kuma marabout, shugaba na ruhaniya wanda ya jaddada aiki kuma ya rubuta warƙoƙi akan tunani, al'ada, aiki, da kuma karatun Kur'ani. Koyarwarsa ta kasance martani ne ga tashe-tashen hankula na zamantakewa da al'adu a lokacin mulkin mallaka na Faransa na yammacin Afirka.

Kasashe[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yayin da ƴan uwantakar Muridai ta yi fice a Senegal da Gambia, tana da mabiya a duk duniya, musamman a kasashen da ’yan gudun hijirar Senegal ke zaune, kamar Italiya, Faransa, da Spain.

Ayyukan Ibada[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Zanen Mural a bango a Dakar, Senegal, yana nuna Amadou Bamba, Ibrahima Fall da Serigne Fallou.

Ayyukan addu'o'in Muridai na iya haɗawa da takamaiman al'adu da girmama Amadou Bamba. Muridai suna riƙe da tsarkin aiki a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin ainihin imaninsu, kuma wasu mabiyan suna ɗaukar aiki mai fa'ida a matsayin wani nau'i na addu'a, wanda wani lokaci yana iya keɓe su daga salloli biyar na yau da kullun da ake buƙata a Musulunci.[2]

Banbanci Da Sauran Mazhabobin Sufaye[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daya daga cikin fitattun ƴan uwantakar Muridai ita ce shugabanci da aka gada ta hanyar jini, da baiwa mata damar zama Shehunai, wanda babu kamarsa a tsakanin sauran sufaye. Bugu da ƙari, Muridanci ya ƙunshi al'adar yin ibada a kaburburan waliyyai, wanda ya bambanta da ayyuka a wasu rassan Musulunci, kamar Wahabiyanci. Har ila yau Muridanci ba ya tilasta wa mabiyansa biyayya, kuma Shaihunnan ba za su iya kore mutane daga imani da Muridanci ba.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. O'Brien, Donal Brian Cruise (1971). The Mourides of Senegal: the political and economic organization of an Islamic brotherhood. Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-821662-9.
  2. Boone, Catherine (2003). Political Topographies of the African State. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 46–67.