Zainab yar Muhammad

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Zainab Bint Muhammad ( Arabic زينب بنت محمد) (599-629 AD) ita ce babbar 'yar Annabin Musulunci Muhammadu ta wurin matarsa ta farko Khadija bint Khuwaylid .

Aure[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ta auri dan uwan mahaifiyarta, Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi ', kafin Disamba 610, [1] : 313-314 [2] : 21 [3] : 162 kuma Khadija ta ba da ita bikin aure da abun ado onyx. : 22 Suna da yara biyu, Ali, wanda ya mutu tun yana yara, da kuma 'yarsa Umama . : 21 : 162 .

Zainab ta zama musulma jim kadan bayan Muhammadu ya fara bayyana kansa a matsayin annabi. Kuraishawa sun matsa wa Abu al-As ya sake su Zainab, suna cewa za su ba shi duk macen da yake so a musaya, amma Abu al-As ya ce baya son wata mace, matsayin da Muhammad yaba masa. Muhammadu bashi da iko a Makka sabili da haka ba zai iya tilasta musu su raba ba, don haka suka ci gaba da zama tare duk da cewa Abu al-As ya ƙi ya musulunta. Zainab ta ci gaba da zama a Makka lokacin da sauran musulmin da ke bin Muhammad suka yi hijira zuwa Madina.

Hijira zuwa Madina[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abu al-As ya kasance daga cikin mushrikai wadanda aka kama a yakin Badr . Zainab ta aiko da kudin ne don fansar sa, gami da dutsen onyx. Lokacin da Muhammad ya ga abin wuya, ya ƙi karɓar kowane fansa na kuɗi don surukin surukinsa. Ya tura Abu al-As gida, shi kuma Abu al-As yayi alkawarin tura Zainab zuwa Madina. [1] Ni : 314 [2] : 22

Zainab ta yarda da wannan koyarwar. Kimanin wata guda bayan yaƙin, ɗan'uwan Zainab, Zayd, ya isa Makka don raka ta zuwa Madina. Ta shiga hawdaj ita da surukawanta, Kinana, suka jagoranci rakumi zuwa Zayd da wayewar gari. Kuraishawa sun fahimci wannan a matsayin rashin bayyana alama ta cin nasarar Muhammadu a Badr. Wasu gungunsu suka runtume Zainab suka ci mata a Dhu Tuwa. Wani mutum mai suna Habbar bn Al-Aswad ya yi mata barazanar da mashin [1] : 314-315 ya tura ta. Ta fadi daga hawdaj a wani dutse. [3] : 4 Kinana ya nuna kibiyoyi a cikin kwarin sa yana barazanar zai kashe duk wanda ya kusanta. Sa'an nan Abu Sufyan ya isa, yana gaya wa Kinana ya ajiye baka don su iya tattauna batun hankali. Ya ce, ba su da niyyar da za ta sa mace daga mahaifinta don ɗaukar fansa na Badr, amma kuskure ne Kinana ta wulaƙanta Quraishawa ta hanyar ba da labarin cire ta a bainar jama'a; Dole ne ya yi shi a hankali, lokacin da "mai tattaunawar" ya mutu. Kinana ta sake karbar Zainab gida. A nan ne ta yi asara, ta zubar da jini mai yawa, wanda ta danganta da cewa Habbar ce ta same shi. : 314-315

Bayan 'yan dare daga baya, Kinana dauki ta zare jiki ka sadu Zayd, kuma ya rako ta ta Madina. [1] : 315 Anas ibn Malik ya tuno da ganin Zainab a Madina sanye da mayafin siliki. [2] : 24

Haduwa da Abu al-As[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Zainab ba ta sake ganin mijinta ba har watan Satumba ko Oktoba 627, [2] : 23 lokacin da ya shiga gidanta a Madina da daddare, yana neman kariya. Mayakan musulmi sun sace wasu kayayyaki da ya kasance mai dogaro ga sauran Quraishawa, kuma yana so ya yi kokarin dawo da shi. [1] : 316 Washegari, Zainab ta zauna a cikin matan a sallar asuba, ta yi ihu: "Na ba da kariya ga Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi!" Da zaran an gama addu'o'i, Muhammad ya tabbatar da cewa bai san komai game da hakan ba, amma "Muna kiyaye duk wanda ta kiyaye." : 317 : 22-23 Ya gaya wa Zainab ta yi wa Abu al-As kamar bako. Sannan ya shirya yadda za a mayar da Kasuwancin Kuraishawa, sai Abu al-As ya karbe shi ga masu shi a cikin Makka. : 317

Abu al-As sannan ya musulunta kuma ya koma Madina. Muhammadu ya maido da Zainab diyar sa, kuma sun dawo da rayuwar aure. [1] : 317 [2] : 23

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sulhun su ba gajeru bane, saboda Zainab ta mutu a watan Mayu ko 6 ga watan Yuni. An danganta mutuwan ta ne sakamakon rikice rikicen da ta sha wahala a shekarar 624. [3] : 4 Matan da suka wanke gawarta sun hada da Baraka, Sauda da Umm Salama . [2] : 24

A ganin Shia[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wata majiya ta ce:


''A wani lokaci akwai yara mata uku dake rayuwa a gidan Khadija. Sunayensu;Zainab, Rukayya da Ummu Khulthum. Zainab iatce babbarsu, an aurar da ita ga Abul As ibn Er-Rabi na Makkah. Mutumin ya yaki manzon Allah a yakin badr, sai musulmai suka kama shi, dan ya karbi yancin sa, sai ya tura matarsa zuwa ga manzon Allah wata sarka wanda yakasance na Khadija ne amma taba ta lokacin aurenta amatsayin kyauta. An kyale Abul-As yakoma Makkah sai ya maida Zainab Madina kamar yadda ya yi alkawari. Daga baya sai ta rasu bayan dawowarta Madina, sai ya musulunta ya rayu tare da musulmai.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]