Halifancin Fatimid

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Globe icon.svgHalifancin Fatimid
White flag 3 to 2.svg

Suna saboda Fatima
Wuri
FatimidCaliphate969.png

Babban birni Mahdia (en) Fassara, Al-Mansuriya (en) Fassara da Kairo
Yawan mutane
Harshen gwamnati Larabci
Addini Musulunci
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Daular Abbasiyyah, Aghlabids (en) Fassara, Rustamid, Idrisid dynasty (en) Fassara da Ikhshidid dynasty (en) Fassara
Wanda ya samar Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 909 (Gregorian)
Rushewa 1171 (Gregorian)
Followed by (en) Fassara Ayyubid dynasty (en) Fassara, Zirid dynasty (en) Fassara, Almohad Caliphate (en) Fassara, Zengid dynasty (en) Fassara, Emirate of Sicily (en) Fassara, Kingdom of Jerusalem (en) Fassara, Principality of Antioch (en) Fassara, County of Edessa (en) Fassara, County of Tripoli (en) Fassara da Hammadid dynasty (en) Fassara
Ikonomi
Kuɗi dinar (en) Fassara

Halifancin Fatimid ko al-Fātimiyyūn ( Larabci: الفاطميون‎ ) daular daga 5 ga Janairu 909 zuwa 1171. A wani Arab Shi'a daular Yana mulki na huɗu, kuma ƙarshe Arab Khalifanci . A lokuta daban-daban yankuna daban-daban na Maghreb, Misira, da Levant suna cikin halifanci.

Garin Alkahira na Masar ya zama babban birni. Kalmar Fatimite wani lokacin ana amfani da ita don ishara ga 'yan asalin wannan halifan kuma. Manyan shugabanni na reshen Ismaili ne na Shi'anci. Shugabannin kuma limaman Shi'a Ismaili ne . Suna da mahimmancin addini ga Musulmin Ismaili. Hakanan suna daga cikin jerin masu rike da mukamin Khalifa, kamar yadda mafi yawan musulmai suka yarda da su, shine kadai lokacin da Shi'a Imamiyya da Halifanci suka hadu a kowane mataki. Akwai wasu banda guda kawai: Kalifancin Ali da kansa.

Fatimid sun shahara da yin haƙuri da addini ga ƙungiyoyin da ba na Islama ba na Islama da kuma yahudawa, Kiristocin Malta da Kiristocin Kibdawa, amma akwai wasu keɓaɓɓu duk da haka.

Tashin Fatimids[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Masallacin Al-Hakim, Khalifa na shida

Fatimids sun fito ne daga Ifriqiya, Tunisia ta yanzu da gabashin Algeria . An kafa daular a cikin 909 ta ˤAbdullāh al-Mahdī Billah, wanda ya halatta da'awar tasa ta hanyar zuriyar Muhammad ta hanyar 'yarsa Fātima as-Zahra da mijinta ˤAlī ibn-Abī-Tālib, na farko Shīˤa Imām, saboda haka sunan al- Fātimiyyūn "Fatimid".

Ikon Abdullāh al-Mahdi ba da jimawa ba ya fadada duk tsakiyar Maghreb, yankin da ya kunyshi ƙasashe na zamani irin su Maroko, Algeria, Tunisia da Libya, waɗanda ya yi mulki daga Mahdia, sabon hedikwatar sa da aka gina a Tunisia.

Lalacewa da faɗuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin 1040s, Zirids (gwamnonin Arewacin Afirka a ƙarƙashin Fatimids) sun ba da sanarwar samun 'yanci daga Fatimid kuma sun musulunta ga Sunni, wanda ya haifar da mummunan mamayar Banū Hilal. Bayan kusan 1070, Fatimid da ke gabar Levant da wasu yankuna na Siriya ya fara fuskantar kalubale daga mamayar Turkic ( Seljuk ), sannan yakokin Jihadi, don haka yankin Fatimid ya yi kasa har sai da ya kasance na Masar kawai.

Bayan lalacewar tsarin siyasar Fatimid a cikin 1160s, mai mulkin Zengid Nūr ad-Dīn ya sa janar dinsa, Shirkuh ya kwace Misira daga hannun Shawar a cikin 1169. Shirkuh ya mutu watanni biyu bayan karɓar iko, kuma mulkin ya koma ga ɗan wansa, Saladin . Wannan ya fara daular Kurdawa Ayyubid.

Khalifofin Fatimid[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Abū Muḥammad ˤAbdu l-Lāh (ˤUbaydu l-Lāh) al-Mahdī bi'llāh (909-934) founder Fatimid dynasty
  2. Abū l-Qāsim Muḥammad al-Qā'im bi-Amr Allāh (934-946)
  3. Abū Ṭāhir Ismā'il al-Manṣūr bi-llāh (946-953)
  4. Abū Tamīm Ma'add al-Mu'izz li-Dīn Allāh (953-975) Egypt is conquered during his reign
  5. Abū Manṣūr Nizār al-'Azīz bi-llāh (975-996)
  6. Abū 'Alī al-Manṣūr al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh (996-1021)
  7. Abū'l-Ḥasan 'Alī al-Ẓāhir li-I'zāz Dīn Allāh (1021-1036)
  8. Abū Tamīm Ma'add al-Mustanṣir bi-llāh (1036-1094)
  9. al-Musta'lī bi-llāh (1094-1101) Quarrels over his succession led to the Nizari split.
  10. al-Āmir bi-Aḥkām Allāh (1101-1130) The Fatimid rulers of Egypt after him are not recognized as Imams by Mustaali Taiyabi Ismailis.
  11. 'Abd al-Majīd al-Ḥāfiẓ (1130-1149)
  12. al-Ẓāfir (1149-1154)
  13. al-Fā'iz (1154-1160)
  14. al-'Āḍid (1160-1171).

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sauran yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]