Kurdawa

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Kurdawa
ƙabila
bangare naIranian peoples Gyara
yaren haihuwaKurdish languages Gyara
demonymkurd, курд, курдка, курды Gyara
Rana, tambarin al'ada na Kurdawa

Kurdawa (Kurdanci: کورد‎, Kurd) kabila ce a kasar Iran masu asali da sassa da dama na yankin Yammacin Asiya yankin da akafi sanin shi da Kurdistan, wanda ya yanki kudu maso gabashin Turkiyya, arewa maso gabashin Iran, arewacin Iraki da arewacin Siriya. Akwai kuma kurdawa a yankunan Amatoliya da Khorasan. Haka nan akwai kuma wani adadi na Kurdawa a cikin biranen yammacin kasar Turkiyya, mafi akasari a Istanbul, yayin da kuma akwai Kurdawa a yammacin Turai, musamman ma a Jamus. An kiyasta adadin Kurdawa zailai miliyan 30 zuwa 45.[1]

Yare[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kurdanci (a harshen na Kurdanci: Kurdî ko کوردی) shine harshe ko yaren kurdawa. Ana yin wannan yare ne a wasu sassa na kasar Iran, Iraki, Siriya da Turkiyya yankin da ake kira da Kurdistan. A Iraki bayan harshen Larabci shima harshen Kurdanci na daga cikin harsunan hukuma. A Iran kuma harshen na matsayin harshen yanki, a Armeniya kuma an bama harshen matsayin harshe mara rinjaye.

Akasarin Kurdawa najin harsuna biyu ko sama, suna yin harshen su na asali ne domin girmamawa ga kasar su ta asali, sai kuma harsunan Larabci, Farisanci, Turkamci a matsayin harshe na biyu.

A ta cewar Mackenzie harshen Kurdanci ya rabu zuwa gida gida kamar haka:

  • Rukunin Arewa (rukunin Kurmanji)
  • Rukunin Tsakiya (bangare na Sorani)
  • Rukunin Kudanci (Shima bangaren Rukunin Sorani) wanda ya kunshi Kermanshashi, Ardalani da Laki.

Zaza da Gorani suma kabilaun Kurdawa ne.[2]

Yawan Mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

File:Flag of Kurdistan
Tutar Kurdistan

Adadin Kurdawan da me a Kudu maso yammacin Asiya ankiyasta zasu kai miliyan 30, da wasu miliyan daya ko biyu mazunan kasashen waje. Kurdawa sun kai adadin kaso 18% zuwa 20% na mutanen Turkiyya, a kalla dai kaso 25%; sai kuma kurdawan Iraki kaso 15% zuwa 20%; kaso 10% a Iran; da 9% a siriya. Kurdawa ne keda rinjaye a dukkannin yankunan Kurdistan dake a Iraki, Iran, Siriya da Turkiyya. Kurdawa ne na hudu a kabilun dake Yammacin Asiya bayan Larabawa, Farisawa da Turkawa.

Kiyasin Kurdawa a shekarar 1991 ya kai miliyan 22.5, wanda a wannan adadin 48% na a Turkiyya, 18% na Iraki, 24% a Iran da kuma 4% a Siriya.

Kurdawa yan cirani da yan gudun hijira a kasashen Yammacin sun kai kusa da miliyan 1.5 wanda rabin su na a Jamus.

Addini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kalmar Shahada


Kusan dukkannin Kurdawa mabiya Addinai ne. Akasari Kurdawa mabiya addinin Musulunci ne kuma Sunnah suke bi mazhabar Shafi'iyya. Amma kuma akwai mabiya Mazhabin Hanafiyya da sauran Mazhabobi marasa rinjaye. Akwai kuma mabiya Shi'anci musamman wadan da suke a Kurdistan ta yankunan Iran da Iraki, sannan akwai Kuma yan Alevi. Bayan addunin Musulunci kuma akwai Kurdawa mabiya addinan Alh-i-Haqq ko (Yarsan), Yazidi, Zorostara da Kiristanci.[3][4][5]

Alkaluma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gine fine[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Salon gine gine ga Kurdawa dai shima kamar na sauran irin na mutanen yammacin Asiya ne. Salo ne irin na Daular Usmaniyya da kuma na Larabawa da Farisawa.

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kafin tsarin Ilimi na zamanin nan, tsarin karatu na Madrasa ake yi (madrasa makaranta ce ta koyon ilimin addinin Musulunci.

Mata[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yanci da daidaito ga mata na samun cigaba a gabaki dayan yankunan Kurdawa daga karni na 20 zuwa na 21 sakamakon cigaban da kungiyoyin da al'umar ke da su na neman gwagwarmaya.[6]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. https://m.dw.com/ha/kurdawa/t-19171675
  2. https://m.dw.com/ha/kurdawa/t-19171675
  3. https://m.dw.com/ha/kurdawa/t-19171675
  4. https://m.dw.com/ha/kurdawa/t-19171675
  5. https://m.dw.com/ha/kurdawa/t-19171675
  6. https://m.dw.com/ha/kurdawa/t-19171675