Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais

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sheak Abdul Rahman sudai

Abdur-Rahman Ibn Abdul Aziz as-Sudais ( Larabci: عَبْدُ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ بْنُ عَبْدِ ٱلْعَزِيزِ ٱلسُّدَيْسِ‎, romanized: ʻAbd ar-Rahman ibn ʻAbd al-Aziz as-Sudais  ;) Wanda aka fi sani da Abdulrahman A-Sudais shi ne limamin Babban Masallacin Masjid al-Haram da ke Makkah, Saudi Arabia ; shugaban babban shugaban kasa kan lamuran Masallatai Tsarkaka guda biyu; sananne ne Qāriʾ (mai karanta Alqur'ani ); kuma ya kasance lambar girmamawa ta ƙasa da ƙasa mai tsarki ta Al-ƙur'ani mai girma "Halayyar Musulunci ta Shekara" a shekarar dubu biyu da biyar, 2005. Al-Sudais ya yi wa'azin adawar Musulunci ga "fashe-fashe bam da ta'addanci", kuma ya yi ƙira ga tattaunawa tsakanin addinai cikin lumana, amma kuma an yi kakkausar suka game da zagin waɗanda ba musulmi ba musamman ma yahudawa a wa'azin nasa. Ya yi tir da magani daga Palasdinawa da Isra'ilawa natsuwa, kuma da jihar na Isra'ila, da kuma ƙira don ƙarin taimakon da za a aika zuwa Palasdinawa. Har ila yau, an san shi don gano halayen mata da ba na Islama ba a matsayin wani ɓangare da ke da alhakin fari 2006 na hunturu a Saudi Arabia. A shekarar dubu biyu da sha shida, 2016, ya gabatar da muhimmiyar huduba ta aikin Hajji ga dimbin mahajjatan da suka taru a Arafat bayan Sallah.

Rayuwa da aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Sudais ya fito ne daga dangin Anazzah, kuma ya haddace Alƙurani tun yana dan shekara 12. Ya girma a Riyadh, Al-Sudais yayi karatu a makarantar firamare ta Al Muthana Bin Harith, sannan daga baya Cibiyar Kimiyya ta Riyadh wacce daga ita ya kammala karatun ta a alif ɗari tara da saba'in da tara, 1979 da kyakkyawan sakamako. [1] Ya sami digiri a fannin Shari'a a babbar jami'ar dake Riyadh a 1983, Jagora a fannin addinin Musulunci daga Kwalejin Shari'a ta Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University a 1987 kuma ya sami digiri na uku. a cikin Shari’ar Musulunci daga Jami’ar Umm al-Qura a 1995 yayin da take aiki a matsayin mataimakiyar farfesa bayan ta yi aiki a Jami’ar Riyadh. [1]

Sudais ya fara limamanci a shekarar 1984, yana dan shekara 24, kuma ya gudanar da hudubarsa ta farko a Babban Masallacin da ke Makka a watan Yulin 1984, ban da wannan Sheikh Saud Al-Shuraim - ya kasance abokin tarayya a Sallar Taraweeh daga 1994 har zuwa 2006, da kuma sake a 2014, 2019 da 2020. An yi musu lakabi da "Tagwayen Haram". A cikin 2005-2020, Sheikh Abdullah Awad Al Juhany da sauran limamai na Masjid al-Haram kamar Sheikh Yasser Al-Dossary da Sheikh Bander Baleela sun karɓi matsayin Al-Shuraim a matsayin limamin Rakat na farko na Khatm Al Quran (ofarshen thearshen Qur'ani) Sallar tarawihi.

A shekarar 2005, kwamitin shirya gasar kur'ani mai tsarki ta kasa da kasa ta Dubai (DIHQA) ya sanya sunan Al-Sudais a matsayin kwamiti na 9 na "Mutumcin Addinin Musulunci na Shekara" don girmamawa ga kwazo da Al-Qur'ani da Musulunci. Lokacin da yake karbar lambar yabon nasa a Dubai, ya ce: "Sakon Musulunci da Musulmi shi ne ladabi, adalci, tsaro, kwanciyar hankali, juyayi, jituwa da kyautatawa."

Al-Sudais tare da Ministan Kiwon Lafiya na Indiya Ghulam Nabi Azad (right) a cikin 2011.
Al-Sudais tare da Firayim Ministan Indiya Manmohan Singh .

Daga shekarar dubu biyu da goma, 2010 zuwa shekara ta dubu biyu da goma sha biyu 2012, ya ziyarci kasashen Indiya, Pakistan, Malaysia da kuma Burtaniya. Daga cikin ayyukansa akwai daukar nauyin karawa juna sani a babbar Cibiyar Nazarin Addinin Musulunci a Malaysia a shekarar dubu biyu da goma sha ɗaya 2011, inda ya yi magana game da wayewar Musulunci game da asalin kalubalen zamani.

An nada shi a matsayin "Shugabancin Masallatai Masu Tsarki Guda Biyu a matsayin minista" ta dokar masarauta a ranar 8 ga Mayu shekara ta dubu biyu da goma sha biyu 2012. Kuma memba ne na Makarantar Koyon Harshen Larabci a Makka.

Abdul Razzaq al-Mahdi, Nabil Al-Awadi, Tariq Abdelhaleem, da Hani al-Sibai wadanda ke da alaka da Al-Qaeda, ban da wasu kamar Adnan al-Aroor, Abd Al-Aziz Al-Fawzan, Mohamad al-Arefe, Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais, Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah Al Shaykh da sauransu suna cikin jerin sunayen da kungiyar ISIS ta fitar.

Ra'ayoyi, maganganu, addu'o'i[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekarar dubu biyu da uku, 2003, Sudais ya bayyana cewa ya yi imanin cewa matasa na bukatar a koyar da su shari’ar Musulunci, ciki har da dokokin hana kashe kai da kuma hana kai hari ga wadanda ba Musulmi ba da ke zaune a kasashen Musulunci. Sudais ya kuma ce bai kamata samari na musulinci su "jefa alamar rashin yarda da Allah ba tare da nuna bambanci ba kuma kada su rudani tsakanin halattaccen jihadi da" ta'addancin mutane masu son zaman lafiya.

Sudais ya ce babu wuri ga tsattsauran ra'ayi da bangaranci a cikin addinin Musulunci kuma Musulunci yana koyar da matsakaiciyar hanya. Ya ce maganin matsalolin da musulmai ke fuskanta a Falasdinu, Somaliya, Iraki, Kashmir da Afghanistan ya ta'allaka ne ga bin koyarwar addinin Islama ta hanyar wasika da kuma ruhi. Ya yi kira da a warware rikice-rikice ta hanyar tattaunawa da tattaunawa ta la’akari da fa’idodi na zamantakewa da tattalin arziki da za a iya samu ta hanyar warware wadannan rikice-rikice.

Sudais ya kuma soki gwamnatin Lal Masjid a lokacin rikicin Masallacin Jaja na 2007 a Islamabad, Pakistan. Ya bukaci tsagerun da gwamnati da su amince da kudurin lumana ta hanyar tattaunawa sannan ya bukaci bangarorin biyu da su kare zaman lafiya.

Sudais kuma an san shi da hudubarsa yana kira ga muminai su taimaka wa sauran Musulmai a yankunan da yaki ya daidaita. Ya yi magana da himma kan zaluncin Falasdinawa da Isra’ilawan baƙi da Isra’ilawa suke yi, kuma ya yi roƙon a ba su magunguna da abinci don a aika wa Falasɗinawa. [2]

Zunubi da fari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin huduba a ranar 13 ga Nuwamba, shekara ta dubu biyu da shida, 2006, Al-Sudais ya yi wa’azin cewa fari na faruwa ne sakamakon yawaitar zunubi a cikin al’ummar Saudiyya da kuma halayyar mata a masarautar wadanda ake zargin suna “bayyanawa, suna cudanya da maza, kuma suna ba ruwansu da hijabi. "

Addu'o'in neman zaman lafiya tsakanin addinai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Yunin 2004, Sudais ya jagoranci mabiya 10,000 cikin addu'o'in neman zaman lafiya da jituwa tsakanin addinai a London. Ministar Daidaitar Jinsi Fiona Mactaggart ta halarci wa'azin Sudais a Masallacin East London . Prince Charles, wanda yake a Washington, ya dauki bangare da wani rubucen saƙo Birtaniya ta manyan Rabbi, Jonathan kori, ya aika da sakon goyan baya.

Addu'o'in hallaka yahudawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin hudubarsa ta 19 ga Afrilu, 2002, wanda aka watsa a ranar 1 ga Saudiyya, Al-Sudais ya kira yahudawan da "birai da aladu," da sauran masu cin karensu babu babbaka.

Karanta tarihin kuma zaka san cewa yahudawan jiya sun kasance magabata mara kyau kuma yahudawan yau sune magaji mafi munin. Su ne masu kashe annabawa da ƙurar duniya. Allah ya jefe shi la'ana, kuma haushinka a kan su, kuma Muka sanya su birai da aladu, kuma ya bauta [sic] xagutu. Waɗannan su ne yahudawa, zuriyar zuriyar ma'ana, wayo, taurin kai, zalunci, mugunta, da rashawa. … La'anannun Allah su bi su har zuwa ranar sakamako. … Don haka, sun cancanci la'anar Allah, da mala'ikunSa, da kuma dukkan mutane.

Ya yi addu'a ga Allah don ya "kawar da" yahudawan kuma ya yi iƙirarin cewa Isra'ilawa suna da niyyar rusa masallacin al-Aqsa da gina haikalinsu a kan kurensa.

Kira don yakar yaki da Shi'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 31 ga Maris din 2015, an yada faifan sauti na al-Sudais ta yanar gizo, tare da hoto dauke da rubutu dauke da cewa "Limamin babban masallacin na Makka ya yi kira da a yi fito na fito da 'yan Shi'a ." A cikin faifan al-Sudais ya yi kira da a yi fito-na-fito da Shi'a:


Kiranmu ga iran DA babban murya ga Iran, shine yaki gameda mu yan sunnah DA my yaki shia, domin yakinmu da itan gaskiya ne kuma abun kidrcewa ne, kuma zamu kudurce yahudawa (wanda suke daukan kansu a matsayin kiristoci) narantse da Allah sunada ranarsu .... Manzon Allah (s.a.w) yace " rumawa zasuci nasara.....rashin yardarmu da shia rafidanci bazai taba chanzawaba haka yaki dasu shima ......matukar suna bayan kasa.

Dangane da wadannan kalaman na al-Sudais, babban editan kamfanin dillancin labarai na Iraki Ahmed Abdul Hussein, ya ce, "Ka tuna da ranar 3/31/2015, ranar da aka sanar da yakin Shi'a da Sunni. Zai wuce fiye da yakin basasa . ”

Rigima[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Anti-Semitism[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan jawabinsa na 2002, an bayyana Al-Sudais a matsayin mai ƙyamar Semite don yin addu'ar a bayyane ga Allah don 'ƙare' Yahudawa, waɗanda ya kira "ƙazamar 'yan Adam… beran duniya… annabi masu kashe… aladu da birai ", kuma sakamakon haka an hana shi taro a Amurka kuma an hana shi shiga Kanada. [3]

Al-Sudais an lasafta shi a matsayin misali na -ungiyar Anti-Defamation ta Anti -Semitism a lokacin da ya kira la'ana a kan yahudawa kuma ya mai da su "ƙurar ƙasa" a cikin huɗubarsa.

Ofishin Watsa Labarai na Duniya ya kuma ba da rahoton ƙiyayya ga wa'azin Sudais na Afrilu 2002.

A cikin wata hira ta watan Mayu 2003 da NBC ta Tim Russert, mai ba da shawara kan harkokin waje ga yarima mai jiran gado na Saudiyya, Adel al-Jubeir, ya tabbatar da maganganun al-Sudais, ya yarda cewa "a fili ba daidai ba ne," kuma ya ce an tsawata masa, amma har yanzu an bashi izinin yin wa'azi. Ya kuma ce "idan da [Sudais] yana da zabi to ya janye wadannan kalmomin - da ba zai fadi wadannan kalmomin ba."

Al-Sudais bawai yahudawa kawai yake kaiwa hari ba, har ma da wasu da ba musulmai ba, kamar Hindu da kirista . John Ware a cikin shirin BBC Panorama mai taken "Tambayar Shugabanci" daga 21 ga Agusta, 2005, ya ambaci Al-Sudais yana mai wulakanta Kiristocin a matsayin "masu bautar gumaka" kuma Hindu a matsayin "masu bautar gumaka." Ware ya nuna banbanci tsakanin wa'azin Sudais ga Saudis tare da jawabinsa ga masu sauraron Yammacin Turai. [4]

Majalisar musulmin Burtaniya ta yi tambaya kan gaskiyar maganganun da aka bayar a hirar, suna masu kiranta da "rubabbun abubuwa da gangan" kuma shirin gaba daya "rashin adalci ne kwarai da gaske." Majalisar ta bukaci a yi taka-tsan-tsan, yayin da take la'antar duk wani nau'i na maganganun nuna wariyar launin fata, ta bukaci a tabbatar da cewa hakika Al-Sudais ne ya yi wadannan kalaman. Bayan jerin mu'amala, da BBC 's Panorama edita, Mike Robinson, posted a mayar da martani ga kowane daga cikin Musulmi Council ta zargin, zargin da su na "marar tushe da kuma wildly m harin" da "mara kyau addini zargin."

A watan Agusta na 2009, kwamitin wakilai na yahudawan Birtaniyya sun nuna rashin amincewarsu da ziyarar da Al-Sudais ya kai Burtaniya inda ya gabatar da jawabai a masallatai da dama tare da halartar wani taro tare da dan majalisar Tory Tony Baldry . Daga baya Baldry ya kare shawarar da ya yanke na yin aiki tare da Al-Sudais, yana mai cewa "Da na rubuta rubutu kan abin da Musulmi mai matsakaicin ra'ayi zai fada, to da ya zama misali cikakke."

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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