Hafs

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Hafs
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Addini Musulunci

Abū ayin Hafs ibn Sulayman ibn al-Mughirah ibn Abi Dawud al-Asadi al-Kūfī ( Larabci: أبو عمر حفص بن سليمان بن المغيرة الأسدي الكوفي‎ الكوفي ), wanda aka fi sani da Hafs (706-796 CE; 90-180 AH bisa kalandar Musulunci ), babban mutum ne a fagen karatun Kur'ani da karatuttuka daban-daban (qira'at). Kasancewarsa ɗaya daga cikin masu yaɗa sakonnin daya daga cikin hanyoyi guda bakwai na karatun kur'ani, hanyar da yake bi ta hanyar malamin shi Aasim bn Abi al-Najud ya zama hanyar da ta shahara a duk faɗin duniyar musulunci.

Baya ga kasancewar sa ɗalibin Aasim, Hafs kuma surukinsa ne. Kasancewar an haife shi a Baghdad, Hafs daga baya ya koma Makka inda ya ba da sanarwar karatun surukinsa.

Daga ƙarshe, karatun Hafs na Aasim ya zama hanyar hukuma ta Misra, kasancewar an amince da shi a matsayin daidaitaccen bugun Misra na Masar a ƙarƙashin Fuad I na Egypt a 1923. Mafi yawan kwafin Alqurani a yau suna bin karatun Hafs. A Arewacin Afirka da Yammacin Afirka akwai mafi girman sha'awar bin karatun Warsh .

Karatun Hafs[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babban Masallacin Kufa, 1915 CE

A cikin dukkan al'adun karatun karantarwa, al'adun Kufan ne kawai suka hada basmala a matsayin aya ta daban a cikin Fasali (surah) 1 . [1]

A cikin 10thC, a cikin Kitāb al-sabʿa fī l-qirāʾāt, Ibn Mujahid ya kafa karatun Alqurani sau bakwai wanda daga baya za'a san shi da sunan 'Bakwai'. Uku daga cikin masu karatun su sun yaba ne daga Kufa, cibiyar cibiyar karatun addinin Musulunci na farko. Masu karanta Kufan uku su ne Al-Kisa'i, Kufan ; Hamzah az-Zaiyyat ; da Aasim bn Abi al-Najud .

Yana, tare da al'adun Hafs 'na' Asim wanda ke wakiltar al'adun karatun Kufa, ɗayan manyan ƙira'un Alƙur'ani guda biyu a cikin duniyar Musulmi. Ingantaccen ingantaccen Alqurani na Alkahira wanda aka buga a 1924 ya dogara ne da karatun Hafs 'karatun sAsim.

Sarkar Yarwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Imam Hafs bn Suleiman bn al-Mughirah al-Asadi al-Kufi ya koya daga Aasim bn Abi al-Najud al-Kufi al-Tabi'i daga Abu 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami daga Uthman bn Affan, Ali, Ubayy bn Ka 'b, da Zaid bn Thabit daga annabi Muhammad .

Sarkar Karatun Hafs
Mataki Mai karantawa
1 Imam Hafs
2 Aasim bn Abi al-Najud
3 Abu 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami
4 Uthman bn Affan, da Ali, da Ubayy bn Ka'b, da Zaid bn Thabit
5 annabi Muhammad

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Stefan Wild, Al-Baydawi. Quran: an Encyclopedia