'Ala' al-Din al-Bukhari

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg 'Ala' al-Din al-Bukhari
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Iran, 1377
Mutuwa Mezzeh (en) Fassara, 1437 (Gregorian)
Sana'a
Sana'a logician (en) Fassara da Malamin akida
Imani
Addini Mabiya Sunnah

'Ala' al-Din al-Bukhari ( Larabci: علاء الدين البخاري‎ ), ya kasance masanin fiqhu na Hanafiyya ( faqih ), masanin tauhidi na Maturidi , mai sharhin Kur'ani ( mufassir ), da kuma sufi ( Sufi ). Sa'id Foudah ya ba da shawarar cewa ya bi hanyar Naqshbandi .

Wataƙila an fi saninsa da bayar da fatawa (hukuncin shari'a) inda duk wanda ya ba Ibn Taimiyya lakabin " Shaikh al-Islam " kafiri ne, kuma ya rubuta littafi a kansa mai suna "Muljimat al-Mujassima" ( Larabci: ملجمة المجسمة‎ ' Magance Anthropomorphists ' ). Ibn Nasir al-Din al-Dimashqi (d. 846/1438) ya warware wannan fatawar ta hanyar rubuta Al-Radd al-Wafir 'ala man Za'am anna man Samma Ibn Taimiyya Shaykh al-Islam Kafir ( Larabci: الرد الوافر على من زعم أن من سمى ابن تيمية شيخ الإسلام كافر‎ ), wanda a ciki ya lissafa duk hukumomin da suka taba rubuta yabo na Ibnu Taimiyya ko suka kira shi da Shaikh al-Islam.

An haifeshi a kasar Farisa a shekara ta 779 AH / 1377 Miladiyya, kuma ya girma a Bukhara sannan daga baya yayi tafiye tafiye zuwa India, Arabiya, Egypt da Syria . Bayan shafe kansa a muhawara a Alkahira tsakanin magoya baya da kuma masu adawa da Ibn 'Arabi, ya koma Damascus inda ya hada da "Fadihat al-Mulhidin wa Nasihat al-Muwahhidin" ( Larabci: فاضحة الملحدين وناصحة الموحدين‎ ' Wulakancin' Yan Bidi'a da Nasihar 'Yan Kungiya ' ) kuma har ila yau sun ci gaba da kaiwa Ibn Taimiyya hari, don fushin Hanbalis na garin . Wasu malamai na zamaninsa sun yaba masa, kamar su Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, da Badruddin din-Ayni .

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifeshi ne a Bilad al-'Ajam (ana kiran kasar Farisa da suna Bilad al-' Ajam [ƙasar 'Ajam]) kuma ya yi karatu a Bukhara, inda ya yi karatu a gaban Sa'ad al-Din al-Taftazani . Daga gareshi ne Bukhari ya gaji tsananin kyamar falsafar zuhudu, wanda yake ganin yayi daidai da Ibn Arabi da mabiyansa. Al-Bukhari ya yi tafiye-tafiye sosai a Iran da Asiya ta Tsakiya don neman ƙwararrun masu addini. Tun yana karami ya yi fice a fannin ilimin gargajiya da na hankali kamar su Alkur'ani, hadisi, lafazi, hankali, waka da yare . Ya kuma yi karatun littattafan Sufi na gargajiya kuma mutane da yawa suna ganin shi a matsayin babban masanin Sufi. Mutum ne mai cikakkiyar fahimta tare da hangen nesa na ilimi, al-Bukhari na ɗan wani lokaci yana zaune a Indiya, inda wa'azinsa da laccocinsa suka ba shi farin jini a tsakanin Musulman Indiya. Kasancewar ya yaba da mai mulkin yankin, sai aka gayyaci Bukhari don ya zama mai ba shi jagoranci na addini da kuma mai ba shi shawara. Koyaya, mutum ne mai manufa, ba da daɗewa ba ya faɗo tare da mai bautarsa na Indiya ya bar yankin zuwa Makka, inda ya zauna tsawon shekaru har sai da Sarkin Mamluk Bars Bay (r. 825 / 1422-841 / 1438) ya gayyace shi zuwa Bamasaren. babban birni Ba da da ewa bayan da ya dawo, ya aka embroiled a wani wadanda suka jama'a muhawara a kan Ibn 'Arabi ta orthodoxy, a cikin shakka daga abin da ya yi arangama da m Maliki Qadi na Misira, Muhammad al-Bisati (d. 842/1438), wanda ya rika taka tsantsan a wannan al'amari. Bayan wani rikici da ya barke tsakaninsa da abokin hamayyarsa, al-Bukhari ya fusata ya bar birnin Alkahira zuwa babban fushin magoya bayansa na Masar.

A Siriya, inda ya zauna bayan tashinsa, Bukhari ya ci gaba da tunanin “wulakancin” da ya yi a hannun al-Bisati kuma ya hada da karyata Ibn Arabi da makarantarsa, mai taken "Fadihat al-Mulhidin wa Nasihat al- Muwahhidin "( Larabci: فاضحة الملحدين وناصحة الموحدين‎ ' Wulakancin' Yan Bidi'a da Nasihar 'Yan Kungiya ' ) Ko kuma, a cikin wani fassarar: ( Template:Trans ). Lokaci guda, ya sa kansa cikin wani rikici mai zafi. Abun ban haushi, a wannan karon makasudin sa shine babban makiyin Ibnu Arabi, Ibn Taimiyya, wanda Bukhari ya zarge shi da wasu "bidi'oi" na shari'a. Sukar Al-Bukhari ta haifar da hayaniya a Siriya wacce ta kasance gida ga mabiya Ibn Taimiyya masu yawa. Ba tare da la'akari da yawan adawa da sukarsa a tsakanin abokan aikinsa na Syria ba, al-Bukhari ya yi karfin hali ya bukaci Ibn Taimiya ya yi watsi da takensa na girmamawa na shaykh al-Islam, yana shelanta duk wanda ya ki yin hakan kafiri. Yin Allah wadai da Ibnu Taimiyya ya jawo kakkausar suka kuma daga karshe malamin nan Shafi'i mai suna Ibn Nasir al-Din al-Dimashqi (d. 838/1434) 27 ya yi fatali da girman littafi wanda ya aika da ra'ayinsa ga malaman Masar don neman amincewarsa. Kamar yadda mutum ke tsammani, bayan samun wannan aikin, Muhammad al-Bisati ya yi amfani da damar don yin tir da tsohon mai gabatar da kara a matsayin jahili kuma mai tayar da hankali. Rashin jituwa tsakanin Al-Bukhari da masu goyan bayan Siriya na Ibn Taimiyya bai sa shi ya manta da ƙiyayyarsa ga Ibn 'Arabi ba, wanda ya ci gaba da tuhuma da karkatacciyar koyarwa da rashin iya shari'a.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Abu Ishaq al-Saffar al-Bukhari
  • Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi
  • Abu al-Yusr al-Bazdawi
  • Nur al-Din al-Sabuni
  • Muhammad Zahid al-Kawthari
  • Jerin Hanafiyya
  • Jerin Ash'aris da Maturidis
  • Jerin masana tauhidi na musulmai
  • Jerin Sufaye

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Template:Islam scholars diagram