Brahim Boushaki

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Brahim Boushaki
إبراهيم بوسحاقي.jpg
Liman

1978 - 1993
Liman

1948 - 1978
Hezzab (en) Fassara

1937 - 1948
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna إبراهيم بن علي بن محمد بن علي البوسحاقي العيشاوي الزواوي
Haihuwa Soumâa, Thénia, Thénia District (en) Fassara da Boumerdès Province (en) Fassara, 3 ga Janairu, 1912
ƙasa Aljeriya
Mazaunin Boumerdès Province (en) Fassara
Algiers Province (en) Fassara
ƙungiyar ƙabila Algerians (en) Fassara
Kabyle people (en) Fassara
Harshen uwa Larabci
Mutuwa Kouba (en) Fassara, Hussein Dey District (en) Fassara da Algiers Province (en) Fassara, 27 Mayu 1997
Makwanci Sidi Garidi Cemetery (en) Fassara
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi
Yan'uwa
Mahaifi Ali Boushaki
Yan'uwa
Karatu
Makaranta Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki
Algerian Islamic reference (en) Fassara
Zawiyet Sidi Abdelkader El Hammami (en) Fassara
Rahmaniyya
Zawiyet Sidi Boumerdassi
Zawiyet Sidi Amar Cherif
Zawiyet El Hamel (en) Fassara
Harsuna Larabci
Kabyle (en) Fassara
Malamai Ali Boushaki
Belkacem El Hafnaoui (en) Fassara
Baba Amar (en) Fassara
Abdelkader El Medjaoui (en) Fassara
al-Saʻīd ibn Muḥammad Sharīf (en) Fassara
Abderrahmane Djilali (en) Fassara
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a Malamin akida, mufti (en) Fassara, Liman, ɗan siyasa, khatib (en) Fassara, Muqaddam (en) Fassara da Sheikh (en) Fassara
Employers Ministry of Religious Affairs and Endowments (en) Fassara
Jabir ibn Hayyan Mosque (en) Fassara
Al-Fath Mosque (en) Fassara
Safir Mosque (en) Fassara
Djamaa El Kebir (en) Fassara
Muhimman ayyuka Laburare Brahim Boushaki
Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki
Al-Fath Mosque (en) Fassara
Jabir ibn Hayyan Mosque (en) Fassara
Mamba Civil Organization of the National Liberation Front (en) Fassara
National Organization of Mujahideen (en) Fassara
Historic Wilaya IV (en) Fassara
Aikin soja
Ya faɗaci Algerian War of Independence (en) Fassara
Battle of Algiers (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Mabiya Sunnah
Sunni (en) Fassara
Sufiyya
Rahmaniyya
Algerian Islamic reference (en) Fassara
Dokar addini Sunni (en) Fassara
Sufiyya
Jam'iyar siyasa National Liberation Front (en) Fassara

Brahim Boushaki ( Larabci: إبراهيم بن علي بوسحاقيIbrahim bn Ali al-Boushaki) (1912 CE / 1330 AH - 1997 CE / 1418 AH ), Shehin Malamin kasar Algeria , Imam haka kuma Sufi Sheikh. An haife shi a ƙauyen Soumâa kusa da garin Thénia 53 km gabas da Algiers . Ya tashi cikin yanayin ruhaniya tsakanin Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki tare da kyawawan dabi'u da ɗabi'a na Islama. Yana da kwarewar ma'amala da mutane sosai kuma ya sadaukar da rayuwarsa gaba daya wajen yi wa Musulunci da Aljeriya hidima kamar yadda yake a rubuce game da Musulunci na Aljeriya .

Iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Brahim Boushaki an haife shi a cikin shekarar 1912, a ƙauye mai tarihin suna Soumâa da ke tsaye a saman Col des Beni Aïcha a cikin Lower Kabylia .

Yana daga cikin tsara ta 16 daga zuriyar shahararren malamin tauhidi dan kasar Algeria Sidi Boushaki (1394-1453) wanda ya kasance daya daga cikin abokan aikin Sidi Abderrahmane Thaalibi (1384-1479) a cikin tafiyarsa ta farawa a Bejaïa da sauran wurare a farkon Gregorian karni na 15. [1]

Mahaifinsa, Ali Boushaki (1855-1965) shi ne muqaddam na Rahmaniyya Sufi da ke gabashin Algiers, da Sufism na Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki a kudancin Thénia .

Kakansa, Sh

heikh Mohamed Boushaki (1834-1887) yana daya daga cikin shugabannin Rikicin Mokrani a shekarar 1871 tare da marabout Cheikh Boumerdassi na Zawiyet Sidi Boumerdassi da Cheikh Cherifi na Zawiyet Sidi Amar Cherif da sauran zawiyas na Kabylia a ƙarƙashin shugabancin Cheikh Mokrani .

Kakan kakansa Cheikh Ali Boushaki (1795-1846) shi ma yana daga cikin masu gwagwarmaya don fatattakar Turawan Faransa a lokacin yakin neman zabensa da Kabylia wanda ya fara a shekarar 1837, kuma ya kasance abokin Cheikh Mohamed ben Zamoum da na Sarki Abdelkader a yankin masarautar Khachna .

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shekarun farko na karatun Brahim Boushaki sun faru ne a farkon ƙarni na 20 a ƙauyensa a ƙarƙashin ikon mahaifinsa Ali a zawiya na kakanninsa.

Wannan lokacin yayi daidai da barkewar Yaƙin Duniya na whichaya inda babban yayansa, Abderrahmane Boushaki ya shiga soja kuma daga nan ya dawo tare da matsayin kofur .

Brahim koyi da Kur'ani kazalika da asali collections na Musulmi addini a Zawiya na kauye na Soumâa ( Thala Oufella ) kafin ya koma zuwa ga Zawiyet Sidi Boumerdassi a kauyen Ouled Boumerdes Ya cika da ilmi, da zurfafa ya initiatory tafiya .

Daga nan sai ya fara samun horo don neman aiki a matsayin limami a cikin Zawiyet Sidi Amar Cherif inda ya bambanta kansa da bajintarsa da iya maganarsa wacce ta ba shi damar samun Alkur'ani da kimiyya Idjaza .

Masallacin Al Fath[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Masallacin Al Fath na Thénia .

Lokacin da Brahim ya sami dukkan dabaru don daukar nauyin da yake kansa a matsayinsa na Imami, sai ya hada kai da mahaifinsa Ali wanda a lokacin aka nada shi mufti a masallacin Al-Fath wanda aka gina a tsakiyar birnin Thénia a shekarar 1926.

Wannan lokacin ya ga shigowar Algeriya a cikin zaɓen shekaru biyar wanda ya ba mazauna ƙauyuka damar aika ƙuri'unsu ga cibiyoyin mulkin mallaka na Faransa bayan Charles Jonnart ya zaɓi shigar da Aljeriya a hankali cikin zaɓaɓɓu da wakilcin zaɓe.

Tabbas, sojojin Aljeriya da suka dawo da rai daga Babban Yaƙin sun nemi a ba su damar zuwa ayyukan yi wa jama'a aiki kuma su sami damar gina wuraren bautar Musulmi ( Ibadah ) a cikin yankunan da Faransa ta mallaka bayan shekarar 1871, musamman a Lower Kabylia .

Masallacin Safir[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Masallacin Safir

Kawun mahaifinsa Mohamed Seghir Boushaki (1869-1959), wanda aka zaba a halin yanzu a matsayin kansila na birni don wakiltar ƙauyuka da yawa na Col des Beni Aïcha a cikin cibiyoyin gudanarwa, ya yi aiki don gabatar da ɗan'uwansa ɗan'uwansa, Brahim a manyan masallatan garin daga Algiers .

Wannan shi ne yadda Imam Brahim Boushaki aka dauka a shekarar 1947 kamar yadda Hezzab a Safir Masallaci a cikin Casbah na Algiers karkashin ikon sa'an nan Maliki Mufti Mohamed Baba Ameur [ ar ] .

Tabbas, Masallacin Safir ya kasance cibiyar kishin kasa na Aljeriya wanda ya tara Imamai hudu masu karfi wadanda suka tayar da dukkanin yankin Algiers, Sheikh Brahim Boushaki ya wakilci Kabylia, Sheikh Mohamed Charef ya wakilci kwarin Khemis Miliana, Sheikh Mohamed Douakh ya wakilci Titteri, yayin da Sheikh Ahmed Benchicou a halin yanzu shi ne wakilin Algérois da Mitidja .

Lokacin da Brahim yake Hezzab a wannan masallacin, ,an uwansa Yahia Boushaki, Boualem Boushaki da Bouzid Boushaki lokaci-lokaci sukan ziyarce shi don bincika halin da yake ciki da buƙatunsa, sannan kuma aka haɗa su cikin hanyoyin sadarwa masu neman 'yanci kai tsaye kafin ɓarkewar tawayen 1 ga watan Nuwamba shekarar 1954

Amintattun da masu aikatawa da ke zuwa wannan masallacin an fara su ne cikin ka'idojin addini bisa ga tsarin Islama na Aljeriya, bisa ga littattafai da littattafan da aka yarda da su.

Karatun Alkur'ani na yau da kullun na Hizb Rateb, da kuma na Salka lokaci-lokaci, yana cikin jerin ayyukan hidimar ruhaniya na wannan masallacin mai ban mamaki na Algiers.

Wannan shine yadda sautin murya da annashuwa na Sheikh Brahim Boushaki ya ba da alama da kyakkyawar cachet ga waɗannan ɗakunan karatun Littafin Mai Tsarki na Allah bisa ga karatun Warsh .

Juyin Juya Halin Aljeriya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Villa Susini

Barkewar juyin juya halin samun ‘yanci na Aljeriya ya faru ne bayan Lyès Deriche ya karbi bakuncin taron tsoffin sojoji 22 a gidansa da ke El Madania, da dan jarida Mohamed Aïchaoui ya rubuta shelar farkon gwagwarmayar neman sauyi.

Wannan shine yadda Casbah na Algiers ya kasance wurin da Mohamed Boudiaf da Didouche Mourad suka sadu da ɗan jarida Mohamed Aïchaoui kusa da Masallacin Safir don faɗakar da daftarin shelar juyin juya halin.

A cikin shekaru biyun da suka gabaci babban yakin Algiers a shekarar 1957, Imam Brahim Boushaki ya shiga cikin farfaganda don tallafawa shahararren gwagwarmaya a Algiers tare da wasu Limamai biyu da ke kusa da shi, Mohamed Salah Seddik [ ar ] da kuma Mohamed Kettou [ ar ] .

Amma bayan yajin aiki na kwanaki takwas a shekarar 1957, martanin Faransawa ya kasance mai tsananin tashin hankali kuma an daure limamai na masallatan Algiers a cikin Villa Susini da sauran cibiyoyin azabtarwa.

Bayan haka ne Sojojin Faransa suka kama Brahim Boushaki suka kaishi gidan villa din Susini inda suka azabtar dashi sosai kafin a daure shi tare da abokinsa, Ahmed Chekkar a daki daya.

Masallatan Algiers[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Djamaa el Kebir

Bayan samun ‘yancin kan Aljeriya a shekarar 1962, an gyara Imam Brahim Boushaki a cikin ayyukansa na addini a masallacin Safir tare da sauran Limaman da suka tsira daga dauri da azabtarwa a lokacin juyin juya halin Algeria wanda ya kwashe kusan shekaru takwas tun daga shekarar 1954.

Sannan ya shiga cikin tasirin masallatan Casbah na Algiers ta hanyar inganta karatun bahasi na Hizb Rateb da karatun Sahih Bukhari a cikin Djamaa el Djedid da Djamaa el Kebir tare da abokinsa, babban malami Imam da mufti Abderrahmane Djilali [ ar ] .

A halin yanzu, Imam Brahim ya zama mai kula da addini wanda ke da alaƙa da Ma'aikatar Harkokin Addini a cikin shekarar 1976 kuma aikinsa shi ne haɓaka ƙwarewa da ɗabi'a na Limaman da ke aiki a yankin Algérois .

Hakanan yana lura da rukunin mahajjatan Aljeriya lokaci-lokaci yayin aikin Hajji a matsayin jagora da mufti bisa ga mazhabar Malikite .

Komawa zuwa Thénia[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Thénia

Bayan rasuwar Ahmed Saad Chaouch a shekarar 1978, wanda ya kasance Imam Khatib na Masallacin Al Fath a Thénia tun shekarar 1962, Sheikh Brahim Boushaki ya maye gurbinsa a wannan mukamin na addini yana da shekara 66.

Sannan ya sake tsara karatun kur'ani da hukunce-hukuncen shari'a a cikin masallacin Al Fath bisa tsarin tsarin aji don koyar da yara 'yan makaranta da yamma a cikin garin.

Yana bin umarnin nasa ne na umarnin Mouloud Kacem Naît Belkacem na wancan lokacin wanda ya fifita gaskiyar cewa masallatai su ma ya zama wuraren koyarwa da 'yanci na ilimi ban da yin ayyukan ibada na Musulmi.

Da zaran ya koma Thénia, sai ya kafa kwamiti don sake gini da fadada masallacin Al Fath domin bai wa mata damar halartar sallar Juma'a, Tarawih da sallar Idi .

Kafin karshen shekarar 1982, yankin masallacin ya ninka har sau uku kuma an gina hawa na farko, haka kuma an yi dakin alwala a cikin ginshikin, sannan an mika wurin yin salla ga musulmai muminai da masu aikatawa.

Imam Brahim ya yi maraba da shi a wannan masallacin da ya kawo ziyarar limaman da suka yi wa'azin kalma mai kyau a cikin murabbarsa da minbarta, yayin da a cikin gida ya karfafa matasa masu kisan kai zuwa adalci da halaye masu kyau.

Aikinsa na mai kula da lamuran addini ya taimaka masa a aikinsa na gina masallatai a duk cikin sabuwar Lardin Boumerdès da aka kirkira a shekarar 1984, kuma wannan shi ne yadda ya kasance asalin ginin masallacin farko na garin Boumerdès, wanda a lokacin yake yi wa Jabir ibn Hayyan masallaci.

Ta’addancin Salafist[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga farko na Salafi ta'addanci a Aljeriya, da Sufi Imamai aka farko niyya da dama garkunan tumaki da na mabiya tsatstsauran Wahhabism a cikin masallatai domin ya mai da wadannan wuraren ibada da kuma maida su a cikin sansanonin domin kifar da Algeria zamantakewa.

Wannan shine yadda cin zarafin Imam Brahim ya fara a cikin masallacin Al Fath a Thénia yayin sallah, wa'azin juma'a da darussan addini da karantarwa don dakatar da ayyukansa na sassauci a cikin masallacin ta yadda dukkanin al'umma zasu fada cikin ta'addancin ta'addanci ba tare da wani ma'auni na tsakiya da matsakaici.

Tare da jaddada barazanar barazanar ta'addanci da ta afka masa a cikin Thénia, shi, wanda ya ɗauki dukkan addu'o'in Sallar Fadjr har zuwa Sallar Isha, Imam Brahim dole ne ya bar garin Thenia ya tafi gudun hijira a cikin tsaunukan Kouba a birnin Algiers a cikin watan Afrilu shekarar 1993. [2]

Imam Omar Arar, ɗan ƙauyen Soumâa ne ya maye gurbinsa a cikin masallacin na Thénia, a cikin wani yanayi na firgici da kashe-kashe masu yawa, kuma an yi masa kisan gilla a gaban gidansa a ranar 13 ga watan Oktoba shekarar 1993 bayan Sallar Icha.

Daga nan sai ‘yan ta’addan Salafist suka yi amfani da dokar hana fita da aka kafa a cikin dare suka fasa gidan Imam Brahim tare da sace babban dakin karatun sa dauke da kayan adon littafi. [3]

Sheikh Brahim bai dawo Thénia ba har sau hudu yayin da kisan gilla da kisan gilla na 'yan ta'adda suka fadi a duk lardin Boumerdès kuma ya bar iyalai da kabilu cikin makoki. [4]

Duk da tsufansa da kuma gudun hijira da aka tilasta masa a Algiers, Imam Brahim ya ci gaba da tabbatar da gazawar addini na babban birnin don sakar masu kaunar bege duk da bala'in da ya zubar da jini a kasar. [5] [6]

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Imam Brahim Boushaki ya mutu a cikin shekarar 1997 a gidan dangin danginsa a garin Kouba da ke Algérois yana da shekara 85.

Ya mutu kwatsam bugun zuciya yayin yin alwala ( Wudu ) yin addu'arsa ( Salah ) kamar yadda ya saba, a matsayin Musulmi, kuma a matsayin Imam.

Daga nan aka binne shi a makabartar Sidi Garidi da ke cikin garin Kouba a gaban danginsa, abokai da muminai, wanda ya yi yawancin rayuwarsa a masallatan babban birnin Algiers .

Hotuna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Littafi Mai Tsarki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et décrets. Liste des candidats non classés pour les emplois qu'ils avaient sollicités (in Faransanci). N° 141. Paris: Quai Voltaire. 28 May 1921. p. 72. Citation: p. 41 (6249)
  • L'Algérie mutilée. Amicale des mutilés d'Alger (in Faransanci). N° 99. Alger: Amicale des mutilés du département d'Alger. 1 April 1925. p. 4. Citation: p. 1
  • Journal officiel de l'Algérie. Commission de classement des emplois réservés aux militaires indigènes de l'Algérie (in Faransanci). N° 36. Alger: Gouvernement Général de l’Algérie, Direction de l’Intérieur. 7 September 1928. p. 16. Citation: p. 16 (472)
  • Journal officiel de l'Algérie. Liste des candidats non classés pour les emplois qu’ils avaient sollicités (in Faransanci). N° 31. Alger: Gouvernement Général de l’Algérie, Direction de l’Intérieur. 4 August 1933. p. 20. Citation: p. 17,18 (603-604)
  • Journal officiel de l'Algérie. Commission de classement des emplois réservés aux militaires indigènes de l'Algérie (in Faransanci). N° 31. Alger: Gouvernement Général de l’Algérie, Direction de l’Intérieur. 3 August 1934. p. 16. Citation: p. 15 (597)
  • Journal officiel de l'Algérie. Liste des candidats non classés pour les emplois qu'ils avaient sollicités (in Faransanci). N° 26. Alger: Gouvernement Général de l’Algérie, Direction de l’Intérieur. 28 June 1935. p. 40. Citation: p. 26 (602)
  • La Tranchée. Chronique des Associations (in Faransanci). N° 387. Alger: Amicale des Mutilés et Anciens Combattants du Département d'Alger. 31 December 1937. p. 4. Citation: p. 2

Bidiyo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]