Mujaddidi

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Wikidata.svgMujaddidi
believer (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Musulmi

Mujaddid ( Larabci: مجدد‎) a musulinci shine mai kawo canji wanda aka bashi aikin cire kurakurai da suka faru tsakanin musulmai.Aikinsu shi ne nuna wa mutane gaskiyar addini wacce za a nemi al’ummar Musulmi su fuskanta. Dangane da shahararrun al'adun musulmai, ana nufin mutumin da ya bayyana a kowane ƙarni na kalandarmusulinci,ya tsarkake shi daga wasu abubuwa na daban kuma ya mayar dashi zuwa tsarkakakken tsarkin sa.A zamanin yau, ana kallon mujaddadi a matsayin mafi girman musulmin karni.

Ikhtilaf (rashin jituwa) ya kasance tsakanin masanan hadisai masu ban tsoro. Malamai da masana tarihi kamar Al-Dhahabi da Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani sun fassara cewa kalmar mujaddid ita ma ana iya fahimta a matsayin jam’i, don haka suna nufin ƙungiyar mutane. [1] [2]

"Haƙiƙa, Allah (Allah) yana aikawa (ko kuma zai tashe ta) wannan al'ummar (al'ummar musulmin) a kan (farkon ko ƙarshen) kowane shekara ɗari wanda zai sake (ko kuma rayar) ta  addini"

Kalmar larabci ta mujaddid na nufin "mai kawo canji", "mai gyara", "mai rayarwa", "mai sabuntawa" ko "mai sabuntawa". Wani ne yake rayarwa da gyara a addini. Ma'anar tajdid (sabuntawa ko farkawa) da kuma kalmar mujaddid sun zo ne daga hadisi, maganar Annabi Muhammad . Abu Dawood ne ya rubuta wannan hadisin a cikin Sunan din sa, daya daga cikin ingantattun tarin Ahlussunna na maganganun Manzon Allah. A cikin wannan hadisin, Annabi yana cewa:

Wannan yana nufin gyara yana cikin mahimmancin addinin musulunci kuma ana kiran musulmai kowane lokaci suyi aiki tuƙuru don ganin sabbin dabaru sun dace da al'adu. Hakanan yana nufin cewa ba komai a cikin al'adar musulmai bane yake da amfani kuma yake da kyau ga wannan zamani; akwai wasu abubuwa wadanda suka kasance masu yiwuwa ne a da amma kuma basu da amfani a yau. Bauta zai zama babban misali. [3]

Ma'anar tajdid a cikin tunanin musulunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tajdid (sabuntawa) a cikin tunanin musulunci yana nufin sabunta aƙidar da ke wakiltar samfuran ilimi na musulmai a fannonin kimiyya, ilimi da ijtihadi don fassara musulunci da fahimta da bayyana hukunce-hukuncen sa.

Al-Suyuti ya ambata a cikin littafinsa Al-Jami 'al-Sagheer, "Sabunta addini yana nufin sabunta shiriyarsa, bayyana gaskiya da fifikonsa, ƙaryata bidi'oi da tsattsauran ra'ayi da aka gabatar wa mabiyansu ko rashin son kiyaye shi, da bin dokokinta a kula da bukatun mutane da dokar al'umma da wayewa."

Daga cikin bayyanannun bangarorin tajdid (sabuntawa) a cikin tunanin musulunci akwai sabunta ilimin kimiyyar Musulunci kamar haka:

  1. Ilimin addinin musulunci.
  2. Ka'idodin fikihun musulunci.
  3. Ilimin fiqihu.
  4. Ilimin sunnah.
  5. Ilimin tafsirin Alkur'ani (tafsiri).
  6. Kimiyyar tsarkakewa da Ka'idar Aiki ( Sufanci ).
  7. Tarihin Annabi da tarihin musulunci.

Mujaddadi na iya haɗawa da fitattun malamai, sarakuna masu taƙawa da kwamandojin soja.

Masu kawo canji a Musulunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babu wata hanyar aiki ta musamman don tsara mujaddadi. Mutanen da ke cikin wannan jerin suna da'awar Mujaddadi.

Shugabanni irin su Saladin, Tamerlane, Shah Rukh, Mehmet II, Selim I, Suleiman, Aurangzeb da Tipu Sultan dukkan su ana masu kallon Mujaddadi sabo da irin rawar da suka taka a harkokin siyasar Musulunci.[4][5][6][7][8]
Sheikh Mahmud Shaltout

Duk da yake babu wata hanyar da za a bi don tsara mujaddadi a cikin Sunni Musulunci, galibi akwai mashahurin ra'ayi.

Karni na 1 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Karni na 2 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Karni na 3 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Karni na 4 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Abu Bakr al-Baqillani (338-403 AH / 950-1013 AD )
  • Ibn Furak (330-406 AH / 941-1015 AD )
  • Al-Hakim al-Nishapuri (321–405 AH / 933-1014 AD )
  • Abu Hamid al-Isfarayini (344–406 AH / 955-1015 AD )
  • Abu al-Tayyib Sahl al-Sa'luki (000–404 AH / 000–1013 / 14 AD )
  • Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi (384–456 AH / 994-1064 AD )
  • Abu al-Ma'ali al-Juwayni (419–478 AH / 1028–1085 AD )

Karni na 5 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Karni na 6 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (543 / 44-606 AH / 1149-1209 AD )
  • Abu al-Qasim al-Rafi'i (555-623 AH / 1160-1226 AD )
  • Al-Baydawi (000-685 AH / 000–1286 AD )
  • Al-'Izz bn 'Abd al-Salam (577-660 AH / 1181 / 82-1262 AD )

Karni na 7 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Ibn Daqiq al-'ld (625-702 AH / 1228-1302 AD )
  • Ibn 'Ata' Allah al-Sakandari (658-709 AH / 1259-1309 AD )
  • Ibnu Battuta (703-779 AH / 1304–1377 AD )
  • Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi (720-7790 AH / 1320-1388 AD )
  • Al-Taftazani (722-793 AH / 1322–1390 AD )

Karni na 8 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Siraj al-Din al-Bulqini (724-805 AH / 1324-1403 AD )
  • Zainul-Din al-'Iraqi (725-806 AH / 1325-1404 AD )
  • Ibn Khaldun (732-808 AH / 1332-1406 AD )

Karni na 9 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Karni na 10 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Shams al-Din al-Ramli (919-1004 AH / 1513-1596 AD )
  • Khayr al-Din al-Ramli (993-1081 AH / 1585-1671 AD )
  • Ahmad Sirhindi (971–1034 AH / 1564–1624 AD )

Karni na 11 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Aurangzeb (1068-1118 AH / 1658-1707 AD )
  • 'Abdallah bn' Alawi al-Haddad (1044-1132 AH / 1634-1717 AD )
  • Shah Waliullah Dehlawi (1114-1176 AH / 1703-1762 AD )

Karni na 12 BH[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Murtada al-Zabidi (1145-1205 AH / 1732-1791 AD )
  • Ahmad bn 'Ajiba (1160-1224 AH / 1747-1809 AD )
  • Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlawi (1159-1239 AH / 1746–1824 AD )

Ƙarni na goma sha uku (Nuwamba 14, 1882)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Muhammad Abduh (1849–1905)
  • Nursî ya ce (1878-1960)

Ƙarni na sha huɗu (Nuwamba 21, 1979)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Ahmed Raza Khan (1865 - 1921)
  • Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani (1914-1999)

Siffofi masu rikitarwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Ibnu Taimiyya (661-728 AH / 1263–1328 AD )
  • Usman dan Fodio (1167–1233 AH / 1754-1817 AD )
  • Al-Albani (1332–1420 AH / 1914–1999 AD )

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Tuhfat al-Muhtadin guda biyu Akhbar al-Mujaddidin ( Larabci: تحفة المهتدين بأخبار المجددين‎ ) by Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti.
  • Mausu'at A'lam al-Mujaddidin fi al-Islam ( Larabci: موسوعة أعلام المجددين في الإسلام‎ ) by Samih Kurayyim.
  • Mujaddid - Encyclopedia na Musulunci

Sauran yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Fath al-Baari (13/295)
  2. Taareekh al-Islam (23/180)
  3. Islam and modernity: Islamist movements and the politics of position by Said Mentak.
  4. Jackson, Roy (2010). Mawlana Mawdudi and Political Islam: Authority and the Islamic State. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-95036-0.
  5. Pande, B.N. (1996). Aurangzeb and Tipu Sultan: Evaluation of Their Religious Policies. University of Michigan. ISBN 9788185220383.
  6. Advocate of Dialogue. Fountain Publishing. 2000. ISBN 978-0-9704370-1-3.
  7. Akgunduz, Ahmed; Ozturk, Said (2011). Ottoman History - Misperceptions and Truths (in Turanci). IUR Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-90-902610-8-9. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  8. Abu-Rabi', Ibrahim (2008). The Blackwell Companion to Contemporary Islamic Thought. John Wiley & Sons. p. 172. ISBN 1-4051-7848-5.