Jump to content

Utbah ibn Abi Lahab

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Utbah ibn Abi Lahab
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Makkah
ƙasa Yankin Larabawa
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Abū Lahab
Mahaifiya Umm Jamil
Abokiyar zama Rukayyah
Ahali Utaybah bin Abu Lahab (en) Fassara, Q16127345 Fassara, Q12211560 Fassara, Q104029491 Fassara da Q104029490 Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a Ɗan kasuwa
Aikin soja
Ya faɗaci yaƙin Hunayn
Siege of Ta'if (en) Fassara

Utbah bn Abi Lahab ( Larabci: عتبة بن أبي لهب‎ ) abokin wasa ne na farko ga annabin musulunci Muhammad SAW.

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haife shi a Makka Utbah shi ne babban dan Abu Lahab bn Abdul-Muttalib da Ummu Jamil bint Harb . [1] Shekaru da yawa danginsa suna zaune kusa da annabi Muhammad da Khadija . [2]

Utbah ya yi aure bisa doka da ƙaninsa Ruqayyah ɗan shekara takwas, ɗa ta huɗu kuma diyar annabi Muhammadu ta biyu, wani lokaci kafin Agusta 610 AD. [3]

Bayan Muhammadu ya karanta sura ta 111, " Ku halaka hannun Abu Lahab ," [4] Abu Lahab ya so yanke alaka da shi. Lokacin da Muhammadu ya yi wa Kuraishawa wa’azi a fili yana nuna musu kiyayya,” wasu Kuraishawa sun ji tausayin Abu Lahab na son kada ya ajiye ’ya’yan Muhammadu da kudinsa. Suka ce wa Utbah idan ya saki Ruqayyah, za su ba shi duk macen da yake so; [5] kuma mahaifinsa ya gaya masa cewa idan bai sake ta ba, ba zai sake magana da shi ba. [6] Utbah ya amsa da cewa zai so ko dai 'yar ko jikar Sa'id bn Al-As bn Umayya. [7] Kuraishawa sun yarda, don haka ya saki Ruqayyah. A lokacin ta kai kusan sha biyu, ba a daura auren ba. [8]

A lokacin da aka ci Makkah a watan Janairun 630, Utbah da dan’uwansa Mu’attib suka koma bakin Makka tare da sauran mushrikai. Muhammad ya nemi kawunsa al-Abbas ya kawo masa su. Aka kawo su, da gayyatar Muhammad suka musulunta suka yi mubaya'a. Al-Abbas furta cewa Muhammad fuskarsa "na nuna farin ciki" a su tuba. Utbah ya shiga rundunar musulunci ya yi yaki a Hunain . Yana cikin wadanda ba su bar Muhammad a yakin ba. [9] Duk da haka, lokacin da sauran dangin Hashim suka yi hijira zuwa Madina, Utbah da ɗan'uwansa Mu'attib sun kasance a Makka. [10]

Utbah ta haifi ɗa mai suna Rafiah. Yana da wani bawa mai suna Abd ibn Ayman, wanda 'ya'yansa suka sayar bayan mutuwarsa. [11]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Barirah mawla Aisha

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir. Translated by Haq, S. M. (1967). Ibn Sa'd's Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir Volume I Parts I & II, p. 100. Delhi: Kitab Bhavan.
  2. Ibn Saad/Haq vol. 1 p. 232.
  3. Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 24. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 24.
  5. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 314.
  6. Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 25.
  7. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 314.
  8. Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 25.
  9. Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rasul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors, p. 64. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  10. Tabari/Landau-Tasseron p. 64.
  11. Bukhari 3:46:739.