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Tarihin Fasaha

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Tarihin Fasaha
aspect of history (en) Fassara, academic major (en) Fassara da branch of history (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na cultural history (en) Fassara
Facet of (en) Fassara fasaha da arts (en) Fassara
Karatun ta art history (en) Fassara
Gudanarwan art historian (en) Fassara

Tarihin Fasaha yana mai da hankali kan abubuwan da mutane suka yi don kowane adadin ruhi, labari, falsafa, alama, ra'ayi, rubuce-rubuce, kayan ado, har ma da aiki da wasu dalilai, amma tare da fifiko na farko akan sigar gani na kyan gani. Za a iya rarraba fasahar gani ta hanyoyi daban-daban, kamar raba zane-zane mai kyau da zane -zane Ar; tare da mai da hankali kan ƙirƙira ɗan adam; ko mayar da hankali kan kafofin watsa labaru daban-daban kamar gine-gine, sassaka, zane, fim, daukar hoto, da kuma zane-zane. A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, ci gaban fasaha ya haifar da fasahar bidiyo, fasahar kwamfuta, fasahar wasan kwaikwayo, rayarwa, talabijin, da wasanni na bidiyo.

fasaha kenan

Ana ba da labarin tarihin art sau da yawa azaman tarihin ƙirƙira na ƙwararrun ƙwararrun da aka ƙirƙira yayin kowace wayewa. Ta haka za a iya tsara shi a matsayin labarin manyan al'adu, wanda aka kwatanta da abubuwan al'ajabi na duniya. A gefe guda kuma, ana iya haɗa maganganun fasaha na yare a cikin labarun tarihi na fasaha, wanda ake magana da shi a matsayin fasahar jama'a ko sana'a. Da mafi kusancin cewa masanin tarihin art ya shiga tare da waɗannan nau'ikan na ƙarshe na ƙananan al'adu, mafi kusantar shi ne cewa za su gano aikin su a matsayin nazarin al'adun gani ko al'adun kayan aiki, ko kuma suna ba da gudummawa ga fannonin da suka danganci tarihin fasaha, irin su ilmin halitta ko ilmin kimiya na kayan tarihi. A cikin lokuta na ƙarshe, ana iya kiran abubuwan fasaha azaman kayan tarihi na kayan tarihi.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sana'ar riga-kafi ta ƙunshi nau'ikan zane-zane da masu zane-zane da sculptors daga al'adun jahilai suka yi, gami da wasu kayan aikin ɗan adam na farko. Daga cikin abubuwan fasaha na farko akwai kayan ado na kayan ado daga Tsakiyar Afirka. [1] [2] [3] An kuma gano kwantena na wancan lokacin a Afirka ta Kudu waɗanda watakila an yi amfani da su wajen riƙe fenti tun shekaru 100,000 da suka gabata.

Wani nau'i na zane-zane da aka samo a duk faɗin duniya, musamman a Turai, an yi ƙananan siffofi na prehistoric da aka sani da Venus figurines tare da ƙirjin ƙirji da ciki, mafi shahararrun su ne Venus na Hohle Fels da Venus na Willendorf, da aka samu a Jamus da kuma. Austria. Yawancin suna da ƙanana kawuna, faffadan hips, da ƙafafu waɗanda suke tafe zuwa aya. Hannu da ƙafafu ba sa nan, kuma kai yawanci ƙarami ne kuma ba shi da fuska. Venus na Hohle Fels yana daya daga cikin abubuwa masu yawa da aka samu a Kogo da Ice Age Art a cikin Swabian Jura UNESCO Heritage Site, inda aka samo mafi dadewar ayyukan fasahar ɗan adam wanda har yanzu ba a gano ba, a cikin nau'i na dabba da aka sassaƙa da kuma. siffofi na ɗan adam, ban da tsoffin kayan kida da aka gano zuwa yanzu, tare da kayan tarihi tsakanin 43.000 zuwa 35.000 BC. [8]

Shahararrun zane-zane na Prehistoric sune manyan zane-zane na kogon Paleolithic wadanda ke nuna dabbobi a nahiyar Turai, musamman wadanda ke Lascaux a yankin Dordogne na Faransa. An san kogwanni ɗari da yawa da aka yi wa ado, wanda ya mamaye lokacin Upper Paleolithic (c. 38,000-12,000 BC). Akwai misalai a Ukraine, Italiya da Birtaniya, amma yawancinsu suna cikin Faransa da Spain. An ba da shawarar ra'ayoyi da yawa game da manufar art, wanda aka fi yarda da shi shine cewa yana cikin al'adun addini, mai yiwuwa don haifar da nasarar farauta.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "What is art history and where is it going? (article)" . Khan Academy. Retrieved 2020-04-19.
  2. "What is the History of Art? | History Today" . www.historytoday.com . Retrieved 2017-06-23.
  3. Cf: 'Art History versus Aesthetics', ed. James Elkins (New York: Routledge, 2006).
  4. Fortenberry 2017, p. 2.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Fortenberry 2017, p. 3.